Balingen

coat of arms map
Wappen von Balingen Deutschlandkarte, Position von Balingen hervorgehoben
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Baden-Wuerttemberg
governmental district: Tübingen
region: Neckar Alb
district: Zollernalbkreis
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 48° 16 ' N, 08° 51 ' O
48° 16 ' N, 08° 51 ' O
height: 519 m and. NN
surface: 90.34 km ²
inhabitants: 34.338 (30. June 2005)
Population density: 380 inhabitants for each km ²
postal zip code: 72301-72336 (old: 7460)
Preselection: 07433
Kfz characteristics: BL
municipality key: 08 4 17 002
city arrangement: Town center and 12 quarters
address
of the city administration:
Färberstr. 2
72336 Balingen
official Website: www.balingen.de
E-Mail address:
Politics
mayor: Dr. Edmund Merkel (CDU)
Balingen 1907
Balingen 1907

Balingen is a city in the south of Baden-Wuerttemberg, about 75 km south of Stuttgart. It is the district town and after Albstadt the second largest city of the Zollernalbkreises and forms a central center for the surrounding municipalities. Since 1.January 1974 is Balingen large district town. With the neighbour city Geislingen agreed upon the city a central administrative body.

Table of contents

Geografie

geographical situation

of Balingen lies, surrounded by the Balinger mountains (among other things the Plettenberg, sheep mountain, punching and the Hörnle), in the valley of the Eyach, a tributary of the Neckars.The river concern from Albstadt coming in the southeast the city, flows then in northwest direction, west the quarter dry cheeks past, takes up then from the east the coming scarf CCB oh, flows then far by the quarter Frommern and reaches finally the southern town center. Then the Eyach flowsnorthward, the old part of town is because of the left bank of the river, leaves the town center and flows then between the quarters east village and confining rubber strip through around the city in the north toward Haigerloch again to leave. Adjacent to the city center the hay mountain, the Swabian block mountain, lies anda source of sulfur (1724 discovers).

neighbour municipalities

following cities and municipalities border on the city Balingen. They are called in the clockwise direction beginning in the north and belong all to the Zollernalbkreis:

Grosselfingen, Bisingen, Albstadt, Messstetten, living at the Tann, Dotternhausen, Dormettingen, Geislingen and Haigerloch.

city arrangement

the city consists of the town center and quarters dry cheeks, Endingen, confining rubber strip, Erzingen, Frommern, Heselwangen, east village, Rosswangen, coming to a hold living, capers, Weilstetten and Zillhausen, whereby most of these quarters only in the context of the municipality reform of the 1970erYears after Balingen were integrated. Heselwangen was already 1934 after Balingen and dry cheeks 1937 after Frommern in in common December.

For the quarters altogether eight localities in the sense of the Gemeindeordnung of Baden-Wuerttemberg were furnished, i.e., these to have in each case to one of the voters with each local election again tooselecting locality advice with a local chief as chairmen. The number of the members in the locality advice depends on the number of inhabitants of the locality and lies between 7 and 13. In each of the localities it gives a locality administration, quasi a “city hall locally”, its to directors/conductors of the local chiefs is. Thoseeight localities are: Endingen, confining rubber strip, Erzingen, Frommern (with dry cheeks and coming to a hold living), east village, capers, Weilstetten (with Rosswangen) and Zillhausen. Heselwangen is out administered directly by the town center Balingen.

To some quarters still spatially separated living places with own name, the however usually only few belongInhabitants have or populated areas with own name, whose arose designation in the course of the land development and whose borders are not exactly fixed then usually. In detail are to be called:

  • in the town center: Getting the yard, Reichenbacher yard, city mill and Schmiden
  • in Endingen: Eckhaus, Galgenrain and Kutzmühle
  • in Erzingen: Bronnhaupten
  • in Frommern: Saw and Ziegelhütte
  • to east village: Böllatmühle, casting mill, Kaunter gypsum mill, upper mill, economics for cooling reason
  • to Weilstetten: Hotel punching
  • to Zillhausen: Tub valley

space planning

Balingen forms a central center within the region Neckar Alb, to its central range beside Balingeneven the cities and municipalities Dautmergen, Dormettingen, Dotternhausen, Geislingen, living at the Tann, advice living, rose field, Schömberg, Weilen under the gutters and rooms under the castle of the Zollernalbkreises belong.

