Aswan (Arab أسوان, Aswān, Eswan for the gate; the antique Syene) is a city on the right Nile bank below the first Qatar act in Egypt, 106m and. NN., with approximately 220,000 inhabitants (2002) the southernmost city actual Egypt.
Since one noticed in the antiquity that the sun did not throw a shade on the longest day in Syene, one drew here the turning circle of the cancer, however in reality to the somethingsouth continues to lie.
object of interest
routistic meaning does not only have the Aswan dam (2 km long, since 1902 in enterprise) as well as the new Aswan high dam (3.6 km long, 111 m highly, to 15. January 1971 inaugurated, accumulates 400 km long wet lake). In the year 1964 started the UNESCO the largest rescue campaign in the history of the archaeology. Temples such as Abu Simbel but also approximately 35 villages were not only shifted. Nearly 150,000 humans were obligation-resettled, most after Kom Ombo, about 60 kilometers north of Aswan.
Altertümer surroundall around the city: here of the Pharaonen and Ptolemäern builds, nowhalf under flight and buried temples and palaces, there fortress works and walls specified by the Romans and Arabs.
remarkable are also over 6 km are enoughQuarries of red granite (as Syenit designates here, but from the rock so in Europe mentioned differently), from which the Obelisken kolossalen and statues of the Egyptian and äthiopischen temples were formed.
On the left side of the river on the Qubbet el-Hawa are the antique graves ofSyene, opposite toward the south a quantity of attractive and fruitful islands, under it the Elephantine of the old persons and Philae with famous temple ruins.
In the year 1998 the opened nubian museum contains of the Egyptian Pharaos Ramses III. beside the statue. 1200 exhibits from the different stages of the nubianHistory, a Dokumentationszentrum for nubian culture and a small model village in the ethnografischen department.
sons and daughters of the city
- Mohammed Mounir, Egyptian musician, the traditional Sufimusik with elements of the Pop and skirt connects
coordinates: 24° 04 ' n. Break, 32° 55 ' o.L.