Bonn

coat of arms map
Wappen der Stadt Bonn Deutschlandkarte, Lage der Stadt Bonn
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: North Rhine-Westphalia
governmental district: Cologne
district: Circle-free city
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 50° 43 ′ N, 7° 6 ′ O
50° 43 ′ N, 7° 6 ′ O
height: 45.6-194.8 m and. NN
surface: 141.22 km ²
Inhabitant: 314.020 (31. December 2005)
Population density: 2,221 inhabitants for each km ²
postal zip codes: 53000-53359
(old: 5300)
Preselection: 0228
Kfz characteristics: BN
municipality key: 05 3 14 000
Website: www.bonn.de
politics
Oberbürgermeisterin: Bärbel Dieckmann (SPD)
debt conditions: 914,85 millions €
(Conditions: 19. January 2006)
Unemployment ratio: 9.1%
(conditions: February 2006)
Foreigner portion: 13.65%
(conditions: 31.12.2005)

The federal city Bonn is in the south of North Rhine-Westphalia because of both banks of the Rhine. The city can do more than on one2000-jährige history back-look and belong to the oldest cities in Germany. Up to the end 18. Century was Bonn residence the Cologne cure princes. Here 1770 Ludwig van Beethoven came to the world. In the course 19. Century developed those University to one of the most important German universities.

From 1949 to 1990 Bonn was capital and until 1999 seat of the government of the Federal Republic of Germany. After the removal of parliament and parts of the Federal Government to Berlin “six Federal Ministries have their first in „the federal cityService seat, the other Ministries a secondary seat.

Changed in the past years the former area of government administration. It becomes today of modern administration buildings of large German enterprises, the radio house „of the German wave “and „the international congress center German Parliament Buildings Bonn “coined/shaped. In June 2006 here „the UN-campus is to be opened “. The coworkers of the twelve organizations of the United Nations (UN), which meanwhile in Bonn their seat have, become then in „being enough Eugen “and in surrounding buildings their jobsfind.

Table of contents


Geografie

because of the transition from the Rheini slate mountains to the Niederrheini lowlandses is in the southwest of the Land of the Federal Republic North Rhine-Westphalia those Federal city Bonn. Since 141,2 km ² the former Federal Capital expands to both sides of the Rhine . The linksrheinischen quarters form about three quarters of the total area. In the south and the west the Ausläufer of the Eifel encloses Kottenforst with the nature parkVille the federal city. North of Bonn the Cologne bay spreads, the Bergi country with the salient filter mountains borders in the east and northeast to the rheinische city. Due to the situation Bonn becomes also as „the gate the romanticCentral Rhine “designates. Administratively Bonn belongs to BN to the governmental district Cologne and is a circle-free city with the license number „“.

Bonn has its geographical center at the Federal Chancellor place.

The largest expansion of the city in north south direction amounts to 15 km, in west east direction however 12.5 km. ThoseCity boundaries have a length of 61 km.

The Belgian state border runs about 70 km to the west of Bonn, the state capital Duesseldorf is appropriate for 60 km far away and up to the neighbouring Cologne is it about 25 km.

With 194,8 m is the Pfaffelsbergin the quarter Beuel the highest collection in the city. The deepest Bodenpunkt is with 45,6 m over NN on the promontory Kemper Werth in the proximity of the victory delta.

Blick von Beuel auf Bonn-Zentrum; rechts die Kennedybrücke
View of Beuel of Bonn center; on the right of the Kennedybrücke

neighbour municipalities

Following cities and municipalities border on the city Bonn. They are called in the clockwise direction, in the north beginning and belong all with exception of Remagen, which lies in the district Ahrweiler in Rhineland-Palatinate, to the North-Rhine/Westphalian Rhine victory circle:

Niederkassel, Troisdorf, Sank Augustin, king winter, bath Honnef, Remagen, being awake mountain, Meckenheim, Alfter and fount home.

city arrangement

Karte der Stadtbezirke von Bonn

Bonn is divided into four urban districts, which consist of 51 local parts. Each urban district has a its ownDistrict agency with a district chief

climate

spacious regarded belongsBonn to the Atlantic-maritime climatic area, which is characterised by snow-poor winters with on the average 56 frost days (lowest temperature under 0 °C) and only 10 ice days (daily maximum temperature under 0 °C) at an average January temperature of 2,0 °C. The middle temperature in July liesat 18,7 °C, the average yearly temperature at 10,3 °C. Thus Bonn can be ranked among the warmest regions of Germany.

Concerning the precipitation Bonn lies in the rain shade of the central mountain landscape bordering south. While the federal city a middle yearly precipitation of only 669Millimeter exhibits, lies the annual precipitation in the Eifel with over 800 millimeters.

Loading on humans the always high relative air humidity affects itself. With on the average 35 stifling days Bonn lies far before other German cities. For the excessiveSultriness is among other things the insufficient air movement in the valley boiler responsible, because the fresh air originating usually from the west is braked by the northern Ausläufer of the Eifel mountains „“.

