Benin

of the titles of this article is ambiguous. For further meanings see Benin (term clarifying).
République you Bénin
Republic of Benin
Flagge Benins
Wappen Benins
(detail) (detail)

Wahlspruch: Fraternité, Justice, Travail
(franz. for „fraternity, justice, work “)

office language French
capital Postage Novo
seat of the government Cotonou
system of government Republic of
president Yayi Boni
surface 112,622 km ²
number of inhabitants 7.250.033 (conditions July 2004)
population density of 64.4 inhabitants per km ²
gros domestic product/inhabitant 495 US-$ (2004)
independence from France at the 1. August 1960
currency CFA franc
time belt UTC +1
national anthem L'Aube Nouvelle
Kfz characteristic BJ
Internet TLD .bj
preselection + 229
Lage von Benin in Afrika
Karte Benins

Benin (frz.: Bénin [beˈnin]) is a state in Africa. Benin borders on Nigeria, the Niger, Burkina Faso, Togo and in the south on the gulfof Guinea, more exactly the bay of Benin. Until 1975 the country Dahomey , after the historical Kingdom of Dahomey , was called that up to conquest by the Frenchmen end 19. Century for instance the southern part of the modern stateand the neighbour state Togo covered. Then it was renamed in Benin - the name refers to of 13. up to 19. Century existing Black African Kingdom of Benin, however mostly Nigeria today's in the area lay.

National holiday is the 1. August.

Table of contents

geography

layer

the geographical location is between 6° 25 ' and 12° 30 ' northern latitude as well as 0° 45 ' and 4° of eastern length.

Expansion: North south 650km, west east 320 km

the national borders amount to entirely 1,989 km, to Burkina Faso 306 km, to the Niger 266 km, to Nigeria 773 km and to Togo 644 km.

The length of the coast is 121 km.

Landscape

behind the lagoons of the coast rises the country to a fruitful, intensively agriculturally used level, to which itself - when continuation of the Togo mountains - which Atakora mountains attach. The northeast level lowers itself for the valley the Niger - of the river.

The highest mountain is the Mont Tanekas in the Atakora chain with a height of 641 m and. NN. The national surface amounts to 112,622 km ² (world rank 100), of it 30% forest, 12% field, 4% meadows and pastures.

Work on []

Vegetation

the prevailing type of vegetation of Benin is the savannah. Benin has portion of two vegetation zones, the Sudan zone and the Guinea zone and lies in an almost forest-free passage between the upper-Guinean and Congolese rain forests, Dahomey Gap. In addition it givesDrying forests like the Forêt de la Lama in the center of Benin and the very impressive sump forest of Lokoli. The Flora Benin covers approximately 3000 kinds.

cities

the largest cities are (conditions 1. January 2005): Cotonou of 690,584 inhabitants, Abomey Calavi 385,755 inhabitants, postage Novo of 234,168 inhabitants, Parakou of 163,753 inhabitants, Djougou of 85,519 inhabitants, Bohicon of 82,901 inhabitants and Natitingou of 80,892 inhabitants.

population

2004 was determined the population on 7.250.000 inhabitants, about whatthe majority in the agricultural coastal region and in approx. 200 km in the interior handing area lie. Tendency rising (1998 5.700.000 inhabitants)

ethnical groups

gives in Benin over 60 language's groups. About 60% of the total population belong to the language's groupthe Ewe on, of it 45% the speaker the hair dryer (people), 16% are Bariba, 9% speaker of Atakora languages (pejorativ Somba called) and 7% Yoruba.

