Böblingen

coat of arms map
Wappen von Böblingen Karte von Deutschland, Position von Böblingen hervorgehoben
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Baden-Wuerttemberg
governmental district: Stuttgart
region: Stuttgart
district: Böblingen
kind of municipality: Large district town
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 48° 41 ' N, 09° 01 ' O
48° 41 ' N, 09° 01 ' O
height: 454 mand.NN
surface: 39.04 km ²
inhabitants: 46.396 (March 2005)
population density: 1,168 inhabitants for each km ²
foreigner portion: 18.4%
postal zip code: 71001-71034 (old 7030)
preselection: 07031
Kfz characteristics: BB
municipality key: 08 1 15 003
city arrangement: Town centerand 1 quarter
address
of the city administration:
Market place 16
71032 Böblingen
Website: www.boeblingen.de
politics
mayor: Alexander Vogelgsang

Böblingen is southwest 20 km a city in the center of Baden-Wuerttemberg, of about from Stuttgart. It is district town and after Sindelfingen alsothe second largest city of the district Böblingen. Together with Sindelfingen it forms a central center for the surrounding municipalities.

The number of inhabitants Böblingens exceeded 1957 the border of 20.000. Thereupon the city administration placed the request for collection to the large district town, whichthe federal state government of Baden-Wuerttemberg then with effect of the 1. February 1962 decided.

Table of contents

Geografie

Böblingen is at the northeast edge upper gau, on and because of a steep hill, which represents a Ausläufer of the beautiful book. The northern Black Forestthe Swabian Alb is in 40 minutes attainable from Böblingen in approximately one hour.

neighbour municipalities

following cities and municipalities border on the city Böblingen. They are called in the clockwise direction beginning in the east:
Flax field EN genuine things (district Esslingen) as well as Schönaich, Holzgerlingen, Ehningen and Sindelfingen (all district Böblingen)

city arrangement

Böblingen consists of the town center and in the context of the regional reorganization at the 1. September 1971 integrated quarter Dagersheim. In Dagersheim there are one ofthe population with each local election locality advice who can be selected again, which a local chief manages.

With respect to the town center partially populated areas with own name to have differentiated, their designations in the course of history due to the land development have arisen and howeverusually are not exactly definable. To it for example fir mountain, rough Kapf and Diezenhalde belongs.

space planning

Böblingen forms a central center together with the neighbour city Sindelfingen within the region Stuttgart, whose upper center is Stuttgart. To the central range Böblingen/Sindelfingen belong besidethe two cities still the municipalities in the middle part of the district Böblingen, Aidlingen, old village, Ehningen, fermenting rings, Grafenau, Hildrizhausen, Holzgerlingen, liking city, Schönaich, Steinenbronn, forest book and because in the beautiful book.

history

Böblingen um 1900
Böblingen around 1900

Böblingen is after the outside appearance a young city, but it is a city nevertheless with a past going back far.

In the year 1272 Böblingen was seat of a collateral line of the Pfalzgrafen of Tübingen, upthose the town foundation back goes. The city plant in shape of a half oval around the lock mountain, with the longitudinal axis of the market route and right-angled transverse lanes running in addition is based on their planning. The settlement of the Böblinger of area is enough back into the paleolithic age (approx.25,000 - 20,000 v. Chr.) remainders of a giant found here show the effect of human hand. Settlement traces and hill graves witness from the Bronzezeit (approx. 1100 v. Chr.) and the Keltenzeit (late resounding place - and/or. Latènezeit; approx. 400 v. Chr.).Written excessive quantities begin in the Middle Ages around 1100 n. Chr.: „Bebelingen “appears at that time as name of a alemannischen aristocracy sex. To the Alemannen the final syllable points - ingen in the name of Böblingen. The first part of the city name becomes with an aristocrat named „Bobilo “brought in connection.

Already in 14. Century went the rule of the Tübinger Pfalzgrafen to end. Economic fall forced the Böblinger collateral line, the city 1344 and/or. to sell 1357 to the counts von Württemberg. Böblingen was from now on administrative center of a württembergischen „office “and/or „upper office “.