This fact affects again the heating up in the city, so that the temperatures within the cityfor example in July on the average 3 to 5 degrees more highly lies than in the surrounding countryside.

In the winter months and during the thaw the Rhine steps quite frequently over its banks. Particularly in the last years the water of the Rhine rose very faston, inundated roads and penetrated into houses, which caused enormous damages to property.

history

major item: History of Bonn

Grabstein des in Bonn stationierten römischen Legionärs Quintus Petilius Secundus.
gravestone of the Roman Legionärs Quintus Petilius Secundus stationed in Bonn.

1989 celebrated Bonn its 2000. Birthday. The city remindedthus to the establishment of a first Roman camp on the Rhine in the year 12 v. Chr. But already very much in former times humans lived within the range of the today's city. Of it that 14,000 years old double grave of upper Kassel and a ditch witness andHolzpalisaden, those within the range of the Venusberg were proven and from the time around 4080 v. Chr. come.

If birth the Roman operational readiness level in Bonna was still modest in the time before Christi, then should itself after the defeat of the RomanField gentleman Varus against the Teutons in the year 9 n. Chr. change. In the following decades a Legion was stationed here, which established today's Bonn a camp within the northern range . Around the camp dealers and craftsmen settled.

Bonn 1646 – Kupferstich von Matthäus Merian d. Ä..
Bonn 1646- Copper pass of matte house Merian D. A..

With the fall of the Roman realm the fall of Bonn in late ancient times and in the early Middle Ages accompanied . In Frankish time and finally in 9. and 10. Century developed within the rangethe Bonn one of Münster a religious center, the mansion Basilika and within the range of the today's market a market settlement.

Great importance for the further development of the city had the exit of the battle with Worringen in the year 1288. The Cologne cure princes madeafter its defeat Bonn - beside Brühl and Poppelsdorf - to one of their domiciles and finally to their residence. Of the cure princes in 17. and 18. Century delighted splendid buildings lent to the city their baroque gloss. With thatCrew by French troops ended to 1794 this epoch.

After Napoleons' defeat 1815 Bonn fell at Prussia. The city in the next decades coined/shaped of that already end 18. Century created and 1818 again created university.

After the First World War the city was occupied first by the Englishmen and then until 1926 by the Frenchmen.

More than 1,000 Bonn ones survived the time of the national socialism not, because they were murdered by the Nazis. About 8,000 persons hadtheir hometown abandoned, were arrested or in concentration camps closed. As to 9. March 1945 for Bonn the Second World War was terminated, was appropriate for 30% of the houses in rubble and more than 4,000 Bonn ones had due to bomb attacks or than soldierswith fighting their life calmly. The city took over to 28. May 1945 British troops.

After that 2. World war experienced the city a rapid up and development, particularly after the decision for Bonn as provisional capital of the new Federal Republic of Germany instead of Frankfurt A. M. at the 3. November 1949. After the removal of the Federal Government to Berlin the city went through a change again. Federal authorities, administrative centres of German enterprises, international organizations and the university are the columns of this structural change.

coats of arms

Major item: Bonn coats of arms.

Coat of arms of the city Bonn
das „steinerne Wölfchen“
„the stone Wölfchen “

the coat of arms of the city Bonn shows a black cross in the upper half on silver reason. It is the Kurkölni cross of the cure principality Cologne, also on other municipality coats of armsin the today's ore diocese Cologne to still find is. It symbolizes the territorial and political solidarity between Bonn and Cologne cure princes, who had their residence since 1597 in Bonn.

The lower sign half shows a golden lion on red reason. ThatLion - sometimes also leopard or in the vernacular „stone Wölfchen “mentioned - is an old Bonn court symbol. The sculpture of the lion stood from the Middle Ages to the end the kurfürstlichen time on the cathedral Muenster, where today the monument of Ludwig vanBeethoven stands. This place was meeting place of the Bonn court municipality. The sculpture found today its place in the Vestibül Bonn city halls.

religions

major items: Religions in Bonn.

Historically Bonn is coined/shaped like the entire Rhine country catholic. Inthe past 75 years however the denomination affiliation of the Bonn population changed substantially. If 1925 were still more than 80% of the Bonn population catholic, then to end of the 1990er years the portion nearly halved itself. About 45%the inhabitant are today catholic and 25% Evangelist. Nearly a third of humans living in Bonn belong another or to no denomination; about 6% are Muslims.

incorporations

the city Bonn became several timesby incorporations increases:

Eingemeindungen von Bonn.

By 1900 Bonn had strongly grown. In the consequence became at the 1. June 1904 the places Poppelsdorf, Endenich, Kessenich and Dottendorf in in common December, with which Bonn had grown together. By the municipality reform of the 1. August 1969 becamethe number of inhabitants about doubles. The independent cities Bad Godesberg and Beuel became own urban districts of Bonn. On „peel crimp “convenient urban district Beuel received additionally the localities Holzlar, Hoholz and upper Kassel slammed shut, up to then to Belonged to victory circle. Bonn was extended Lessenich/Messdorf and shrub village of the former circle Bonn by the places Ippendorf , rotting gene , for Lengsdorf and Duisdorf formed together with some development areas the urban district Hardtberg.

