coat of arms map
base data
region: Franche Comté
Département: Doubs
Arrondissement Besançon
city arrangement: 6 urban cantons
surface: 65.05 km ²
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 47° 14 ' 35 " N, 06° 01 ' 19 " O
47° 14 ' 35 " N, 06° 01 ' 19 " O
height: 281 m and. NN (means);
max. 610 m, min. 253 m
inhabitants: 117.733 (1999)
population density: 1,810 inhabitants for each km ²
postal zip codes: 25000
preselection: (03)
Kfz characteristic: 25
of the city administration:
2, rue Mégevand, 25034 Besançon
official Website:
E-Mail address:
mayor: Jean Louis Fousseret

Besançon (German become outdated: Bisanz, lat. Vesontio) is a city in France. It is administrative seat of the Départements Doubs in the region Franche Comté.

Table of contents


in the Bronzezeit, around 1500 v. Chr., become the first time gallische trunks within the Doubsschleife established. Due to the strategically favorable situation 58 v. select in the year. Chr. Julius Caesar the city as base out. 843by the contract by Verdun the empire of Karl of the large one (Carolus Magnus) is divided. Besançon belonged of now on to the Königtum Lotharingen and stands under the rule of the counts von Burgund.

Besançon came with the Kingdom of Burgund (Arelat) 1032/34 to the holy RomanRichly. The archbishop becomes thus independent of the county Burgund gentlemen of the city and Besançon. On Reichstag to Besançon (1157) the Kaisertum pushed the papacy back.

Starting from 1307 the city was as free realm city realm-directly, only since 1493 in addition,actually independently of the princes of the environment. The disputes between archbishop and city pull themselves likewise to in 15. Century and become among other things on the council of Basel negotiates.

1664 lost the city their realm immediacy, as it in the exchange against the city Frankenthal to that Duchy Burgund came, that at that time from the having citizen Philipp IV. one controlled.

1668 became the city for the first time by the French king Ludwig XIV.conquered, returned however afterwards to Spain. 1674 are then finally conquered Besançon and the entire Franche Comté by the sun king and 1678 throughthe peace treaties of Nimwegen attached at France.

The archbishop from Besançon remained representing religious realm prince and was until 1803 in the realm prince advice of the holy Roman realm of German nation with a Virilstimme.

Today Besançon is prefecture of the region Franche Comté.

objects of interest

the old part of town very worth seeingone flows around by a loop of the Doubs and by the citadel (La Citadelle), which landmark Besançons, towers above. It accommodates a museum over Besançon in the third realm, an aquarium and a small zoo with Noctarium.

The attachment plants of the citadel and the five further are worth seeing,smaller attachments opposite the citadel, which were established for the protection of the same. The city attachments were established by Vauban.


the most important industries are the micro technology and the watch-and-clock-making industry. Besides textile and metalworking enterprises exist. The area around Besançon is also forits milk products, in particular of cheese (Comté), admits.


the city is to Dole Belfort because of the motorway A36 (“La Comtoise”). In addition a railway connection exists after Dijon, Belfort and La chaux de fund (Switzerland). East two smaller airfields exist to the city; the next larger airport is Basel.


the university of the Franche Comté has approximately 21,000 students. Besides exist 5 High Schools, 11 further high schools and 39 primary schools.

famous persons, those in Besançon were born

to partnerships between cities

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