|This article or paragraph represents only the situation in Germany . Help to describe the situation in other countries.|
|This article represents only the situation in Austria . Help to describe the situation in other countries.|
The automobile industry is a branch of industry, thatdedicates itself to the production of automobiles and other motor vehicles. The automobile industry originated in with development of the automobile toward end 19. Century, received an important upswing by the mass production from motor vehicles (particularly by Henry Ford) and experiences since then a constant upswing. In many industrialized countries, as in the USA, Japan, Germany and Korea the automobile industry represents to one of the most important branches of industry.
Table of contents
- general of engine (the USA),
- Ford engine company (the USA),
- Daimler Chrysler (Mercedes Benz) (Germany),
- Toyota (Japan),
- Mitsubishi (Japan),
- Volkswagen (Germany),
- Adam OPEL AG (Germany),
- BMW (Germany),
- Renault (France),
- Peugeot (France),
- Fiat (Italy),
- Volvo (Sweden).
the largest automakers of the world related to the conversion 31.Dezember 2005
|position||manufacturer||country||conversion in billion $|
|1.||General of engine||the USA||192.6|
|12.||Robert Bosch GmbH||Germany||42.0|
hardlyanother industrial mass product changed the everyday life of mankind more, than the automobile. Approximately since the year 1900 it gave more than 2,500 enterprises, which produce automobiles for the market. Many enterprises, in 19. Century iron goods or steel produced, caught centerthe century with the production from weapons or bicycles and thereby the necessary knowledge which was needed decades later in the automotive manufacture, developed.
Even today there are still many small enterprises within the range automobile production, which produce only one handful - mostly exclusive - vehicles, for examplethe enterprises support (the USA) or Morgan (GB).
in Western Europe became in the year 2003 14.208.250 passenger cars for the first time for traffic certified. There was world-wide 56.3 million automobiles. While the demand for passenger cars alsoto only nearly stagnated 1% growth over 6% more commercial motor vehicles in relation to the year 2002 were set off. This increase takes place mostly in the development and developing countries in such a way specified , with China as an outrider in the growth market, where in relation to the year 2002 35% more automobiles into trafficwere brought.
automobile industry in Germany
in Germany for the production of automobiles in the year 2004 about 773,000 humans were employed directly, further 329,000 with the suppliers. Beyond that there are the jobs in the car saleses, thatRepair and maintenance, as well as in road construction. Thus the car of outstanding importance is positive in the German national economy - (jobs) as also negative (sales crisis/2005).
car models with most new permissions January December 2005 in Germany
- 237,990 units - VOLKSWAGEN gulf, VOLKSWAGEN Jetta
- 122,841 units - OPEL Astra
- 100,910 units - AUDI A4
- 98,136 units - VOLKSWAGEN trade wind
- 96,311 units - BMW 3er - row
- 85,691 units - Mercedes AClets
- 78,899 units - Ford focus (with focus C-MAX there is 103,770 units)
- 77,845 units - Mercedes C-class
- VOLKSWAGEN Polo 66,737 units -
- AUDI A3 63,621 units -
- AUDI A6 [ work on]
- automobile industry in Austria Austria automobile industry
- VOLKSWAGEN Touran
71,061 units - on a long tradition back. Already around 1900 by count & pin the front wheel drive was invented,and the Steyr works took in account in - the 30's to the prominent automakers of Europe. Not least by the 2. However all Austrian manufacturers in postwar year tenth failed consequently to world war and by erroneous trends and were bought up (Steyr Daimler Puch AG, count & pin, Puch,…) or had to zusperren. The automobile industry in Austria nevertheless still plays a very important role. Because due to existing know-how and a high innovation degree invest international autocompanies, all in front BMW in Steyr or MAGNA in Graz, again and again into Austrian locations. Meanwhileexists 3 car cluster (AC Styria with 180 enterprises, under it also Slovenian, Croatian and Hungarian enterprises. 30.000 of the 44,000 coworkers is active in Austria; AC upper Austria, AC Vienna region), in order to promote the co-operation of the automakers and their supplier. Thus is thoseEfficiency and the international competitive power to be increased, in order to support the domestic locations. Because finally one has automobile industry since the extension to the East with the Slowakei and of them boom that approximately around Bratislava, which very close is because of the Austrian border, the competition directly before the proverbial“own strike-stubborn”.
But even in this time of the globalization, outsourcing, and the Wirtschaftsflaute in Europe, of Austria could obtain ancillary industries - predominantly medium-size enterprises with high export portion - turnover and paragraph increases. The automobile sector ranks therefore among the few strongly growing branches of industry in Austria (averageYearly growth between 2000 and 2003 ever 10%). Reason for it is naturally not population-causes small home demand, but the internationally good competitive ability, perceptibly by unbroken strong popularity with the German automakers, who the largest customer of Austrian automotives (BMW leaves a majority of all necessary engines in Steyrdevelop and manufacture, and/or. all types of diesel engines in the Motorenkompedenzzentrum Steyr develop) represent. Important customers abroad are among other things Daimler Chrysler, BMW, VOLKSWAGEN and Audi. The automobile sector gains billion with 38 Euro approximately 10% of the Austrian industrial achievement.
Motorring industry in Austria (manufacturer and ancillary industries) in figures(2003):
- approximately 600 enterprises with approx. 175,000 coworkers
- 2.1 million engines and transmission
- 200,000 cars (2004)
- 25,000 LKWs
- of 18,000 trailers and 8,500 tractors
the following vehicle manufacturers are represented in Austria:
- BMW in Steyr
- Fiat at still 4 locations with insg. 900 coworkers
- General of engine/Saab in Vienna Danube city (Aspern)
- Magna in Graz
- MAN ONE in Vienna Liesing and Steyr
in addition comes several hundred partly strongly expanding (usually medium-size) ancillary industries, which do not only sell to the vehicle manufacturers represented in Austria, but export majority, like e.g. voestalpine motion in Linz, MIBA AG in Laakirchen, FACC (Fischer Advanced Composites Components AG) in Ried, Eybl internationally AG, AVL cunning, Pankl Racing of system.
Web on the left of
- International listing of Kfz suppliers (English)