The city Bad Godesberg had before for their part some placesin in common December. 1899 had already come Plittersdorf and Rüngsdorf to Godesberg, 1904 was added still Friesdorf , with which Bad Godesberg had already grown together with Bonn. In the year 1915 Bad Godesberg was exceeded after southwest from the valley, so that sleeve village became in in common December.At the 1. July 1935 also Lannesdorf and Mehlem of quarters of Bad Godesberg finally became.

to inhabitant development

for detailed numbers of inhabitants see the article history of Bonn

with more than 300,000 inhabitants belongs to Bonn to the middle large cities and to thatten largest cities in North Rhine-Westphalia and is an upper center. The number of inhabitants of the city Bonn exceeded 1939 the 100.000-Grenze. Thus it became the large city. The number of inhabitants was doubled by incorporations 1969. By the government removal it came into the 1990erYears to a decrease in population, which became balanced however in the meantime. Today Bonn is one of the few large cities in Germany with still increasing number of inhabitants.

politics

Oberbürgermeister/in

old city hall

at the point of the city Bonn12 stood in. Century of the Vogt and the twelve jurors of the national gentleman. Since 1331 two are „citizen-master “, later also „an advice “testified. In a document of 24. July 1550 for the first time „the twelfths were called “, as „the twelve vannthe gemeynden “, which held a control function. They represented not only the guilds, but the whole municipality. The mayors were selected by the advice, the advice of the guilds and the twelfth of the municipalities. In the Salentini contract of 1569 one ordered,that the city is to be administered by two Scheffelbürgermeisteren and two Ratsbürgermeisteren, from which in each case one led the business as „a governing mayor “. The advice was increased to fifteen jurors. Composition and authority of the advice changed later several times. In thatTime of French occupation since 1794 was introduced for the mayor the designationMaire “. After the Frenchmen from the city were moved away, became to 25. February 1814 the French designation” Maire “by the title „mayors “replaces. Anton MariaKarl count von Belderbusch held the office „of the Maire since 1804 “and was starting from 1814 first mayor of the city. In Prussian time after 1815 Bonn became seat of a district. At the point of the city beginning since 1815Mayor, moreover gave it an advice.

New city hall

during the time of the national socialists was used the mayor of the NSDAP. After the Second World War the military government of the British zone of occupation used a new mayor and 1946 led it the municipal constitutionafter British model. Afterwards there was „an advice of the city selected by the citizens “. That selected from its center the honorary mayor as chairman and a representative of the city and a full-time director of upper city as a director/conductor of the city administration. 1996 became inNorth Rhine-Westphalia the double head in the city administrations given up. The mayor is now selected directly. It is as full-time mayors of chairman of the advice, director/conductor of the city administration and a representative of the city. In the function as a representative of the city the mayor in Bonn becomesrepresent from three mayors. The first step-by-step selection 1999 won Bärbel Dieckmann in the ballot against the CDU candidate Helmut Stahl, 2004 it in the first ballot in the office was confirmed.

See also: List of the mayors and directors of upper city of Bonn

To town councillor

Sitzverteilung seit 2004

Bonn town councillor belong 66 advice women and councilman. The directly selected Oberbürgermeisterin has right to vote and leads the meetings. Due to the local election result of 2004 it came to the following allocation of seats into Bonn advice CDU (25 members), SPD (19 members), the Greens (11 members), FDP (6 members), the citizen federation Bonn (3 members) and 2 parliamentary groupless members. At the beginning of of 2006 is withdrawn a member of the citizen federation from the parliamentary group while maintaining its mandate. The citizen federation lost thereby its parliamentary group status so that the advicebelong at present 5 parliamentary groupless members.

traffic light coalition

with the tunings in the advice came it since the new election in September 2004 majorities which can be changed, after Oberbürgermeisterin had explained Bärbel Dieckmann, it wants one „project-related co-operation “. From this refusala coalition moved the SPD away in the middle of December 2005. Since then discussions took place between SPD, the Green and FDP, in which the possibilities of a coalition were sounded out. At the beginning of January 2006 pulled tight also the CDU and offered for its part to all parties of discussionsto the formation of a coalition on. At the night of 13. on the 14. Representatives of SPD, the Green and FDP agreed January on the education of a Bonn traffic light coalition.

one

maintains partnerships between cities the city Bonn since 1988 Partnership between cities with potsdam and since 1983 a city friendship with Tel Aviv Jaffa in Israel. Further quarter partnerships and city friendships, which partly developed before the regional reorganization 1969, exist in the individual urban districts:

apart from partnerships between cities maintains Bonn „topic project partnerships “. Apart from youth and culture exchange partly also an exchange of experience exists in the ranges ecology, town development and disaster prevention. Project partnerships exist at present with the cities Buxoro in Usbekistan, Chengdu in China, La Paz in Bolivia, Minsk in white Russia, Salzburg in Austria and Ulaanbaatar in that Mongolia.

