Beerscheba

the city Beerscheba (Hebrew בארשבע ′ it Schéwa, translates “well that filters” or “wells of the oath”; Arab: بئرالسبع Bi ′ r as-Sabaʿ) lies in southern Israel; it is one of the largest cities of the country. By the transmission of the name from the Hebrew one a multiplicity of further postings seems, for example to Beerscheva, Beer Sheva and Be'erscheba.

Table of contents

general ones instructions

Beerscheba is considered as “capital of the desert Negev “at their edge it lies. Long time was the city the fourth largest city of Israel after Jerusalem, Tel Aviv and Haifa; in the meantime it dropped back however with 184.800 inhabitants (2005) behind Rischon leTzion and Aschdod. To notice it applies that the total population lies in fact over up to 20.000 inhabitants more highly. Many students of the four academic institutes lain in the city are officially not registered as Beerschebaiten. Beerscheba is considered nevertheless as the “fourth metropolis of Israel” after Tel Aviv, Jerusalem and Haifa. The relative separatingness of the city of the national center makes it an extremely important regional point of attraction.

Since 2001 are officially defined a Metropolitenregion around Beerscheba. There 521,100 inhabitants with an annual growth ratio of 1.8% lived end of 2004 in 125 localities. In the internal settlement ring the sowing elite cities Omer , Tel Scheba, Lehawim , Rahat , Ofakim , Segev Schalom and Meitar lie. In the middle and outside ring the localities Arad , Sderot , Netiwot , Mizpe Ramon, Jerocham , Laqiye , Kseife , Hura , Ar'ara Banegev and Dimona lie.

By its situation in the northern Negev Beerscheba has a hot and very dry climate; Rain falls only sporadically, on the average approx. 220 millimeters annually only in the winter rain period.

since

1969 on that east the city which was appropriate “Tell Beerscheba “human settlement traces were found to history with excavations from the fourth pre-Christian millenium. UNESCO explained this Tell in the year 2005 as the world cultural heritage. In the Bible Beerscheba is mentioned several times in connection with the Patriarchen Abraham and Isaak. In the 1. Book Mose is described, like Abraham a federation with Abimelech closes and thus a well dug by it unimpaired to use knows (chapters. 21, 22ff.). After the representation later the south border Israeli tables of the settlement area with Beerscheba (book of the judges 20.1) was appropriate for the Bible.

Excavations on the Tell resulted in that starting from 1100 v.Chr. strongly fastened Israeli tables a city existed. Even in later centuries the city was settled. The Makkabäer, which Romans and Byzantiner had here troops stationed.

After Arab conquest in 7. Century purged the city. Only measures of the Turks led in 20. Century to a new bloom. In the year 1900 first an administrative centre for the Beduinen of the desert was furnished, few years later developed under German participation the today's old part of town with right-angled road courses. 1915 were attached Beerscheba to the Eisenbahnnetz, in order to supply the stationed troops. Nevertheless the British under general Edmund Allenby could conquer the city in October 1917.

With Arab unrests the Jewish population left the city in the year 1929. Only after conquest Beerschebas by Israeli troops in the Israeli war of independence in October 1948 settled again Jews in the city; the city had been at this time already left by the former inhabitants and the Egyptian troops.

list of the mayors

  1. David Tuviahu
  2. Zeev Zrizi
  3. Eliyahu Navi
  4. Moshe Zilberman
  5. Itzhak (Itscho) Rager
  6. David Bunfeld
  7. Yaacov Terner

modern trend city

the today's city is predominantly only few decades old. Differently than many other Israeli development cities it succeeded to Beerscheba to develop to a central place of the region.

The center of the city lies until today in the range of the old part of town, although in the past decades temporarily one tried to create other centers. North large populated areas were established to the old part of town, during particularly in the east larger industrial areas (with enterprises v.a. the ranges ceramic(s), building material and chemistry) were created.

education

Beerscheba has one of the most well-known universities of the country with the 1966 created Ben Gurion university of the Negev (BGU).

The city accommodates further academic institutes:

  • Sami Shamoon college OF engineering
  • Beer Sheva Technological college
  • Kaye Academical college OF Education
  • and a branch of the open University of

health

Soroka hospital

the Soroka hospital lain in the city is of regional importance. It serves the entire south region the country and is a center of the top medicine. Each year there approximately 14,000 children are born, which makes it the birth-richest hospital of Israel. At the same time it is also an university clinic.

In the north of the city there is a large psychiatric hospital.

objects of interest

most important one routistic attraction is a weekly taking place Beduinenmarkt. In the old part of town the Negev museum, in the house of the osmanischen governor, and the famous Abrahamsbrunnen are.

The old part of town was neglected decades long and is only restored in the last years. It represents a singular example of a planned osmanischen city. The municipal authority tries to animate the place with different initiatives again. Different osmanische monuments remained until today. Among them the house of the governor (Negev museum), the mosque, the old station, the school of the Beduinen sheikh children, the course bridge over the Nahal Beerscheba, the Sarayi Regierungspalast (“Serail”; today police posts) as well as several mansions in the ottomanischen style of the turn of the century.

