of open, all-wheel-driven autoCROSS racing car

an autoCROSS (according to Duden also autoCROSS) is a motorrace in the Sprintstil for both open, then autoCROSS single-seaters mentioned (special CROSS vehicles = prototypes in the Buggy - format) and closed route cars and production car (the majority of all passenger cars - models) on a relatively small and for the public usually well visible racing course.

According to definition of the world automobile haven sovereignty FIA the round distances for this form of the autohaven must be temporary or permanent, an overall length between 600 and 2000 meters exhibit and exclusively over draw to distance lining (earth, sand, crushed stone etc.) to order. The starting point (English. starting grid) can be however asphalted or concreted - and in this case the distance in Germany may be used then also exeptionally for Rallycross. In different European countries each year ten to twelve valuation runs to the FIA European championship for autoCROSS drivers are delivered and in Germany is responsible the DMSB for the official German championship of this kind of racing. Numerous, mostly regional thus meetings license-free independent of the DMSB and, spread this engine haven besides in the entire FRG. Contrary to the autoCROSSes the cognate Rallycross on permanent racing courses with changing lining (usually bitumen and crushed stone) and only closed vehicles is delivered.

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information to autoCROSS history

the exact birth of the autoCROSS sport does not seem to be able be recognized nowadays any longer. Rather surely it is however that first running this kind into the late 1940ern in Great Britain were already organized. Some British sources refer to a certain Bert Westwood (an initial member that British Trial and Rally Drivers' Association) as “Autocross Daddy”, which is to have been responsible with the East Anglia engine club for the first AX-competitions. Other informants designate against it the Hagley and District Light Car club, which is to have accomplished the first appropriate Event in the year 1947 in the proximity of the road between Stourbridge and Bridgnorth. A Dr. G.E. Pinkerton, member at that time of the Sporting Owner Drivers' club, refers for his part however to the fact that correct autoCROSS is only driven since 1952. After a reader letter in the magazine autohaven one wants for the first time to have tried the suggestions out for a new form of racing, made therein, over a grass runway on the area London of the Gliding club at the Dunstable Downs. After the Testmeeting was very successful, autoCROSS had then developed itself further relative to fast its final form.

The first official autoCROSS competition on the European mainland took place in the year 1968 in large yard flax in Austria . The well-known Austrian Rallyefahrer walter Roser became at that time total winner of running, on a Renault alpine A110. A participant of this premiere running was by the way also the later Formel-1-Weltmeister yokes Rindt. Only few months later, to 16. March 1969, was driven out in the hessian Schlüchtern the first autoCROSS of Germany.

Into the center of the 1970er no uniform European regulation for this sport existed - only to the 1. January 1976 main headers the automobile haven world union FIA such and at the same time also the Europe Cup as the first paneuropäische championship series for the division 3 from the baptism. The debut of the new Championats found on the Austrian Britaxring (today's name: North ring) in Fuglau with horn instead of. In the year 1981 this running series got finally also officially the status of an FIA European championship lent.

1979 were created also an European Cup for the route car class, the division 1. The first winner of this Trophäe was in the same year of the Austrians Siegfried Pfeiffer on Porsche 911. Also this class was revalued in the year 1981 to the official European championship.

In the first years of the Europe Cups and/or. the EM did not give it to any restrictions of capacity, so that even Buggies with eight-cylinder Chevrolet - Camaro engines and a capacity up to 7500 cm were used ³. Only starting from 1984 the capacity on 3500 cm was limited ³, 2001 were extended these however 4000 cm ³. In order to grant also to the capacity-weak vehicles chances of success, the inter+ Cup for Buggies to 1600 cm developed ³ from the earlier peace and Freundschaftscup, to which originally however only pilots from the Eastern Bloc at that time were startingentitled, starting from 1987. As Danube Cup and Europe Cup in the 80's and 90's-years delivered, this class got finally 2001 the FIA EM descriptor lent and since then as division 3A is designated.