culture and objects of interest

museums

Bonn have a largeNumber of important museums. The art and exhibition hall of the Federal Republic of Germany („federal arts center “) (1986-1992 of the Viennese build architect Gustav Peichl) and the house history the Federal Republic of Germany, been because of the so-called „museum mile “, belong since their opening to the tenusually-visited museums of Germany - they attract each year in each case over 500.000 visitors, with individual drawing of a bill exceed the federal arts center this number even clearly. Both museums developed for end of the 1980er years together with the urban art museum Bonn and become together withthe 1995 opened and itself on German research and technology since 1945 concentrating Bonn branch of the German museum in the center of science, which ifa gallery and the steeped in tradition museum market king as museum mile.

Academic art museum.

In birth, living and houses of the deceased of well-known personalities becameMuseums furnished. That applies for August the Macke - house, Ernst Moritz Arndt - to the Beethoven house, to house and Robert the Schumann - house. Into the soil of the Bonn lane, in which the Beethoven house is, is since 2005 the Portraits ofPersonalities let in, whose personal records are closely connected with the city.

The university has numerous museums and collections. Beside the Egyptian museum, a collection with about 3000 original objects, the academic art museum, which accommodates the archaeological collection of the university, andto call Arithmeum, extensive collection of calculating machines, is here also still Botani garden, that among other things, into which years 2003 to 2005, which largest flower of the world, which titanium-pepper, maintained, as well as the gold foot museum, a looking collectionof fossils, and the mineralogical museum, a jewel and meteorite collection, finally the refuge Stoeckel museum, which represents the history of the Anästhesiologie of the discovery of the ether arcose in the year 1846 up to the present.

Meanwhile more than 20 years is that 1981 created woman museumold. It was world-wide the first institution of same name or comparable objective. Today the woman museum on over 400 exhibitions can back-look and with its extensive Begleitprogrammen an also internationally recognized institution became.

Between 1995 and 2003 completelyconverted Rheini federal state museum points important archaeological monuments to the culture history of the Rhine country and possesses a less meaning collection of contemporary art from the region.

In at the Poppelsdorfer avenue people observatory Bonn lain regularly public observations of the starlit sky and the sun becomeaccomplished.

On initiative and under line of the Bertolt break comprehensive school the Bonn planet didactic exhibition on a scale of 1:1 became billion with the help of German center for air and space travel in Bonn and further sponsors in two-year work in September 2002 along of Rhineopened. The sun (diameter 1.40 m) is starting point 5946 m of the long didactic exhibition and stands underneath the water company. In relatively short distances between 50 m and 100 m stand Merkur, Venus, earth and Mars. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptunfollow with distances between 700 m and 1.5 km. Pluto locks the way at the northern end Bonn port in grey Rhine village. At each planet location are on information boards the name, a hemisphere true to scale, the symbol, diameters as well as all information inBraille deposits.

buildings

at the market place starting from 1737 in the style Rococo delighted old persons city hall, one of the landmarks of the city lies. In direct neighbourhood of the city hall is the former main residence the Cologne cure princes, the Kurfürstliche lock - today main building of the Bonn university. The Poppelsdorfer avenue, a Kastanienallee, connects the Kurfürstliche lock with the Poppelsdorfer lock, that in the first half 18. Century as Erholungsort of the cure princes one built. Interruptedbecomes this axle by the railroad line with the main station, whose 1883/84 established reception building stands today under monument protection and is violently argued over its free area organization for years in the Bonn public.

The three highest buildings of the city are the radio mastthe WDR on the Venusberg (180 m), the post office Tower (162.5 m) and the former delegate multistoried building „long Eugen “(114.7 m). The enormous Vierungsturm of Bonn Münster is with considerable 81.4 m on place sieves the highest buildings.

Bonnhad a set of buildings of churches. A landmark of the city is Bonn Münster. In the Remigiuskirche in the brother lane, which earlier brother church, is the basin, in which Beethoven was baptized. The double church became starting from 1151 in black Rhine villagebuilt. Above Poppelsdorf, at the place of a pre-Christian cult place and a Christian place of pilgrimage, builds Christoph of Wamser 1627/28 the cross mountain church. Archbishop and cure prince Clemens August left the church in the center 18. Century by Balthasar Neumann by the cultivation that„Holy staircase “extend. The 1957 again geweihte old-catholic church pc. Cyprian is in the Adenauer avenue.

Numerous prominent graves and grave and monuments of important sculptors make the old person cemetery one of the most famous cemeteries in Germany. There is z. B.the grave of Beethovens nut/mother and the monument for Robert and Clara Schumann.

between the Kurfürstlichen lock and the Rhine lies „the old person tariff “, a bastion of the former fortress ring. The star gate, originally at thatDelta of the asterisking race on the peace place stood, because of the building of the streetcar by the asterisking race around 1900 was diminished and transferred in strongly modified form including a remainder of the Stadtmauer some meters at the Bottlerplatz again developed.

