Until 1920 Charlottenburg an independent large city was western old Berlin. During the incorporation 1920 to large Berlin were formed from it the independent district Charlottenburg, which fused with the administrative reform 2001 with the former district Wilmersdorf. The former district Charlottenburg covered the cities of the today's local parts westends, Charlottenburg north and the named-giving Charlottenburg.
Charlottenburg celebratedin the year 2005 its 300-jähriges existence.
Table of contents
in Charlottenburg 6 Web on the left of [work on] Geografie the Spree in the angle formed by both rivers. Only the local part Charlottenburg north lies north the Spree.
The eastern part of Charlottenburgs lies inWarsaw citizen of Berlin Urstromtal, while large parts of the Charlottenburger of the west are been beyond the ring course on the high surface of the Teltow.
Middle Ages three
settlements are proven to history [work on] on Charlottenburger reason: thoseYards Lietzow, Casow and a settlement named Glienicke. Although all three names of slawischen origin are, is to be proceeded for this time from a mixed slawisch German settling.
Lietzow (also Lietze, Lutze, Lutzen, Lützow, Lusze, Lütze and Lucene mentioned) is mentioned documentary first 1239. It is in the range that today alto Lietzow road mentioned at the back of the city hall Charlottenburg, Casow lay opposite on the other Spreeseite. 1315 becomes Lietzow and Casow the nun monastery pc.Marien in Spandau awarded. The large yard Lietzow is possibly extended to a village. In the course of the reformation the nun monastery is closed. While the range was settled from Lietzow to the today's day continuous, Casow became, just as thosethird settlement Glienicke, sometime given up. Due to old Flurnamen one assumes Glienicke convenient in today by Kant route, pheasant road, cure prince dam and UHL and road enclosed area, at a lake landed today, the Gliniker Lake.
The development Lietzows documented well. Over 400 yearsthe family Berendt held the Dorfschulzenamt and had as reconciliation for this activity smaller deliveries out to carry. Lietzow was church along-supplied by the Wilmersdorfer minister, that via the priest way, today the axle Leibnizstrasse, Konstanzer road, Brandenburgi road, between Wilmersdorf and Lietzowoscillated.
in the year 1695 received Sophie Charlotte Lietzow and the Vorwerk resting life from her man cure prince Friedrich III. from Brandenburg conveyed, in the exchange against its more remote goods in Caputh and long-wipe. There leftit the summer lock Lützenburg establish, which was finished 1699. After the coronation/culmination 1701 to the king Friedrich I. in Prussia Sophie Charlotte let the small lock extend to a representative plant. Briefly after death Sophie Charlottes received opposite to settlementthe lock Lützenburg to 5. April 1705 of Friedrich I. the names Charlottenburg and at the same time the municipal law. The lock Lützenburg was likewise renamed in lock Charlottenburg. Until 1720 the king was a mayor of the city at the same time. In the year became alsothe village Lietzow after Charlottenburg in in common December.
Friedrichs successor Friedrich William I., lock admits as a soldier king, was only rarely in the Charlottenburger, which affected the development of the still very small Residenzstadt negatively. He tried even -unsuccessfully - to extract from Charlottenburg the municipal law again. Only with the accession of its successor Friedrichs of the large one 1740, which held yard celebrations in the lock at least regularly, also the city Charlottenburg moved more in the footlights. In the course of its reign it preferredhowever the partial lock Sanssouci close potsdam than summer seat, planned by it. As however after its death in the year 1786 its nephew Friedrich William II. the lock Charlottenburg took over, became the Regierungsgeschäfte its preferential domicile. Already 1769 hadFriedrich William of its loving and perhaps only familiar Wilhelmine Enke, the later countess of Lichtenau, a palace with pertinent park in the triangle given between citizens of Berlin road ( today petrol Suhr avenue), Spreestrasse (today winter stone route) and the Spree. The area closeddirectly to the lock park on. Also its son and successor Friedrich William III. erkor the lock Charlottenburg to its favourite domicile.
After the defeat of Prussia in the battle with Jena and Auerstedt 1806 Charlottenburg became for two years of the Frenchmenoccupied.Napoleon resided even in the lock Charlottenburg during its troops a large army camp beyond the today's ring course within the range of the queen Elizabeth road established.
the development Charlottenburgs did not only promote summer-resort the personal preferences of the regents in the outgoing 18. Century. The small city established on little fruitful reason was discovered also as local recreation area of the rising city Berlin. After into the 1770er years the first correct hotel in the citizens of Berlin road (petrol Suhr avenue) was opened, many further restaurants followedand beer gardens, which were well frequented particularly on weekend.
