Baltic fleet

the Baltic fleet (Балтийскийфлот) is one of four fleets of the Russian navy. It in the Baltic Sea stations. Their main base is Baltijsk with Kaliningrad. The Baltic fleet is the oldest part of the Russian navy. It was created in the year 1696 by Zar Peter the large one. In its long history it was only part of the tsarist, then the Soviet and today the Russian navy.

In the Russian-Japanese war 1904/05 the fleet was sent for the support of the Pacific fleet into the Pacific and fought there in the battle of Tsushima. At that time it was destroyed, whereby but also of Russia power in Eastern Asia was not only broken its sea power in the Baltic Sea. As consequence it came to the Russian revolution of 1905 was involved in the also meuternde sailors the Baltic fleet.

During the two world wars the Baltic fleet did not play a crucial role. Although in terms of figures superior it began but became in the First World War never to the offensive, from German forces under prince Heinrich up to the end of war to a large extent blocked and remained dormant. Also at the October Revolution 1917 sailors of the Baltic fleet were considerably involved. The starting signal fired to 25. October of the tank cruisers Aurora, which this very day as museum ship in sank Petersburg lies.

Also in the Second World War the Baltic red banner fleet played, like the fleet during the Soviet time was called, no large role. After the loss of its basis Kotka at the entrance of the Finnish sea bosom most ships were included in Leningrad. Only after end of the FE storage individual operations began against weaker German forces in the Baltic. The most well-known actions of the Baltic fleet in the Second World War were the sinking of the refugee ships William Gustloff, Steuben and Goya at the beginning of of 1945 by Soviet submarines, with which up to 20.000 humans died.

After the Second World War the Baltic red banner fleet was part of the armed forces Warsaw Pact. You been subordinate naval forces of Poland and the GDR, thus the Polish naval warfare fleet and the People's Navy. These forces formed together the allied Baltic Sea fleets in such a way specified, in the Kriegsfall combined Baltic Sea fleet mentioned. Their task was mainly offensive except the protection of own coasts. In particular it was equipped for it, amphibious operations against the coasts of the Federal Republic of Germany to implement Denmark or other Baltic Sea neighboring countries. But you were available a large number of landing ships and other warships .

Since the states of NATO with their marine one the Baltic Sea exits controlled (S.A. Federal Navy), was cut off the Baltic fleet to free entrance to the Atlantic during the cold war to a large extent of one also in the Kriegsfall. The Soviet Union saw itself forced therefore at the latest after the German rearmament 1956, the Basen for a part of their ships to shift in particular the strategic submarines in the North Sea. In the measure, how the meaning of the north fleet grew, sank those the Baltic fleet. However the ports remained in the Baltic Sea with their shipyards also for the North Sea fleet importantly, whose ships received their basic repairs here.

The dissolution of the Soviet Union took its Basen to the Baltic fleet in Estonia, Lettland and Litauen and left to it only the Kaliningrader Oblast as to a large extent ice-free entrance to the Baltic Sea. The Kaliningrader Oblast, convenient between Poland and Lithuania, was cut off however by Russia. Important navy yards are also further in the area sank Petersburg. In addition the second large base of the Baltic fleet belongs to 29km in crowning city, a satellite city convenient on Kotlin in the Finnish sea bosom for instance northwest of sank Petersburg.

As Russia 1992 - 94 all its troops from Poland and the Baltic states withdrew, some air, naval and soil forces after Kaliningrad were returned, allegedly because of bottlenecks in Russia. Russian persisting, Kaliningrad as heavily armed garrison too received, called international criticism hervor´, particularly from Poland. Are stationed to today armed forces in a strength comparable with the entire Polish army in the Oblast Kaliningrad nevertheless.

1996 consisted the operation forces of nine submarines, three cruisers, two destroyers, 18 frigates and 56 smaller ships.

In the middle of 2000 existed the Baltic fleet out over 100 combat ships of different types; their group of naval pilots was equipped with 112 combat aircraft.

Admirals of the fleet:

of ships and submarines in the service of the fleet:

  • The Soviet submarine M-256.

Web on the left of

 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)