For the townscape coining/shaping the Böblinger became lock up to the Second World War. For the first time documentary mentioned the castle is 1302. Their beginnings are enough, like newest ceramic(s) finds within the castle range point, to 7. to 9. Century n. Chr. back. The BöblingerLock had its probably most meaning time in 15. Century: Böblingen was at that time widow seat of the house Württemberg. Two this Böblinger fürstlichen widows are from special rank: Countess Mechthild of the Pfalz, the nut/mother of the count Eberhard in the beard of Württemberg andBarbara Gonzaga of Mantua, the wife of Eberhard. Into the small württembergische field citizen city Böblingen brought it a Abglanz of human and Renaissance and a breath to the large world.

But Böblingen did not only experience gloss and splendour. To 12. May 1525 becameit scene of one of the bloodiest battles of the German farmer war. In their fight for right and liberty 15,000 farmers became from Württemberg, the Black Forest and the Hegau of the field gentleman „of the Swabian federation “, George III. Truchsess struck by forest castle, destroying. In GermanFarmer war museum Böblingen in tenth-scrub the events informative documented.

With the departure in the industrial age were the various handicraft, the diligence, the skill and the imaginativeness of humans a location advantage. The laboratory of the pharmacist Bonz, itself in 19. Century tooa factory of world rank for chemical products, (particularly Narkosemittel) developed and engine works August Wagner (building of presses, sewing machines, steam engines and barrel washing machines for breweries) examples for Swabian Tüftlertum became. The Böblinger industrial development with the building of railways received the crucial impulse from1879. Thus the classification of new industrial areas went. Already 1886 settled itself there the mechanical leotard weaving mill Ludwig Maier and. Genieder on. The business success concept existed in the production of the Büstenhalters come again on the market.

In the First World War became to16. August 1915 the Böblinger military airfield inaugurated. Whereupon it was following for the further town development of crucial importance that Böblingen became 1925 seat of the national airport for Württemberg. Böblingen was „the bridge to the world “. At the edge of the airfield the Böblinger established aviation pioneerDr. Hanns wedge (1885-1961) end of 1926 his company „light aircraft construction wedge “. This became to into the Second World War inside most important industrial company of the city.

The air raid at the night of 7. /8. October 1943 became heaviest afflicting of the city in its history.There was numerous dead ones and hurt one; the largest part of the old part of town with the town church, the lock and the city hall lay in debris and ash. This and following bomb attacks of the Second World War had the consequence that with end of war approx. 40 %the cultivated surface destroyed and almost 2,000 humans were shelterless.

After the currency reform of 20. June 1948 began a dynamic reconstruction. The number of inhabitants trebled itself within only two decades (1950: 12.600; 1970: 37.500). With the settlement of future-oriented companies howIBM (1949) and HEWLETT-PACKARD (1959) as well as of crisis-firm medium-size enterprises, which established themselves for the seventies above all also on „the Hulb “, used parallel to the rapid increase in population a stormy economic growth. Böblingen took the direct wayinto the High carouse age.

1996 were Böblingen host of the national horticultural show Baden-Wuerttemberg.

to religions

the population of Böblingen Konstanz originally belonged and was the Archidiakonat „ ante nemus “subordinated to the diocese. Since the city belonged already early to Württemberg, became alsohere starting from 1535 by duke Ulrich the reformation imported, therefore Böblingen was over centuries an predominantly Protestant city. In that time the city became seat of a Dekanats, whose Dekanatskirche is the town church. The church municipality Böblingen grew after that The Second World War due to influx strongly on and therefore one divided. The March in Luther municipality (church of 1960 ) and the Paul Gerhardt municipality (church of 1962 ) developed. The two municipalities form the Evangelist total church municipality Böblingen together with the town church municipality. In the populated area Diezenhalde1990 still the Ökumeni community center developed „for father ours “together with the catholic church. Also in the quarter Dagersheim was introduced due to the early affiliation to Württemberg the reformation. The there Evangelist church municipality celebrates its services in in 15. Century builtAgathenkirche, which belonged since 1476 of the University of Tübingen. The municipality belongs like all Böblinger church municipalities to the Dekanat Böblingen within the Evangelist regional church in Württemberg.