history

Balingen was mentioned for the first time 863 as Baginga.In 12. Different noble ones appeared to century as local gentlemen of the small village. Probably there was also a castle. In 13. Century belonged the settlement of the counts von Zollern, who made the place the seat of the rule Schalksburg. 1255 were created the city Balingen, about200 m further river downward to the past settlement. With the municipal law the settlement increased rapidly and received a Ummauerung. 1403 arrived to Balingen by purchase at Württemberg, where the city became soon seat of an office. In 15. Century was several times pawned, so under the cityother one to count Hans von Werdenberg and to the Mr. von Bubenhofen. The Vögte and Obervögte responsible for the city resided in the former Zollernschloss. A number of several city fires destroyed Balingen in 17. to 19. Century, whereby the fire of 1809 was the largest. But becamethe city always again again developed.

Beginning 19. Century became Balingen seat of an upper office, which belonged to waiters starting from 1810 to the Landvogtei at the Neckar and starting from 1818 to the Black Forest circle. After conflagrations of 1724 and 1809 the city with regular sketch was again built. The inhabitantsoperated since that 19. Century mainly leotard weaving mills and were in the glove and the shoe production actively, others claimant also cattle trade.

1934 were transferred the upper office Balingen into the district Balingen, which became with the circle reform 1973 a component of the again formed Zollernalbkreises.

By the integration of different surrounding municipalitiesthe number of inhabitants Balingens 1973 exceeded the border of 20.000. Afterwards the city administration placed the request for collection to the large district town, which the federal state government of Baden-Wuerttemberg then with effect of the 1. January 1974 decided.

a different has

history of the quarters the Balinger of quartersHistory, however almost everything came over the counts von Zollern 1403 at Württemberg. Here they belonged to the office and/or. Upper office Balingen, from which 1934 the district Balingen came out. Only Rosswangen came only 1938 to the district Balingen, before belonged the place to the upper office Rottweil.

Dry cheeks became1064 as Durniwach mention for the first time. Starting from 1306 Mr. von Dürrwangen are mentioned. The sovereignty and local rule were divided already early and came to the Mr. von Zollern and from Bubenhofen. The legal successors of those of Bubenhofen were the Mr. von Stotzingen. These sold 1533 their partat Württemberg, to which the zollerische part of Dürrwangens already belonged since 1403.

Endingen was mentioned for the first time 793 as Eindinga. The original local gentlemen pulled already around 1250 after Rottweil. In 14. Century emerge Söller of Endingen, whose long gone off castle in the proximity of the church assumesbecomes.

Confining rubber strip became in the first half 12. Century as Ingislatt mentions for the first time. Since that 13. Century belonged the place to the rule Schalksburg and was subordinate thereby to the counts von Zollern.

Erzingen was mentioned for the first time 1225 as Arcingin. Probably the place from two settlements developedwith the names Erzingen and Böllingen. Until gentlemen are von Erzingen mentioned 1396, from these the Erzinger in Rottweil probably descends.

Frommern was mentioned for the first time 793 as Frumara. In 9. Century belonged the place to the Scherragrafschaft, the sovereignty was appropriate however at the latest since that for 13.Century with the rule Schalksburg and was subordinate thereby to the counts von Zollern.

Heselwangen was mentioned for the first time 793 as Hesiliuuane. There the place probably on Balinger Gemarkung lay already from the outset divided it the fate of the city. Until 1934 Heselwangen was an independent municipality inOffice and/or. Upper office Balingen and became then into the city Balingen in in common December.

East village was mentioned for the first time around 1200 as Osdorf. Upper the local gentlemen arrived the place at the dukes of Teck and at the beginning 14. Century at Württemberg.

