Brandenburg to the Havel

Brandenburg to the Havel is a circle-free city in the country Brandenburg of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Coat of arms map
Wappen der Stadt Brandenburg an der Havel
coat of arms of the city Brandenburg
Lage der kreisfreien Stadt Brandenburg an der Havel in Deutschland
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Brandenburg
circle: Circle-free city
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 52° 25 ' N, 12°33 ' O
52° 25 ' N, 12° 33 ' O
height: 29 - 70 m and. NN
surface: 228.77 km ²
inhabitants: 74.222 (31. October 2005)
Population density: 324 inhabitants for each km ²
postal zip codes: 14770-14778 (until 1993: 1800)
Preselection: 03381
Kfz characteristics: BRB
municipality key: 12 0 51 000
city arrangement: 8 quarters, 6 local parts
address of the city administration: New villages STR. 90
14770 Brandenburg to the Havel
Website: www.stadt-brandenburg.de
Oberbürgermeisterin: Dr. Dietlind Tiemann (CDU)
a governing party: CDU -with changing majority

table of contents

Geografie

geographical layer

Brandenburg to the Havel is in the west of the country Brandenburg about 70 km to the west of Berlin because of for the inland waterway craft travel important the river Havel, between potsdam and Magdeburg.The delightful region is very forest-rich and of many lakes coined/shaped and possesses numerous nature and landscape protection areas. With the Beetzsee and Riewendsee it lies in the nature park Westhavelland.


neighbour municipalities

pc. Gotthardtkirche in the old part of town

the city Brandenburg onthe Havel borders

  1. as circle-free city on the circles Havelland (HVL) and potsdam central Mark, and
  2. as municipality (in the clockwise direction)

city arrangement

view over the new city with pc. Brandenburg and

the local parts goddess, Gollwitz, Kirchmöser , small Kreutz/Saaringen , Mahlenzien, Plaue, Schmerzke and mass are divided Katharinen and Paulikloster the city into the city.The municipality part Brandenburg does not have the status of a local part.

According to Gemeindeordnung for the country Brandenburg, paragraph 54, local parts can be formed, which possess directly selected local mayors and local advisers. Other designations, like quarter, municipality part, living place or the like, do not have legalBasis, even if they are unofficial used for historical and orientation reasons.

City arrangement (municipality parts/local parts with living places and year of the incorporation):

  • Brandenburg
  • quarter old part of town (1715 Brandenburg old part of town with Brandenburg new city folded up under common city administration)
  • bean country, Brielower development, Butterlake, heath jug, Blade mountain settlement, new village, Quenzsiedlung
  • quarter new city (1715 Brandenburg new city with Brandenburg old part of town folded up under common city administration)
  • Buhnenhaus, Görisgräben, Malge, new mill, Neuschmerzke, settlement own Scholle, turning ditches, William village
  • quarter cathedral (1928)
  • quarter Görden (plant since 1920er years in the Gemarkung of the old part of town)
  • colony Görden
  • quarter north (development area 1959-1970 in the Gemarkung of the old part of town)
  • quarter pieces of high (development area 1972-1988 in the Gemarkung of the old part of town)
  • local part goddess (1950-1952, 1993)
  • local part Gollwitz (2003)
  • local part Kirchmöser (1952)
  • Mountain yard, Gränert, Kirchmöser village, Kirchmöser east, Kirchmöser west
  • local part small Kreutz/Saaringen (1950-1952, 1993)
  • fox break, small Kreutz, Saaringen
  • local part Mahlenzien (1993)
  • local part Plaue (1952, up to then independent city)
  • Charlottenhof, garden city, Margaretenhof, Again Plaue, Plauerhof, Plauer air-lock, Roberdam
  • local part Schmerzke (1950-1952, 1993)
  • Paterdamm (1993)
  • local part mass (2003)


history

the Middle Ages

cathedral pc. The central castle

of the slawischen was appropriate Peter and Paul on the cathedral island Heveller, the 928/929 of king Heinrich I. one conquered. Otto I. established here 948 the diocese Brandenburg (since the end of the 1990er years are there individual historians such as Dietrich short one or Helmut Assing, who doubts that the diocese actually948 it was already created, and to assume that the diocese was only donated in the year 949 or even only 965). In the Slawenaufstand 983 the castle was again back-conquered. The diocese continued to exist formally with continuous bishop occupation in the exile in Magdeburg andreturned to reconquest. The designation of the city varied in its history between Brandenburg a./Havel, Brandenburg (Havel) and - so the today's designation - Brandenburg to the Havel.