Up to the beginning 20. Century remained Charlottenburg trip area and summer-resort for the citizens of Berlin. Who did not come with the ship over the Spree driven, itself gate could after of the breaking citizenCharlottenburg and back to drive leave: first with gate car so mentioned, little comfortable and irregularly operating open companion, starting from 1865 also with the horse route course. West Charlottenburgs 1866 the Villenkolonie westend based. The area of the palace of the countess Lichtenaureal estate speculator Carstenn acquired 1869 of the light fields, in order to establish there a large sized entertainment place with palm house, the Flora. The Flora existed only short time. After the failure it was blown up 1904 and the area with residential zone was cultivated.
Civil large city
increasing attractiveness attracted more and more wealthy citizens of Berlin citizens, who preferably settled at the representative connecting road between the lock and Berlin. Thus for instance Werner von Siemens left itself 1862 to the citizens of BerlinRoad (today petrol Suhr avenue) near the knee a mansion establish. Also important industrial companies established themselves such as Siemens and Schering into the 1870er years in the northeast Charlottenburgs. With it a rapid growth of the city began.
The city Charlottenburg reached the 1. January 1877 from the circle Teltow separated and to the independent urban area raised. The today's technical university became 1878 - 84 as technical university builds. In the year 1893 Charlottenburg had for the first time more than 100,000 inhabitants and became thus the large city and at the same timebeside Berlin to the largest city in the province Brandenburg. Thus the old city hall with its smallurban cut had become much too small. The representative city hall new building with stately , 89 m the high tower, that, finished to the 200-Jahr-Feier 1905, the domethe lock clearly towered above self-confident its witnesses of grown civil. During the census 1910 already 306,000 inhabitants lived in Charlottenburg. In the years 1911 - 12 the German opera house in the Bismarck route was established. By the 1920 discharged large Berlin law becameCharlottenburg at the 1. October 1920 as 7. Urban district into again-created large Berlin integrated.
quarter of Berlin
around the mass unemployment developing after the First World War to meet, Vorkriegsplanungen of the Charlottenburger of director of city garden Erwin Barth were again taken up and the Lietzenseeparkas well as the young remote heath park as large people park put on.
The rapidly developing automobile industry had interest in one only for cars certified test track. For this purpose the AVUS (traffic and exercise road) between Charlottenburg and Nikolassee was put on. The building became 1913 begun, however only after the war 1921 finished.
Already 1905 - 07 was established at the zoo exhibition halls, which could serve however their purpose never so quite. In particular the automobile industry needed roomier resounding. For it 1914 became motor show-resounds toNorth end of the AVUS establishes. To the traffic route the station joke life at the ring railroad line was inserted and opened 1916. The first exhibitions found war-caused in motor show-resound only 1919 instead of. Thus the beginning for the today's fairground was made. Soon those was enougha large exhibition hall no longer out. Thus 1924 second motor show-resounds established on the area of the today's bus station. Built for the rapidly developing radio industry a third exhibition hall south the new motor show-resounds completely from wood, around the radio receptionto disturb not. At the same time with the building citizen of Berlin of the radio tower was begun, which was finished 1927. The wooden radio-resounds burned down 1935 , whereby also the radio tower was heavily damaged.
the third realm
first stood the adjustment for thatalready 1929 at Berlin of assigned olympic summer games 1936 in the foreground. The development today of the German stadium convenient planned first on Charlottenburger reason was stopped by Adolf Hitler in favor of a new building at the same place, of that larger representative and propagandistic effectsto expect were. The order was assigned the son Werner March of the architect of the German stadium Otto March. The outside appearance of the again built olympia stadium was affected however by Hitler personally and his building master Albert Speer strongly.Numerous further plants were built in this connection: when first Germany-resounds the 1935 finished, in which the olympic box matches found instead of; then the olympia areas forest stage lain specified on that at that time realm athletic ground (at that time designated after Hitler's paternal model Dietrich kind of hitting a corner),as well as the bell tower with Langemarckhalle and the adjacent marching-up place May field.