Rosswangen was mentioned for the first time 1094 as Rossiwane.Over different smaller rule the place arrived at Mr. vonThierberg, then over from Bubenhofen at the manor the Dotternhausen. There it remained until 1805 as it under württembergische rule came. There hear the place first to the upper office Balingen, 1807 to the upper office Spaichingen and1842 to the upper office Rottweil, with which it remained until 1938.

Come to a hold-live to 1094 as Stokinhusen for the first time one mentioned. Over the Mr. von Winzeln the place came to the monastery pc. Gallen and finally to the counts von Zollern.

Capers one mentioned for the first time around 1130 as lines.There are however signs that this mention with the today's place in connection do not stand. The today's place and the no longer existing Niederhofen might be younger settlements. In 13. Century possibly gave it a castle and an aristocracy sex. In 14. Century belonged the placeto the rule Schalksburg of the counts von Zollern.

Weilstetten originally consisted of two settlements. Waldstetten became 793 as Walahstetti, which mentions neighbouring because home 838 for the first time as Wilon. Both places belonged to the Scherragrafschaft and arrived finally at the counts von Zollern. Both villages were to 1936 independentMunicipalities, until it under the name Weilstetten (of because home and forest stetten) to a municipality were combined.

Zillhausen was mentioned for the first time 793 as Zillinhusir. Probably there was a castle and a local aristocracy also here, but finally arrived the place at the rule Schalksburgand thus to the counts von Zollern.

Bronnhaupten was mentioned for the first time 1140 as Brunnohoubiton. The sovereignty was with the rule Kallenberg, with which the settlement arrived 1381 at Austria. In 15. Century was verödet the village. The goods were acquired by the manor Geislingen. The rule right1591 by the Truchsessen of forest castle were acquired. Starting from 1598 Bronnhaupten was temporary rule seat. In 17. Century acquired Württemberg all rights. Starting from 1703 it was Rentkammergut and was subordinate to the administration in Balingen. 1852 were integrated it after Erzingen.

religions

the area thatto today's city Balingen at first Konstanz belonged and was the Archidiakonat “ante nemus sive nigrae silvae” subordinated to the diocese. Due to the affiliation to Württemberg in most quarters 1534 the reformation was inserted, so that these were predominantly Protestant over many centuries. Only Rosswangen remained catholic,because this place was not ritterschaftlich administered and the local gentlemen a reformation accomplished. In all Evangelist places there is therefore in each case an Evangelist church municipality and a usually old Evangelist church. The first Balinger church was mentioned 1255 and was geweiht our love woman. It was thoseParish church of the old village Balingen and remained first also the parish church of the city after their establishment. But it lay outside of the Stadtmauer. From the 1343 mentioned chapel pc. Nikolaus in the today's city centre became then in 15. /16. Century the today's town church builds and 1516 toParish church raised. Thus the past church was used as cemetery church. 1547 became Balingen seat of a Superintendentur, from which the church district Balingen came out later. The Superintendentur was first the Generalsuperintendentur (today Prälatur) Tübingen, late quake living, 1810 again Tübingen, 1823 Reutlingen, 1913 Ulm and since 1956 againReutlingen subordinates. Due to the strong growth of the municipality Balingen 20 became in. Century further Pfarreien establishes. Thus the old cemetery church became 1954 again parish church (church municipality Balingen east, to which today also the municipality members belong in Heselwangen) and in the populated area Schmiden 1968 a new community center developedwith a further Pfarrei. The three church municipalities form today the Evangelist total church municipality Balingen in the Dekanat Balingen of the Evangelist regional church in Württemberg. Also the Evangelist church municipalities in the quarters dry cheeks (with coming to a hold living), Endingen, confining rubber strip, Erzingen, Frommern, Heselwangen, east village, capers, Weilstetten and Zillhausen belong to the DekanatBalingen.

