Atari

of these articles is concerned with the historical US enterprise Atari, other meanings sees Atari (term clarifying).

The US-American entertainment electronics company Atari became to 27. June 1972 of Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney based and is considered as technological germ cell and outridermany developments of the communication industry in the today's time. At the beginning of to center of the 1980er years rose the now also internationally operating company Atari Corp. to the largest developer and manufacturer of video games for play hall automat, home video game systems (e.g. Atari VCS 2600) and- computer (Atari 400/800/XL/XE) up. To the economic collapse of the video game industry in the year 1984 and to the change of the firm guidance Atari successfully shifted the emphasis of the products by introduction of the sp computer series on the home user range. Error in the public work andWrong decisions for the adjustment of the product range let the conversion and the profits break in starting from beginning of the 1990er years drastically; 1996 was dissolved the last still remaining departments. The label name Atari changed into the year 2001 to the French company Infogrames. 2005Atari with the play console made itself Atari Flashback attentive.


Table of contents

history

thoseearly years

1972 Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney in California ( the USA) created the company Atari. The term “Atari” was taken thereby to the vocabulary of the Go-play; later the Logo in form of the representative Japanese mountain Fuji was added. Of Bushnelloriginally planned company name Syzygy was already otherwise assigned.

Inspires from the large computer liked in student circles - play was! developed Bushnell and Dabney at the beginning of the 1970er years an automat play named computer Wars, whereby this project due to the pedantic control no commercial successhad granted. The economical break-through succeeded finally with a Pong - to automats and the home version in form of portable equipment connectable at the television. This Pong console marks the beginning of the commercial video game era.

1975 worked Steve job and Steve Wozniak, thoselater joint founder of Apple computer, short time for Atari. Under their leadership developed among other things an improved Pong Heimkonsole (with a minimum of transistors) and the video game Breakout. Starting from 1976 the Atari developers worked on the completion of the revolutionary video game systemwith the code name Stella (later than Atari VCS 2600 markets). The lack of own capital funds for the covering of development costs resulted in the sales of Atari at Warner Communications in October 1976 for 28 million US Dollar.

Warner Communications andAtari

1978 left Nolan Bushnell Atari. In the next two years numerous studies were made to home computers and different video game consoles and appropriate prototypes up to production-ready ones were partly brought. 1979 started production and the sales of the first Atari home computers as well as the Atari VCS 2600 video game console, which developed soon to sales hits. In this time developed besides one of the first play hall automats with random scan terminal (lunar countries, 1979) and with Battlezone (1980) a completely new play category: the so-called. Roofridge person Shooter.

separated 1980 due to diversities of opinion with the management the programmers David Crane, Larry Kaplan, Alan Miller and Bob Whitehead Atari, over to 25. To base April 1980 Activision. Soon thereafter (1981) also that turnedChief developer of the home computer department Jay Miner Atari the back and created the company Amiga, in order to pursue own ambitionierte projects, their implementation it under Ataris leadership seemed impossible.

A stock exchange scandal in December 1982 Raymond Kassar forced, to 7. July 1983to give up the management. Under the line of its successor James Morgan co-operation with Jay Miner and its company Amiga was strengthened, up to the common conception of the so-called. Lorraine project, one on Motorola 68000 - CCU were based home computer system.

the Tramiel era

to outstanding business successes in the video game market came it soon to the first serious crisis - 1983 made for Atari an operational loss of 536 million US Dollar. Thereupon Warner Communications sought to repel loss-pregnant firm sections Ataris and found to 2.July 1984 in briefly before the Jack Tramiel a buyer for the kriselnde home computer section, dismissed with Commodore. The play hall automat department remained with Warner Communications, now however under the name Atari Games Corp. (existence until 2003).

Under Jack Tramiels auspice became of Shiraz Shivji, the “father” of the Commodore 64, the Atari sp in a record time of only five months develops and already on the CES in January 1985 in read Vegas in form of the Atari 130ST and 520ST of the publicpresented. In April already took place the distribution of the first 520ST computer, a model, which became in the next years the best seller and which enjoyed within the range of the professional music production of large popularity in particular. Until 1993 the pallet became around someSp models extends.

the end

in November 1993 started Atari with the video game console Jaguar a further product offensive in the video game segment. The sales numbers stayed however far behind expectations and development costs and consumed last reserves. To30. July 1996 took over the JTS corporation, a manufacturer of non removable disks, probably as publicity campaign, all shares of Atari and rang thereby the end of the video game manufacturer Atari.

The rights at Atari went to 22. February 1998 of that in the meantime insolvent JTS corporation for five million US Dollar at Hasbro Interactive over. Finally took over 2001 the French computer game manufacturer Infogrames of Hasbro the trademark laws and firmiert since the second quarter 2003 even under the name Atari.

video game consoles

portable video game consoles

  • Touch ME (1978)
  • super Breakout (1980)
  • spaceInvaders (1980)
  • Atari Lynx (1989)

concept studies in the prototype stage

  • Atari 2000 “Val” (1981)
  • Atari 2200 “Bonnie” (1983)
  • Atari 2500 (1981)
  • Atari 2700 “RC Stella” (1982)
  • Atari 3200 “video system X” (1982)
  • Atari 3600 “Maria” (1983)
  • Atari Panther (1991)
  • Atari chase duo (1995)
  • Atari Jaguar2 (1996)

home computers

with MOS 6502 - CCU (8-bit of systems)

  • Atari 400 and Atari 800 (29. August 1979)
  • Atari 1200XL (1982)
  • Atari 600XL, Atari 800XL (September 1983)
  • Atari 65 XE,800XE and Atari 130 XE (April 1985)
  • Atari XE Game system (November 1987)

with Motorola 680X0-CPU

16-Bit of systems

  • Atari 260 sp, STD, STFM (1985)
  • Atari 520 sp, ST+, STM, STF, STFM (1985)
    Atari-520ST
  • Atari1040 STF, STFM (1986)
  • Atari mega sp 1 (1987)
  • Atari mega sp 2 (1987)
  • Atari mega sp 4 (1987)
  • Atari 1040 STE (1989)
  • Atari STacy (1989, portable equipment)
  • Atari mega STE (1991)
  • Atari sp Book (1992, portable coming, into smallNumbers of items sells - approx. 1000 units)

32-Bit of systems

Atari produced

PC/IBM-compatible devices from 1987 to 1991 likewiseIBM-compatible PCs.

  • PC1, PC2, PC3, PC4, PC5
  • ABC 286/30, ABC 386SX II, ABC 386DX II
  • Atari Portfolio (1989, portable equipment)

see also

Web on the left of

on-line museums and archives

  • AtariMuseum - complete documentation of all computers and video game consoles of Atari together with photos, development documents, prototypes and Firmeninterna (in English).
  • 8-bit museum - On-line museum over the 8-bit computer and used technology (into German).
  • AtariMania- Extensive program archive (in English).

forums and portals

  • AtariAge - the meeting place for Atari enthusiasts world-wide (in English).
  • e.V - AtariBitByterUserClub BAKED. That BAKED registered association. the largest Atari is 8-bit user club of the world.
  • Atari World forum - home computer forum.
  • Atari Home -Private Atariseite, founded forums with many Tipps to hard and software.
  • atari.org - The definitve Atari resources - central portal with news, panels, software Downloads, special sides to projects, etc.
 

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