Bantusprachen

the language's group of the Bantusprachen belongs to the Niger Congo languages, which belong again to the language family of the Niger kordofanischen languages. There are several hundred Bantusprachen. The languages become in the south of Cameroon, in Gabon, the Congo, Uganda (Luganda), Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Botswana and South Africa spoken. Speakers of Bantusprachen are often called Bantu.

Bleek described for the first time the nominal classes of the Bantusprachen. Carl Meinhof compiled the first comparative grammar the Bantusprachen.

Guthrie divided the languages for 1948 in groups, which he named letters: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, K, L, M, N, P, R and S. Within these groups the languages are nummeriert. Guthriehas also pro-rave-do as Protosprache reconstructed.

The most well-known and most frequently spoken language is Kiswahili. A further language worth mentioning is Lingala, those in the Congo basin speaks itself and like Kiswahili than handels and traffic language (lingua franca) spread rapidly far.

A conspicuous characteristic of the Bantusprachen is the organization of the Nomen into classes. The organization effected frequently with reference to the meaning of the word and is within limits comparable with the grammatical sex in German.There are usually ten to twenty classes, which are marked by prefixes. The prefixes of Nomen and associated adjectives as well as of subject and descriptor must agree (concordance). Usually each prefix in two variants exists: one forthe singular and one for the Plural.

Concerning clay/tone there are all variations. Kiswahili knows for example no clay/tone, while other Bantusprachen is clay/tone languages. Frequently Bantusprachen do not have any more than two tones.

 

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