In 19. Also again catholics drew century after Balingen, later also into the other Evangelist quarters. 1899 knew itself the municipality its own church Hl. Spirit build, which was raised 1918 to the Pfarrei. To the church municipality Balingen belong also the catholics of the quarters confining rubber strip andEast village, but gives it in confining rubber strip since 1966 its own church to pc. Johannes Apostel. In Frommern 1965 became the church pc. Paulus builds, which was raised 1970 to the Pfarrei. To the there municipality also the catholics belong in Endingen, coming to a hold living, capers, Weilstetten and Zillhausen. The municipality membersfrom Erzingen Dotternhausen belong to the church municipality. The catholic church in Rosswangen was built 1948 including parts of the predecessor church of 1668, but is there already for 1275 a church mentioned, those the holy pc. Johannes Baptist and pc. Dionysius was geweiht. All catholic church municipalities inToday of the Dekanats Balingen of the diocese gang castle Stuttgart belongs to city Balingens to the Seelsorgeeinheit 3.

Beside the two large churches there is the Evangelist methodistische church, Baptisten and the municipality of God in Balingen also municipalities, which belong to free churches , among them. Also the Neuapostoli church is represent in Balingen.

incorporations

into the city Balingen were integrated the following municipalities and/or. with the city Balingen combines:

  • 1934: Heselwangen
  • 1. January 1971: Come to a hold-live, to capers
  • 1. July 1971: East village, Rosswangen
  • 1. August 1971: Endingen
  • 1. September 1971:Erzingen (with that 1852 integrated Bronnhaupten)
  • 1. January 1973: Zillhausen
  • 1. October 1973: Confining rubber strip
  • 1. January 1975: Frommern (with that 1937 integrated dry cheeks), Weilstetten

inhabitant development

numbers of inhabitants after the respective area conditions. The numbers are census results (¹) or official updating thatrespective statistic offices (only main domiciles).

Year numbers of inhabitants
1622 1,932
1706 2,101
1745 2,461
1803 2,946
1823 3,049
1843 3,196
1855 2,878
1861 2,989
1. December 1871 ¹ 3,212
1. December 1880 ¹ 3,252
1. December 1900 ¹ 3,447
1. December 1910 ¹ 4,101
16. June 1925 ¹ 4,077
year numbers of inhabitants
16. June 1933 ¹ 4,973
17. May 1939 ¹ 6,285
13. September 1950 ¹ 8,242
6. June 1961 ¹ 11,647
27. May 1970 ¹ 14,216
31. December 1975 29,310
31. December 1980 29,738
27. May 1987 ¹ 30,346
31. December 1990 31,738
31. December 1995 33,624
31. December 2000 33,700
30. June 2005 34,338

¹ census result

politics

local council

Das renovierte Rathaus
the reconditioned city hall

with the local council choice to 13. June 2004 resulted the following allocation of seats:


work on] sits

mayors

at the point of the city Balingen stood since that for 14. Century more herrschaftlicher Schult-hot. Besides it gave the herrschaftliche Vogt as directors/conductors of the office Balingen. In 16. Century took over a Untervogt as a representative of the Vogtes directors/conductors of the urban administration. This carried later the office designation upper office man. Besides there was a mayor since 1441 also, since that 17. Century of two mayors. They belonged to the advice,that was called for the first time 1382. In 17. Century was city-Schult-hot a chairman of the advice. The major task of the advice existed in the supervision over the corridor.

Since 1935 the mayor from that, who carries the office designation since the collection to the large district town 1974 mayors , became city Schult hot.Today the mayor is selected for one term of office by 8 years. He is a chairman of the local council and director/conductor of the city administration. Its general deputy is the 1. Assigned to one with the office designation “mayor”.

The present term of office of Edmund Merkel ends 2007.

The city heads of Balingen since 1819:

  • 1819-1854: Johannes Zürn
  • 1855-1869: Johann Michael Eisele
  • 1869-1906: William Friedrich Eisele
  • 1906-1919: Friedrich Hofmann
  • 1919-1936: Hermann Friedrich Rommel
  • 1937-1945: Briefly Friedrichs
  • 1945-1946: Robert choice
  • 1946-1948: Walter fox
  • 1948-1954: God praise bricklayer
  • 1955-1975: Albert Hagenbuch
  • 1975-1991: Dr. Eugen meat man
  • 1991-heute: Dr. Edmund Merkel

coat of armsand flag

the coat of arms Balingens shows lying black deer seaweeds, one of silver and black under golden sign head, in it gevierten sign. The Balinger city colors is black-and-white yellow.

