|coats of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Rhineland-Palatinate|
|geographical situation:|| |
Coordinates: 49° 39 ′ n. Break, 07° 11 ′ o. L.49° 39 ′ n. Break, 07° 11 ′ o. L.
|Height:||410 m and. NN|
|surface:||13.58 km ²|
|Inhabitant:||10.486 (March 2006)|
|population density:||518 Einwohner/km ²|
|postal zip code:||55765|
|of official municipality keys:||07134010|
|address of the city administration:|| Main street 9|
convention community administration
|mayor:||Peter Nauert (CDU)|
Table of contents
the name Birkenfeld is Frankish origin and became for the first time in a document of the Trierer of bishop Egbert in the year 981 mentions. 1223 were divided the county Sponheim and Birkenfeld came to the rear county Sponheim in the possession of the princes on the strong castle with Trarbach. 1330 were developed the castle Birkenfeld and mentioned in a letter Lorettas of Sponheim. In the year 1332 lent emperors Ludwig the Bavarian Birkenfeld municipal rights.
To the death of the last count von Sponheim 1437 the rear county went to the Mark counts von Baden and the count von Veldenz. 1557 were introduced the Luthertum to the rear county. 1584 became BirkenfeldResidence of the Pfalzgrafen Karl von Pfalz Zweibrücken Birkenfeld, a collateral line of the Wittelsbacher. 1635 became Birkenfeld direct theater of the dreissigjährigen war. In the same year the plague in the place broke out and killed 416 inhabitants. 1776 became Birkenfeld under Mark count Karl Friedrich upper office of the Mark county bathing. 1798the left Rhine side was surrendered to part of the Saardepartements to France and Birkenfeld thereby.
1937 became Birkenfeld part of the PrussianDistrict Birkenfeld, that from the oldenburgischen region and the remainder circle pc. Wendel-Baumholder was formed. After the Second World War Birkenfeld belonged to the French zone of occupation and is since 1947 district town in the Land of the Federal Republic Rhineland-Palatinate.
in February 1797 committed the robber Johannes Bückler, mentioned Schinderhannes, a nocturnal break-down into the cloth factory of the brothers mute - the later charring and steel entrepreneurs to the Saar. The cloth stolen during this break-down sold the Schinderhannes to a large extent to a Hehler in dog home (Peter Bayerlein: Schinderhannes Ortslexikon, S. 38, Mainz food home 2003).
beside the two large church municipalities - Evangelist church municipality Birkenfeld and catholic church municipality pc. Jakobus Birkenfeld - there is still trailer of the Evangelist freechurch municipality (Baptisten), the Mennoniten - brother municipality, the Neuapostoli church and the witnesses Jehovas.
- mayor: Peter Nauert (CDU)
- assigning to: Brigitta Thomas (CDU), Alois Kandels (CDU), Helmut Lorenz (BFL)
- leader of the parliamentary group: Hisso of Selle (CDU),Dr. Jörg break (SPD), Michael Reischl (FDP), Axel shepherd (BFL)
- CDU 49.7% (+4,9) - 11 seats (+1)
- SPD 35.4% (- 4.3) - 8 seats (- 1)
- BFL 9.7% (- 1.7) - of 2 seats (=)
- FDP 5.2% (+1,1) -1 seat (=)
the BFL is the Birkenfelder free one list.
Only opposition party is the SPD.
SPD: Gerd Bahr, Dr. Jörg break, Dorothea planks, Susanne rotten, Emil rotten, Holger Noss, Helmut Schott, briefly Schuldes
FDP: Michael Reischl
BFL: Axel shepherd, GerdSchwabe
CDU: Karin Deynet, Jörg Franzmann, Claudia Haan, Robert Jahn June., Guido Mey, Johanna Orlian, Hans Jörg place, George count von Plettenberg, Hisso von Selle (incomplete)
chairman of the party
Hisso of Selle (CDU), Holger Noss (SPD), Michael Reischl (FDP)
the economythe city is mainly coined/shaped by smaller and middle enterprises. By history as residence and administrative city, larger did not take place an industrial development in Birkenfeld, then are the largest employers (apart from the administrations), a donation and the German Federal Armed Forces.
to the freeway net is Birkenfeld by the federal highways B41 (east west connection: Mainz to Saarbruecken) and the B269 (Bernkastel Kues after Saarlouis), as well as the motorway A 62 wellattached. This motorway is at the same time also the most important north south connection and places the connection after Trier and/or. Kaiserslautern ago.
Between the airport cock and Birkenfeld giveit, five times on the day, a bus connection.
