Babenberger

the Babenberger originally originate from Bamberg in Franconia, which is now some of Bavaria. They prevailed from 976 to 1246 - before the ascent of the house having castle - as Mark counts and dukes in Austria.

The name “Babenberger” as well as the derivative outFranconia comes from the historical writer Otto von Freising, who was even a member of this family. All surnames of the Babenberger decrease/go back on Ladislaus Sunthaym, that them in its genealogy of the Babenberger toward end 15. Century invented and/or. assigned. None the Babenberger had itsSurname already during lifetimes.

Table of contents

the Frankish Babenberger

the oldest well-known ancestor of the Babenberger was Poppo, after which the sex also Popponen is called.Poppo was in early 9. Century count von Grabfeld, who is appropriate for today's Hessen and Thuringia in the area . One of its sons was Heinrich, princeps the militiae the Ludwig's younger one, and, toward end of his life, under Karl thickening, marchio francorum(Mark count of Franconias) and dux Austrasiorum (duke of the Austrasier) mentioned, fell 886 in the fight against the Normannen. Another son, Poppo (II.), Mark count of Thuringia from 880 to 892, was relieved by the eastFrankish Karolinger king Arnulf of Kärnten of its office. The familyby emperor Karl thickening one preferred. Arnulf changed however this guideline and gave to the Konradinern preference, which were related to his Mrs. Oda.

The rivalry between the two Frankish count sexes of the Konradiner and Babenberger was strengthened by its efforts, their respective authority into intensify middle Main area. This controversy, admits 10 as the Babenberger feud, reached its high point at the beginning . Century during the jerky reign of the east Franconia king Ludwig IV. (Ludwig the child). Leaders of the Babenberger were the three sons of duke Heinrich -- Adalbert, Adalhardand Heinrich -- after their castle the Babenberg at the upper Main designated itself, in whose environment its possessions lay.

When the Babenberger incorporated 902 parts of the area of the diocese peppering castle their rule range in the year, king extracted Ludwig IV. from them. in response and it gave several goodsat bishop Rudolf von Würzburg, a Konradiner. That led to feud for many years between the two count sexes. First count Adalbert drove out drove out bishop Rudolf from peppering castle, whereupon the bishop its brothers Konrad, Gebehard and Eberhard came to assistance and the controversy expanded until Hessen.906 finally, with an assault of the Babenberger on the Konradiner with Fritzlar, fell both Konrad the older one and Heinrich of Babenberg in the fight. Adalhard was killed soon thereafter by giving hard from blood revenge for the death of his brother Eberhard.

That only survivors of the BabenbergerBrothers, Adalbert, Hatto I. became by the chancellor and regent., Archbishop of Mainz, a promoter of the Konradiner, to the royal yard called. It refused appearing and held for some time its castle Theres (today Obertheres with hate ford) against the royalArmy, surrendered however 906, and, despite Hattos of promise on free escort, was condemned and beheaded. Konrad the younger one became unquestioned duke of Franconias (and in the year 911 as Konrad I.King of the eastFrankish realm), while the Babenberger all possessions and offices inFranconias lost. Bamberg became king country, until it came 973 to Bavaria.

Adalberts son Heinrich of Babenberg survived the feud and became master father of the Schweinfurter counts and the younger Babenberger line.

the Austrian Babenberger

the connection of the Austrian with the Frankish Babenbergern becamesince the Middle Ages states again and again, but never sufficiently clarified. Since the Austrian Babenberger originates from the bairischen high aristocracy, a relationship is obvious.

976 Liutpold, count Danube gau as a count of the Marchia Orientalis, was called an area of no more than 100 km broadat the east border Baierns, which developed to the duchy Austria. Luitpold, that the Marks probably as reward for its loyalty to the emperor Otto II. during the bairischen rebellion 976 , expanded its rule range at expense that received to Hungary and became 994 of its son Heinrich I. beerbt. After Heinrich, which continued the policy of its father, 1018 its brother Adalbert and 1055 his nephew Ernst followed, its remarkable loyalty to the emperors Heinrich II. and Heinrich III. by many favour testifying one recompenced. Under Adalbert Leitha became, March and Thaya as border rivers establishes.

