Augsburg

of these articles is concerned with the city Augsburg. For other meanings, see Augsburg (term clarifying).
Coat of arms map
Wappen der Stadt Augsburg Karte Augsburg in Deutschland
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Bavaria
governmental district: Swabia
circle: Circle-free city
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 48° 22 ' N, 10° 53 ' O
48°22 ' N, 10° 53 ' O
height: 446-561 m and. NN
surface: 146.93 km ²
inhabitants: 263.804 (01. January 2006)
Population density: 1,795 inhabitants for each km ²
foreigner portion: 16.7% (01. January 2006)
Rivers: Lech, value oh, singing old
Postal zip codes: 86000-86199 (old 8900)
preselection: 0821
Kfz characteristics: A
municipality key: 09 7 61 000
UN/LOCODE: DE AGB
NUTS code: DE271 AUGSBURG, KRFR.ST.
City arrangement: 41 urban districts
of 17 planning areas
address
of the city administration:
Maximilianstrasse 4
86150 Augsburg
official web page: www.augsburg.de
official city plan: www.augsburg.de/
politics
mayor: Paul Wengert (SPD)
governing parties: SPD, the Green, FBU, L.G., ödp

the university town Augsburg is a circle-free city in the southwest Bayerns. Augsburg applies after Trier as the secondaryoldest city of Germany. It is capital and seat of the government of Swabia as well as the district Swabia and the district administration office Augsburg. At present the city has about 269,000 inhabitants (foreigner portion approx. 16.7%), of it 264,000 with main domicilein Augsburg. To Munich and Nuremberg stands for Augsburg in third place under the large cities of the Free State. Their name decreases/goes back to the Roman settlement Augusta Vindelicorum , those in the year 15 before Christ during the reign of the Roman emperor Augustus asMilitary camp was created.

Augsburg is the only city of Germany, which has its own legal holiday, high Augsburger peace celebration to 8. August. Thus Augsburg has more legal holidays than any other region or city in Germany.

The cityis bishop seat of the catholic Diözese Augsburg and forms one of the 23 upper centers of the Free State of Bavaria . Larger cities close Augsburg are Munich (about 57 km southeast), Nuremberg (about 121 km north) and Stuttgart (about 133 km northwest). Augsburg became in the year 1906 with exceeding of the number of inhabitants from 100.000 to the large city.

Table of contents

Geografie

Augsburger city hall

Augsburg is to that because of the Lech, approx. and 40 km north into the Danube rise from 150 km southwest in Tirol flow. The oldest part of Augsburg as well as the southernQuarters are on the northern end of a high terrace. The terrace developed itself between the steep edge of hill of Friedberg in the east and the high Riedeln of the western edge of hill, between the Talauen of the alpine rivers Lech and value oh, in the norththe city combine.

Rivers and their length in the city
Lech 19.9 km
value oh 13.1 km
singing old 6.2 km
29 Lechkanäle 77.7 km
of 4 value oh channels 11.6 km
of 19 brooks 45.6 km
length altogether 173.2 km

Augsburg is a three-river city. The largestis the Lech, into which value oh north the landscape protection area Wolfzahnau flows.

By the city an artificial brook system branched out far flows:

Factory channel, into which the singing old, which flows third Augsburger river, becomes in Göggingen of thatValue oh derived and wood brook flows and/or as value oh channel . Lacing brook northward and arrives north to the balloon factory Augsburg back in value oh.

At the high drain the capital brook and the new brook are led away from the Lech, itself to few hundred meters againcombine, around short river downward into the gentleman brook flowing northward (river downward provisions brook with its off and inlets Hanreibach and Fichtelbach) and the purchase brook led to the west to forks. The purchase brook again feeds the Schäfflerbach and the city ditches and city center channels,those northward flowing on the area of the UPM Kymmene again unite and as city brook in the western range of the Wolfzahnau again with the provisions brook flow together, in order to arrive few meters before the value oh delta in the Lech.

In the south extendsitself the Lechfeld, one after ice-age crushed stone level between the two rivers. Within the range of the Lechfeldes rare URL and shanks could keep. Augsburger city forest and the Lechtalheiden rank today among the species-richest Central European habitats.

On Augsburg the nature park Augsburg borders- Western forests, a large forest area. The city is also strongly begrünt, for which Augsburg 1997 received the European-wide price as „greenest one and city the most worth living “. The city is third biggest the largest local owner of forest in Bavaria, in Germany.

Neighbour municipalities

following cities and municipalities border with their settlement core directly on the settlement core of the city Augsburg and form therefore with it the large compression chamber Augsburg, beginning in the east and then in the clockwise direction:

Friedberg (Bavaria) (district Aichach Friedberg), Königsbrunn, City mountains, and Gersthofen ( all district Augsburg) newsat.