The gevierte sign is the old city symbol, when Balingen belonged still to the rule of the Zollern. After the city württembergischbecame inserted one their symbol, the deer seaweeds into the coat of arms. The today's form of the coat of arms became generally accepted starting from 1535 gradually. The flag was accepted 1922. Also in the context of the municipality reform the increased city transferred its old sovereignty symbols. They became to 18. June 1975lent Baden-Wuerttemberg again from the ministry of the Interior.

since

1980 Balingen a partnership between cities maintains partnerships between cities with the French city Royan.

culture and objects of interest

theatres

in the town hall Balingen take place regularly theatre appearances as well as opera, Operetten and musical performances. ThoseResounds serves also for concerts and congresses of most different kind.

museums

in Balingen is a museum for balances and weights, a local history museum, the Friedrich Eckenfelder gallery and in the local part east village a farmer museum. In the quarter Schmiden was so far also a private-museum German railway,in the meantime however after Geislingen one shifted.

buildings

view of the Zollernschloss

a view worth the Zollernschloss, the landmark of the city, is small with that Venice. In it is the world-wide only museum for balances and weights.

The lategothical EvangelistTown church accommodates among other things the tomb Friedrichs of Zollern. (1880) Them became in 15. /16. Century from an old chapel pc. Nikolaus builds. Older is however the Friedshofskiche. This was mentioned already 1255 and was geweiht our love woman. Further churches in the town center are thosecatholic holy spirit church of 1899 and the Evangelist community center Schmiden of 1968.

In the quarters there are the following churches: Evangelist church dry cheeks (1912/14 build, after the predecessor church had to be broken off after an earthquake), Evangelist church Endingen (lategothical building with tower of 1866), Evangelist church confining rubber strip (more gothicalBuilding), catholic church pc. Johannes confining rubber strip (1966), Evangelist church Erzingen (lategothical choir with nave of 1833), Evangelist church Frommern (partial earlygothical, tower probably from that 17. Jh.), catholic church pc. Paulus Frommern (1965), Evangelist church Heselwangen (1830 build as flatcovered hall construction with drawn in tower), EvangelistChurch east village (gothical building with nave of 1832), catholic church Rosswangen (1948 build including parts of the predecessor church of 1668), Evangelist church capers (1911 build, after the predecessor church had to be broken off after an earthquake), Evangelist church Weilstetten (partly still gothical church with structural alteration measures of1934) and Evangelist church Zillhausen (1838 build in place of an older predecessor church).

regular meetings

annual an art exhibition with changing emphasis (Chagall, Picasso) takes place in the town hall.

The annual fear for Your Head concert on the fairground reached in the meantime supraregional admittingness.

economicsand infrastructure

traffic

by Balingen leads the federal highway B 27, which unites north the quarter confining rubber strip to south of Balingen on a length of approximately 10 km with the federal highway B 463. The city connects B 27 northwardwith the region Stuttgart and to the south with work living in Switzerland. B 463 runs toward northwest over Haigerloch to the motorway A 81 (received connection point) and toward southeast over Albstadt until sigma rings.

