the Brčko district [ˈbr̩tʃkɔː] (cyrillic БрчкоДистрикт) a in fact administered area is in the northeast of the republic Bosnia-Herzegovina. The area has a surface of 208 km ² and approx. 80,000 inhabitants. As special administrative territory it becomes official in a Kondominium of the two Entitäten of the country, the federation Bosnia and Herzegowina (Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine, also admits as Bosniakisch Croatian federation) and the Serbian Republic of (Republika Srpska), administers. Actually it - to a large extent in local autonomy - is subordinate direct to the total state. Administrative seat is the city Brčko.
The Brčko district became official to 8. March 2000 furnished, after it had become clear that the two Entitäten could not agree on an allocation of the area to one of the sides. Parts of the area formed a narrow passage under Serbian control , to which the only connection of the west of the Republika Srpska with its east represented in the process of the civil war into the 1990er years. Other parts strongly contested area were up to the mechanism of the district under control of the bosniakisch Croatian Ford ration.
The area formed the municipality Brčko before the Bosnian war. This had an multi-ethnical character with a mehrheitlichen bosniakischen population (Bosniaken 44.39%, Croat 25.38%, Serb 20.76% ) with a number of inhabitants of 87.332. The portions of the different subpopulations become today with approx. 40% Serbs, 39% Bosniaken and 20% Croat indicated.