Boulogne sur Mer

Boulogne sur Mer (ndl. and German: Boonen) is a port at the English Channel in the north of France. It belonged to the Département Pas de Calais and is seat of a Unterpräfektur. Boulogne sur Mer has 45,508 inhabitants (conditions 1999).

The original name of the place is Gesoriacum. In 4. Century was it in the Roman realm as Bononia does admit and served as main port for the connection between Britannien and the remainder of the realm. The emperor Claudius used the city as basis for the Roman invasion Britanniens.

In the Middle Ages Boulogne was the center of the county of the same name. One of the counts von Boulogne, Balduin von Boulogne (Baudouin de Boulogne), brother of Gottfried of Bouillon (Godefroy de Bouillon), became at present the crusades under the name Balduin I. (Jerusalem) the first king of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Real meaning achieved Boulougne sur Mer however only, after Balduin II., count of Flanders, 918 let a castle establish, those from descendants in 13. Century to the lock was developed, in which today a historical museum is. From the time Balduins II. also the flämische name Boonen comes.

To 17. August 1850 died the South American in a revolutionary manner José de San Martín in Boulougne sur Mer.

In the year 1905 in the city the first world Esperanto congress was held. 2005 took place here to the hundred-year anniversary Esperanto congress named “Boulogne2005”.

Boulogne sur Mer possesses an impressive sea aquarium at north the city the port present, which is the largest fishing port of France at the same time, named Nausicaa. Likewise north the city reminds the 1841 established column Colonne de la Grande Armée of the 1803-1805 of Napoléon I. planned Invation of England.

sons and daughters of the city

twin cities

Boulogne sur Mer is twin city of the Rhineland-Palatinian city two-bridges in Germany.

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