Berlin Schmargendorf

map
Lage Schmargendorfs in Berlin
base data
administrative district: Charlottenburg Wilmersdorf
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 52°28'38 " n. Break, 13°17'17 " o. L.
52°28'38 " n. Break, 13°17'17 " o. L.
Height: 45 m and. NN
surface: 3.59 km ²
inhabitants: XX.XXX (T. Mmm JJJJ)
Population density: XXX inhabitant for each km ²
postal zip codes: 14195-14199
(old: 1000 Berlin 33)
local part number: 04 03

Schmargendorf is a local part in the district Charlottenburg Wilmersdorf of Berlin, which could receive road to today its independent, rather smallurban character with own local centre in the widths road and the Berkaer.

Table of contents

Geografie

Geographical situation

of Schmargendorf is on the high surface of the Teltow in the southwest of today's Berlin.

expansion and borders of the local part

the request leading to the definition of the new local parts describe the problem of the demarcation of the local parts very concisely: Wilmersdorf became from the city German Wilmersdorf,the village Schmargendorf, the colony Green forest and a part of the forest Green forest in an educated manner. These are to today local parts of the district in its Gemarkungsgrenzen at that time (exception Eichkamp the 1937 were umgemeindet from Wilmersdorf to Charlottenburg). The inhabitants identify themselves with their local parts, sometimes however shiftthe borders in the heads of the adjacents resident. Some one in Wilmerdorf lives, means Schmargendorfer to be, and not few Schmargendorfer mean to live in Green forest.

After the official district map of Charlottenburg Wilmersdorf the borders of the local part can be described as follows: In the northeast those form Urban motorway and the ring course the border to the local parts resounding lake and Wilmersdorf. In the southeast the demarcation takes place after Wilmersdorf via the Mecklenburgian road and the Zoppoter road. In the south the Lentzealle and the Pücklerstrasse form the border to Dahlem. It becomes more difficult inThe west: The border to Green forest runs west of the south coming to the north the gold finch way at the edge of forest up to the forest mastering race and follows then this again eastward up to the Clayallee. This and the following Hohenzollerndamm follow it northeast up to rose-hit a corner. Now it runs to the north the Teplitzer roadfollowing up to the Hubertusallee, in order to then follow southeast briefly the Franzenzbader road and then the pure ore road. In the end to the north leading the August Viktoria road forms the border to Green forest up to the ring road.

neighboring place parts

of Schmargendorf resounding lake borders, in in the north on the local partThe east to the local part Wilmersdorf, in the south to the Dahlem and in the west to the local part Green forest, belonging to the district Steglitz Zehlendorf.

history

the establishment probably took place after 1220 in the course of the national development of the young Mark Brandenburg, to their stabilizationthe askanischen Mark counts Siedler made of Swabia, Thuringia, Flanders and Westphalia in the country called. A village of the slawischen Vorbevölkerung here very probably did not exist.

The settlers lived on the agriculture, the sheep breed and on fishing in the Wilmersdorfer lake, that to the ice-age Glazialen gutter that Green forest sea-chain belonged and to 1915 after long silting-up processes was filled up.

Rathaus Schmargendorf
City hall Schmargendorf

1354 was mentioned for the first time documentary the place Schmargendorf. In this time also the village church Schmargendorf developed. The name Schmargendorf developed from Margrevendorf, which meant high-German Mark count village and to the ownership structure refers. Already in15. Century belonged it to the family of Wilmersdorff. 1807 got the farmers opportunity to acquire the country managed by them. 1899 received the place the status of an independent office district (with approximately 2000 inhabitants). 1900 left those about 3000 inhabitants the new city hall (at that time stillbuild on free field), after the municipality had become rich particularly by the value added tax from sales of real estate of the farmers, who were necessary among other things for the development of the Hohenzollerndamms since 1899 for the broad boulevard after the sample of the cure prince dam.

1920 became the land municipality Schmargendorf outthe district Teltow separated and to large Berlin into the new administrative district Wilmersdorf as local part in in common December, 11581 inhabitants had at this time.