Further municipalities, which border on the city of Augsburg, are beginning, in the north and in the clockwise direction:

Rehling, Affing, gravel-sing, Mering and notice-hung (all district Aichach Friedberg), Bobingen, Gessertshausen and the village (all district Augsburg)

city arrangement

diagram: A total area of

147 km 2 has planning areas and urban districts the city of Augsburg and is divided into 17 planning areas, which altogether 41 urban districts form. The organizationinto urban districts 1938 were inserted. With the quarters it partly concerns around formerly independent municipalities, which were integrated in the course of various regional reorganizations to Augsburg, partly in addition, new quarters, which were created as populated areas. Some quarters havebeyond that spatially separated settlements (living places) with own name, which is called in parentheses behind the quarter:

Stadtplan von 1905
City plan of 1905

The textile quarter covers parts of the city center and Spickel Herrenbach. Augsburger old part of town city center is on the area of the quarter.

OneCharacteristic are the former barracks and populated areas of the US-American army, e.g. the Reese barracks, whose designations still exist: Sheridan, Reese, Centerville, Cramerton, Supply center, Sullivan Heights.

history

antique

Augsburg, Römisches Museum im Dominikanerkloster: Römischer Prunkhelm
Augsburg,Roman museum in the Dominikanerkloster: Roman splendor helmet

Augsburg was northern the largest Roman settlement of the alps. As date of the establishment of Augsburg 15 v. become. Chr. indicated. In this year in the area of the today's quarter upper living a putting ion camp was established,also than a supply depot served later. Augsburg is this Gründungsdatum according to after Trier the secondaryoldest city of Germany.

Following the camps developed before the turn of an era the settlement Augusta Vindelicorum, the emperor formed in the first century Hadrian in the year 121 n. Chr. the Roman municipal law lent. Augsburg was starting from approximately 95/100 n. Chr. Capital of the Roman province Raetien, which extended until upper Italy. It is unknown, when exactly Augsburg became province capital, the archaeological findingsit points on the fact that Kempten in the general-outer (Cambodunum) still in the late first century n. Chr. this function had.

According to new research the Neckar Odenwald Limes became only in the year 98 n. Chr. under emperors Trajan, at the same time put on with for thisYear secured (out) building of the Roman freeway Mainz bath CAN place Augsburg. A connection of these two strategic building projects with the transfer of the capital of the province Rätien from Kempten to Augsburg is obvious, is not however so far not positively occupied (see.Kinzigtalstrasse).

After the divisionthe Roman province Raetia in the year 294 n. Chr. became Augsburg capital of the province Raetia Secunda. With the end of the Roman rule around 450 n. Chr. Augusta Vindelicorum purged to 5 starting from that. Century.

Already in late ancient times was Augsburg Bishop seat. Into the time around 300 fall the legend of one the city-holy, the holy Afra, as well as excessive quantities over bishop Narzissus.

the Middle Ages

somewhat south the bishop city formed in 12. Century a buyer settlement. SouthAugsburg on the Lechfeld 955 history was written, as an emperor Otto I. - by bishop Ulrich of Augsburg - who defeated westward striving Hungary.

In the year 1156 Augsburg received the municipal law by emperors Friedrich Barbarossa. Starting from 1251the right of the city to guidance of a seal and to taxation of its citizens is occupied. King Rudolf of having castle lent bishop city and buyer city 1276 the realm liberty (free realm city). In the consequence Augsburg is controlled by the Patriziern. 1368Rebellion of the craftsmen and introduction of a guild condition. The guilds are involved until 1547 in the city government.

1379 entry of Augsburg to the Swabian standard ware (this disintegrates 1388).

modern times

major item: Reichstag to Augsburg

1469 - 1478 guild dictatorship of the Ulrich black, which is executed 1478.

Augsburg: Der Damenhof im Fuggerschen Stadtpalais
Augsburg: The lady yard in the Fugger city palace

thereafter was Augsburg of the beginning of the modern times up to the end of the Renaissance an important center of the economy and the trade. Well-known names from this time are thoseBuyer families of the Fugger and Welser.

reformation time

on Reichstag to Augsburg the 1530 formulated Philipp Melanchthon with Augsburger the confession the confession and establishment document of the Lutheri church.

In the city Augsburg existed between 1524 and 1573 an important Täufergemeinde. Admit became above all Augsburger Märtyrersynode 20. to 24. August 1527, an international meeting of envoys of different Täuferkreise. Most the Synodalen died later than martyrs for their convictions.

To 22. July 1534by the large advice it was decided that only of the advice installed Prädikanten in the city was allowed to preach. The catholic service was limited to the eight churches of the pins. Smaller churches and monastic churches were closed. With this religion mandate the advice formally tookthe church sovereignty of the city in requirement.

Augsburg, Perl oh place 1550

in the year 1548 caused emperors Karl V. a new patrizische urban constitution and issued Augsburger Interim. With the new urban constitution Augsburg led a government and a management system in equal numbers (equal rights andaccurate office distribution between catholics and Protestanten, - see realm city in equal numbers). Augsburger 1555 living together the citizens calmed realm and confessional peaces down also in the city.

1584 were introduced to Augsburg the Gregorian calendar.

Gustav II. Adolf vor den Mauern Augsburgs im Jahre 1632
Gustav II. Adolf before the wallsAugsburg in the year 1632

during the dreissigjährigen war Augsburg became to 20. April 1632 taken by the Swedish army. Of this time the Sweden tower with the fixed image of the Stoinerner Mo and the Sweden staircase, as parts Augsburger attachment plant reminds.

