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Coordinates: 49° 26 ′ N, 2° 5 ′ O 49° 26 ′ N, 2° 5 ′ O
|height:||XXX m and. NN|
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Beauvais is the capital of the Département Oise. The number of inhabitants amounted to 1999 57.355; with the suburbs 59,003 inhabitants were counted. The dye results in 100,733 inhabitants.
Table of contents
Beauvais is because of the foot of a wooded hill landscape at the left bank of the Thérain at the confluence with the Avelon. Old digging are in the meantime destroyed.
Beauvais carried the name Caesaromagnus at times of the Roman realm. The today's name comes from the gallischen trunk of the Beilovaci (Bellovaken), whose master seat was to be found here. In 9. Century n. Chr. became Beauvais the county Beauvais, which fell around 1013 to the diocese Beauvais.
With the battle against the duke of Burgund 1472 the city became by the heroful defense under the guidance of the Jeanne hook-rushes well-known, those this very day in each case to 14. October (the celebration sank Angadrème) is thought.
culture and objects of interest
Cathédrale Saint Pierre
the cathedral of pc. Pierre, one of the most important buildings of the gothic, consists of a transverse ship and a choir with Apsis as well as seven Apsidenkapellen. The columns on the inside rise into 30 meters height, the choir are with 48.50 meters the highest the gothical world.
The small earlyRoman church from that 10. Century, when Oeuvre admits to bass, is from two received karolingischen churches of France. The drawing up gothic let bishop Milan a cathedral new building arrange 1225. 1247 began the construction work, but in the year 1284 parts of the choir collapsed. Only after a half century the choir was developed again, the structure was strengthened by additional columns. Subsequently, the construction work was stopped.
Only in 16. Century, from 1500 to 1548, was built the transverse ship. 1573 collapsed the central - probably much too largely planned - tower in itself. A main ship was never established. At this time the gothic was no longer modern, also no money was more present.
Those façades (fronts) in the south show the rich ornamental art gothical architecture. The carved gates both in the north and in the south are masterpieces of the gothic and the Renaissance. The church possesses an astronomical clock from the year 1868 and wall carpets 15. and 17. Century. The largest architectural treasure are however the colored Bleiglasfenster from that 13. , 14. and 16. Century, the most beautiful Le Prince from the Renaissance artist edge of close, which was born in Beauvais, come of. Also the disks in the church of pc. Etienne, which likewise lie in the city, come from it and show the change of style between Roman and gothical style.
other objects of interest
on the Place de l'Hôtel de Ville and in the old lanes in the proximity of the cathedral are still numerous houses from that 12. up to 16. Century receive. The hotel de ville, where also the statue of the Jeanne hook-rushes to be found is, was established 1752.
The episkopale palace, today a court, became in 16. Century establishes, partly on attachments from the gallisch Roman time.
because of a Manufaktur
for wall carpets from the year 1664 was, exists today an extensive trade with grain and wine admits economics and infrastructure during Beauvais.
The city is bishop seat. The section administration and a court of first instance are here settled.