During the last census in the year 2002 one counted 141,595 foreigners. The majority ofthem originates from other westAfrican countries. The largest groups of immigrants come made of the Niger (49,300 persons; 34.8% all foreigner), Togo (31 ' 306; 22.1%), Nigeria (29.018; 20.5%) and Burkina Faso (6.472; 4,6). From the 3,708 persons, who citizen of an African state was not, came1.169 from France. The Arbeitsmigranten is with exception of the citizens of Togo men to a large extent.

language

beside French still to the 90 African languages and dialects, above all those are spoken the Kwa group (e.g. Hair dryer, Adja, Gun, Yoruba, Mina, Bariba, Dendi, Hausa, Fulani, Aizo, Pedah among other things).

to religion

during the census 2002 indicated only 23.3% the inhabitant shank nature religions as their religion. Officially 17.3% admitted themselvesto the Voodoo - cult. But might many of the 6.5% of the population, who belong to no confession and some Christians and Muslims likewise exercise this religion. Centers of the cult are the sections Atlantique, Couffo, mono and Zou. The section Atakorais a further center of the traditional religions.

Largest religion is now the Christianity with a population portion of 42,8%. Among them 27.1% are catholic, 5.0% trailer of the Eglise de Céleste and 3.2% Methodist as largest single communities. The catholics place onlyin the section suffer-orally the absolute majority, however Alibori and Couffo are everywhere strongly represented with exception of the sections. The trailers of the Eglise de Céleste are particularly in the sections Ouémé, Atlantique, to find Zou and plateau. ThoseCenters of the Methodists are the sections Collines, Ouémé and plateau. Further larger Christian communities are the Assemblées de Dieu (Pfingstbewegung), the Neuapostoli church, the Nigerian Apostoli church, the witnesses Jehovas and the Baptisten.

The Islamadd themselves meanwhile 24.4% the inhabitant. To them belong from the larger peoples almost all Dendi and Fulbe and a majority under the Ditamari (minority of Christians) and about half of the Yoruba (45% Christian). The Islam is inthe sections Alibori, Borgou and Donga the religion of the majority of the population and has also in the Departementen Atakora, Collines, suffer-orally, Ouémé and plateau numerous trailers. A substantial part of the immigrants from west Africa (Burkina Faso, Mali, the Niger,Nigeria and Senegal) belong to it.

history

politics

the national assembly of Benin has 83Delegate and is selected every four years. Presidency elections take place every five years. Benin has a multiple party system.

administrative arrangement

the state is divided into twelve sections:

Name capital
Alibori Kandi *
Atakora Natitingou
Atlantique Ouidah *
Borgou Parakou
Collines Savalou *
Couffo Dogbo Tota *
Donga Djougou *
Cotonou mono
Lokossa Ouémé
postage Novo plateau
Sakété * Zou
Abomey

the capitals marked by one * became suffer oral after the reorganisation of the sections 1999 not yet officially capitalsappointed, however all capital functions notice.

The sections are divided into 77 municipalities, which are divided into urban districts finally again into Arrondissements and into villages or.

economics

of Benin economic possibilities were used so far only insufficiently. Due tothe high foreign debt is not Benin able to participate in the larger international development assistance projects which require a certain self-participation.

agriculture

basis of the economy is the agriculture, on which nearly 90% depend directly or indirectly. Predominantlycorn, millet, Maniok, Yamswurzel, sweet potatoes and leguminous plants are cultivated. Still the traditional chopping farmer culture prevails forwards.

The cattle breeding has essentially a status character, the cattle not for economic purposes is held.

base data

the BSPper inhabitant 2001 380$ amounted to. The agriculture has 36%, industry 14% and services 50% portion of it.

The foreign debt amounted to in the year 2001 1.665 billion US-$. Are imported above all industrial goods, food and fuels (altogether approx. 280 billion CFA).Above all building wool is exported (altogether approx. 81,7 billion CFA).

between 1992 and 2000 the portion

of the public expenditures for the health service was to public expenditures for health, education

culture

to 9. April 2005 celebrated in the stadium of Natitingou in the province Atakora in the northwest of Benin in presence of the German minister for development and co-operation Heidemarie Wieczorek Zeul Benin as the first African state publicly andofficially the end of cutting of young girls.

2003 had been already forbidden the female genital mutilating in Benin. In the celebration you did not present partial archaisches tool, that to few victims the life cost and innumerable one lifelong over 200 former cutting guttersSuffer had brought in.


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coordinates: 8° 50 ' N, 2° 11 ' O

 

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