To 13. December 1703 becomes Augsburg in the Spanish succession war by Bavarian troops under cure prince Maximilian II. Emanuel occupies, which must vacate it 1704 again.

1784/1785 came it to weber unrests and to 29.01.1794 to the weber rebellion. The background of theControversy formed the arising textile industry with its Kattunmanufakturen, which threatened the weber handicraft.

Augsburg was governed up to occupation by Bavarian troops 1805 by seven Patrizierfamilien.

modern trend

already 1771 developed with the school ashes Kattunfabrik, established from Johann HeinrichSchool, the first factory on the European continent.

By the peace treaty of press castle (26. December 1805) lost Augsburg already, to 21. December occupied by Bavarian troops was, the realm liberty and fell at Bavaria. Starting from 1809the city received its own police director. Thus the city was subordinate directly to the district administration. Later one called such cities “circle-free”.

1862 developed the office for district Augsburg, from which the district Augsburg came out later. This became with the circle reform 1972 with thatand places of the districts Donauwörth and new castle at the Danube unite former district Schwabmünchen, a part of the former district Wertingen united. Its current expansion received the district Augsburg with separating the municipality Baar (Swabia) to the district Aichach Friedberg in the year 1994. Augsburg remained seat of the district, the city always circle-free.

In 19. Century attained Augsburg again meaning as center of the textile industry and mechanical engineering (MAN = M aschinenfabrik A ugsburg N ürnberg). With the general newspaper by Johann Friedrich Cotta appeared in Augsburg the most important German daily paper of this time. Since 1927 the Messerschmitt AG has here its head office.

national socialism and the Second World War

with the realm tag choice 1933 received the NSDAP in Augsburg 32.3%the voices. With beginning of the “national revolution in Bavaria” to 9. März begann der Terror gegen politische Gegner auch in Augsburg. At the end of March 1933 the 1929 selected town councillor one dissolved and on the basis the results of the realm tag choice of 5. March againoccupied, however without the town councillors of the KPD. In May the SPD , which was excluded from nearly all urban committees already before, left the town councillor on pressure of the national socialists, to 5. July the BVP. The delegates of the DNVPfollowed the parliamentary group of the NSDAP.

In the council meeting of 28. April became the 2. Mayor of the SPD, field man, formally retires and Joseph Mayr (NSDAP), which the office already before kommissarisch held, to new 2. Mayor selected. To 31. July finally became the mayor Dr. Otto Bohl (BVP) dismiss and on the council meeting at the 3. August by Dr. Edmund Stoeckle (NSDAP) replaces. The seizure of power in the city was final thereby.

Already to 9. March communist functionaries became in“Protective custody “taken. If the arrests were directed first against communists and Social Democrats, fast also Jews came and other unpopular persons, like also delegates of the BVP, into detention.

Also the fire Augsburger singer-resounds (building of Ludwig) to 30. April 1934 was Cause of a wave of arrests.

In the morning 10. November 1938 burned the 1917 delighted synagog at the Halderstrasse, in which consequence also Jewish business and private dwellings became devastated.

The SPD state tag delegate Clemens Högg came in the LV despotism to death. Resistance fighter how Bebo Wager paid for with their life.

Augsburg suffered heavy damage in the Second World War. With a devastating bomb attack of the British Air Force at the night of 25. February on the 26. February 1944 was destroyed large parts Augsburger city center. Balancethe Bombardements with 300.000 incendiary bombs: 730 dead ones and over 1.300 hurt. Afterwards nearly half of the population left the city. Units of the 7. 28 finally moved US army to. April 1945 in Augsburg.

After the war Augsburg became until 1998to a base of the US army.

Federal Republic of Germany

the old part of town with their important buildings was in the meantime again developed to a large extent. In the city hall on the occasion of the 2000-Jahr-Feier 1985 the large golden hall was again-opened, whose renovation persisted however until 1996.

AsCapital of the governmental district Swabia inserted itself the city into the political system of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Free State of Bavaria.

At the olympic summer games in Munich 1972 took place in Augsburg the kanu and Kajak competitions as well as hand ball, basketball and football before round plays.

urban legends

city goddess Cisa

alleged was the Cisa (dea Ciza) the city goddess of Augsburg. In marginal notes of the Excerptum ex Gallica Historia ( around 1135), originating from the pin Ursberg, becomes detailed by thatRoman FE storage of Swabian trunks between Lech and value oh established city of the Cisaris, to which later Augsburg reports. The city was therefore designated after a Heiligtum of the goddess Cisa. In this battle allegedly the Romans were struck destroying. In publicationbecome also the restaurant names war scrapers of a Greek Avar, Hafnerberg of a Militärpräfekt Habeno (also: Hebeino) and Pfersee of military grandstands a Verres (also: Verus) derived (see also: Derivative of the name Pfersee).

The text of the 12. Century does not prove as vague compilation with clear emphasis on the fantasyful interpretation not unusual for the legend research any longer more understood, probably voralemannischer restaurant names. In the discussion alone the goddess remained Cisa, surely because Jacob Grimm in its German mythology „the Werth of the strange excessive quantity “expressly stressed.