The following Mark count Leopold II., schwankte im Investiturstreit, stellte sich aber letztlich unter Einfluss Bischof Altmanns von Passau auf die Seite des Papstes. Heinrich IV. it was however impossible despite Leopolds defeat with Mailberg 1082, it from thatTo drive out Mark or the follow-up by its son Leopold III. to prevent in the year 1096. In the controversy between Heinrich IV. and its son Heinrich V.Leopold placed III. , he pulled himself on the side of the son however on the side of the emperor andits daughter Agnes, widow of the duke Friedrichs I. married 1106. of Swabia. 1125 it rejected the emperor crown. Its eagerness with establishments of monastery (particularly in monastery new castle) brought it the surname “the pious one” and 1485 the holy speaking by Pope Innozenz VIII.. It appliesas a national patron of Lower Austria.

The fifth of Leopolds sons was Otto, bishop von Freising. Its oldest son, Leopold IV. became 1136 Mark count and 1139 received he from king Konrad III. the duchy Bavaria, which had been extracted Heinrich from the proud one. LeopoldsBrother Heinrich (its pointed name “Jasomirgott allegedly, the Heinrich comes along with all its decisions the sentence “me God helps in such a way…” to have said) became 1140 Pfalzgraf are with Rhine and after Leopolds death 1141 Mark count of Austria. After its marriage with Gertrude, the widow Heinrichsthe proud one it was belehnt 1143 with the duchy Bavaria and withdrew from its office as Pfalzgraf. 1147 it participated in the crusade and after its return did it without operation of the new king Friedrich I.on Bavaria. As replacement for it Austria became, itsCapital 1146 shifted to Vienna was raised, to a duchy (Privilegium minus. 1156).

The second duke was Heinrichs son Leopold V., which followed it 1177 and at the crusades from 1182 and 1190 participated. Into Palestine it came with king Smelling pool of broadcasting corporations lion heart in controversy; he took smelling pool of broadcasting corporations prisoner on its home journey and handed him to emperor over Heirich V.. Leopold extended the territories of the Babenberger by the acquisition of the Steiermark after the will its related Ottokar IV.. It died 1194; Austria fell at itsSon Friedrich and the Steiermark to its other son Leopold. After Friedrichs death 1198 they became by duke Leopold VI. “combines the glorious one” again.

The new duke fought in Spain, Egypt and Palestine against the Muslims, becomes today however more than legislator, promoterthe literature and Stadtgründer estimated. Under it Vienna became a center of the culture in Germany and the large school of the Minnesänger. Its he spent later years in controversy with its son Friedrich. It died 1230 in San Germano, where it had gone, overbetween emperors Friedrich II. and Pope Gregor IX. To donate peace.

Its son Friedrich II. as a duke and got the surname “the contentious one” followed it by continuous fights with the kings of Hungary and Böhmen as well as with the emperor. He robbed his nut/mother and sistertheir possessions, was hated with his subjects because of his suppression politics, and 1236 he came under realm eight and from Austria was driven out. After the Exkommunikation of the emperor he negotiated unsuccessfully with emperor Friedrich II. of high baptism around the collection of Austria to a kingdom. It died 1246on the battleground, thus the Babenberger in the man trunk became extinct.

See also: Family tree of the Austrian Babenberger, list of the Mark counts and dukes of Austria in the Middle Ages