All-wheel drive, for which most kinds of autohaven, which are operated on loose underground, must, was in the Europe Cup and afterwards also into the Autocross EM first no topic, but provided a regulation breakdown of the FIA 1985 for its permission. This drive system began itself thereupon ever more to intersperse, increased however also clearly the costs of the production of the vehicles. Nowadays a successful participation in the autoCROSS European championship without all-wheel drive is hardly still conceivable. As first Autocrosser, which used a vehicle with four-wheel drive, the Britisher Howard Parkin is by the way considered. From April 1961 into the 1970er inside was nearly unbeatable the Cannonball open mentioned Special of Parkin and secured for its driver with more than 60 running the Tagesbestzeit (FTD = Time OF chamfered the Day).

The so far most successful pilot of autoCROSS history is the German Willi Rösel, which did not bring it between 1979 and 1985 on less than seven European champion titles in series and altogether 42 single victories - followed from the Czech to Jaroslav Hosek with only one EM-title, but nevertheless 31 valuation run victories.

class organizations for the autoCROSS European championship of the FIA

  • division 1: Route car (special route car of the group of A)
  • division 3: Spezialcrosser to 4000 cm ³ (single-seat autoCROSS vehicles with two-wheeler or four-wheel drive)
  • division 3A: Spezialcrosser to 1600 cm ³ (single-seat autoCROSS vehicles with two-wheeler or four-wheel drive)
Start Finale Division 3, EM-Lauf 2005 in Maggiora, Duizendstra vor Behringer, Engel, Bartos und Callaghan
start final division 3, EM-run 2005 in Maggiora, Duizendstra before Behringer, angels, Bartos and Callaghan

class organizations for the German autoCROSS championship of the DMSB

  • class 1: Series route car (these vehicles must remain as far as possible in standard condition)
  • class 2: Superroute car (vehicles, with which nearly all parts may be worked on or changed completely freely)
  • class 3: Special CROSS vehicles to 1600 cm ³ (single-seat autoCROSS prototypes with two-wheeler or four-wheel drive)
  • class 4: Special CROSS vehicles over 1600 cm ³ (dito, however engines with larger capacity than in the class 3)
Deutsche Autocross-Meisterschaft des DMSB in Weigsdorf-Köblitz 2004: Finale der Spezial-Crossfahrzeuge
German autoCROSS championship of the DMSB in Weigsdorf Köblitz 2004: The final special CROSS vehicles
  • class 5: CROSS Karts with 2CV-Motoren (relatively small single-seaters with standard Citroën-2CV-Motoren, for the juvenile new generation)
  • class 6: Junior Karts (relatively small single-seaters for young persons and adult autoCROSS A RISEr)
Deutsche Autocross-Meisterschaft des DMSB in Buxtehude 2004: Finale der Spezial-Crossfahrzeuge
German autoCROSS championship of the DMSB in Buxtehude 2004: The final special CROSS vehicles

class organizations for the German autoCROSS championship of the DRCV

  • class 0: Be enough-strain
  • class 1: Series route car to 1400 cm ³
  • class 2: Series route car to 1800 cm ³
  • Class 3: Series route car over 1800 cm ³
  • Class 4: Special route car to 1400 cm ³
  • class 5: Superroute car
  • Class 6: Special route car over 1800 cm ³
  • class 7: Special vehicles to 1400 cm ³
  • Class 8: Special vehicles to 1800 cm ³ /Spezialfahrzeuge to 2000 cm ³ (without all wheel)
  • Class 9: Special vehicles over 1800 cm ³
  • class 10: Special vehicles to 1150 cm ³ (without all wheel)
  • class 11: Special route car to 1800 cm ³ (without all wheel)
  • class 12: Special vehicles to 1600 cm ³ (without all wheel, 2-Ventil and carburetor technology)
  • class 13: Youth class (only series route car to 1400 cm ³)
  • class 14: Special route car to 1400 cm ³ (without all wheel)

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