Whether one in the place of the today's Kitzenberges with the pc. Ulrich and Afra a alemannische Ziuverehrung to assume can, are likewise scientifically not to be occupied. In Augsburg was at least since that to the late Middle Ages a provinzalrömisches Medusenhaupt admits, which was immured in the today's Ulrichskirche. The Medusenhaupt is today in the Roman museum.

A representation of the Cisa is to be seen on the Wetterfahne of the Perl oh tower and some representations on the bronze doors of the Cathedral are to point the legend after on Cisa.

the “Stoinerne mA”

the “Stoinerne mA” (“stone man”) is a survive-large Steinfigur at the eastern Stadtmauer, within the range of the so-called „Sweden staircase”, in direct proximity of the Galluskirchleins. It probably placesa baker with a loaf bread and a sign. In the range of the feet is a schneckenförmig turned Postament. After the legend it concerns a baker, during a long FE storage of the city out of Sägemehl of breadto have baked and for the Belagerer over the Stadtmauer into the ditch have clearly visibly thrown is. The impression, in the city would give it to still so much bread that one could throw it over the wall was the Belagerer so demoralizedhave that they broke the FE storage off. The name of the baker is indicated in the excessive quantity as „Konrad chop ago”. Historically the event belongs into the dreissigjährigen war, more exactly to the FE storage of the city Augsburg during the years 1634/35, than catholic troops underGeneral field marshal von Wahl of Protestant Sweden occupies city held to back-conquer wanted. Reliably the act of the baker is certainly not occupied.

Facts beyond the legend: In its with the utmost care investigated contribution to 1941 No. appeared. 54 of the “magazine of the historicalAssociation for Swabia " Eduard Lampart defines at that time still the figure standing at the house corner Pulvergäs/lower one ditch as Bastelei from some, originally not matching, parts. It might concern finds with earthwork in the city, those over generations away tomentioned Eckhaus were gekarrt, because it was to 1810 the seat of the acting “urban Bauwarts”. One the building control room is probably between beginning and in the middle the 18. Century took place list of the figure to owe. That it the historically not provableBaker hero hacker represents, their one angedichtet only later.

incorporations


Incorporations into the city Augsburg since 1910
year of places increase
in hectar
of 1. July 1910 municipality Meringerau 953.7
1. January 1911 municipality Pfersee 345.8
1. January 1911 Municipality upper living 862.2
1. January 1913 city Lechhausen 2,794, 4
1. January 1913 municipality high tariff (name until 1905: Friedbergerau) 435
1. April 1916 municipality war scraper 5.9
1. July 1972 city Göggingen 1,079, 18
1. July 1972 city Haunstetten 1,393, 16
1. July1972 municipality Inningen (inclusive few days before the municipality mountain home
) 3,383, 9 [work on
], eingemeindeten by
express procedures after Inningen

, population

inhabitant development

population trend

with beginning of the industrialization in 19. Century used a strong population growth in Augsburg. Lived1806 about 26,000 humans in the city, then were there already 1895 over 80.000. In the year 1906 the number of inhabitants of the city exceeded the border of 100.000, whereby it became the large city. Until 1939 the total population up to 185.000 rose.

In The city about 20 per cent of his population (38,958 persons) lost the Second World War. The number of inhabitants sank until 1945 on 146.000, rose then until 1950 the Vorkriegsstand. In the year 1992 the total population with 264.852 achieved its historical highest level. To 30.June 2005 amounted to „the official number of inhabitants “for Augsburg after updating of the Bavarian national office for statistics and data processing 262,140 (only main domiciles and after alignment with the other national offices).

The following overview shows the numbers of inhabitants after the respective area conditions. Until 1806 actit itself usually around estimations, afterwards around census results (¹) or official updating of the statistic national office. The data refer starting from 1871 to „the localpresent population “, starting from 1925 to the resident population and since 1987 to „the population at the place of the main dwelling “.1871 ago the number of inhabitants was determined in non-uniform collection procedures.

Population trend of the city Augsburg since that 17. Century

Year inhabitant
1635 16,432
1645 19,960
1806 26,200
1. June 1830 ¹ 29,019
1. December 1840 ¹ 36,900
3. December 1852 ¹ 39.300
3. December 1858 ¹ 43,600
3. December 1861 ¹ 45,400
3. December 1864 ¹ 49,300
3. December 1867 ¹ 50,100
1. December 1871 ¹ 51,220
1. December 1875 ¹ 57,200
1. December 1880 ¹ 61,408
29. October 1946 ¹ 160.055
1. December 1885 ¹ 65,905
1. December 1890 ¹ 75,629
2. December 1895 ¹ 81.896
Year inhabitant
1. December 1900 ¹ 89,170
1. December 1905 ¹ 94,923
1. December 1910 ¹ 102,487
1. December 1916 ¹ 132,651
5. December 1917 ¹ 137,743
8. October 1919 ¹ 154,555
16. June 1925 ¹ 165,522
16. June 1933 ¹ 176,575
17. May 1939 ¹ 185,374
31. December 1945 146,416
13. September 1950 ¹ 185,183
25. September 1956 ¹ 200,236
6. June 1961 ¹ 208.659
31. December 1965 210,845
27. May 1970 ¹ 211,566
31. December 1975 249,943
31. December 1980 248.346
Year inhabitant
31. December 1985 245,193
25. May 1987 ¹ 242,819
31. December 1990 256,877
31. December 1995 259,699
31. December 1996 258.457
31. December 1997 256,625
31. December 1998 254,610
31. December 1999 254,967
31. December 2000 254,982
31. December 2001 257,836
31. December 2002 259,231
31. December 2003 259,217
31. December 2004 260,407
30. June 2005 262,140

