Bizone

Germany 1945

Bizone is the name for the part of Germany, which was subordinated after the Second World War of the US-American and British crew power.

Originally the completely separated zones of occupation were united to the Bizone. To 2. Decembers 1946 signed the British minister of foreign affairs Ernest Bevin andits US colleague James F. Byrnes in New York the fusion agreement. At the 1. January 1947 came into force it. Thus on the one hand the foundation-stone was put to a new national and economic development, which with the currency reform 1948 one cemented, in addition, on the other hand one became the switches forthe final division of the country in FRG and GDR posed.

To the Bizone the later Lands of the Federal Republic Schleswig-Holstein , Hamburg , Lower Saxony , Bremen , North Rhine-Westphalia , Hessen and Bavaria , as well as northern Baden-Wuerttemberg belonged, at that time to Württemberg bathing (not however Württemberg Hohenzollern and bathing, Rhineland-Palatinate, the Saarland and west Berlin). The Bizone covered a population of approximately 39 million humans.

The administration of the united economic area with the economic council at the point had its seat in Frankfurt/Main and environment.

The countries of the French zone of occupation (all remaining exceptSaarland and west Berlin) took over to a large extent on the right of and economic system of the Bizone; they however never joined her formally. However there was the term in the colloquial language tri zone for the three western zones of occupation.

Original reason for the mechanism of the Bizone was the desire for an economicalRecovery.

In Austria, which was likewise divided in four zones, agree upon in accordance with the division of the country was not continued to advance. It however still lasted until 1955, until the country could attain its full sovereignty back.

See also: East zone

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