Baummarder

Baummarder
systematics
Order: Raubtiere (Carnivora)
over family: Dog-well-behaved (Canoidea)
family: Marder (Mustelidae)
Unterfamilie: Mustelinae
kind: Genuine Marder (March)
kind: Baummarder
scientific name
of March March
(Linnaeus, 1758)

the Baummarder or Edelmarder (of March March) is a robbery animal species from the kind of the genuine Marder within the family of the Marder (Mustelidae). It lives in Europe and west Asia and is a forest inhabitant. Differently than its related, the Steinmarder, follows the Baummarder humans not into the proximity of the settlements.

Table of contents

description

the skin of the Baummarders is kastanien to dark-brown colored, that Kehlfleck is yellowish brown and rounded off and not as with the Steinmarder downward knows and gegabelt. The winter skinis long and seidig, in the summer are shorter and more rauer its hair. As many Marder has it an elongated body with relatively short legs, which are soles strongly behaart. The tail is relatively long and buschig, it serves as organ of equilibrium when climbing and jumping. ThatHead is characterized by the triangular, gelbgeränderten ears, the nose is dark contrary to the Steinmarder. The head fuselage length of these animals amounts to 45 to 58 centimeters, the tail becomes 16 to 28 centimeters long and their weight amounts to 0.8 to 1.8 kilograms. Males become up to30% more heavily than females.

spreading and habitat

Baummarder are resident in far parts of Europe and west Asia. Their circulation area reaches British islands of into the western Siberia, in the south up to the Mediterranean islands and in the southeast up to the Caucasus and the Elburs mountains. It is missing on Iceland, the northern Scandinavia and parts of the Iberi peninsula. Its habitat are predominant forests, leaves and mixed woodlands. Sometimes it can be looked also in large park plants. In the mountains one finds it up to the timber line.

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Way of life

Baummarder are in the stronger extent than other representatives of the genuine Marder tree inhabitants. They can climb and jump very well, whereby they can overcome meters up to 4. They put on some nests in their district, with priority in tree caves, sometimes in addition, in abandoned Eichhörnchenkobeln or grab bird esters. Into these quiescent places they withdraw during the day, in the dawn and the night go them to food search.

There is territorial animals, which mark their district with the secretion of their Anal and Abdominaldrüsen. Opposite same sex kind comrades they defend their district borders,the territory of a male can overlap itself however with that of several females. The district size is very variable, those of the males is however always larger than those of the females. Also seasonal differences can be observed, then the territories are over smaller to zo 50% in the winteras in the summer.

food

Baummarder are Allesfresser, prefer however small mammals (for example Wühlmäuse and squirrels) as well as birds and their eggs. In addition, they take reptiles, frogs, snails, insects and carrion to itself. Fruits, berries and Nüssecan in particular in the late summer and autumn a part of their food constitute. Its booty it kills by a bite in the necks, in the late summer and autumn puts on it also food supplies for the cold season.

reproduction

the mating takes place in the high summer, but thoseCarrying time is usually so far pushed by a delay of the germ development outside that the boys come only in April to the world. Their development resembles the Steinmarder: Young Baummarder is about 10 centimeters long with the birth. Three boy mostly are in the throw. Itremain long eight weeks in the nest, before they begin to around-climb. With 12 to 16 weeks they are independent, however sometimes still remain up to next spring in the proximity of the nut/mother. In the second Lebensjahr, with approximately 14 months, they become sex ripe, however often plant themselvesonly in the third Lebensjahr the first time away. Baummarder can become old up to sixteen years, die however in free game course mostly the tenth Lebensjahr ago.

humans and Baummarder

the designation „Edelmarder “therefore come that his fur was in former times by far more in demand thanthat of the Steinmarders. By the fur hunt the kind became regionally rarely, due to its relatively large circulation area does not rank it however yet among the threatened kinds.

 

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