Avenue of the Champs Élysées

the Avenue of the Champs Élysées [avəˌnydeˌʃɑ̃zeliˈze] is the most famous Paris road and part of the Axe historique. That approx. the backbone of the singular southeast-northwest Paris view axle forms 71 m broad boulevard with a length of 1915 meters.

Their name owesthe road a former park in the proximity, which „Champs Élysées “, which is called on German about „holy field “or „Gefilde of the blessed ones “and from the paradiesischen Elysion from the Greek mythology is derived.

Strassenschild to the Champs Élysées

table of contents

Paris splendour road

the Avenue begins today with the Louvre (builds in 12. Century) with the Arc de Triomphe you Carrousel (1807-1809 build) and the gardens of the Tuilerien. The boulevard continues to flow to Place de la Concorde with the Obelisk of Luxor and ends with the Arc de Triomphe (1836 build) under also the tomb of the unknown soldier is. The axle continues with the Avenue de la Grande Armée and the Avenue Charles de Gaulle;it crossed thereby the Seine and ends with the Grande Arche (1989 open) in the new western quarter La Défense, which only 1955 was begun.

Along the Avenue stand beside the objects of interest also the Théâtre Marigny , the Théâtre you already specified for Rond POINT and the Grand palace (with the palace de la Découverte). Despite the name the Théâtre of the Champs Élysées is not because of the boulevard, but nevertheless in the same urban district. The Élysée palace, since 1873 seat of the French president, stands a little apart, north the Avenue. In the westare cinemas, theatres, noble fashion shops, Cafés and restaurants like „the Fouquet “.

history

Champs Élysées around 1900
US-American troops with the Triumpfzug on the Avenue to 29. August 1944

the area had been originally used for fields and gardens, until 1616 decided Maria von Medici,to extend the garden axle of the palace of the Tuileries with a tree avenue. 1667 were again sketched and arranged these by Le Nôtre. „The Grande Allée you Roule “or „Grand Cours “developed and with it also the first buildings. 1694 followed the final name „Champs Elysées “, selectedthe Elyisi fields.

The map of Guillaume de l'Isle from the year 1716 shows that still a strip with ways and fields separated the large axle of the Tuilerien of the Avenue of the Tuileries (those a round basin in the place possessed at that time, where todaythe Rond POINT stands). There were already some roads and avenues, which led away of the Avenue of the Champs Élyées. 1724 was connected the garden axle of the Tuilerien gardens with the Avenue and extended up to the Place de l'Étoile. The Elysi fields were an open park at the sidesand with groups of trees were bepflanzt. Eastward the unpopular Louvre (called in the map still spöttisch „Vieux Louvre “) was not yet part of the road, but surround by other buildings. After the west the Avenue of the Champs Élysées extended to a again-created „Place you PontTournant “, that soon thereafter after Louis XV. and today Place de la Concorde was designated is called.

End 18. Century one liked the Champs Élysées very much, which resulted in grown groups of trees now rectangular clearing („cabinets de verdure “) and the gardens of the buildings in the quarter Faubourg Saint Honoré borderedto the park. The largest of these buildings was the Élysée palace, which was finished 1722. A semicircular house front formed now the northern edge of the Rond POINT. The road from the Rond POINT to the Place de l'Étoile, where today less than twelve roads do not together-find, became in the timethe first empire establishes. Only 1828 arrived the Avenue into the possession of the city Paris, which let footpaths, wells and a gas-claimant road lighting add.

While occupation by the Nazis the existence of trees at the avenue became doubled, allegedly because the soldiers rather inShade marched. Since then the Avenue was subject to several structural changes, last 1993, when the footpaths were widened. Also today still the Avenue of the Champs Élysées has a Kopfsteinpflaster, which conclusion-gropes for example the route de France with rains becomes very dangerous leaves.

trade

1860 united the dealers along the Avenue, in order to form „a Syndicat d'Initiative et de Défense of the Champs Élysées “(„combination for promotion and for the protection of the Champs Élysées “), which 1916 changed itself into one „association “(with Louis Vuitton as chairmen). Since a change of name 1980 is calledthe group „Comité of the Champs Élysées “and is the oldest committee in Paris. It is tried to promote by means of public projects the luxuriöse atmosphere of the Avenue and also extended office hours to reach. Even today the committee has a right of veto over the opening of new business in thatChamps Élysée. Due to the high rents, particularly in the northern part, only very few humans live the upper floors of the buildings in the Avenue, mainly as office space are used.

meetings

apart from the national holiday to 14. July, to during the day on the Champs Élysées a military parade(to the evening to celebrate the Frenchmen usually in the barracks of the fire-brigade), finds since 1975 only until two weeks later the route de France their conclusion is held on the Avenue. The target line on the Champs Élysées is several times crossed thereby, there it mostly partsmall a round course by Paris is. Also the following winner honour takes place here, with the Arc de Triomphe in the background.

Métro

Folgedene stations that Paris Métro are under the Avenue of the Champs Élysées, whereby Concorde and Charles de Gaulle - Etoile to thatEnds lie and the Métrolinie 1 by all five stations lead. Therefore the Métro 1 is completely particularly suitable, in order with one city-strolls by of Paris the famous objects of interest of the French metropolis to look at.

  • Concorde (lines 1, 8 and 12)
  • Champs Élysées Clémenceau (lines 1 and 13)
  • FranklinD. Roosevelt (lines 1 and 9)
  • George V (line 1)
  • Charles de Gaulle - Étoile (Linen 1, 2 and 6)

further pictures


Web on the left of

Commons: Champs Élysées - pictures, videos and/or audio files


coordinates: 48° 52 ' 11 "N, 2° 18 ' 27 " O

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