Above bathGodesberg is appropriate the ruin for that probably as escape castle of Franconias built Godesburg. The Godesberger city hall consists of six connected buildings, which were built for 1790-92 by cure prince max of Franz as Logierhäuser for Kurgäste. The 1790-1830 build former kurfürstliche chamber theatres„La Redoute “is today branch office of the art museum.

the head office of the German post office is in post office the Tower, the highest office building in North Rhine-Westphalia. The building stands for that in direct neighbourhood to the former delegate multistoried building and landmarkFederal Capital at that time, which „being enough Eugen “, which is used today by the United Nations. Between the two multistoried buildings is the Schürmann building, the center of the German wave. This as delegate office planned buildings became original during the building phaseby the Rhine flood heavily damages 1993. The German Parliament Buildings were originally an educational academy, which was used later starting from 1948 by the parliamentary advice and by Bundestag and Bundesrat. End of the 1980er years was replaced the plenary assembly hall by a new building. Since thatParliament removal is used it as international congress center German Parliament Buildings Bonn (IKBB). A further part of the IKBB is the historical water company, which was used during the change of the German Parliament Buildings as plenary assembly hall of the Bundestag. The place of the United Nations is also191 flags of the UN - states the beflaggtes traffic spider in the federal quarter.

On the Venusberg is a far away visible transmitting pole of the WDR.

nature and park plants

view from Bonn of the filter mountains, right in the picture thatehem. Lower House „long Eugen “(left) and the post office Tower (rh)

for the Bundesgartenschau 1979 the Rhine meadows and agriculturally used surfaces became southern the area of government administration at that time into a 160 hectar large landscape park, which transforms Rheinaue. Today it servesas local recreation area and for large meetings such as open air concerts, celebrations and flea markets one uses.

Besides there are some smaller park plants, the whose largest Kurpark is in Bad Godesberg in the city. It was put on originally for the cure enterprise and accommodates some rarePlant types.

The largest open space within Bonn is measuring villages the field between Endenich, Dransdorf, Lessenich and Duisdorf. It has meaning for the climate of the Bonn city center as open space in wind direction and is the only agriculturally used surface in the city.

Further recreation areasthe nature park is Kottenforst Ville to the west of Bonn and the filter mountains lain southeast from Bonn. Into both nature parks extensive moving ways with attractive prospects invite on the city to migrations. The remote moving way Rhine paste begins in Bonn and crosses also thatFilter mountains.

theatre, music, film

Beethoven-Kopf vor der Beethovenhalle
Beethoven head before the Beethovenhalle

beside the urban „theatre Bonn “with opera, play and choreographic theatre gives it various smaller private theatres in Bonn. In addition the versus circle theatres lain in the city center belong and „to euro theatreCent ral “as well as in Beuel „boy theatre Bonn “lain, „theatres the RABEN " and „the small theatre the Bad Godesberg “.

Small art and Kabarett are dargeboten among other things in „the house of the jumping mouse “, inthe Pantheon theatre “and in „the theatre in the ballroom “.

„The Beethoven orchestraBonn “organized regularly concerts in the Beethovenhalle Bonn and is used also in the opera. 1897 as „a Philharmoni orchestra Koblenz was created “, and taken over 1907 of the city Bonn as „an urban orchestra Bonn “. After that 2. World war receivedit the names „orchestras of the Beethovenhalle “and later finally its current names.

The steeped in tradition cinema „Metropol “at the market place was closed in March 2006, after the building at the end of of 2005 is changed into the hand of a new owner. Those likewiseat the market „star of light plays lain “by CineStar are operated. In that buildings of the universe light plays built 1956 at the Bertha of Suttner place “reside since 1998 „the Woki “. In the center from Bad Godesberg is the multiplex cinemaKinopolis “. In Bonn it givesthree program cinemas: the 1952 in Endenich opened „Rex light play theatre “, the 1933 in Beuel build „new film stage “and in the cultural center „the bread factory Bonn “convenient „Bonn Kinemathek “.

regular meetings

Konzert vor dem Beethoven-Haus im Rahmen der Eröffnungsveranstaltung des Beethovenfestes 2005
concert before the Beethoven house in the framework thatOpening meeting of the Beethovenfestes 2005

the Beethovenfest “is a nearly vierwöchiges music festival taking place annually in the autumn also over fifty concerts in Bonn and the environment. 2005 were accomplished for the first time the Beethoven Competition, a competition for young pianistsfrom the whole world. Every two years takes place the one-week „Biennale Bonn “with theatre performances, concerts, readings and exhibitions. In the arcade yard of the university each year in the summer during the zehntägigen international silent movie days restored silent movies are shown. On the museum square onthe federal arts center take place in the summer under a tent roof open air concerts with German and international artists.

In the Rheinaue takes place on each third Saturday in the month from April to October „the large Rheinauen “- flea market. Annual meetings in the Rheinaue are thatLarge fireworks „Rhine in flames “on the first May weekend, „in vain and outside “- music festival „Rhine culture “on the first July weekend as well as „the beer stock exchange “on the last weekend in July and „the international meeting celebration “in the autumn.