The district Wilmersdorf went to the 1. January 2001 in the new district Charlottenburg Wilmersdorf up, many buildings and mechanisms in Schmargendorf carry (still) the formerDistrict name, which thus not when place name is to be understood, for example stadium Wilmersdorf, power station Wilmersdorf, municipal swimming pool Wilmersdorf, Wilmersdorfer senior donation.

coats of arms

although land municipalities actually no coat of arms possess should, got Schmargendorf to 9. May 1903 an own coat of arms. The coat of arms is diagonally left divided. Above in silver field an increasing gold-reinforced red deer is and down in blue field a silver lily. The two coat of arms halves symbolize the two families, in whose possession Schmargendorf was once: The deer is taken from the coat of arms of the sex of those of Podewilsand the lily of those of Wilmersdorff, in 14. Century of portions of Schmargendorf had acquired.

With the incorporation in large Berlin it lost its validity and disappeared from the official use.

culture and objects of interest

of buildings

Die Kreuzkirche in Berlin-Schmargendorf
the cross church in Berlin Schmargendorf
of cathedral something similarU-Bahnhof Heidelberger place
  • the city hall Schmargendorf at the Berkaer place was built 1900 -02 by Otto Kerwien in the style for märkischer brick gothic, whereby it quotes similar buildings of the cities Brandenburg , new Brandenburg and Tangermünde. Since 1920 the Wilmersdorfer register office is here, also with prominent ones much likes is.
  • The cross church of 1929 is one the rare expressionistischen Sakralbauten.
  • The village church from that 14. Jh is a typical märkische field stone church.
  • The multistoried building to rose-hit a corner was one the first Hochäuser Berlin. It became 1954 -55 after plans of Franz Heinrich Sobotka and Gustav Mueller established and has 15 floors. The Y-förmige sketch guarantees at least a room to all aligned to the south dwellings.
  • The U-Bahnhof Heidelberger place does not lie strict-taken any longer in the local part, however a unit forms with the rapid-transit railway yard of the same name, which was called in former times Berlin Schmargendorf.
  • The former Birth house Dahlem to the Lentzeallee was from 1923 to 1971 a Entbindungsheim led by the mission sisters of the holiest heart Jesu of Hiltrup, afterwards it was used by senate administrations. Since March 2003 it accommodates the international course of the private Kant school, Berlin internationally School.
Work on []

Rose-hit a corner [work on

  • ]
  • park Messelpark
  • [work on
  • ]
  • economics and
  • infrastructure [
  • work on] economics power station
  • Berlin Wilmersdorf
by northwest seen

to roads

  • and
places Hohenzollerndamm width

road Berkaer road

Elsterplatz Kissinger place

Kolberger

Kraftwerk Berlin-Wilmersdorf von Nordwesten gesehen, im Vordergrund der Stadtring
place place at the wild Eber, in the foreground the ring road
  • that Power station Wilmersdorf in the Forckenbeckstrasse 3-6 was established 1977 as peak load power station on the area 1964 of the diminished power station of 1911. It work according to the principle of the force heat coupling, produces thus at the same time river and warmth from a fuel. Far away visibly are the three silver shining, ever102 m of high chimneys.
  • The work Berlin of the cigarette factory Reemtsma in the Mecklenburgian road 32 is the only larger industrial plant in Schmargendorf. It was provided 1958-1959 on an earlier allotment area. Because of temporary smelling nuisance the salient chimney was increased into the 1980er years. Already before hadthe company as reconciliation the children of the schools of the district the former firm convalescent home Iserhat in the Lüneburger heath as school land home made available.
  • 2004 established the school book publishing house Cornelsen at the Mecklenburgian road corner Friedrichshaller road new company headquarters. The past buildings of the publishing house on thatother roadside of the Mecklenburgian road and thus convenient in the local part Wilmersdorf, are further used. The publishing house places at this location now approx. 650 jobs for the order.
  • The shopping streets width road and Berkaer road form the center of the local part with numerous retailers.
  • The two cinemas inSchmargendorf - dedy in the warning mouths road and the cinema in the Marienbader road - fell the cinema dying into the 1960er years and both into supermarkets were converted.

