Spell bull

spell bull is a usually papal document, which expresses a training condemnation or a Exkommunikation as spell.

The probably most well-known spell bulls are:

before the spell bull there is a preliminary stage in form the spell menace bull in some cases also. As example: Before the church spell over Martin Luther was finally imposed to 1520, this became by the Pope Leo X. expressed. It is the menace of a Exkommunikation. After the public burn the spell menace bull by Luther was then the imposition of the church spell of the 3. January 1521 the logical consequence.


  • Hieronymus Schulz: The burn the spell bull by Luther (1520 crude. 10). A contemporary report (of Hieronymus Schulz). Mitgetheilt by walter peace castle, 1898
  • Peter Rath: The spell bull from Münster or would receive today training prohibition to Jesus? A documentation to the case gentleman Mr. /Tenhumberg, 1976
  • George G. Evers: Martin Luther. The spell bull. 1885
  • Immanuel F. Gamm: Ash sparks from the spell bull burn of Luther, to the Nachfeyer of the third Sekular celebration keep glowing by the memory at the 2. Luther, Dr. Valentin Andreä 1817

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)