¹ census result

religions

Augsburg: Blick vom Perlachturm Richtung Maximilianstraße (links: Front des Rathauses; im Hintergrund die Basilika St. Ulrich und Afra)
Augsburg: View from the Perl oh tower direction Maximilianstrasse (left: Front of the city hall; in the background the Basilika pc. Ulrich and Afra)

Augsburg were probably already since that 4. /5. Century seat of a bishop. Around 738 the diocese became Augsburg renewed. Starting from 1518 the teachings Martin Luther trailer in Augsburg found. The teachings spread ever more and led finally to the official introduction of the reformation by the advice of the city in the year 1534/37. It followed afterwards thoseParticipation of the city on the Schmalkaldi war, and 1548 was held in Augsburg a Reichstag, which regulated the practice of the religion for a transition period (Augsburger Interim). Seven years later (1555) knew in the so-called. Augsburger confessional peace thoseEqualization of both denominations to be finally reached.

The catholic population belonged thereafter further to the diocese Augsburg, which was assigned at that time still to the ore diocese Mainz. After the transition it first still remained to the city at Bavaria with the past allocation, butthe diocese Augsburg and with it its Pfarrgemeinden 1821 the again established ore diocese Munich and freesing assigned (see also for this list of the bishops of Augsburg).

ev. Church pc. The Jakobs, Mittelpunkt of the Yak-upper suburb

the Protestant municipality members received at the latest afterthe Westfäli peace the churches pc. Anna, St. Ulrich, to the Barfüssern and pc. Jakob. It been subordinate the advice of the city. After the transition of Augsburg at Bavaria the municipality members part of the Protestant church of the Kingdom of Bavaria became, those firstlutherische and reformed municipalities covered. The city became thereafter seat of its own Dekanats, which belongs to 1827 the Konsistorialbezirk Bayreuth, starting from 1876 the Konsistorialbezirk Ansbach and since 1923 the parish district Munich. The Dekanat Augsburg covers beside the church municipalities of the cityAugsburg also municipalities outside of the city.

Der Herkules-Brunnen inmitten der Maximilianstraße. Gleich gegenüber befindet sich das Schaezler-Palais ...
The Herkules well in the midst of the Maximilianstrasse. Just opposite is the Schaezler palace…

The Westfäli peace of 1648 also a government in equal numbers led in Augsburg - and besides in Ravensburg, beaver oh and Dinkelsbühl -and management system (final equal rights and accurate office distribution between catholics and Protestanten), which should have existence up to the Mediatisierung.

freechurch municipalities have themselves after the end of the Täuferbewegung only again in 19. and/or 20. Century in Augsburg constitutes. The Mennoniten, which held starting from 1870 God-official meetings in Augsburg, made the beginning. 1863 received the Evangelist methodistische church the rights of a “private church company”. Around 1925 - on the basis of the nut/mother municipality in Munich - those took Baptisten (today: Evangelist-freechurch municipality their work up. Since 1968 there is a free one Evangelist municipality in Augsburg also. Apart from these free churches also the Apostoli community is represented in Augsburg.

The distribution of the denominations at the beginning 19. Century amounted toabout 60% catholic and 40% Protestanten. This relationship changed in particular also by integration of catholic suburbs in favor of the catholics, so that the portion of the Protestant population lay around 1950 only still with approximately 23%.

Work on []

Politics

at the point of the city Augsburg stood as a chairman of the advice as can be prove since 1266 the city male nurse, who was called mayors occasionally also. Both designations were partly simultaneous the used. Since 1548 was the designation onlyCity male nurse. The city male nurses officiated over several years and starting from then on lifetime were selected. Therefore there were also several city male nurses at the same time. After the transition at Bavaria into Augsburg municipal authorities with 2 mayors were inserted. Also after 1818 it gavemunicipal authorities with 2 mayors and additionally a Kollegium of the municipality authorized persons.1919 were given up the parliamentary system of two Houses in favor of the mechanism of a “town councillor”. The “first mayor” manages since that time this, who leads usually the title mayors (see for this list of the mayors of Augsburg). Since 2002 Augsburg von Oberbürgermeister Paul Wengert (SPD) is governed. At present Augsburger city wheel is led L.G. by a coalition made of SPD, alliance 90/Die the Green, FBU, and ödp, the so-called “rainbow coalition”.

Election results of the town councillor since 1972 inPer cent.
Year CSU SPD FDP the Green DKP /</br>Party of Democratic Socialism REP NPD otherwise.
1972 44.9 46.5 2.3 - 0.7 - 0.9 ,4.7
1978 46.8 44.5 2.7 - 0.4 - 0.6 ,4.9
1984 32.9 44.9 1.3 ,4.2 ,0.2 - 0.7 15.8
1990 43,1 28.4 2.5 10.8 - 10.0 - 5.2
1996 44.1 29.4 1.7 10.5 - 2.8 - 11.5
2002 43.5 36.4 3.5 ,8.7 ,1.2 - - 6.7

coats of arms

description: In of red and silver split sign onebecomes green Zirbelnuss on green Kapitell. The city colors are red green white.

