Berlin cross mountain
cross mountain is a local part in the district Friedrichshain Kreuzberg of Berlin. Up to the fusion with the urban district at that time Friedrichshain in the course of the administrative reform 2001 gave it its own “urban district to cross mountain”. According to the old postal zip codes one differentiatesin cross mountain of two parts: Larger cross mountain 61 and smaller, but more well-known SO 36. At present the citizen of Berlin wall was the THEN 36 from three sides enclosed and developed an alternative self-culture at the east edge of West Berlin.
cross mountain has borders to the following local parts: in the north Berlin center (Stresemannstrasse, hitchhiker station, checkpoint Charlie, Axel Springer multistoried building, Berlin museum, Jewish museum, petrol Suhr settlement), in the east Friedrichshain (Spree, Upper tree bridge), Treptow (Lohmühleninsel), in the south Neukölln (land military channel, Hermannplatz, people park hare heath, south star, grave of Stresemann), Tempelhof (Columbiadamm, place of the air lift), and in the west beautiful mountain (cross mountain route, Yorckbrücken), zoo (quick waving race).
Lawyer is the cross mountain also because of the innovative cross mountain judgement of the Prussian higher administrative court of 1882 a term. Admits became the district also by the TV serial favourite cross mountain with Manfred jug. Cross mountain maintains a partnership between cities with Porta Westfalica.
The district was formed for 1920 from the fusion of the areas Tempelhofer suburb, southern Friedrichstadt and a part of the Luisenstadt. The 2. Only the Tempelhofer suburb and the Luisenstadt got over world war to a large extent intact. In February 1945 the area became thatsouthern Friedrichstadt between today's resounding ashes the gate in the south, which destroys prince road in the east and the cooking race in the north during a US air raid nearly completely.
The district at the beginning of the 1920er was designated years after the cross mountain, a small hill toEdge of the Teltows, in the today's Viktoriapark, convenient in the southwest of the quarter. After the establishment of the municipality Berlin the district was called first Halle gate. On (at that time still) the Tempelhofer mountain collection mentioned one had 1821 after drafts of Karl Friedrich Schinkel a monument in basic form of the iron cross establishes, in order to remind of the wars of liberation against Napoleon.
Its supraregional admittingness owes cross mountain above all to the moved history of the smaller eastern range (and Postbezirks) SO 36, later Berlin 36, der – von drei Seiten umschlossen von der deutsch-deutschen Grenze – in den 1970er und 80er Jahren als Zentrum der alternativen und illegalen Hausbesetzerszene legendär wurde. This part extends between Spree, north the Lohmühleninsel and the land military channel as well as east the Luisenstädti channel filled up today. Nowadays this area is considered as one of the poorest parts of Berlin. , The strongly war-destroyed southern Friedrichstadt (newspaper quarter), lain northwest, and the whole southern half form the larger part of cross mountain (Cross mountain 61).
Nearly a third that approximately 160,000 inhabitants are Migranten, many Turkish immigrant workers and their descendant. Also for this demographic characteristic cross mountain is well-known the far beyond borders of Berlin.
Since 1987 cross mountain turns out (SO 36) regularly to the 1. May by heavy road battles into the headlines. Starting point of the riots was usually the collision of participants of the May demonstrations and the police. Today the force ritualisiert itself more and more and is from larger Medium operational readiness level accompanies. The formerly political context is only difficult to recognize. outgoing from the Lausitzer place , the riots concentrate 1987 around Kottbusser gate and Oranienplatz. At the Skalitzer road 1987 a branch of the food market “Bolle” went into flamesup, up to the foundation walls one destroyed, and one did not develop again. On the area since 2004 an Islamic community center with mosque is established. At the Oranienplatz a branch of the Discounters plus was already several times geplündert. See first May in cross mountain.
Times of the citizens of Berlin wall in a niche situation, cross mountain with the reunification 1990 became quasi over night a place in the center of the capital, which wins as location for enterprises at attractiveness. Thus now many enterprises and organizations pullto the Spreeufer at the upper tree bridge.