There are catholics in Böblingen only again since late 19. Century. For itbecame 1895 /99 its own church pc. Bonifatius built. 1910 became Böblingen own Pfarrei. A second catholic church (pc. Clemens) was built 1959, which was raised 1961 to the Pfarrei. 1963 became the church pc. Maria builds and 1965 to the Pfarreiraised.1990 developed then still „the father ours “- for municipality in the Diezenhalde as Ökumeni community center with the Evangelist church. All municipalities form the common Seelsorgeeinheit 2. In the quarter Dagersheim was built for 1958 the church Christian king and raised 1961 to the Pfarrei. ThisMunicipality forms Auferstehung Christi together with the Sindelfinger municipalities „“, „Maria Königin of the peace “and „to the holiest Dreifaltigkeit “a common Seelsorgeeinheit 9. Both Seelsorgeeinheiten belong to the Dekanat Böblingen of the diocese gang castle Stuttgart.

Beside the two large churches it gives in Böblingenalso free churches and municipalities, among them the South German community, the Evangelist methodistische church, the Evangelist-freechurch municipality (Baptisten), the free Evangelist municipality, the Adventgemeinde and the people mission of decided Christians registered association.

Also the Neuapostoli church is represented in Böblingen.

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Incorporations

inhabitant development

the numbers of inhabitants are estimations, census results (¹) or official updating of the respective statistic offices (only main domiciles).

Year inhabitant
1598 approx. 800
1654 628
1803 2,125
1823 2,549
1843 3.504
1861 3,287
1. December 1871 3,826
1. December 1880 ¹ 4,365
1. December 1890 ¹ 4,659
1. December 1900 ¹ 5,303
1. December 1910 ¹ 6,019
16. June 1925 ¹ 7,227
16. June 1933 ¹ 7,998
year inhabitant
17. May 1939 ¹ 12,560
1946 10,809
13. September 1950 ¹ 12,601
6. June 1961 ¹ 25,366
27. May 1970 ¹ 35,925
31. December 1975 40,547
31. December 1980 41,505
27. May 1987 ¹ 42,589
31. December 1990 44,903
31. December 1995 46.516
31. December 2000 45,637
30. September 2004 46,064

¹ census result

politics

local council

the local council has since the last local election of 13. June 2004 of altogether 41 seats. These distribute themselves on the individual partiesand groupings as follows:

CDU 34.8% of -4.0 15 seats -2
L.G. 24.9% {=) 10 seats (=)
SPD 21.3% of -0.7 9 seats (=)
the GREEN 10.5% +2.0) of 4 seats +1
FDP/DVP 8.4% +2.6 3 seats of +1

mayors

At the point of the city Böblingen 14 becomes since that. Century mayor and an advice mentioned. There were two mayors, from those one of the judges from the Ratskollegium, which others by the advice relatives from the court were selected.

Since that 19. Century carried the city head the designation city-Schult-hot, since 1930 mayors and with the collection to the large district town at the 1. February 1962 reads the office designation mayor. This is selected directly by the voters on 8 years. Itis chairman of the local council. Its general deputy is the 1. Assigned to one with the office designation of first mayors and the 2. Assigned to one with the office designation mayor.

city heads since 1948

coat of arms and flag

the coat of arms of the city Böblingen show a dreilatzige red flag in gold. The Böblinger city flag is red yellow. Coats of arms and flag are already led for many centuries.