The final track leading in former times after Birkenfeld (Birkenfelder railway) was shut down and is today a cycle track.
the Elizabeth donation of the German red cross (German Red Cross) is with the hospital, a vocational advancement service, private technical schools, measures for young people as well as a home for the elderlyalso over 600 coworkers the largest employer. The German Federal Armed Forces (among other things Command of the 2. Air Force division) follows also over 500 military and civilian employees.
since 1996 is on the surface of a former US military military hospital, in the neighbour municipality Hoppstädten Weiersbach,a specialized university location established. The “environmental campus Birkenfeld “contributes, as location of the professional school Trier, strengthened to the economic development of the region Birkenfeld.
For schoolable children there is a variety. The primary school as well as the regional school since 2003 also as allday school.
further offers are among other things the people's highschool (video home system) Birkenfeld and Elizabeth donation with their educational facilities.
Birkenfeld is location of numerous authorities:
- District administration
- convention community administration
- labour office
- land registry
- police inspection
leisure and sports sites
at leisure andThere are sports sites among other things a heated open-rir swimming pool, the stadium at the mountain, and several sport resounding. One Tierpark, two libraries, a technical library and the youth centre. In the year 2000 at the youth centre a Skate plant was established, the 2005 to a Fun box, to a Quarter, a Rampand an obstacle one developed.
partnerships between cities
culture and objects of interest
the museum of the association for local history and geography in the district Birkenfeld, offer an overview over 2500 yearsCulture history and handicraft, as well as the archaeology, and the regional and territorial history of the Birkenfelder of country.
historical buildings in Birkenfeld are the castle ruin Birkenfeld, the Birkenfelder lock, the former Oldenburgi barracks and old persons the city hall.
The castle Birkenfeld is thoseMaster castle of the Wittelsbacher. The lock was the residence lock Grand Duke of Oldenburg.
Peter Nauert is the first mayor, who was selected in a primary election of the Birkenfelder citizens. Its two predecessors, Manfred of three and Erich Mörsdorf, stood inPersonnel union both the city, and the convention community Birkenfeld forwards.
Werner buyer was a last full-time mayor of the city Birkenfeld. It was confirmed 1968 still with large majority for further 12 years in the office, had then however already to 1970, due to the Rhineland-Palatinian municipality reformwith the cities among 7.500 inhabitants in convention communities , as city mayors were forced to give its full-time office up.
- Eugen Ruppenthal from 1923 to 1933 and from 1949 to 1953
- Oswald Morenz from 1953 to 1961
- Werner buyer from 1961 to 1970
- Erich Mörsdorf from 1971 to 1990
- Manfred of three from 1990 to 2000, (SPD)
- Peter Nauert since 2000, (CDU)
sons and daughters of the city
Matthias Glässer (geb. 1970), artists
see also: Stefan rotten donation
Web on the left of
- city Birkenfeld
- district Birkenfeld
- Elizabeth donation
- environment Campus (FH new bridge)
- The Schinderhannes
Abentheuer | Eighth brook | All brook | Asbach | Baumholder | Mountains | Mountain long brook | Berschweiler with Baumholder | Berschweiler with Kirn | Birkenfeld | Boell brook | Boron finch | Breitenthal | Bruchweiler | Bridges | Buhlenberg | Federation brook | Dambach | Thick brook | Dienstweiler | Eckersweiler | Elchweiler | Ellenberg | Ellweiler | Fish brook | Fohren lime trees | Woman mountain | Gerach | Gimbweiler | Gollenberg | Gösenroth | Griebelschied | Hahnweiler | Hattgenstein | Live | Home brook | Light-RTS-live | Herborn | Gentleman stone | Hettenrodt | Hintertiefenbach | Hoppstädten Weiersbach | Hearing break | Hottenbach | Idar Oberstein | Kempfeld | Kirschweiler | Kronweiler | Krummenau | Langweiler | Leisel | Leitzweiler | Mackenrodt | Meckenbach | Mettweiler | Mittelreidenbach | Mörschied | Niederbrombach | Niederhambach | Niederhosenbach | Niederwörresbach | Nohen | Upper bromine brook | Oberhambach | Upper trousers brook | Oberkirn | Oberreidenbach | Oberwörresbach | Realm brook | Rhaunen | Rimsberg | Rinzenberg | Tubing brook | Rötsweiler Nockenthal | Rückweiler | Ruschberg | Schauren | Schmidthachenbach | Schmissberg | Heavy brook | Swelled | Sensweiler | Its | Sienhachenbach | They brook | Sonnenberg Winnenberg | Sun-separated | Stipshausen | Sulzbach | Veitsrodt | Vollmersbach | Pastures | Far brook | Wickenrodt | Wilzenberg Hussweiler | Wirschweiler