Meaning: The oldest provable city seal Augsburg from the year 1237 shows a zweitürmiges town-gate with tin wall, over it a star. In the gate elbow a Lebensbaum is located, starting from 1260 a grape/clusteron foot. This probably points on the names of the city “Augster”, which represents a grape/cluster sort. In 15. Century is represented a green grape/cluster in red-white sign. The find of a Pinienzapfens (probably the point of a Roman gravestone) 1467 omittedthe grape/cluster a Zirbelnuss become. The Köpfchen on the Kapitell is since 1521 demonstrably, the Mauerkrone only since 1811. The meaning of these symbols is not clarified. The city colors are well-known since 1372. On the occasion of the 2000-Jahrfeier 1985 the coat of arms becamein accordance with the time taste arranges new.

The name of the city Augsburg is derived from the Roman name of the city, Augusta Vindelicorum. Augusta, the city carried the first part of the name, because it on instruction of emperor Augustus ofits two stepsons Drusus and Tiberius 15 v. Chr. (first as military camps) one based. The second part, Vindelicorum, is the genitive Plural that at that time latin name for the race of the Vindeliker, those in this area between value oh (Latin Vinda) and Lech (Latin Licus) settled.

The Zirbelnuss was as representative Pinienzapfen also the field character of the Roman Legion of the Roman camp and became therefore the symbol of the later Roman province capital.

This very day is the Zirbelnuss on numerous buildings andin walls let in in the entire city as indications Augsburgi.

a partnership between cities maintains

partnerships between cities and sponsorships Augsburg with the following cities:

Inverness, Scotland (united kingdom), since 1956
Amagasaki (Japan), since 1959
Nagahama (Japan), since 1959
Dayton, Federal State Ohio (the USA), since 1964
Bourges (France), since 1967
Liberec (Tschechien), since 2001
Jinan, province Shandong (People's Republic of China), since 2004

became in the year 1954due to a suggestion of the German city daily of the city Göggingen a sponsorship for the ethnic Germans refugees from the city and the district new DEK living in Augsburg taken over, which is continued to carry by the city Augsburg since the incorporation Göggingens. 1955on the part of the city Augsburg was transferred a sponsorship for resident the German refugees from the city and the region realm mountain, become in Augsburg, to Tschechien, 2001 were closed with that today Liberec city specified a partnership contract. Already in the year1954 took over Augsburg also the sponsorship over the Illertissen raised at that time to the city. 1967 took over the city Augsburg an official sponsorship over the frigate „Augsburg “of the Federal Navy.

culture and objects of interest

major item: Culture and objects of interest inAugsburg

Augsburg was always in its history cultural center. Already in the Middle Ages e.g. developed. with the cathedral our love Mrs. (Augsburg) and the BasilikaPc. Ulrich and Afra important buildings, which coin/shape the townscape until today. In this time the gold and silver silberschmiede in the city also already settled. Augsburger gold and silver silberschmiede gained in the course of the time a outstandingCall.

In particular in the Renaissance, when artists, like Hans's getting leg the older one, worked or Hans Burgkmair the older one in Augsburg, Augsburg one of the most important cultural centers was northern the alps. In this time developed also with the city hall, the splendour wells of the Fuggerei some the most important objects of interest.

Also later epochs left their traces in Augsburg. Above all the Rococo style, which “August citizen taste” was also called, has among other things with the Bischöflichen residence the Schaezler palace of the cityits stamp pushed open.

During the Industriellen revolution manufacturing plants developed, like e.g. the school ash Kattunfabrik, the glass palace Augsburg, or the factory lock, and mansionmansion mansions, like e.g. the Gignoux house, the mansion Hague, or the mansion silver man. Some important buildings,e.g. also art nouveau in Augsburg left the synagog, or the heart Jesu church in the quarter Pfersee.

economics and infrastructure

traffic

traffic

by the northern city lead the federal motorway A 8 Stuttgart Munich. Furthermore the federal highways B 2, B 10, B 17 and B 300 lead by the city. Augsburg of the north achieves and goes motorway-similar B 2 in the range of the northern city boundary into the motorway something similar B 17 (west tangent) over, which is provided with exits in the city mehrspurig developed, partly set lower and up to two crossings in the range Göggingen and city mountains /Pfersee exclusively. Augsburg direction the south leaves and is B 17 up to few kilometerstied up to the A96 motorway-similarly.


A 8 Saarlouis - Karlsruhe - Stuttgart - Ulm - Augsburg - Munich - Salzburg
B 2 Schwedt/or - Berlin - Leipzig - Bayreuth - Nuremberg - Treuchtlingen - Augsburg - Munich - mixing part churches
B 10 Karlsruhe - Pforzheim - Stuttgart - Ulm - Augsburg
B 17 Augsburg - Landsberg at the Lech - already gau - feet
B 300 Memmingen - Augsburg - Dasing - Ingolstadt - Geisenfeld - Regensburg

public local passenger traffic(ÖPNV)

In Augsburger the traffic group (AVV) operate the Nahverkehrszüge of the German course, four strassenbahnlinien of public utilities Augsburg and 31 city bus lines of public utilities Augsburg and public utilities Gersthofen. In addition taxi collecting services are offered in the context of the ÖPNV.