At the border of the old part of town is the British military cemetery of the First World War, in which also Australian and soldiers of New Zealand of the ANZAC - army corps are buried. In honours of the osmanischen war-pleased 1999 a Turkish monument were inaugurated.

The city has several buildings of outstanding modern architecture. Among them the station in the city centre and the station with the University of, the youth cultural center in the old part of town, the new under construction the Beerscheba Sinfonietta, a UFO resembling main building of the Sami Shamoon college OF engineering, concert-resounds itself the pyramid-shaped main synagog, the district court building, the district government building, several buildings of the Ben Gurion university of the Negev, the cultural center of äthiopischer Jews and the Negevbrigademonument.

Outside of the city, however on city, the archaeological excavation of Tell Beerscheba lies. On city there is a multiplicity of further archaeological find cities, which are only partly accessible however.

Beerscheba is crossed in the south by the Nahal Beerscheba, a large Flussbett drained in the drying time. With strong downpours the tides of the watercourse an impressing Naturspektakel offer. The Nahal Beerscheba is bridged by a historical osmanischen course bridge.

traffic

Beerscheba is an important traffic junction in south Israel. The bus station is one the largest in Israel and offers connections with the entire south region, as well as with the remainder of the country.

The city is likewise a course junction. In Beerscheba the lines Lod - Beerscheba, Dimona - gather Beerscheba and Ramat Chovav - Beerscheva. Until 2009 the new building distance Aschkelon - Beerscheba should come. Israel Railways offers hourly railway connections after Tel Aviv, Haifa and Nahariyya . At the end of of 2005 will be also Dimona four times daily for passengers attainable. The railroad line after Lod is extended momentarily on twin-track, as well as extensively straightened. Nowadays the course journey lasts after Tel Aviv approx. 1 h 20 min. After conclusion of the twin-track extension and straightening 2007 the travel time on under 50 min should be shortened.

In the city there are two stations: the bag station Beerscheba center (Beer Sheva Merkaz) lies in the modern city centre, directly beside the bus station. Beerscheba north/University of (Beer Sheva Zafon/Universita) lies in the northeast of the city and is connected by a bridge ( new building 2005) directly with the Ben Gurion university.

Urban penalty by the denationalized society Metrodan Beerscheba are operated and to serve all urban districts.

From the north the city is attainable over a half motorway. Trans Israel motorway will reach in the future Beerscheba. The section between Ramla is momentary and pickles Kama in the building.

In the northwest the Sde Teiman airfield is appropriate for the city. This does not serve commercial inland flights. It is used particularly by private aviation. In the west the important military airport Chazerim lies. The well-known museum of the Israeli Air Force is there resident. In the east, between Beerscheba and Dimona, the large military airport Nevatim lies.

architecture and planning

Beerscheba, as well as the entire south region of Israel, is since modern settling an experimental field of modern architecture and planning. These attempts as partly catastrophic, partly very successfully proved.

To convert to the old part of town planerisch unique in this region (see above), tries the Model of the garden city in the new accomodation. The accomodation was from each other separated and should function autonomously. Due to the wildful conditions no gardens developed, so that one decided later the gaps in the city to fill up and the accomodation consolidate. Those very broad roads reflect the future Wachstumspotenzial and their capacity are partly today still much too large.

The attempt was continued to undertake to adapt the architecture of the new buildings to the desert conditions. Thus kilometer-long considered pedestrian pastes and accomodation with Patiohäusern developed and confine lanes, which should shade guarantee and with the frequent Staubstürmen the dust keep away should.

Beerscheva accommodates also a great many examples of the modernism of the coinage Le Corbusiers. At all the city is a prime example of the disputed Sichtbetons.

Furthermore the region is hierarchically planned around Beerscheva, according to the different principles of the positivistic economic geography, which divides the area in accordance with the central places.

Beduinischen satellite cities the unique example of the transformation from Nomaden and Halbnomaden last is to established ones, with which different new settlement forms, more or less successfully, were created.

to curiosities

the city is considered as chess - Mekka. It is world-wide the city with most chess large masters by capita. In October 2005 the chess crew world championship of the FIDE was accomplished in Beerscheba.

economics

  • chemical industry
  • processing industry
  • mechanical engineering
  • trade
  • call circuit center
  • administrative centre
  • academic research and development
  • education
  • the tourism plays only a subordinated role; the congress tourism is because of the university of importance

sons and daughters of the city

partnerships between cities

Beerscheba has with Wuppertal since 1977 a partnership between cities. It is the oldest partnership between a German and an Israeli large city. Continue to exist partnerships between cities with:

Web on the left of


coordinates: 31° 14 ' N 34° 47 ' O

 

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