HzL-Triebwagen Richtung Aulendorf und Schömberg in Balingen
HzL - motor coach direction aula village and Schömberg in Balingen

by Balingen leads the Zollernalbbahn, which runs from Tübingen over Hechingen, Balingen , Albstadt and sigma rings until aula village. A further line runs toward Schömberg (see railroad line Balingen Rottweil). Balingen has altogether six stations: Confining rubber strip, Balingen (peppers), Balingen south, Frommern, Endingen, Erzingen

the public suburban traffic is ensured by the traffic group Neckar Alb Danube (NALDO). The city is in the honeycomb 331. To the city applies the city tariff 31.

resident enterprise

of most important employers is the Bizerba GmbH & cost. Kg (Scale construction). Besides further fine-mechanical enterprises exist. The textile industry, leather production and - processing as well as soap production lost its former meaning. Further important enterprises are UHL sport (sports article), ideal jug & priest GmbH & cost. Kg (shredder), Edeka central storage depot south, Vötsch industrial technology GmbH (environmental simulation).

media

The most important local newspapers are the Zollern Alb courier and the black forests messenger. Over cables the regional TV-transmitter is RTF.1 - to receive television for the region Neckar Alb.

authorities, courts and mechanisms

in Balingen is the seat of the district administration office Zollernalbkreis. Furthermore it enters Tax office, an agency for work, a notary's office and a district court, which belong to the regional court district Hechingen and higher regional court district Stuttgart.

Balingen is seat also the church district Balingen of the Evangelist regional church in Württemberg and the Dekanats Balingen of the diocese gang castle Stuttgart.

education

The city Balingen is school carrier of the High School Balingen, the six-form high school Balingen and the six-form high school Frommern and the Lauwasenschule (promotion school). Furthermore it maintains six reason and hauptschule (GHS Weilstetten, GHS Frommern, Langwiesen GHS confining rubber strip, length field school and Sichel school) and three independent primary schools (Endingen, Schmiden and caper Zillhausen).

The Zollernalbkreis is carrier of the vocational schools (commercial school) as well as the school for languageobstructed with school child garden Balingen and the nursing for the sick school of the circle hospital Balingen.

The private evening six-form high school, the free Rudolf Steiner School Balingen and the Plettenbergschule for Physiotherapie and Massage confining rubber strip round the school offer Balingens off.

the following persons lent

personalities

[work on] to honour citizen the city Balingen the honour citizen right:

  • Karl von Leibbrand, († 14. March 1898), upper's building advice
  • Hermann of Ehmann, († 7. December 1905), upper's building advice
  • Josef Filser, († 31. July 1918), upper office man and government advice
  • Konrad house man, (†11. February 1922), state parliament delegate
  • Friedrich of corner fields, († 11. May 1938), painter
  • Robert choice, († 5. December 1955), mayor
  • Professor. William herb, (*9. May 1875; † 26. September 1957), manufacturer
  • Jakob Beutter, († 17. January 1972), carpenter master
  • Albert Hagenbuch, († 25. December 1997), mayor
  • William herb,Honour senator

of sons and daughters of the city

  • Philipp NIC desert mash Frischlin, * 22. September 1547 in Erzingen, † 29. November 1590 in high only oh, a latehuman Philologe, a again-Latin dramatist and a poet
  • Heinrich long, *14. November 1826 in Frommern; † 13.January 1876 in Zurich, theologian
  • Martin Schaudt, *7. December 1958, riding sportsman, German master and olympia winner
  • Stefan Krohmer, *1971, director and actor, it received the Adolf Grimme price for its film “end of the season” to 2002.
  • Jürgen Haug, actors, film script author and speaker (among other things for radio plays).It plays theatres and film and participated already several times in the TV serial scene and in other series.

literature

  • Württembergi city book; Volume IV volume Baden-Wuerttemberg volume 2 from “German city book. Manual of urban history - on behalf of the working group of the historical commissionsand with support of the German city daily, the German standard ware and the German municipality daily, hrsg. by Erich Keyser, Stuttgart, 1961
  • 750 years city Balingen: 1255 - 2005/Hrsg. City administration Balingen. Talk., organization and layout: City archives Balingen with support of Sigrid Foth… - Balingen: City administration, C 2005. - 528 S. : zahlr. Ill. - (Publications of city archives Balingen; Bd. 7) - ISBN 3-00-017595-4
  • Balingen: Impressionen of a city/[text: City archives Balingen. Picture: Gerd cutter]. - Balingen: Daniel, [2000]. - 100 S. : predominantly Ill. ;29 cm. - ISBN 3-927936-32-4

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