in accordance with condition of § 1 of the vocational training law is training a form of the vocational training, which is characterized by the following characteristics:

  • Execution in an arranged training programme
  • switching of a vocational basic formation broadly put on
  • switching of the technical talents necessary for the practice of a vocational activity and knowledge
  • Acquisition of the necessary professional experience

table of contents

professional training


contrary to the general education with professional training (also vocational education) the training one designates,those the working persons into the situation shifts to exercise its occupation (job). The professional training always takes place after a didactical concept.

To differentiate are:

not to confound with vocational further training, which is offered occupation-accompanying at (occupation) academies. A goal is here the adjustment of the knowledge and the talents to changed requirements. The demarcation for the term of the advanced training, usually in the general-formingRange is used, is indistinct.

In Germany the vocational training law contains the fundamental regulations of the professional training.

The law regulates among other things, which mechanisms represent the competent authority. Competent authorities are usually guilds, chambers or others, by statutory order of the federation or the countries determined Authorities. In addition, the vocational training law (BBiG) designates the competent authority directly for some ranges. Like that taxadvisory occupation the chartered accoutant chambers and the occupation chambers of the tax counsels and tax representatives is fixed for the professional training of the assistants in economics and.

The competent authority has the among other things following tasks:

  • It decides on Verkürzung or extension of the training period as well as on the permission for final examination or to advanced training examinations (z. B. Mastership examinations).
  • It supervises the execution of the professional training and the vocational re-education.
  • She advises training and training and orders advisor instructors.
  • It leads the listing of professional training conditions.
  • It determines the suitability of training centres and teachers .
  • It establishes Prüfungsausschüsse and issues test orders.
  • It accomplishes intermediate, conclusion and mastership examinations.

It can punish irregularities with a penalty of up to 5.000 EUR.

international comparison: The USA

in the USAthe professional training is very much less formalized reglementiert as in Germany and normally not by a system of examinations and other formal requirements. After leaving the High School and/or. the college (see US-American educational system) followed training on the job usually a “on the job“(Learn by practical training).

personal training

apart from the vocational training is also personal training desirable. This training tries the quality of own acting in the personal surrounding field to improve in non-profit communities or associations.



  • Erich Ribolits, the work highly? : occupation-educational disputation against the Totalverzweckung of humans in the post office Ford, 2. , durchges. and suppl. Aufl., Munich; Vienna: Profile, 1997.

see also

Wiktionary: Training - word origin, synonyms and translations

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