Berlin Moabit

Spreebogen in Moabit
Lage Moabit in Berlin
situation of Moabit in Berlin

Moabit is a local part in the district center of Berlin. Up to the administrative reform 2001 Moabit was a local part of the former urban district zoo.

Beyond Berlin Moabit is well-known by the institute for remand and the criminal court, why Moabitoften as synonym for the prison one uses: „It sits in Moabit “means „it is passenger of the institute for remand Moabit “.

Table of contents

Geografie

that quarter by the water ways Spree, Berlin splinter duration navigation channel, is enclosed west port channel and Charlottenburger connection channel. The island Moabit is connected by 23 road, course and footbridges with the surrounding city landscape. The separating effect of the watercourses becomes in the northand the east by expanded railway facilities and the west port still strengthens.

name

the origin of the name Moabit is disputed. The designation leaves itself very probable on the first inhabitants of this area, who Huguenots, to lead back. The French faith refugees called their new domicile inSupport to old person will terre de Moab, because they found here likewise refuge, like the Israeliten after the excerpt from Egypt in the country of the Moabiter, before them the introduction was permitted in the country Kanaan.

Possible, although less probably, is an originof terre maudit (verfluchtes country) or the slawischen word moch (moorland) and/or. a shortened discussion of the word Moorjebiet.

history

beginning of settling

the area of the today's Moabit was starting from that 13. Century as large city heath under citizen of Berlin administrationand served as Viehweide. In 15. Century became western the Ländereien of Berlin property of the brandenburgischen cure princes, who the wild-rich forests south the Spree to its hunting ground, which zoo, make. The growth of the Residenzstadt under the large cure prince Friedrich William parts of the zoo fall toVictim, which by the extension around the rear zoo north the Spree is compensated. The entire hunting ground is provided until 1859 with a Wildgatter.

Settling the today's Moabit begins 1685 with the building of the Staakensetzerhaus at the west border of the game park. 1698 leave cure prince Friedrich III. the vineyard the Huguenot Menardié which is on the area of the today's Humboldthafens, which operates a hotel here. In the year 1717 king Friedrich William I. settles. between the today's road alto Moabit and the Spree Huguenot on. The faith refugees are here Maulbeerbäume for the silk crawler-type vehicle breedcultivate, which fails however because of the insufficient quality of the soils. Thus properties are used already ten years later for other, usually gardening purposes and it develop here the first summer seats citizen of Berlin citizen.

In the first decades 18. Century begins also the military uselarge parts of the area of Moabit. The royal powder factories west the Moabiter of vineyard make the beginning for 1717 and to 1734 expand the military plants to close to the Huguenot colony. The name powder meadows for the Spreewiesen south the military plants holds itself up to the end19. Century.

In the western part of the today's Moabit, which belongs at that time still to Charlottenburg, 1735 a Frenchman open one give. Petit the landlord specified because of its small size Martin or berlinisch Martinicken gives to the then vacant field the name Martinickenfelde. It is the area of the later factory quarter of Moabit.

Two Westphalia receive II. around 1769 Ländereien from Friedrich.in the area of the today's Westfäli quarter of Moabit. Is imposed upon to them to inform the breaking citizens to put on living hedges according to westfälischer kind for the enclosure of their yards. The Westphalia establishon their messuages restaurants, itself rising popularity the 18 outgoing at the urban population. Please of century. Moabit is thereby at this time a local recreation area with a rural character.

industrialization

Moabit became particularly in outgoing 19. Century ever more densely populates. The settled surface tooktoo and many large-scale industries were displaced by the new building from tenement houses to Wedding. The industrial magnates figured out that with rent more money was to be earned than with the production of goods. In addition flat lets for rent are less from the economic situation abhänging, but always bring oneregular yield. Thus a pure worker residential area became from the former Produktionsgebiet. Only in the west Moabits are still industrial plants like e.g. the famous AEG Turbinenwerk receive.

workers' movement

large one of parts of Moabit are traditional worker residential areas; Parts of it had politically active inhabitants, so for example that red Beusselkiez or the neighbouring rust ochers Kiez, and applied after the seizure of power by the national socialists in the year 1933 as communist resistance cells.

population trend

Moabit was so well uninhabited long time, the number of inhabitants grew after the incorporation (1861) however rapidly:

  • 1716: Emergence of the colony Moabit (“alto Moabit”)
  • 1801: 120 inhabitants
  • 1805: 201 inhabitants
  • 1818: Emergence of new Moabit, growing together with alto Moabit to an industrial suburb municipality
  • 1835: 709 inhabitants
  • 1861: about 6,534 inhabitants, incorporation to Berlin
  • 1871: 14,818 inhabitants
  • 1880: 29,693 inhabitants
  • 1910: 190,000 inhabitants
  • 2004: 74,631 inhabitants
  • 2005: 75,543 inhabitants

traffic

Moabit by rapid-transit railway is concerned and underground is crossed. In the north the rapid-transit railway ring runs and holds at the stations Beusselstrasse and west port. In the south the metropolitan railway with that cutsStation main station - Lehrter station the island. The underground line 9 crosses Moabit centrically in north south direction with the stations west port, birch line and tower route. Additionally the northern section citizens of Berlin of the regional and remote traction network runs parallel to the rapid-transit railway with branching to the main station - Lehrter station.

Buildings

Moabit accommodates some architecturally and industrialhistorically meaning buildings:

famous Moabiter

Web on the left of

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Literature

  • Saeger, Olaf: Moabiter detail - shade in the Paradies, Berlin 1995, ISBN 3925191593
  • Karwelat, Jürgen: Island Moabit. A three-quarter round travel with the ship, ISBN of 3925702067
  • angels, Helmut: The post office stadium in Moabit: Architectural monument, sports facility, Kieztreff


coordinates: 52° 32 ' N, 13° 20 ' O

 

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