Beda Venerabilis

Beda Venerabilis in a medieval manuscript

Beda Venerabilis (dt. Beda the venerable one, English. the Venerable Bede) (* around 673 with Wearmouth in Northumbria; † 26. May 735 monastery Jarrow) was an English Benediktinermönch, Theologian and historical writer.

The anglo-saxon Beda was born around 673 with Wearmouth in Northumbria in the today's Sunderland , County Durham. He came already with seven years into the monastery pc. Peter and Paul in Wearmouth. There it became of Benedict until copilot and of Ceolfrid educated and trained. It became with 19 years dia. cone and with 30 years priests. It moved 686 in the northumbrische monastery Jarrow with Newcastle upon Tyne, where it spent its further life. There workedit as a teacher, was characterised by its extensive literary activity as a representative of the northumbrischen Renaissance and became one of the most important scholars of the early Middle Ages.

In its historical representations it appears affected by Dionysius Exiguus. Its Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (translated of Alfred the large one into the anglo-saxon), the “church history of the English people” from the year 731 counts due to its neutral source evaluation as well as by the time calculation introduced by Beda after Inkarnationsjahren (D. h. historical events becomewith years after Christi birth links) to the relevant works of the historiography of the evening country. The work treats the history of England of conquest by Cäsar in the year 731; it is concerned and. A. with the anglo-saxon mainland mission Friesen and (old) Saxonia; Beda mentioned also the Frankish partial trunk of the Boruktuarier between Ruhr and lip, it mentions the mission acres Willibrord and Suitbert and thinks of the establishment of monastery Suitberts in Kaiserswerth.

Principal interest of that time was the computation of the mobile Easter, in order to date it obligatorily on all countries and at the same time. Beda defended the 532-jährigen, alexandrinisch Roman Osterzyklus in its writings over the time (De temporibus, De temporum ratione) against east calculating practice practiced in Ireland and England(Easter controversy, Ostersonntag, Osterdatum). Likewise Beda from Biblical defaults computed the date of the Erschaffung of the world: he came on the 18. March 3952 v. Chr. The time calculation created by Beda (and Dionysius Exiguus ) is until todayrelevant.

Further works of the Beda Venerabilis cover the natural sciences: the Kosmographie De natura rerum, the Hagiographie: the Vita (et miracula) Cuthberti and the Martyrologium Bedae, the historiography: a biography over the abbotts of Wearmouth, the Patristik, as well as the Exegese (comment on the Jakobusbrief). Also poems Bedas are received, old-English works like the “dead song “are the scholar to have written likewise. The admiration Bedas in the early Middle Ages was large particularly. This concerned above all itsEffect as” researchers of the holy writing “, as Komputist and as teachers.

Pope Leo XIII. appointed Beda in the year 1899 the Doctor ecclesiae. The mortal remnants Beda Venerabilis' rest in the Galiläi chapel of the Durham Cathedral in Durham.

writings

text books for the school use:

'' De arte metrica''
'' De schematibus et tropis sacrae scripturae''
'' De orthographia''

theological work:

'' In Apocalypsin''
'' in Acta''
'' in Genesim''
comment on the Jakobusbrief

Hagiografien:

'' Vita sancti Cudbercti''
papers to the chronology:
'' De temporibus''
'' Detemporum ratione''

old English literature:

So-called one. Dead song of the Beda (?)

Expenditures from that 19. Century:

  • various works, Giles, London, 1843-44, 12 Bde.
  • various works, Migne, Paris, 1858, 6 Bde.
  • Historia ecclesiastica, Molesley, London, 1869
  • Historia ecclesiastica, Holder, Freiburg, 1882
  • third and fourth book, Mayor and Lumby, London, 1878
  • German translation, wild one, work living, 1860

literature

  • W. Becker among other things: Article Beda, in: Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages, Bd. 1, frame. 1774-1779
  • Henry Royston Loyn/Knut sheep earth International Electronical Commission: Kind. Beda Venerabilis, in: Theological material encyclopedia 5 (1980), 397-402
  • Gehle, De Bedae Venerabilis vita et scriptis, suffering, 1838
  • WRIGHTs, Biographia britannica litteraria. Saxon by iodine, Oxford, 1842
  • Werner, Beda the venerable one, Vienna, 1875
  • Mommsen, Theodor, the Pope lettersBeda, in: New archives of the society for older German historical customer 17, 1892, S. 387-396
  • Dresen, Arnold, Beda Venerabilis and the oldest name of Kaiserswerth, in: Düsseldorfer yearbook 28, 1916, S. 211-218
  • Beda Venerabilis, Bedae opera de temporibus,Hg. v. C. W. Jones, Cambridge (measure.), 1943
  • Beda the venerable one, church history of the English people, 2 parts, Hg. v. Günther pointed beard in: Texts for research 34, Darmstadt, 1982
  • Beda Venerabilis, in epistulam Iacobi expositio. Comment on the Jakobusbrief. Latin-German,over. v. Matthias Karsten, (hair dryer width unit Christiani, Bd.40), Freiburg i. Break, 2000

Web on the left of

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