the text is based on an article of the Encyclopedia Britannica 1911

master list of the Frankish Babenberger

  1. home (e) smells (Heimo),† 5. May 795 with Lüne at the Elbe, 764 Mitstifter of monastery Lorsch, around 771/785 count in the Wetterau, 772/782 count in upper Rhine gau, 777 count in hall gau, 778 count in Lahn gau, 784 abbott of MOS brook - ancestors see Robertiner
    1. Ruadbert (Robert), † probably 805, count 780/781
      1. Cancor, count 812
      2. Ruadbert (Robert), 817 count in hall gau, upper Rhine gau and Wormsgau
    2. home Erich (Heinrich), count 750/802 812; ∞ Hadaburg
      1. Poppo (I.), 819/839 count in hall gau
        1. the Heinrich, 860 testifies, † 28. August 886 before Paris, 866 princeps militiae, Mark count (marchio) Franconia, Dux Austrasiorum, bury in pc. Médard executed in
          1. Soissons Adalbert, 9. June 906, count 888
          2. Adalhard, executed 902, count 888
          3. Heinrich, † 902/903, count 888
            1. ? Heinrich, probably son Adalberts, Adalhardsor Heinrichs, † probably 935, count 912/934 - Heinrich was probably the father of Heinrich of Trier, Poppo of peppering castle and the count Bertold; safe it however only is that Heinrich and Poppo were brothers
              1. ? Heinrich I., † 3. July 964 in Rome, 956 archbishop of Trier
              2. ? Poppo I., † 14. /15. February 961, 931 - 940 royal chancellor, 941 - 961 bishop von Würzburg
              3. ? Berthold, † 15. January 980, 941 count, 960 count in the Radenzgau, 961 count to the lower Naab, 973 count in the people field, 976 Mark count, 980 count in eastern Franconia; ∞ 942/943 Eiliswintha (Eila) of Walbeck, † 19. August 1015, daughter of the count Lothar II., foundress of monastery pig ford - descendants see to pig ford (aristocracy sex)
          4. Hadui (CH), † 24. December 903; ∞ around 869/870 Otto of the Erlauchte, duke of Saxonia, † 30. November 912 (Liudolfinger)
        2. Poppo (II.), 878/880 906 testifies, Mark count (marchio), dux, 892 Mark count of the Sorbenmark, 903 Mark count in Bavarian north gau, 906 count in People field
          1. Adalbert, 898/915 count in the grave field
          2. Poppo (III.), † 945, count in the grave field and Tullifeld
            1. ? Poppo (IV.), count 951/956
            2. ? Otto (I.), count 951/955 982
              1. Otto (II.), count 999/1008
                1. Poppo (V.), 1006-1014/18 abbott of Lorsch and Fulda
                2. Otto (III.), count 1031/49
                  1. Poppo I., † 7. August 1078 in the battle with Mellrichstadt, count von Henneberg probably 1037, 1049, 1057; ∞ Hildegard of Thuringia, daughter of the land count Ludwig of the Bärtige, married in 2. Before Thimo of northhit a corner (Ludowinger)
                  2. Godebold, † after 1100, 1057 castle count ofPeppering castle
                    1. Godebold II, † 1144, castle count von Würzburg
                      1. Poppo IITH, † 9. Mai/18. June 1155/1156, count von Henneberg, 1132 Vogt of monastery Lorsch; ∞ Irmgard of Stade, daughter of the count Lothar Udo, Mark count of the north Mark (Udonen)
                      2. Gebhard, † 17. March 1159, 1122/27 Elekt, 1150 bishop von Würzburg,
                      3. Günther, † 1161, 1146 bishop von Speyer
                      4. Berthold, † 1157, castle count von Würzburg - descendants are the counts von Henneberg
                3. Gerberga; ∞ Heinrich of pig ford, † 18. September 1017,Count in Bavarian north gau (pig ford (aristocracy sex))
          3. ? Daughter; ∞ count Wilhelm, probably William I. Count of Weimar - Orlamünde
      2. home Erich, † 836, count
        1. ? Ratolf, probably 838 count in the grave field, 874 count (Dux) the Sorbenmark

literature

toothe Frankish Babenbergern:

therein uses:

  • Wolfgang Metz: Babenberger and Rupertiner in east Franconias, in: Yearbook for Frankish national research 18, 1958
  • Ferdinand Geldner, new contributions for the history of the older Babenberger, Bamberg 1971
  • Alfreds Friese: Studies to rule history thatFrankish aristocracy, Stuttgart 1979 (history and society, Bochumer historical studies 18)

Web on the left of

 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)