Kreuzberger district mayors
8. May 1945 - 31. May 1945 Nikolai Kickull
1. June 1945 - 16. December 1964 Willi Klimm
17. December 1946 -9. February 1949 George Heschel (SPD)
9. February 1949 - 13. December 1962 Willy Kressmann (SPD)
9. January 1963 - 8. January 1975 Günter Abendroth (SPD)
9. January 1975 - 31. January 1981 Rudi Pietschker (SPD)
5. February 1981 -30 June 1981 Waldemar Schulze (SPD)
30 June 1981 - 24. July 1985 Günter radio (CDU)
24. July 1985 - 26. April 1989 Wolfgang Krüger (CDU)
26. April 1989 - 21. October 1992 Günter king (SPD)
21. October 1992 -24. January 1996 Peter Strieder (SPD)
15. March 1996 - 31. December 2000 Franz Schulz (alliance' 90/the Green)
1. January 2001 Pool of the districts cross mountain and Friedrichshain to Friedrichshain Kreuzberg.
1. January 2001 - 31. January 2002 Bärbel Grygier (Party of Democratic Socialism)
since1. February 2002 Cornelia Reinauer (the left Party of Democratic Socialism)
institutions, parks and buildings
- Jewish museum Berlin
- Berlini gallery (Web left)
- Willy Brandt house (61) (federal center of the SPD)
- Tempodrom (61) (place of event)
- Viktoriapark (61) („the cross mountain “)
- former, monument-protected Gertraudenhospital
places in cross mountain
- Chamissoplatz (61)
- south star (61)
- Görlitzer park (pointed name: Görli) (36)
- Heinrichplatz (36)
- Oranienplatz (36)
- Kottbusser gate (pointed name: Kotti) (36)
- water gate place (36)
- Lausitzer place (36)
- Marheinekeplatz (61)
- Mariannenplatz (36)
- Spreewaldplatz (36)
- Moritzplatz (36)
Important roads in cross mountain
- Adalbertstrasse (36)
- miner road (61)
- Columbiadamm (61)
- Dieffenbachstrasse (61)
- Friesenstrasse (61) Friesenwache
- Gneisenaustrasse (61)
- Graefestrasse (61)
- home route (61)
- Jüterboger road (61) office for motor traffic (KaVauA)
- cooking race (61)
- cross mountain route (61)
- lime tree road
- Mehringdamm (1837-1864: Tempelhofer road, 1864-1946: Bark Alliance- Road, 1946-1947: Franz Mehring - road) (61)
- Oranienstrasse (of 36)
- Paul Lincke banks (36)
- Reichenberger road (36)
- Skalitzer road (36)
- Urbanstrasse (61)
- Viennese road (36)
- Wrangelstrasse (36)
- Yorckstrasse (61)
comparable quarters in other cities
- Schaarbeek in Brussels
- Southwark in London
- digging quarter in Hamburg
- Newtown in Sydney
- Free State Christiania in Copenhagen
- Hemshof in Ludwigshafen
- Hans W. Korfmann & Michael Hughes (photo): Kreuzberger. 15 of haven advice, publishing house to the Spree, ISBN 3-9809951-0-0
- Barbara long: Myth cross mountain , Campus publishing house1998
- Sven Regener: Mr. Lehmann, Goldmann publishing house. ISBN 3442453305
- Jörg Sundermeier, Verena Sarah Diehl and Werner Labisch (Hsg.): Cross mountain book, criminal publishing house, Berlin 2002. 154 S., EUR 12,30.
- Imran Ayata: “Hürriyet Love express”, Kiepenheuer & Witsch 2005, 207 S.,EUR 7.90
cross mountain in the film
- prince in hell country. Direction: Michael stick, Germany, 1993
- brothers and sisters - Kardeşler. Direction: Thomas Arslan, Germany 1996/1997 (with film portal)
- Downhill town center. Direction: Hannu Salonen, Germany/Finland 1999 (with imdb)
- Mr. Lehmann. Direction: Leander house man, Germany, 2003
- citizens of Berlin of May festivals. Direction: Nives Konik, Germany, 2004 www.vitri-film.de
football (sport) unites many sport associations
in cross mountain in the district cross mountain is particularly in the range football settled, althoughthe district with only one playing field, which Katz brook stadium is weakly equipped. The most successful and probably most well-known Kreuzberger soccer association is Türkiyemspor Berlin. The population structure is reflected also in the names of the residents associations again, as in: Türkspor Berlin, KSF/Umutspor,BSV aluminium Dersimspor, Hilalspor, fiber plastic Makedonija, Karadenizspor, SG Anadoluspor mg 1970, BFK Artvin 08 e. V., BSC Agrispor registered association. as well as the fiber plastic international one. Old-established Kreuzberger of soccer associations is called: Sports club citizen of Berlin of amateurs, FSV Hansa 07, BFK south ring 1935, BSC unity south ring, sports clubLurich 02 registered association. With the THC Franziskaner fiber plastic e. V. has also avowed Kreuzberger left its association and in Sportverein the page overflow registered association. meet women and lesbians.
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coordinates: 52° 29 ' 00 N 13° 23 ' 00 O