After the olympic plays Hitler's plans began to accept about 1937 for the development of Berlin to the world capital Germania shape. Berlin should thereby of two impressive axles in north south and east west direction pulled throughbecome. The western axle cut through Charlottenburger area of the zoo coming over the today's road 17. June, seriousness Reuter Place (Berlin), Bismarck route, emperor dam, Theodor Heuss place, army route up to the impact sea-bridge. There the western part along the army route still to a large extent vacant forest areawas, the area offered itself all around for further representative plants. A clinical center was between westends and olympia area planned, south the army route the military engineering faculty, over whose carcass today the devil mountain up-poured made of rubble debris of the Second World War lies, as well as oneUniversity city between olympia areas and Havel on both sides the army route. The station army route should again be established as representative Empfangsbahnhof for state guests. The Theodor Heuss place should be converted in this connection to a representative splendor place, with a Mussolinidenkmal in the center. Except tooBeginning of war finished carcass of the military engineering faculty the projects came only in beginnings beyond the planning phase.
town center west
after the Second World War was particularly the eastern part of Charlottenburgs strongly destroyed by bomb attacks. The ruin of the emperor William memory church, against initial planning, not again one developed, but until today as ruin left. Berlin was divided into four sectors and slammed shut by winner powers of the Second World War Charlottenburg the British sector. By soon the drawing east west confrontations developed soonthe area around the station zoo, broad separating place and cure prince dam for the new center of West Berlin, since the historical center was in the Soviet sector. Thus one tied to old traditions from the Weimar Republic .
Starting from center of the 50'sone used the plentifully existing building gaps for the building of multistoried buildings, first over the again arranged and in seriousness Reuter place renamed knees around.
To 2. June 1967 became with a demonstration against the Schah of Persia a student Benno Ohnesorg close of the German opera without recognizable reason of the policeman cure-race shot (that for it was never condemned), which a trip for hot phase of the 68er-Bewegung was. To Stuttgart place settled the municipality 1 and tested there new ways of life. Those Boulevard press pursued with abhorrence and made it for months the daily discussion.
In the 70's the new construction activity died down and one set more on the reorganization and preservation of existing residential districts, whereby the backyard land development typical for Berlin in favor of a higher living qualityone expenditure-cleared. The best example is the quarter to a large extent undestroyed in the Second World War around the Klausenerplatz. At the wet triangle between lock road and emperor Friedrich road the residential zone had to be torn off however very at short notice with the building of the underground line 7. In the boom of construction activity thatOne had not noted turn of the century that the building ground within the range of a landed lake was unsuitable and the statics of the houses were endangered due to substantial ground-water lowerings.
As townscape determining large's buildings developed however still the today's RBB Fernsehzentrum at the Theodor Heuss place and thatfuturistic international Congress Centrum (ICC) at the citizen of Berlin radio tower.
objects of interest
- lock Charlottenburg with palace garden, Belvedere, Schinkel pavilion, Orangerie and Mausoleum
- collection mountain-green in the western Stülerbau at the lock road
- Bröhan museum for art nouveau, kind Deco and functionalism
- Luisenkirche of Karl Friedrich Schinkel on the Gierkeplatz
- city hall Charlottenburg
- radio tower
- fairground and ICC Berlin
- German opera Berlin
- theatre of the west
- Schiller theatre
- citizen of Berlin olympia stadium and the olympia area
- broad separating place with memory church, European center and Wasserklops
the station zoo-logical garden (Station zoo) was for West Berlin long decades, like the airports Tegel and Tempelhof, a symbol for the important connection with the Federal Republic. Although convenient in the western part of the city, he, like also the rapid-transit railway of West Berlin , became before the case of wall operated from the National Railroad of the GDR.
local situations of Charlottenburg
- 04 district Charlottenburg Wilmersdorf (allocation according to resolution of the BVV of 30. September 2004)
- 0401 Charlottenburg
- joke life
- 0401 Charlottenburg
roads and places in Charlottenburg
- seriousness Reuter place
- cure prince dam (Pointed name: Kudamm)
- Savignyplatz, garden monument at the Kant route with altogether seven road junctions.
- Stuttgart place (pointed name: Stutti)
- Theodor Heuss place (pointed name: Theo)
- Scholzplatz: Place in the west of the city district. There the SFB operates a broadcasting station for UKW and TV, which since 1963the transmitting plants on the citizen of Berlin radio tower replaced. As radio tower a 230 meter high, removed Stahlrohrmast is used.
- Stallupöner avenue with transmitting plant of the SFB for medium wave
Web on the left of
- official Website of the district office Charlottenburg Wilmersdorf
- history Charlottenburgs in the district encyclopedia
- lockCharlottenburg on the Website of the donation Prussian locks and gardens
- information and photos from the Klausenerplatz Kiez
- of cities Wiki
|Commons: Berlin Charlottenburg - pictures,Video and/or audio files|
coordinates: 52°31'00 N 13°18'00 O