a mayor is the head of a city or a municipality. He is selected depending upon country directly by the citizens or by the city/ local council.

In many regions and municipalities became in earlier time for the function of the mayorthe term Schulze, school width unit, or Schult-hot (in cities occasionally also city-Schult-hot) uses. Every now and then the cities had several mayors, whose speaker called itself word-prominent mayor in earlier centuries at the same time. When mayors, who dressed the justiceship often at the same time, becamefor many centuries excluding full lawyers selected.

In Württemberg around 1750 was Schult hot the local chief, whom one calls today mayors. The mayor at that time had the function of the today's municipality male nurse.

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in most larger, everything in circle-free cities there is a mayor or a Oberbürgermeisterin in Germany as well as one or more assigning to, which carry then occasionally the office designation mayors.

Often “the mayor” is also the designationfor the authority (local administration), whose director/conductor of the mayors is.

In North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony was until 1994 and/or. 1996 the mayor honorary actively and exercised only representative tasks. The function of a main municipality official fell the director of city / director of municipality too (North German advice condition). In the city states have the governing mayor (Land Berlin), the first mayor (free one and Hanseatic city Hamburg) and mayor and president of the senate (free Hanseatic city Bremen) the functions of the Prime Minister of a Land of the Federal Republic. In Berlin that leadsDeputy of the governing mayor the title mayor. The Lübecker mayor is comparable to a mayor by its rank, in other schleswig holsteinischen cities of comparable and smaller size gives it this title also, in Luebeck becomes it however from historical reasons further only“Mayors” mentioned.

In Rhineland-Palatinate the head of a local municipality is called local mayor. Up to a certain number of inhabitants the local mayors exercise their office honorary. Several (federation-belonging) municipalities form a convention community. Their head is (full-time) a mayor. Federation-free however circle-belongingMunicipalities are usually cities. The head of such a city is called in Rhineland-Palatinate city mayor and is usually full-time active (due to the larger number of inhabitants).


(full-time) of the mayors has according to the respective Gemeindeordnung different tasks:

  • He is a chairman of the town councillor and the city administration (in Schleswig-Holstein only the city administration)
  • he prepares the resolutions of the political committees forwards
  • he is for the conversion of the resolutions responsible
  • he is a legal representative of the municipality
  • he is thatService superior of the coworkers of the municipality
  • it is responsible for the adequate completion of the tasks of instruction


of the mayors depending upon Land of the Federal Republic is to a large extent directly selected, in some Lands of the Federal Republic (Lower Austria, Steiermark and Vienna) of the membersthe local council. In Vienna the mayor, who is also a national captain of the Land of the Federal Republic Vienna at the same time, is selected not directly, but by the local council (that also federal state parliament is simultaneous).

If the mayor is not selected directly, the majority party mostly places (not obligating)the mayor. This depends however on respective majority conditions.

The mayor is the implementing organ of the local council resolutions. In addition it implements federation and national instructions. The officials of municipality are subordinated to it. It represents a municipality also outward. In affairs of building is it the first instance. In Statutarstädten it implements likewise the agendas of the district captain .

In each municipality there are two or three vice-mayors as agency one , depending upon election result and the municipality size.


in Switzerlandit does not give the designation to mayors. The similar designation is depending upon place city president, Stadtammann, municipality president, Syndic, Ammann or Gemeindeammann.

South Tyrol

of the mayors is selected directly in South Tyrol. It gives a difference between the municipalitiesmore and less than 15,000 inhabitants: In the centers with less than 15,000 inhabitants the mayor between all local council candidates is selected, selected in the larger cities a mayor candidate of a list or a coalition intended for it.

In South Tyrol the intended becomesDeputy of the mayor vice-mayor mentioned and he is selected by the mayor. In places with more than 13,000 inhabitants and in centers, where is intended of the municipal charter, the vice-mayor is to belong to the other language's group in the comparison to the mayor.

ThatMayor is a boss of the city government, that is called town councillor. In the state capital Bozen he is in the same time also district chairman, who corresponds to a Austrian district captain.

Wiktionary: Mayor - word origin, synonyms and translations

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