Benjamin Britten

Edward Benjamin Britten and/or. Lord Britten OF Aldeburgh (* 22. November 1913 in Lowestoft, † 4. December 1976 in Aldeburgh) was an important English composer, conductor and a pianist.

Table of contents

church parabolas) to 2,6

chamber music of 2,7 works

without Opuszahl (usually early works) its first compositions. While the school time becameit in this area, as well as in the piano and viola play informs. Subsequently, it studied piano and composition at the Royal college OF music in London, which it left 1933.

Short time began Brittens acquaintance later with the poet W. H. Auden, that it not onlypersonally, but also artistically affected. Some texts Audens were toned by it (z. B.Our Hunting Fathers, OI. 8 and on this Iceland, OI. 11).

1939 left the avowed Pazifist Britten Europe and went into the USA. Still before end of the warit however 1942 returned to Great Britain.

Became Britten admits Peter Grimes far away by its opera, with whom the Sadler's Wells Opera company opened its theatre after the Second World War again (premiere 7. June 1945). 1948 developed the Kantate Saint Nicolas,which describes a living and a working bishop Nikolaus von Myra. In December 1961 it completed that was Requiem, which is ranked since then among the most important choir works (premiere: 30. May 1962, Coventry).

Its compositions cover orchestra and chamber music, above all however vowel music (operas,Songs, compositions for choir). Among its most important works, horn and strike ago as well as the operas Peter Grimes and A avoiding buzzer Night's Dream rank the serenade for tenor.

Some its works are based on British Volksliedern, and they were, just like many portions of its operas, for the performance by its life companion meant, the tenor Peter Pears.

Britten was also an extraordinary conductor and pianist. As a pianist it appeared frequently as a song companion. Since numerous Schallplattenaufnahmen of own and strange works appeared to the fifties. For some years makesthe BBC from their archives of live-with cuts with it again accessible.

1948 created Britten the festival in Aldeburgh, its domicile at that time, which exists until today (2005). 1967 were built a music center („The Maltings “) in Snape, close Aldeburgh, in which the festival takes place since that time.

Beside many differentBritten received honors the order OF Merit - as a third English composer after Edward Elgar and Ralph Vaughan Williams. Britten frightened not before modern techniques back, saw themselves however in a large musical tradition, itself not least in its admiration for Henry Purcell expressed. With one of its most well-known works, the Young person Guide ton the Orchestra, he fell back to a topic Purcells.

To 2. July 1976 became Britten by award of the title baron Britten OF Aldeburgh into the County OF Suffolk into the nobilityon lifetime (would run Peerage) raised.

works

of works for and with orchestra

  • Sinfonietta for chamber orchestra (1932)
  • simple Symphony for caper orchestras (1934)
  • variation on A Theme OF franc Bridge for caper orchestras (1937)
  • concert for pianoand orchestras (1938, revise 1945)
  • concert for violin and orchestra (1939, revise 1958)
  • Young Apollo for piano and caper orchestra (1939)
  • Sinfonia there Requiem for orchestras (1940)
  • various ion for piano (left hand) and orchestra (1940, revise 1954)
  • Prelude and Fugue for 18 stringers (1943)
  • Four SeaInterludes and Passacaglia from Peter Grimes for orchestras (1945)
  • The Young Person's Guide ton the Orchestra (1946) after a topic of Henry Purcell
  • Symphonic Suite from Gloriana (1954)
  • cello symphony (1963)
  • Suite over English Volkslieder “A Time There which” for chamber orchestras (1966/1974)
  • Phaedra for Mezzosopran, caper orchestras, Percussion, cello and Cembalo (Robert Lowell after Racines Phèdre, 1975)
  • Praise incoming goods great men for soloists, choir and orchestra (Edith Sitwell) (1976, finished of Colin Matthews 1985)

choir works with orchestra

  • The company OF Heaven for soloists, choir andOrchestras (1937)
  • Saint Nicolas for soloists, choir and orchestra (1948)
  • jump Symphony for soloists, choir and orchestra (1949)
  • was Requiem (1961)
  • Cantata misericordium for soloists, small choir, caper quartet, caper orchestra, piano, harp and kettle drums (1963)

vowel music

  • Our Hunting Fathers, Text of Auden, OI. 8 (1936)
  • on this Iceland, text of Auden, OI. 11 (1937)
  • Les Illuminations on texts of Rimbaud, OI. 18 (1939)
  • Seven Sonnets OF Michelangelo, OI. 22 (1940)
  • A Ceremony OF Carols (1942)
  • serenade for tenor, hornand strike ago (1943)
  • The Holy Sonnets OF John Donne, OI. 35 (1945)
  • winters Words, song cycle on texts of Th. Hardy, OI. to 52 (1953)
  • Noye's Fludde (1958)
  • NOC-do gymnastics, OI. 60 (1958)
  • six Hölderlin fragments, OI. 61 (1958)
  • Songs andPro verb OF William Blake, OI. 75 (1965)
  • Who of acres thesis Children, song cycle on texts of W. Soutar, OI. 84 (1969)
  • five Canticles (versch. Times of origin and occupations)

operas

Church Parables (church parabolas)

chamber music

  • Lachrymae, Reflections on A song OF Dowland, op.48 for Viola and Piano (1950)
  • six metamorphosis after Ovid for oboe solo one, OI. 49 (1951)
  • fanfare for sp Edmundsbury (1959), short antiphonisches and polytonales piece for three trumpets
  • Nocturnal after John Dowland (1963) for classical guitar
  • cello Suiten No. 1 G major (OI. 72; 1964), No. 2 D major (OI. 80; 1967) and No. 3 (OI. 87; 1971)
  • Three caper quartets, opp. 25, 36, 94

works without Opuszahl (usually early works)

  • music for thatDocumentary film Night Mail (1936), text of W. H. Auden
  • three Divertimenti for caper quartet (1936)


literature

  • Carpenter, Humphrey: Benjamin Britten. A Biography. London, 1992

Web on the left of

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Wikiquote: Benjamin Britten - quotations


 

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