August William Francke

August William Francke (* 14. March 1785 in Carow; † 23. May 1851 in Magdeburg) was mayor of Magdeburg.


August Wilhelm Francke
August William Francke

Francke was born as a son of a manor tenant. From 1790 to 1803 it went on the High School into Brandenburg (Havel) and studied thereafter jurisprudence in resounds (Saale). 1807 it stepped into the westfälischen service and began as a junior lawyer with the war and domain chamber in Magdeburg. 1808, the domain chamber were dissolved, found it an occupation with the Unterpräfektur in resound (Saale). 1809 it was appointed as a prefecture advice to Goettingen, where it remained however only few months. He became then Secretary-General of the Elbe section of the Kingdom of Westphalia in Magdeburg. In this function it came to constant problems with the French rule, since Francke saw itself as German Patriot. 1813 went to Francke therefore as Unterpräfekt to Osterode. After the end of the kingdom Westphalia in the course of the French defeat with the people battle, Francke of Prussian Militärgouvernementsrat in half became. Later, in April 1817, he became advice at the newly formed government in Erfurt.

working as mayors of Magdeburg

to 23. May 1817 became Francke of Friedrich William III., whose favour it enjoyed, appointed the circle land advice, police director and mayor of Magdeburg.

Francke created 1823 to municipal savings bank existing today the Magdeburg, in addition, a school teacher widow and a Waisenkasse as well as an institute for wood supplying. Beside the arm nature Francke reformed also the public education of the city. Magdeburg had in such a way at the time at that time the most modern public education of Germany. All children of all subpopulations of the city seized by this in co-operation with the school inspector Karl Zerrener developed system.

Under its responsibility also several park plants developed, to whose organization Francke Peter Joseph Lenné could win. So already 1825 the monastery mountain garden. Further plants were the gentleman jug park and the glacis way. 1827 developed with the north cemetery (today's north park) the first cemetery outside of the city attachment, against the resistance of the commander of fortress count Gustav of hook. For hygenic reasons and the improvement of the groundwater quality urgently a discharge of the cemeteries in the city made itself necessary.

A strong commitment showed Francke also with the fight of the 1831 broken out Cholera. Within a short time eight Cholerabaracken and various soup marketing boards one furnished.

1832 it let the road lighting improve.

Francke used itself much for the promotion of the steam navigation on the Elbe . It arranged also the building of new large memory plants (new luggage yard 1832 - 1836) and engaged themselves for the development of the railway connections, in particular the Magdeburg Leipziger railway (inauguration 1840). Further project supported by it were half the lines Magdeburg (1843) and Magdeburg potsdam (1846).

Francke improved also the farm servant citizens water supply and let the original wood lines against cast-iron exchange. Starting from 1844 the Wasserförderung with steam strength took place.

It also already thought over an urban extension and wrote an appropriate memorandum. The conversion of this beginning took place however only 30 years later under its successor Gustav Hasselbach.

Monument Franckes in the north park

1848 separated Francke, under which impression of the revolution which it rejecting opposite, from the office.


the year 1857 Gustav Blaeser created honours on behalf the city Magdeburg for it a monument, which was manufactured by George Ferdinand Howaldt in Braunschweig and after a conversion today in the north park of the city is located. 1997 donated the Magdeburgi society of 1990 to August William Francke medal for award at farm servant citizen personalities.

The city Magdeburg designated it in honours a road (Franckestrasse).


  > German to English > (Machine translated into English)