under the occupation one understands that institutionalized activity, which humans for (A) financial or (B) conventional returns or (C) in the service third furnish regularly, and/or. for which it trained, educated or destined is. Generally those servesPractice of an occupation of the safety device of living costs. The gained money, special or exchange achievements serve satisfying the personal needs or those the social community (e.g. the family), to which the exercising belongs. In addition primarily the nutrition, those belongClothing, (domestic) the protection from danger and illness and the stockpiling. Beyond that many humans practice occupation-similar activities, which are not only indirectly remunerated or (by social acknowledgment or personal satisfaction).Honorary offices, amateurful exercised activities (e.g. Art or sport) and intensively operated hobbies form therefore Schnittmengen to „the occupation “.
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the abilities and knowledge, which needs in an occupationbecome, become thus by training, by practice or self-instruction or by writing up (adscription) (for instance with succession [e.g. Farmer, zünftiger craftsman, realm treasurer] or by vows officials or by consecration priest) acquired.
Most occupations are thatResult of progressive differentiation of the work. They have thus centuries long traditions, since many achievements wished by the society are essentially constant. Therefore also the social feature of remarkable occupation transmission agitates.
To the oldest, earlyhistorical occupations belong Schmiede, carpenters, sound one, priest, moving storyteller and - singers or also prostitutes. Since the Middle Ages were the occupational groups in guilds and Gilden together, whatever the training of the vocational new generation took over. But were arranged also „Dishonest ones of “occupations out.
In some occupations on „the appointment “/to the particular of “above” or of “inside” special value one puts (for example ministers /in, Priester /in, in addition, physician/Ärztin, teacher /in, Apotheker /in, Richter /in).
The progressive, with that Industrialization accompanying social and technical change let new occupations develop and become extinct old, mostly occupations relating to crafts. With the penetrating spreading of the information technology within all social ranges this trend continues.
regimentation of the practise of the profession
today becomes those Professional training (contents, duration) in most European countries nationally fixed. The national regimentation of the occupation choice finds however in Germany like also in most other countries its borders in the fundamental right of the occupation liberty.
Who may exercise which occupation, becameand one handles culturally different. In Europe applies in principle the right of the free practise of the profession, which is subject however to some restrictions. Like that appropriate training is necessary for the practice of certain occupations: As physician or an attorney may be for example only active, whoa medical and/or. legal higher education successfully finally and appropriate practical experience (Referendariat) to prove can.
Likewise the practice of occupations relating to crafts is subject to certain restrictions: Like that for example the master is - letter necessary for the independent practice of a handicraft in Germany. In other countries,for example the USA, one does not know this restriction.
All successfully socially out formed occupations develop (more or less pronounced) occupation an ethics.
has danger-bent occupations the British insurance Churchill Insurance in the year 2004the ten riskiest occupations publishes. In the case of practice has an accident to his activity thereafter (in descending row) deadly most frequently, who is active as
- a window cleaner
- high sea-Fischer
- police officer
- stand worker
- zirkusartist of kind ofcircus.
|Wikiquote: Occupation - quotations|
- Work (activity), job title, vocational guidance
- professional ethics, work ethics
- occupation sociology, work (social sciences)
- occupation science
- professional, suitor occupation, dishonest occupation, earnings/services, guild
- list by occupation, occupation science
- social structure
- description of occupation
- museum of the work
- Günter Lanczkowski, Gustaf Wingren, Heinz refuge Schrey: Kind.Occupation I. Religion-historically II. Historical and ethical aspects III. Protest anti-mash and catholicism of the modern times. In: Theological material encyclopedia 5 (1980), S. 654-676 (to the culture and term history)
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|Wiktionary: Occupation -Word origin, synonyms and translations|