The largest annual fair inBonn, „Pützchens market “, takes place in each case on the second weekend in September in Beuel.

The Bonn Marathon is a marathon race, which leads annually by the city.

Rose on Mondays course before the city hall

Karneval

Bonn ranks among the rheinischenKarnevalshochburgen, although one always stood in the shade of the larger Cologne Karnevals. In the Beueler city hall transfers on woman nearly night the scrubber princess the regency. Old person the city hall in Bonn becomes since beginning 20. Century at the Karnevalssonntag of the city soldiers in historical uniformsbesieged and conquered. The largest Karnevalssitzung is „the alternative Karnevalssitzung “ Pink Punk Pantheon with annual over 10.000 visitors.

dialect

in Bonn is originally spoken the ripuarische dialect Bönnsch, that itself of the closely used Kölsch beside some wordsby the more pronounced „Singsang “and the more leisurely speech speed differentiates. Contrary to the self-confident Cologne of the craftsmen it was in „makes “circles of the residence and university town Bonn however verpönt to speak dialect therefore the Bönnsch is not in the everyday life life any longer like thatpresent like the Kölsch in Cologne. The high portion of tightening („Immis “) did its remaining. Most well-known Imitator of the bönnschen dialect is the Kabarettist Konrad Beikircher born in South Tyrol.


sport

of the most well-known Sportvereinin Bonn the basketball federal lyingist is Telekom Baskets Bonn “. In former times successful football crew „Bonn sport club “plays after that secondary league - Lizenzentzug 1977 for years only in the upper league north Rhine.

Further sport associations are the 1. Bath min clay/tone clubBeuel (German bath min clay/tone master 2005), the lady basketball federal lyingist BG Rentrop Bonn “, „the hockey and tennis club black-and-white Bonn “, as well as of Bonn of largest Sportverein, „the SSF Bonn “. Best hand ball association is the TSV Bonn.

economics and infrastructure

economic situation

ofIn the middle of 1991, the time Bonn/Berlin resolution of the federal daily, to in the middle of 2002 is over approximate the number of the busy employees in the city Bonn 11,400 persons and/or. 8.5% to 145.558 risen. For 2003 the city gives again an increasearound 3118 jobs on then 149,016 on. Removal-conditioned losses of one's job could be created thus similarly as balanced in the neighbouring Rhine victory circle and new jobs.

The positive development was made possible among other things by the compensations of the federation to the region, itself altogetherto 1.4 billion euro amount. To special science projects and construction measures were promoted. Besides numerous federal authorities moved to Bonn, in addition many international institutions and non-government organizations settled, among other things also twelve of the United Nations in the federal city. Also thoseConcentration of the German post office and German Telekom in Bonn contributed to it. There are large expectations to the extended international congress center German Parliament Buildings Bonn, that according to data of the investor the largest of its kind in Germany will is and the numberthe congress participant in Bonn will multiply.

Won in Bonn above all the services (without public administration) with an increase of 27,1% and/or. about 22,400 persons employed of June 1991 to June 2002. With 105.171 persons employed and a portionfrom 72,3% at all persons employed this promising range removed its dominating position in Bonn. On the other hand the public administration in this period lost nearly a third of its persons employed.

Research institutes for economics assume in Bonn also into thatnext years the number of the jobs continues to rise.

job market

Bonn has one of the lowest unemployment ratios in North Rhine-Westphalia for years. In December2005 amounted to it 7.9%. A large part in Bonn of the persons employed gets along as a commuterthe surrounding Rhine victory circle. Daily 80,000 humans drive to Bonn to the work, while 30,000 Bonn ones follow outside of the city boundary of their occupation. Thus Bonn has the third-highest commuter surplus in North Rhine-Westphalia to Cologne and Duesseldorf.

The job market of the region is coined/shaped underother one of the numerous Federal Ministries and - authorities connected with several Federal associations and - organizations - the federation is the largest employer in the region - as well as the heavyweights German post office and German Telekom with their subsidiary companies. Beside the jobs within the rangethe functions „federal city “and „UN-city “with the international organizations gives it in Bonn comparatively many within the range to the information and communication technology as well as the science with several research establishments.

traffic

Fernstraßen im Raum Bonn.
freeways in the area Bonn.

Bonn is over the motorways A 59, A 555, A 562, and A 565 as well as the federal highways B 9, B 42 and B 56 tied up to the freeway net. The airport Cologne/Bonn is appropriate about 20 kilometers north for the city and is overA 59, a high-speed bus line and the rechtsrheinische railroad line connected with Bonn. Since the city of the Rhine splits becomes, to have the three Rhine bridges of A 562 (south bridge, „Konrad Adenauer bridge “), A 565 (north bridge, „Friedrich Ebert bridge “) and B 56 (Kennedybrücke) as well as the Rhine ferries Mehlem Königswinter, bath Godesberg Niederdollendorf and Graurheindorf Mondorf special meaning for traffic in the city.