Also the local part Böblingen Dagersheim, until 1971an independent municipality represented, possesses its own historical coat of arms, which is led beside the Stadtwappen of the town center Böblingen until today. It shows a crowned red queue with simply wound Korpus; the stretched tongue of the animal is black and split. ThatBackground of the animal forms white dreigipfliges mountains, between which the several times serrated Dagersheimer morning star (Dagersheim - “day-appear! ”) comes up. The coat of arms composition decreases/goes back to the late Middle Ages.

a partnership between cities maintains partnerships between cities Böblingen with the following cities:

economics and infrastructure

traffic

Böblingen is well attainable on all traffic routes: The airport natives of stuttgart knows one with the rapid-transit railway in approximately20 minutes reach.

The crossover between the federal motorways A 8 and A 81 (Karlsruhe Munich/singing Heilbronn) lies not far northeast from Böblingen. In the north of the city A 81 lead past. Over the connection points Böblingen east, Böblingen/Sindelfingen, Böblingen Hulb and Ehningen are thoseTo reach city. Furthermore the federal highway B 464 ( Sindelfingen - Reutlingen ) runs by the city. B 14 leads past Böblingen.

Böblingen is because of the gau course (Stuttgart - singing (Hohentwiel)) and becomes once per hour with regionaland city express trains serves. Additionally Böblingen with the line S1 Stuttgart gentleman mountain is attached to the rapid-transit railway net Stuttgart. One reaches Stuttgart in approx. 25 minutes.
In the year 1996 the beautiful book course was re-activated after Dettenhausen. With the reactivation of the climbing brook course after Renningen became 2004 begun.
Beside the station Böblingen gives it the following further stops on Böblinger to Gemarkung:
Rapid-transit railway: Gold mountain and Hulb; Beautiful book course: Danziger road, Böblingen south, hay paste route and room impact.

Furthermore numerous Buslinien operate in the city. All lines operate at uniform prices within trafficand tariff group Stuttgart (VVS).

local resident one enterprise

media

in Böblingen the “ circle newspaper appears - Böblinger messenger” as daily paper. Beyond that an expenditure for restaurant of the Sindelfinger appears newspaper with the “Böblinger newspaper”. Böblingen has also a regional television (R-TV), which is daily a half hour on transmission.From the area Böblingen and Stuttgart are reported predominantly.

Böblingen the district administration office and

the majority of the agencies of the circle accommodates authorities, court and mechanisms as district town. Böblingen has also a tax office, a notary's office and District court, which belongs to regional court - and OLG - the district Stuttgart.

The city is also seat of the church district Böblingen of the Evangelist regional church in Württemberg and the Dekanats Böblingen of the diocese gang castle Stuttgart.

military

in Böblingen exists one Barracks of the US-American armed forces (“tank barracks”), in which Green Berets of the “10th Special Forces Group (airborne one) are stationed”. (See also: foreign Militärbasen in Germany).

educational facilities

the numerous education and cultural facilities Böblingens offer a differentiated offer. Resuming one andvocational schools with a far catchment area form a broad spectrum in the group with the municipal library, the music and art school and the people's highschool for the out and further training as well as to the leisure activities directly locally. In Böblingen there is four general screen end High Schools (Albert Einstein,Lise Meitner, Max-Planck and petrol cock High School), two six-form high schools (Albert Schweitzer and Friedrich Schiller six-form high school), one promotion school (Pestalozzischule), 3 reason and hauptschule and/or. Hauptschule with work six-form high school (Eichendorff GHS, Theodor Heuss GHS and Rappenbaum HS with work six-form high school), 6 independent primary schools in the town center (Eduard Mörike, Eric HC-branch he, Friedrich Silcher, Justinus Kerner, Ludwig UHL and and William striking FF school) as well asa primary school in the quarter Dagersheim.

The district Böblingen is school carrier of the vocational school (academy for data processing Böblingen, commercial school center Böblingen (KSZ-BB) and mild talking cross-eyed school, among other things with biotechnological High School and nourish-scientific High School) as well as the restaurant High School of the KSZ-BB. The moreover one is hereto mention the Käthe Kollwitz school for mental-obstructed with school child garden for mental-obstructed.