Into thatpast years became that meanwhile 35.5 km long Augsburger streetcar net by new building distances the university (1996), the northern city boundary (2001) and to the clinical center (2002) extended.

The king place is since 1905 main knots for the urban streetcar and Buslinien. From 1933 to 1945it carried „Adolf Hitler place for the names “. The center of the place was appropriate originally east for the Konrad Adenauer avenue. Starting from 1914 there a pavilion, mentioned „for mushroom “, stood at which the strassenbahnlinien crossed. 1977 became after two-year construction period on the other roadside a new,larger stop triangle opens. The pavilion was torn off, in its place gushes since 1985 „the one well “.

rail long-distance traffic

the station building

Augsburger main station is ICE and IC station at the distances Munich Stuttgart, Munich Hamburg, Munich Berlin, Munich Frankfurt and Munich Dortmund and beyond thatOf Germany oldest station, which is still in the architectural original state in enterprise. Augsburg is beside it one of the most important railway knots of South Germany. It lies to the ICE and IC/input clutch distance with which European metropolises such as Amsterdam, Paris, Vienna and Budapest is transfer-free attainable.

In addition courses of the regional traffic drive on the following lines:

starting from 2008 the regional traffic is as rapid-transit railway - similar rail traffic to be operated.

In the rail goods traffic Augsburg is however after quiet putting of the marshalling yard no more railway knot. However develops starting from 2007 in the north of Augsburg, on the corridorsof Augsburg, Gersthofen and Neusäss a goods traffic center. A characteristic in Augsburg is the local course, across the city running railway, which provides a connection for the large industrial enterprises to the Eisenbahnnetz.

air traffic

in the northeast thatCity is the airport Augsburg. Used between 1980 and 2005 the airport as regional airport with goals after Duesseldorf, Cologne, Hamburg, Berlin, Leipzig/resounds and Frankfurt/Main. Due to the passenger numbers risen very strongly was planned, the accelerate-stop distance too extended andto build a new terminal with apron. Since the runway however and thus only passenger planes to 100 persons is not extended to land to be allowed, became discusses, to open the NATO air base Lechfeld for civilian passenger planes. Due to the high additional costs, those thoseGerman Federal Armed Forces for the misalignment of the ammunition depots in calculation to place wanted, this project were given up.

By the attitude of the line air traffic in the year 2005 was uncertain the future deficit eras of airport long time. The city Augsburg as a partner the airport AugsburgGmbH bezuschusste the society annually with 1 million Euro. In April 2006 one decided now finally to convert the fastened airport into a modern town center air haven. This is to be approached mainly by business fliers. Besides a 80,000 square meter large trade area, that developsmainly for enterprises, the purchase to aviation have, to be opened is. Among other things the company Beechcraft at the airport has its head office.

leisure and sports sites

fairs and meetings

Der 158 Meter hohe, so genannte Hotelturm des Dorint Hotels (im Volksmund aus naheliegenden Gründen auch "Maiskolben" genannt) ist seit 1972 im Stadtbild kaum zu übersehen.
of the 158 meters high, hotel tower so mentioned of the Dorint hotel (in the vernacular for obvious reasons also “ears of corn” mentioned) are since 1972 in the townscape hardly to be surveyed.

Augsburg hassince 1988 a large fairground at the federal highway B17 in Augsburger the south. As the largest of the halls becomes also for other meetings, z “Swabia-resounds “. B. , Used and place offers concerts for 4.000 visitors. Up to the opening of the fairgroundfairs, like Augsburger spring exhibition, took place in tent resounding on surfaces of the Wittelsbacher park .

Augsburger place offers congress hall in the quarter Antonsviertel for 1.400 guests in the largest hall. In sport-resounds Augsburg find with complete Bestuhlung 4,000 visitors oneSeat.

With beginning of the yearly 2006, the so-called “Mozart year”, there are most diverse meetings also in Augsburg approximately around W. A. Mozart. With these meetings the city would like to make Augsburg as German Mozart city on itself attentively, there Mozart's father (nativeAugsburger) and its used from this region comes. Even the Mozarts' first large youth love was an August citizen. High point of the festive activities will be the summer 2006.

media

in Augsburg appear as daily papers at the press of pressure and publishing houseGmbH Augsburg Augsburger general ones and your homeland newspapers. Augsburger general ones is the present-strongest regional newspaper of Germany.

As monthly city magazine for young people the new scene appears Augsburg. For the 1972 quarters mountain home, Göggingen, Haunstetten and Inningen eingemeindeten give itsince 1977 the colored monthly magazine “Augsburger south indicator”. In addition for spring 2004 exists the university magazine Presstige made by students, which half-yearly to the studying three Augsburger address themselves of the universities.

In addition there is the regional television station TV Augsburg.

In the radio landscape there is two Augsburger Lokalsender, hit radio RT.1 and radio Fantasy, the one own frequency possesses and still various further with cable frequencies. The transmitter skirt antenna is terrestrial on the frequency of the former transmitter radio Kö to receive.

