The Blasonierung has its origin in the Middle Ages, when it was one of the tasks of a Herolds to describe the coat of arms of an arriving unknown knight exactly. The word Blasonierungis derived from the French Blason (coat of arms sign).
Already since that 13. Century became generally accepted in France, and whereupon constructing in England, a very precise language for the description of the coats of arms, which use also today still in the heraldrybecomes. In Germany Philipp Jacob Spener put the bases for a uniform Wappenbeschreibung in German language.
That coat of arms sign is regarded always from view of the carrier, thus from the rear, so that the left side in an illustration is called right,often also as in front, since that was carried sign in the left hand and this side of the sign thereby for the opponent was turned.
If several motives are present, they become to the left of on the right of (from view of the carrier) andfrom top to bottom described, so that the position does not have to be indicated any longer. Animal figures are represented mostly forward/right looking, so that the direction is indicated only in the other case.
| split of|
red and green
| divided of|
blue and white (silver)
| field 1|
geviert by red
| and blue|
diagonally left divided from yellow (
Originally the appearance was described by coats of arms only by words. Onlywith the use of coats of arms as sovereignty symbols additionally illustrations became necessary, since in particular with figures the pure description leaves still certain formative liberties.
To table of contents
is thatCoat of arms sign divided into fields, then begins the Blasonierung with the description of the sign division, that or the Heroldsbild/ern. The denomination of the colors takes place in usual read direction from the front to the rear and above downward. The indication „left “and „right “refersitself always on the sign carrier and not on the viewer. Repeating change colors of a gevierten or geschachten division again do not call themselves. Presented sign divisions, in particular common Herzschild, following called, so far these directly on the sign reason to be and notby figures to be carried. Parts, about a special sign foot or sign head, separated from the other sign reason, are in front called. That is mostly literally not mentioned by the standardisation sign, but the Blasonierung begins directly with the term of the sign division.
- splitsplit by red and
- white over green sign foot twice
- under golden sign head split
- divided by green Wellenband diagonally
following the fields of the Heroldsbildes are described. Each individual field is completely described, before for the description of the next field one changes over.The sequence corresponds to the denomination of the Heroldsbildes. In the many cases a common figure is in the field. With simple Schilden the map references can be void, otherwise each field description begins with the denomination of the field, followed from the lining of the sign reasonin this field and the figure lying on it.
- in front divided into red a linksgewendter golden
- lion in the second field into gold a black
- Eber in the back five times of black and gold
with more complex fields are described the elements after the size,the most important and regularly centrically standing figure first. Further figures are introduced with the note “presented” and “accompanied”, which often describes the position already sufficiently. Introduced with more complex sign reason it than “the field shows”, as well as the figures in itas “occupies also” introduced. The standardized introductory terms make good legibility possible of the Blasonierung of also more complex coat of arms variants.
- The first field points to gold a black Eber
- accompanied of five red stars.
- in the back five times divided of black and gold,
- occupied alsoan inclined/slanted green lozenge ring.
After conclusion of the sign coat of arms the description of added elements follows. On the sign head a crown or a helmet with Helmzier “often rests”. The sign can be held by a coat of arms carrier and be framed by a Wappenzelt. ThoseDescription goes thereby from the inside outward, each element introduced with a verb, which designates the connection to the coat of arms sign. Helmet or cover (helmet cover) usually rests thereby on the sign, so that this position is void, if the sentence thereby is introduced.
- on the sign a red dreitürmige Mauerkrone on
- the blue-golden helmet with blue-golden covers a blue jumping horse rests.
In principle a Wappenbeschreibung should be as scarcely as possible held. An element, which takes a natural position, does not need a position indication, and wheretypically the change color is accepted, needs to take place no recent color denomination. Heraldisch coats of arms witnessed carefully are limited to a combination less or only one color with a metal for the Heroldsbild and shown in each field at the most one figure. More complex one Coats of arms result naturally from marrying two older coats of arms by unification in a partitioned sign. Often one takes over thereby also the older Blasonierung of the portions.
- Split; a put up red Panther geschacht in front in green and white, in the back in silver.
The vocabularythe Blasonierung should take up the traditional terms of the heraldry. By those century for a long time use does not correspond this any longer to the typical use way of the today's language. Like that the denomination is as perpendicular to find horizontally and diagonally hardly there the denomination as put up,is lying and diagonally already sufficient.
the heraldry for many figures and arrangements associated names brought out. In principle each element can be used for a coat of arms, by which it can be accepted that alone from thatDenomination of the term into the Blasonierung also the badge on the actual sign to be recognized can. Thus a gear rim is as indication of the industrialization with many coats of arms around the turn of the century 1900 in Europe. In addition, it gave coats of armsmodern multistoried buildings and atomic power plants as indications of the progress, by which however many were placed with budding technique skepticism again except use.
To the names of special coat of arms pictures for instance the “Frankish rake “belongs, to that the description as into red three silverPoints replaces. The “württembergische lion” and the “Bavarian lion” can be easily kept apart in their typical organization characteristics by expert ones - the latter appears typically rotbezungt in gold put up and red-reinforces, while the württembergische Stauferlöwe in black walking appears rotbezungt. Therein many Blasonierungen these terms clarify, are regularly the relations under the ruling families to coat of arms sign instead of the general description, even if the latters are to be used compellingly, if the coat of arms picture does not have an origin of that coat of arms line.
The coats of arms of many family sexes lead themselvesfrom knights, who lead typically a tournament helmet (Tjosten) with colored helmet cover, which the coat of arms encases. The student coats of arms are accompanied against it not by helmet covers but by straussenfedern, as one finds them otherwise at the low Spanish aristocracy. Instead of of theHelmet on the sign head many urban coats of arms use a colored Mauerkrone, which is used instead of the golden king crown, while many civil nations replaced the king crown by a golden sheet crown. Due to the coat of arms companions one knows so referring to the carrier authorization of theCoat of arms owner derive.
Web on the left of
beautiful example of the language of the Blasonierung is during this description of the Bavarian coats of arms.