The private old person care school of the workers' welfare institution Nordwürttemberg registered association, the free Evangelist school Böblingen registered association. (Reason and hauptschule), the free Rudolf Steiner School Böblingen/Sindelfingen registered association. and the private Technical High School in the education center Böblingen of the international one Federation registered association. round the school offer in Böblingen off.

Additionally a people's highschool with branches exists everywhere in the circle. (www.vhsbb.de) The district Böblingen reserves country widely in puncto education the second seat. This justifies the good future chances. (Source: Institute for Berlin of the HU)

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and objects of interest [

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museums

  • tenth-scrub (1593 build), today the urban gallery accommodates Böblingen and the farmer war museum (with Zinnfigurendiorama and many text boards).
  • German butcher museum, in a half timbered house (Wandmalereien on the inside) accommodated.

Buildings

of upper lake and town church

the Evangelist parish church at the market place is the landmark of the city. The church was destroyed in the Second World War and developed afterwards again. The former lock was not however no more developed after the destruction in the war.

ThoseEvangelist church in Böblingen Dagersheim again originates from the year 1491 and remained in its lategothical style over the times very good. The church ship seizes 500 humans. Also the Chorgestühl worked in wood saves valuable carving work 15. Century.The 36 meters high military tower is far away visible, the historical cone shop organ from the year 1857 is the oldest playable organ of the whole region.

The 31 meters high water tower Böblingen Waldburg has a prospect platform.

Naturdenkmäler

in the course of the national horticultural show 1996 were arranged generously new the range around the “upper one” and “lower one” lake; the entire horticultural show area loads for staying in.

regular meetings

  • city celebration (“Böblinger fair”) in the July, which takes place approximately around the lock mountain.
  • Since 1996 finds annuallyfrom June to Septembers of the “Böblinger summers at the lake” also over 60 single meetings (e.g. Concerts, flea market, etc.) round around the again-arranged seas.
  • Regularly concerts and meetings take place in the town hall and in the congress center (bets that, int. Popstars).
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Mineral hot spring Böblingen

a salzhaltige Mineralthermalquelle opened in 685 m depth feeds the mineral hot spring Böblingen with styleful architecture, attractive water offers and versatile relaxation and health programs.

The Thermalwasser flows into three interior and two external basins with temperatures from 31° to 36°C,in a Whirlpool and mineral water couches. The highlight forms the 1,400 m ² large richly bepflanzte kinds of sow gnawing with a various and varied offer at Themensaunen and Dampfbädern.

personalities

honour citizen

the city Böblingen and and/or. the earlierThe following persons lent municipality Dagersheim the honour citizen right:

  • 1850: Immanuel God-dear Kolb (1784 to 1859), Pietist, Schulmeister in Dagersheim
  • 1874: Dr. Otto Elben (1823 to 1899), because of the penetration of the route of the gau course running over Böblingen; Politician, journalist,Publisher Swabian Merkur, founder of the Swabian singer federation
  • 1913: Lyon sweet man (1843 to 1935), entrepreneur (Hautana), benefactors of the city e.g. donated. the first urban kindergarten in the long road
  • 1955: Dr. Hanns wedge (1885 to 1961), founders of the clamping light aircraft plantsin Böblingen, pioneer of the German Sportfliegerei
  • 1963: Adolf Reisser (1897 to 1977), received the honour citizen right from cause of its 50jährigen of work anniversary, exemplary entrepreneur for the reconstruction of the economy after the war
  • 1986: Wolfgang hums (25. August 1920 to 20.October 1999), mayors of the city Böblingen from 1948 to 1986
  • 1961 (Dagersheim): Sister Marie Ziegler (1892 to 1979)

sons and daughters of the city

literature

  • Württembergi city book; Volume IV volume Baden-Wuerttemberg volume 2 from “German city book. Manual of urban history - on behalf of the working group of the historical commissions and with support of theGerman city daily, the German standard ware and the German municipality daily, hrsg. by Erich Keyser, Stuttgart, the 1961
  • Lorenz, S., Scholz, G. (Hg.): Böblingen. From the giant tooth to the microchip. Falling the city 2003 (ISBN 3-935129-09-2)

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