Bourgeoisie

Bourgeoisie [burʒwaˈzi] (French) is called literally translated: “Middle class “and designated 18 in Europe of the feudalistischen and absolutist age to end . Century /at the beginning 19. Century - in particular in France -, that up to the FrenchRevolution politically rather influenceless third conditions of the society so mentioned of 1789, - after the Klerus and the aristocracy -. , With the seizure of power of the middle class the age of the absolutism was historically regarded by the French revolution by that civil ages, up to the 1. World war to last should, replaced.

In the course 19. Century split after different civil revolutions like the July revolution 1830, the February revolution 1848 and the March revolution of 1848/1849 against the policy that Restoration in Europe, increasingly the class of the 3. Conditions and itself in the course of the Industriellen revolution strengthening 4. Conditions, the Proletariats, in two opposite above all social and economic groups of interests up. Those formerly as progressive in a revolutionary manner understood Bourgeoisie developedto the dominant class and, more freely translated itself, to the synonym for the “large middle class”.

One of the first socialists, whom formulated an incompatible contradiction between Proletariat and Bourgeoisie (in the sense of capitalistic large middle class), was cutter-associated to William Weitling. Weitlingcoined/shaped crucially the 1836 in Paris from the federation of the outlawing come out federation of the fair ones, the forerunner of the later socialist and communist parties. Weitlings influence decreased/went back in consequence of arguments with Karl Marx, after the federation thatFair one in London in federation of the communists renamed was and under the priority influence of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels turned out. Marx/angel removal the theory of the contrast of Proletariat and Bourgeoisie with scientific requirement. They published1848 “the communist manifesto “, in which they called for the international class warfare of the Proletariats against the Bourgeoisie, in order to implement communism as a classless society.

After Karl Marx is the Bourgeoisie in capitalism dominant that defined as capitalistic large middle classboth basic classes Bourgeoisie (large middle class) and Proletariat (= dependently workers employed). Historically it has itself from that 3. Conditions of the Feudalgesellschaft develop out (craftsman, dealer, free and landpossessing large farmers). A part of the craftsmen became factory owners.After the separation of the Feudalismus by capitalism the capitalists meant with Bourgeoisie exploit the working class ( the Proletariat).

In the context of the Marxist theory history is a succession of class warfares, in those by revolutions the before dominant classone falls and by a new society system with new, above all economic rules to replace. The Bourgeoisie had the historically progressive role in this context to fall the dominant class of the aristocracy into the Feudalgesellschaft in order to implement capitalism. ThosePenetration of capitalism and the rule of the Bourgeoisie again is after Marx the condition for the class warfare between Bourgeoisie and Proletariat. This class warfare would lead in a further revolution to the fall of the Bourgeoisie and to the victory of the Proletariats, througha “dictatorship of the Proletariats “over socialism for the classless society of communism leads.

The aggressivste part of the Bourgeoisie is the monopoly Bourgeoisie in such a way specified, since it has crucial means of production.

see also

Bobo , Citizen, citizen company, middle class, Citoyen, small citizen

 

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