traffic

  • to 15. December 1883 became that about 2 km outside of of theLocal centre lying ring station Schmargendorf opens. To 17. December 1993 he was baptized on the occasion of the reopening of the ring course like the underlying U-Bahnhof of the line U3 Heidelberger place.
  • Schmargendorf had a streetcar since 1888: The Wilmersdorf Schmargendorfer steaming race course transfers from Berlin beautiful mountain (twelve Apostel church - beautiful mountain - Green forest route) Wilmersdorf, William sows by the Mecklenburgian road after Schmargendorf, citizens of Berlin the steaming race course consortium continued to lead the distance starting from 1889 up to the dog throat. In May 1898 the Consortium with the municipalities Wilmersdorf, Steglitz, Friedenau, Schmargendorf and colony reason forest contracts closed for the transformation of the suburb steam courses into electrical courseswith high line. To 30. April 1957 operated the electrical streetcar after Schmargendorf the last mark, which line 51 (rose-hit a corner - BF zoo) was adjusted and by the bus line A60, which replaces today's 249.
  • To rose-hit a corner partly end the motorbus lines M29, 249 and 186, thoseBuslinien X10 and 115 affect it. Further the Buslinie 110 drives by the local part.
  • The motorway ring road A100 affects the local part with the Schmargendorfer bridge. The actual motorway approach road is the connection point Mecklenburgian road of former A 104.

public mechanisms

  • even if some Botschaften an der Grenze zu Schmargendorf oder in unmittelbarer Nähe liegen, so sind die Lettische Botschaft in der Reinerzstraße und die Israelische Botschaft in der Augusta-Viktoria-Straße die einzigen im Ortsteil.

churchesand religious assembly places

  • village church and community center (Evangelist church municipality alto Schmargendorf) (width road 38/Kirchstrasse)
  • cross church and community center (Evangelist cross church municipality) (Forckenbeckstrasse/Hohenzollerndamm 130A)
  • Salvator church and - Kolleg (citizen of Berlin head office of the medal community of the Salvatorianer) (Roman-catholic) (Tölzer road 25)

cemetery

in Schmargendorf is only the cemetery ev. Church municipality alto Schmargendorf (Misdroyer STR. 51-53, further entrances behind the village church and of the warning mouths road). On the cemetery are among other things the graves of

education

primary schools

  • alto Schmargendorf primary school, Reichenhaller STR.
  • Carl Orff - primary school, Berkaer STR.
  • Judith Kerr - primary school (national European school Berlin - French)

six-form high schools

  • Marienburg high school, Kranzer STR. 3

High Schools

private one schools

  • Berlin internationally School: About 50 kindergarten children, 240 pre and basic pupil as well as about 160 Oberstufler from 52 nations are informed in the international course of the private Kant school.

sports facilities

ice-skating stadiums

  • that Refuge Dohm ice-skating stadium (formerly ice-skating stadium Wilmersdorf) in the Fritz Wildung road became to 29. November 1974 opens and in October 2000 after the former Wilmersdorfer district mayors Horst Dohm (* 18. June 1930; † 25. October 1998) designated. It orders among other things over 6170 m ² a large ice surface as well as a olympia-fair400-m-Eisschnelllaufbahn. 1985 took place here first ice high-speed run - the Weltcuprennen in Germany.

  • , was built Cuno corner Forckenbeckstrasse
  • Werner-quiescentman-sport-resounds swimming pools indoor swimming pool Wilmersdorf II
, Fritz Wildung road summer bath

Wilmersdorf

  • , Forckenbeckstrasse 14 [work on] to sport resounding, 1961-64 and to 22. April 1993 by arson destroys. Itagain one developed and to 26. November 1994 opens again. She is after the internalists and sport physician Dr. Werner quiescent man (* 7. December 1895; † 6. July 1953) designated, the 1951 to 1953 1. Chairman of the sport federation Berlin was.
  • The refuge Käsler Sporthalle in the Fritz Wildung road 91987-1991 one built. Them are after the hand ball national player, crew world champions on the large field, coach of the hand ball national team and the professor for didactics refuge Käsler (* 1926; † 1987) designated.

sports fields

  • the stadium Wilmersdorf, Fritz Wildung road 9, 1948-51 became western from 1 million m ³ rubble debris the ring courseon the former area of the gas works for 50.000 spectators delighted, on the grandstands of the north curve 1984 a vineyard were put on. It is attainable since 1974 of the local part Wilmersdorf over those high elbow getaufe footbridge.
  • Sports field Forckenbeckstrasse, Forckenbeckstr. 37

indoor tennis courts and - places

  • Indoor tennis court, Cunostrasse
  • tennis court, Cunostrasse

personalities

personalities, those locally Rainer

literature

  • Karl Ernst Rimbach: 750 years Schmargendorf. Anniversary publication from cause of the city anniversary. Hrsg. of the office for district Wilmersdorf of Berlin. Berlin: Publishing house for local history Rimbach & Poser,1955
  • Schmargendorf. Hrsg. of the working group history Wilmersdorf. Berlin: Metropol publishing house, 2000. ISBN 3-932482-96-4

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