The Bonn main station is long-distance traffic stop of the German course at the left Rhine distance (Cologne Bonn Koblenz - Mainz). The station victory castle/Bonn to the ICE -New building distance Cologne Frankfurt can be attained with the metropolitan railway line 66 in 30 minutes. The six Bonn stations and critical points become of numerous SPNV - lines serves. Toward Cologne three (linksrheinisch) and/or two (rechtsrheinisch) suburban traffic lines operate in the hour clock, toward Koblenz leftlike rechtsrheinisch in each case two lines. In addition a hourly connection over Remagen exists in the Ahrtal. The connection after Euskirchen over Rhine brook (Voreifelbahn) is served partially in the 15-Minuten-Takt.

Bonn possesses a metropolitan railway/streetcar net with approximately six lines (depending uponCounting method), which is served during the day in 10 the minutes pulse, the abendlichen cycle times were strongly thinned out 2002. Beside connections in the city the metropolitan railway Bonn serves also victory castle, sank Augustin, king winters and bath Honnef. Two lines operate on railroad lines of the former Cologne-Bonn railway (KBE) to Cologne over Brühl and/or Wesseling in the 20-minutes pulse.

Bonn has likewise a very close bus network with approximately 30 lines, which is served as far as possible in the 20-minutes pulse. Cycle times of five minutes partly result from line bundling. Late traffic became2002 on resolution of the advice majority strongly thinned out. Besides exists a night bus network with nine lines, which manufacture connections once per hour among themselves. The night bus network is financed partially by Sponsoring, i.e. each line carries the names of a sponsor, the bus (during the day in) suitable complete advertisement carries normal regular transport service.

The cycle track net of the city Bonn was removed between 1994 and 1999 strongly, some cycle tracks were however in the meantime back-built. Nevertheless the city carries the title „bicycle-friendly city in North Rhine-Westphalia “.

In the north, in the local part grey Rhine village is appropriate for that Inland port of the city Bonn. It was resident before at „the old person tariff “, in the proximity of the Kennedybrücke. After this place for the envelope capacities was not sufficient any longer, it was shifted into the 1920er years to an at that time still settlement-free location. Was intendedconcomitantly the creation of a larger industrial settlement as well as a harbor basin. Both was not converted. Into the 1960er the port was tied up years with the port railway to the railway system of the KBE. Meanwhile the port Bonn of the local part grey Rhine village is landlateralcompletely enclosed. At this current port today containers for the overseas shipment are turned over predominantly. The yearly envelope achievement lies over all goods with about 0.5 millions t.

supply networks

the infrastructure of the supply networks (water, gas, river, cable) is altogether clearly slowergrown as the city. Thus Bad Godesberg is only supplied contrary to the other urban districts since 1986 with water from the illusion brook dam; the supply of electricity does not lie until today in the supply area of Bonn public utilities. Besides the urban district has still oneown purification plant.

In the last 15 years extensive investments took place into the sewage disposal. All purification plants were modernized and developed for over 200 million euro.

After Bonn had become Federal Capital, the line was converted to the ring and meshed network. The grownStructures of these nets ensure a higher reliability than comparable in other cities.

resident enterprise

Bonn is to Munich and before Duesseldorf because of second place of the so-called „stock exchange league “, based on the stock exchange value of the enterprises represented there. <ref>Stock exchange league 2005from Simon, Kucher & partner, see z. B.[1]< /ref>

The important companies in Bonn let themselves be divided into two groups. On the one hand several denationalized state enterprises in Bonn have their seat carrier. Most well-known examples are the German Telekom as well as thatSubsidiary companies T-mobile and the German post office as well as its daughter postal bank. Also „the tank & rest “have its seat in Bonn. In the broader sense into this category public utilities Bonn likewise belong.

On the other hand sit in Bonn alsosome steeped in tradition private business. Beside the food producers Haribo and Verpoorten are to be called here the electronics company Moeller group and building of organs Klais.

Further companies of supraregional importance are „Bonn finance “, fair trade, the IVG real estates AG and SolarWorld.

media

The television station Phoenix furnished its center in the former Hauptstadtstudio Second Channel of German Television, the WDR maintains further a Bundesstudio in Bonn. With distance largest daily paper in Bonn is the general indicator. Besides in addition, expenditures for restaurant Kölni appear round-look („Bonn round-look “)and Cologne city indicator. The rheinische boulevard sheet express affords with „the Bonn express “likewise its own expenditure for restaurant. The meanwhile only city magazine is „the Schnüss “(rheinisch for „lip “). „The Bonn pictorial published by the Bouvier publishing house “was adjusted 2004. The supraregionalWeekly paper Rheini Merkur originates likewise from Bonn.

In Bonn Lokalradiosender sends „Bonn/Rhine victory to radio “with master program of radio North-Rhine/Westphalia and a student Radiosender on the UKW frequency 96.8 (radio 96.8). In addition the German wave has its center in the Bonn one Schürmann building.

