Boris Wassiljewitsch Spasski

Boris Wassiljewitsch Spasski (Russian БорисВасильевичСпасский, wiss. Transliteration Boris Vasil'evič Spasskij; * 30. January 1937 in Leningrad (today sank Petersburg)) - a French chess player living in France is Soviet and the 10. World champion in the history of chess.

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Spasski in seiner Zeit als Weltmeister
] youth Spasski chess learned 4
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work on] lives already promptly: as 9-Jähriger it joined the chess section in the Lenin grader pioneer palace. Its enormous talent was recognized immediately and promoted nationally. Apart from the supplyan outstanding coach (Vladimir Zak) Spasski received a monthly scholarship. Already as 10-year old he achieved the Soviet play degree of the 1. Category, as 11-year old he won the championship of his chess section. 1952 it participated in the semi-final to the USSR championship in Riga and achieved 50 per centthe possible points. In the same year it became second with the Lenin graders championship.

Its successes arranged the Soviet chess federation to send it 1953 to its first international tournament to Bucharest. Spasski divided place 4 to 6 and received thereupon, as 16-Jähriger, of the world chess federation FIDE the title of international masters lent.

youth world champion and large master

its success series tore not off: 1954 it won the outstanding tournament of the young Soviet masters in Leningrad and became in the semi-final 22. USSR championship fourth, which qualified it to the USSR championship 1955. With the USSR championship,those a zone tournament of the FIDE was at the same time, arrived Spasski on the divided 2. to 6. Place and qualified itself for the interzone tournament. In the same year Spasski in Antwerp became youth world champion and participated in Göteborg in the interzone tournament, with which he on the divided 7.to 9. Place arrived and thus for the candidate tournament in Amsterdam 1956 qualified themselves. For its successes the FIDE 1956 lent the title of a large master to it.

years of the stagnation

its divided 3. to 7. Place in the Amsterdamer candidate tournament was also inlarge success for the 19-Jährigen, but a further large victory remained malfunctioned for it in the next years. Two times (1958 and 1961) it, in each case lying in guidance, lost its last round the latter with USSR championships. It won the 29. USSR championship 1961, but was not thisZone tournament of the FIDE. Only by a divided 1. - 4. 1964 it knew place with the zone tournament of the USSR itself again qualify for the interzone tournament. With in the same year the interzone tournament aligned in Amsterdam it divided the 1 likewise. - 4. Rank.

the first approach on the world champion throne

Its success entitled it to the participation in the candidate tournament 1965, which was aligned for the first time in match form. It met 5.5-2.5 (+3-0=5 ) in the quarter final on Paul Keres, whom it switched off with 5-3 (+4-2=4), in the semi-final struck it Efim Geller still more clearly and won the final approximatelyEx world champion Mikhail Tal with 7-4 (+4-1=6).

Its first match around the chess world championship it lost 1966 against Tigran Petrosjan scarcely with 11,5-12,5 (3 victories, 4 defeats, 17 undecided). Spasski was approaching for the next WM-cycle the renewed course by the candidate fights. As a loser of the WM-fight was it for the candidate tournament 1968 before before. In the quarter final it met again on Efim Geller, which it struck with the same result as 1965: 5,5-2,5 (+3-0=5). In the semi-final it finally defeated the Dane Bent Larsen 5.5-2.5 (+4-1=3), in the final the Lenin grader Viktor Kortschnoi 6.5-3.5 (+4-1=5) andbecame again challenger of Tigran Petrosjan.

world champion 1969 to 1972

in the world championship fight 1969 showed itself to Spasski as importantly better prepared. It defeated Petrosjan with 12,5-10,5 (6 victories, 4 defeats, 13 undecided) and became the 10. Chess world champion in history.

At the 1. September 1972 it lost the title in Reykjavík against Bobby Fischer (3 victories, 6 defeats, 11 undecided), against whom it had up to then a positive balance. By its defeat in by the mass media for the match of the systems (match of the century) high-representative match with thatAmerican fell Spasski in the homeland in disgrace. One accused to him to have his title thoughtlessly by bad preparation playful. In Reykjavik Spasski numerous Soviet large masters were available as aids, while Fischer did not accept second or a coworker. Spasski rehabilitated itself 1973 by a victorywith the 41. USSR championship.

last candidate fights

1974 it failed in the semi-final of the candidate fights against the young top player Anatoli Karpow, the 1975 after Fischer's retreat of the chess of the 12. World champion became. 1977 lost Spasski the candidate final against Viktor Kortschnoi and already 1980the quarter final (against Lajos Portisch). Spasski undertook 1985 (6 up to the candidate tournament of Montpellier. - 7. Place) no further attempts, itself again qualify for a world championship fight too.

Since 1976 it lives in France and accepted also the French nationality. It played for its newHomeland at the chess Olympiads 1984, 1986 and 1988.

for Solingen in the chess federal league

Spasski enriched the German chess life by its commitment with the Solinger SG 1868 also. It played for the Solinger since introduction of the single-railed chess federal league of the season 1980/1981 to 1989/1990 and 1987 and 1988 became German crew master with the Klingenstädtern 1981. 1991 it helped its German club with achieving the European Cup for association crews.

the last show with Bobby Fischer

1992 played Spasskia looking fight against its friend Bobby Fischer, whom it lost with 12,5-17,5. This match, which was aligned after 20 years Schachabstinenz of the American, took place in by the civil war afflicted and by the USA Yugoslavia occupied with restaurant economics. That Fischer went again to the chessboard,of the chess world as a sensation one noticed, for whose coming off also the person was jointly responsible fun gravel. And it 2004 even a prison stay in Japan and the threatening deportation had pursuits, Fischer due to this meeting by the US state to gewärtigen into thoseThe USA gave, forced Spasski (during Fischer's arrest in Japan) to an open letter at the US president George W. Bush, in which he asked for a correction of the error of president François Mitterrand of 1992: Bobby and I committed the same crime. (...) You arrest me!The humorous reaction of Fischer read:I do not want it in my cell. I want a girl. How would it be with this Russian, how her name is, Kosteniuk?

Fischer found later political asylum in Iceland.

style

Spasski was considered as onethe most talented players at all. To its best phase, end of the 50's and over the whole 60's, he was feared as a particularly fine attack player, who in addition, all other phases of the portion treated extraordinarily precisely. In the Soviet Union at that time one coined/shaped due to fun gravelChess style the term universal style, which was considered as almost the highest honor to the play way of a master. After it had achieved its goal and world champions had become, however the absolute will was missing to it to exhaust its potential fully.

popularity

one of the most brilliant games of chess, thoseSpasski ever won, film history entered: In the James bond - film From Russia With Love (1963) gives it a sequence (with the figure large master Kronsteen), in which two chess masters sit each other at the board opposite. On the board is (minimum changed) thosecrucial position from Spasski - Bronstein, USSR championship 1960, set up, into the Spasski the profit course implemented.

Its best historical Elo number amounted to 2773. This reached it in July 1969. Its ELO number amounts to 2548 (conditions January 2006). However it is no longer active since center 2002.

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