Until some years ago also the American Forces network would send in Augsburg and others also on the medium wave frequency 1485 kHz. The plant in direct proximity of the B17, for this used, is still received, but at present without function.

Work on []

Resident large-scale enterprises

  • EADS, air and space travel
  • KUKA, robot and sealing machines
  • MAN ONE, engine works Augsburg Nuremberg
  • NCR, self-service devices for the financial area, p.o.s. systems (Retail), data base systems
  • Siemens, Siemens Technopark Augsburg
  • Fujitsu Siemens of computer, computer development and manufacturing
  • Osram, Shining central manufacturer
  • Böwe Systec, Kuvertiersysteme and complete solutions for May LRO COM
  • small service Solutions, software and hardware development & hardware manufacturing
  • group of publishing houses conception of the world, largest catholic publishing house with Versandhandel
  • UPM Kymmene (ehem. Haindl), paper factory
  • walter building AG, building management and technology company (in insolvency)
  • ArvinMeritor (after fusion with Zeuna strong), KFZ vendor (waste gas systems for passenger car, motorcycles and commercial motor vehicles)

tradition enterprise

  • brewery to the golden goose, since 1397
  • prince Fugger private bank, 1486 the trading firm Fugger for the first time as “bank” designation
  • Augusta brewery, since 1488
  • Schöppler,City Fischer, since 1650
  • Thorbräu, since 1684
  • fitters' sche J. A. Book and art action, since 1719
  • Rieger & wreath/ring fields, bookshop, since 1731
  • Anton Böhm & son, music publishing house, since 1803
  • Dierig, since 1805
  • municipal savings bank Augsburg, based to 2. February 1822
  • Naegele, Parfümerie, since 1835
  • Siller and Laar, iron action, since 1836
  • J.N. Eberle & Cie. GmbH, since 1836
  • H. White horn & Cie., Furniture transport, since 1839
  • district savings bank Augsburg, since 1855
  • hat factory Lembert since 1861
  • Pfister balances since 1894
  • furniture forwarding businessand travel enterprises Domberger since 1897
  • brewing house Riegele

public mechanisms

in Augsburg have following authorities and mechanisms and/or bodies of the public right their seat:

  • Office for federal fortune Augsburg
  • tax office Augsburg country
  • tax office Augsburg city
  • chamber of trade Swabia
  • general customs office Augsburg
  • Chamber of Commerce and industrie (IHK) Swabia
  • penal institution
  • circle military spare office Augsburg (next Kresiwehrersatzamt does not exist since center 2005 any longer: Ingolstadt)
  • district administration office Augsburg

education

universities

of three university institutes offer at present a various training offer to approximately 15,000 young people.

The University of Augsburg became 1970based and Munich came out from that, between 1551 and 1802 in Dillingen existing philosophical-theological university Augsburger bishops and the educational university of the university. It is the only university in the governmental district Bavarian swabia.

Are offered a philological-historical, a philosophical-sociological, a economicscientific, a legal one,Mathematical-scientific and catholic theological faculty, as well as the recently established faculty for applied computer science. It is not a traditional full university, but concentrates mainly on the social and economic science.

Since 1974 became in the south of the city on the area of the old airfieldan extensive Campus establishes, which grew until today to its own quarter. Meanwhile only a small part of the university is together with the economical specialist area of the FH in the building of the former educational university in Lechhausen.

At present studyabout 11500 students at the University of Augsburg.

The professional school Augsburg was created 1971 and can look back on an extensive history.

It developed from numerous predecessor mechanisms. Thus already a private academy of arts existed itself, first to a Protestant and around 1660then 1710 to a public realm-urban academy of arts developed, made of which finally over several stages the work art school Augsburg developed. The technical branch comes of in 19. Century developed Rudolf Diesel polytechnic institute. In the year 1971 the professional school Augsburg resulted from its pool. It is thus one of the oldest professional schools in Germany.

Numerous courses of studies of the ranges technology, organization and economic science are offered. At present approximately 4100 students study to the FH Augsburg.

The university for music only mountain Augsburg resulted 1998 from the pool of the Nürnberger of master singing he conservatoire alsoAugsburger of Leopold Mozart conservatoire. Music-educational and artistic courses of studies are offered (singing, orchestral instruments, key instruments). In Augsburg can be studied also catholic church music, guitar and music therapy. In Germany the training of the blowing orchestra line is unique.

The Technical High School III for housekeeping, child care andSocial care trains Swabia in the entire governmental district and beyond that qualified house managers, child male nurses and social male nurses . 2002 won this school the ISI (inside school development innovation) price of the Free State of Bavaria .

personalities

this list contain only the most important personalities, those in the connectionwith Augsburg stand. In the following still to a more detailed list one refers.

honour citizen

See list of the honour citizens of Augsburg.

sons and daughters of the city

see Liste_Persönlichkeiten_ (Augsburg).

further personalities with purchase to Augsburg

see Liste_Persönlichkeiten_ (Augsburg).

literature

Web on the left of

Wikinews: Augsburg - current messages
Commons: Augsburg - pictures, videos and/or audio files
Wiktionary: Augsburg - word origin, synonyms and translations
Wikiquote: Augsburg - quotations
 

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