of the Bobsport is kind of winter sports, the end 19. Century in Switzerland von Engländern and part of the olympic program was developed with the olympic winter plays is. The Bobsport is closely related to the Rodeln. It can be called king class of the carriage haven. The technology of the sport equipment plays here still another larger role than with the Rodeln.
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1888 developed in pc. Moritz an Englishman the Bob, by installing two carriages one behind the other under a board. The front part over rope was controllable. Thereupon delivered running exclusively on natural Rodelbahnen were delivered, thus on Waldwegen, which were put on to wood transport predominantly.
Today the used Sportbobs is disguised completely aerodynamically and over a push pull cable is guidable the front skids. According to regulation of the international Bobföderation (FIBT) two-hereditary generic terms must have a minimum weight of 170 kg, four-hereditary generic terms of 210 kg. The maximum weight amounts to 390 (ladies: 350) and/or. 630 kg. The maximum width is determined at 67 cm, what corresponds also to the prescribed track width.
the travels in the Bobsport find on (today usually) 1200 artificially put on to 1600 an m are enough for frozen-over Bobbahn.
The number of the Bobbahnen is world-wide very small. Four of it are in Germany: Winter mountain, king lake (first art ice-skating rink of the world) (olympia course 1936), the allegedly heaviest course of the world in old person mountain (Saxonia) as well as in upper yard (only Rennrodel course).
Nearly all Bobbahnen has today Kunsteis. The only nature ice - Bobbahn, on which Weltcup running are driven, is in pc. Moritz. On this 1928 and 1948 the Bobrennen of the olympic winter plays were delivered.
origin of the name “Bob”
the term “Bob” ton comes bob from the English verb (too German: move jerkily): At the beginning of the Bobsportes the crews tried common, jerky of the rash torso the Bob more momentum after the start by Zurücklehnen and then and/or. To give speed. Called in German this Beschleuigungs technology at that time bobben.
technology and physical requirements
Bobs reach speeds of far over 100, partly 130 km/h. In the steep curves and chicaneries acceleration can reach briefly 5g (fivefold acceleration due to gravity). That makes enormous demands against the crew. The pilot must have an extremely good reactivity, a outstanding “course feeling” and a pronounced Feinmotorik. Smallest steering movements in the wrong place can cause an estimate in the worst case. The differences between the top teams amount to every now and then also after four runs in addition often only few hundredth or thousandth customers. Often the decision already falls over the placement in the Anschub and starting phase on the first 50 meters. The approach zone is approximately 15 meters long. Over few hundredths worse starting times cause usually a loss of some tenth ofs a second in the goal and only few world class pilots can such losses on the distance still up-get. Therefore the Anschieber must be very athletically built good Sprinter with explosive high-speed force ability. Often become former Leichtathleten, usually Sprinter, far Springer or Zehnkämpfer, when Hinterleute obligates. The Anschieber of nearly all top teams can offer 100-Meter-Bestzeiten under 11 seconds.
for the 1920er years already championships, at that time still in the 5er -, were driven out for Bob. Since 1930 world championships are driven into the Zweierbob and Viererbob. Since 1924 Bobfahren is a firm component of the olympic program. The first European championships took place 1935 in Ilmenau (Thuringia). From the outset Germans at the front places were to be found with international matches. Since 2000 there are also world championships in the Zweierbob with the women. With the olympic plays 2002 in salt Lake town center are the lady matches also a component of the olympic program. First world champion as a female pilot became the former successful Rodlerin Gabriele Kohlisch. One year later won the Exweltmeisterin in the Rodeln Susi earthling bronze, a further year later likewise bronze with the olympic plays behind Sandra Prokoff. Since 1950 (Olympia since 1952) crews won 43%) 32 from 87 olympic medals (37%) of it
- 12 of 29 olympia victories (41%)
- thereby from both German states, since 1990
- from reunited Germany 124 from 330 WM-medals
- (37.6%) of it 47 from 110 world champion titles
(are Germany the strongest Bobnation. Most successful pilot of all times in both Bobs is Wolfgang Hoppe with 36 international medals with olympic plays, world and European championships as well as Worldcups, of it 17 times gold. One its earlier Anschieber, Christoph being enough, became for the 1990er years its competitor and successor. Not as a pilot, however as successful Anschieber applies also Olaf Hampel.
- Martin Annen
- Ingo Appelt
- Harald Czudaj
- Susi earthling
- Bernhard Germeshausen
- Reto Götschi
- Matthias Höpfner
- Wolfgang Hoppe
- Janis Kipurs
- Sandra Kiriasis
- André long
- Christoph being enough
- Rudi Lochner
- Pierre Lueders
- Cathleen Martini
- Eugenio Monti
- my hard taker
- Erich Schärer
- Brian Shimer
- Rene Spies
- Mark of Tout
- Gustav neither
- Werner depression Karth
- Manuel Machata
- Dawid Kupczyk
- also the former Crown Prince and present prince of Monaco, Albert II., was regular with international matches as Bobpilot for his principality at the start.