Böhmi low mountain range
the Böhmi low mountain range (tschech. České středohoří) is in Nordböhmen (Tschechien) to both sides of the Elbe. It extends thereby in a length of80 km between the Nordböhmi basin in the west and the Lausitzer mountains (tschech. Lužické hory) in the east. Into the north it changes nearly smoothly into the mountain country shank of Böhmi Switzerland . In the south are the spacious valleys of Ohře (Eger) and Elbe. The Böhmi low mountain range stands since 1976 as ChKO České středohoří under landscape protection.
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geologythis mountains by volcanic activity in the Tertiary period time, whereby enormous basal tables of lava stream and magma masses, volcanic ashes and Tuffe in the area settled. Form the underground of the mountains Orthogneise, Migmatite and migmatisierte Paragneise. As also in the neighbouring areas ( Elbsandsteingebirge, Lausitzer mountains, Daubaer Switzerland) settled in the chalk sea sandige, tonige and kalkige sediments. Thus sandstones and planner limes are under the volcanic deposits in many places. The loose volcanic masses were cleared away by erosion far away, so that the former volcanic chimneys todayanimate the landscape in the north Böhmens as cone mountains.
worth seeing at the Böhmi low mountain range are particularly the salient Kegelformen of the mountains in the southwest part of the mountains, which rise from a nearly even, treeless landscape. In the central part of the mountains those moveMountains then formally to sign-like backs together. North the landscape becomes further more centralmountainsimilarly with often ravine-similar valleys and collections between 600 and 700 meters. Landschaftlich likewise coining/shaping is the deeply cut river course of the Elbe, which in former times often with the Rhine Valley to the Loreley one compared.The closest section which is because of the beginning of the Elbe break-through Porta Bohemica (Böhmi gate) is called.
since 1976 stands nearly the entire area of the Böhmi low mountain range on a surface of 1063,17 km ² as Chráněná krajinná oblast for České středohoří under landscape protection. Protection purpose is thosePreservation of the European-wide unique Landschaftsreliefes with the form elements developed volcanically and the protection of the singular Flora and fauna. A special meaning is attached to the protected area in the production of genetically perfect seeds for forestry. Particularly valuable landscape ranges are besides as nature reservations and national nature reservationsstill posed under special national protection. The seat of the landscape protection area administration is in Litoměřice (Leitmeritz).
already in 19. First travelers the wunderlichen mountains in the north Böhmens visited century. Thus visited the early world traveler Alexander of Humboldt also BöhmiLow mountain range. It designated the prospect of 835 m the high Milleschauer, the highest collection of the Böhmi low mountain range, as the third-most beautiful (!) on its expanded and various journeys. Painters held the landscape in romantic pictures. As one of the most famous paintings the picture is considered„Passage at the fright stone “of Ludwig judge, which the artist created 1837 during a stay in the Böhmi low mountain range. Also Caspar David Friedrich created Böhmi landscape “a masterpiece of these conical mountains with the picture „.
With then in outgoing 19. Developing tourism developed themselves for centurythen mountain hotels and moving ways. The wheel steamers of the Saxonian Böhmi steam shipping company carried now no longer only native, but on Sundays also ever more Ausflügler. 1905 were created with the cone way from the Milleschauer to the Jeschken a way, as on a bead cord many of the cone mountains the Wandereropened. To be mentioned is also the LA way between Leitmeritz and Aussig, which are up to the today's day one of the most beautiful moving ways in Böhmen.
After driving out many once laboriously of the routistic objects created by the mountain associations purged to the German population after 1945 completely.Only the close moving way net from once outlasted the times. The new building of the observation tower on the Aarhorst represents the only considerable investment into the tourism in 40 years socialism. Today the Böhmi low mountain range is all the more a goal for nature lovers, itself as eh andever to the raisedness of the proverbial böhmischen mountains please.
- Milešovka (Milleschauer and/or. Thunder mountain), 835 m
- Hradištany (Radelstein), 752 m
- Sedlo, in former times also Vysoky Jeleč (Geltschberg), 726 m
- Kletečná (Klet), 706m
- Buková hora (tine stone and/or. Book mountain), 683m
- Varhošť (Aarhorst), 639m
- Panna (virgin), 593 m
- Vysoky Ostry (high Wostrey), 587m
- Křížová hora (cross mountain), 584 m
- Lovoš (Lobosch), 570m
- Bořeň (Bor and/or. Biliner lion, 539m
- Kalich (cup mountain), 535 m
- Zlatník (Goldschmied), 522m
- Milá (Milayer mountain), 510m
- Oblík (Hoblik), 509m
- Plešivec (iceberg), 509m
- Raná (Ranayer mountain), 457m
- Trojhora (three-mountain), 451 m
- Litýš (Litaisch),435 m
- Hazmburk (hare castle), 418 m
- Radobýl (Radobil and/or. Wheel dent), 399m
- Kozí vrch (goat mountain), 380m
some localities in the Böhmi low mountain range
- Ústí nad Labem (Aussig at the Elbe)
- Bílina (Bilin)
- Litoměřice (Leitmeritz)
- Lovosice (Lobositz)
- Terezín (Theresienstadt)
- Verneřice (who city)
- Velke Březno (largepraised)
- Benešov nad Ploučnicí (Bensen)
- Žandov (Sandau)
- Pohořany (Pohorschan)
- Pokratice (Pokratitz)
- Proboštov (Proboscht)
- Ploskovice (Ploschkowitz)
- Rýdeč (Rit)
- Žitenice (Schüttenitz)
- Staňkovice (Stankowitz)
- Třebušín (Triebsch)
- Vinně (Winney)
- Kostomlaty (cost sheet)
- Milešov (Milleschau)
- Třebenice (Trebnitz)
- Leitmeritz and the Böhmi low mountain range, publisher: Homeland circle Leitmeritz, Fulda 1994
- http://www.kulturklub.cz/naturschutz-d.htm Böhmi low mountain range