The broadcast supply is made among other things by the transmitting poles on the Venusberg and on the oil mountain. First supplies the region Bonn since 2004 also with the digital antenna television DVB-T, which replaced the similar radiant emittance.

Public mechanisms

education and research

former Kurfürstliches lock and current main building of the University of (back opinion)

the Rheini Friedrich William university 1777 were created as an academy and closed 1798. 1818 were again created it and belonged since then to the largest universitiesGermany. Together with its university clinic it belongs to the largest employers in Bonn.

The former observatory of the university accommodates today Institut for communication sciences as well as the people observatory Bonn.

The professional school Bonn Rhine victory was created 1995. Although it Bonn in theirWithin the city no study location carries, is names. Seat of the professional school is sank Augustin, further locations is in Rhine brook and Hennef.

In addition the institutes for Max-Planck for mathematics, radio astronomy and for the research of community goods are in Bonn. As compensation measure for the removal to Berlin 1998 the research center were created caesar.

Until 2004 Bonn accommodated also „the professional school for the public library nature Bonn “. This professional school was created 1921 of the boron Rome from association and 1947 recognition by the country North Rhine-Westphalia nationally. Since 1982 it carried for its last well-known names. In the year 2004 the professional school was however dissolved.

„The advanced training academy of the ministry of the Interior of the country North Rhine-Westphalia “is a country-wide advanced training place for the persons employed of the municipalities as well as the Landesverwaltung. It has their seatin Herne, within Bonn the specialist area finances with „the advanced training academy of the financial administration North-Rhine/Westphalia (FortAFin) is “.

The German academic exchange service (DAAD) has its office in Bonn just like the German research council ( DFG) and the study donation of the German people.

Of theFurther ones have the Federal Ministry for education and research (BMBF) , the secretariat of the conference of Secretary of cultural affairs (KMK ) , the university rectors conference (HRK ) , Bundesinstitut for vocational training (BIBB) , the Bund-Laender-Commission for educational planning and research promotion (BLK) and German Institut for adult education () within the political range theirSeat in Bonn.

UN-city

since 1996 Bonn calls itself „the UN-city on the Rhine “. For twelve organizations, offices and programs of the United Nations here in the meantime more than 600 coworkers work, on a long-term basis are 1000 unemployed ones their job in the federal city have. The employment for a lasting development of the earth connects the organizations. After the complete reorganization „being enough of the Eugen “are (presumably in June 2006) with exception of the climate secretary's office, for still parts of theGerman Parliament Buildings to be converted, all mechanisms of the UN, which are represented in Bonn, must find UN-campus “a common location there within the range of the Bonn one „.

The settlement of the UN-organizations led to a rise in Bonn active of the international institutions and non-government organizations, ofthose in Bonn in the meantime approximately 170 established themselves. Among them among other things the German volunteer service, German Institut for development policy and InWEnt , all important institutes of development assistance, are those in the perception of their tasks of the Federal Ministry foreconomic co-operation and development with head office in Bonn to be supported.

See also: List of the UN-mechanisms in Bonn and list of the international organizations in Bonn

federal city

also after the government removal to Berlin have, regulated by Berlin/Bonn law,six Federal Ministries further their first service seat in Bonn, besides the number into the citizen of Berlin of the Ministries may not do employed coworkers those in Bonn of the residents Ministries (about 10,000) to exceed. Likewise by the law the removal of about 20 was regulatedFederal authorities from Berlin and the Rhine Main area into the federal city. In addition the federation specified the settlement of the German Telekom, the German post office and the postal bank by law.

Their first service seat in Bonn have the Federal Ministry of the defense as well asthe Federal Ministries for nutrition, agriculture and consumer protection, for economic co-operation and development, for environment, nature protection and reactor safety, for health and for education and research. The Ministries with first service seat in Berlin have a secondary seat in Bonn.

Various further federal authorities as for example the Federal Cartel Office, the Federal Audit Office, the federal net agency and the railway Federal Office are settled likewise in Bonn and justify so the title federal city.

With the Upper House of Parliament, the Office of the Federal Chancellor and the Federal President in that Mansion Hammerschmidt close of the Rhine bank have in the federal city besides three constitutional bodies their second service seat.

In the context of the federalism reform there are plans, the status of Bonn as „federal city “and continued Berlin/Bonn law in an accompanying text to one againto fix calm article 22 in the Basic Law. In a draft for it it means: „Berlin/Bonn law, the culture promotion of the federation for the federal city Bonn, running to 2010, as well as the cultural facilities promoted carried by the federation in Bonn and/or (art and exhibition hall of the Federal RepublicGermany, house of the history of the Federal Republic of Germany as well as Beethoven house) remain unaffected. “

See also: List of the federal authorities in Bonn.

judicial authorities

Bonn is location country -, work - and a district court. Besides is the citySeat „of the public prosecutor's office Bonn “.

personalities

with Bonn connected persons

see: Bonn connected persons.

honour citizens

see: To list of the honour citizens of Bonn

see also

sources

<of references/>

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