The last Hevellerfürst Pribislaw prevailed from on the cathedral island the lainCastle with Petrikirche. After its death 1150 the country fell at Mark count Albrecht the bear, which conquered 1157 the castle and which Mark county Brandenburg justified. The two Domkietze, the Altstädter and the Neustädter Kietz, might have developed soon thereafter.With the settlement Parduin with the pc. - Gotthardt church established itself before 1147 Prämonstratenser , which moved to 1165 on the cathedral island, where now cathedral pin was established and starting from 1165 the cathedral.

The settlement around the Gotthardtkirche widened after 1160 toOld part of town at the road from Magdeburg to Berlin out. West before the old part of town before 1173 Nikolaikirche in the village, developed, the gap mountain points on an old buyer settlement. The old part of town became southern at the beginning 12. Century the new city with thatKatharinenkirche according to plan put on. Both cities were provided separately with walls and formed two completely independent municipalities. 1715 became by the Prussian king Friedrich William I. a common city administration of both cities orders, in whose consequence both municipalities grew together slowly.

In thatThe Franziskaner created old part of town after 1234 a monastery, in which new city became the markgräfliche yard 1286 the Dominikanern left. Probably in the center 12. Century assigned castle count sex disappears since 1243 from the excessive quantity. As capital of the Mark county Brandenburg,as bishop seat, as place one from called from far away, since 1326 Schöppenstuhls testified and as remote commercial town formed for Brandenburg in the Middle Ages the undisputed center between Elbe and or.

The Jew municipality referring to remote trade became around 1350, 1446 and 1510 on thatheaviest pursues. The 1402 first Roland on the newurban market mentioned expressed the urban liberties, since 1230 layer the upper courts in the hand of civil Schulzen and Schöppen. Against impairing by the new hohenzollerschen national gentlemen Brandenburg 1431 closed a standard warewith Berlin, Cölln and Frankfurt (or), until 1518 it belonged the Hanse .

Following the cathedral chapter and the civil Führungsschicht of the new city an active mental life unfolded in the late Middle Ages. Between 1536 and 1555 sat downthe reformation in city and cathedral chapter through, the diocese was secularized 1598 and integrated the cure principality Brandenburg. At the same time the city lost due to the ascent of Berlin as kurfürstlicher Residenzstadt its prominent position.

modern times

1619 became the free council electionabolished, the Münzverschlechterung caused 1622 tumults of the urban population. The destruction and the fall in the dreissigjährigen war could be caught up only after 1800. On the 10,000 inhabitants before the war lived 1648 only 3.000. The settlement of Huguenots1685 brought the education to a reformed municipality and with the tannery and finishing of leather an economic stimulation. The structure of the brandenburgischen army since late 17. Century made Brandenburg a garrison city, 1717 the knight academy was based.

From 1806 to 1808the city was occupied by French troops. During the revolution 1848 met of 8. November up to their dissolution to 5. December 1848 the national assembly in the cathedral to Brandenburg, Prussian of the king from Berlin refugee. After the reorganisation of the circle arrangementin the Prussian state after the Viennese congress belonged the city Brandenburg starting from 1816 to the circle Westhavelland in the governmental district potsdam in the Prussian province Brandenburg, since 1939 Marks Brandenburg. At the 1. April 1881 separated the municipality Brandenburg from the circle Westhavellandout and formed from now on an own urban area.

1830 had Brandenburg of 13,538 inhabitants, 1846 received it to railway connection to Berlin and Magdeburg, 1904 after Rathenow and Belzig, three further Kleinbahnen originated in to 1901/1912. The first horse route course drove 1897. The industrialization setafter 1870, the Brennabor works (establishment 1871 by the brothers Reichstein) produced bicycles, buggies and cars, around 1900 followed two further bicycle works, a dockyard, an iron foundry, factories for sheet metal play goods, textiles and furniture. 1913 developed a stealing and a rolling mill, while thoseold cloth and Seidenweberei were received.

With the industriellen ascent doubled itself in the last decades 19. Century the total population by influx from the environment of the city, in addition, from the Ruhr district, from east - and west Prussia, out Danzig, Pommern and Schlesien. 1905 had the city of 51,000 inhabitants. At the beginning 20. Century Brandenburg was coined/shaped textile and play goods industry, which went however during the world economic crisis fast into bankruptcy by metal. After 1933 Brandenburg became by thoseSteel production to an important arms location. 1935 began the building of trucks (OPEL), 1936 the aircraft construction (Arado).

1933/1934 existed one of the first National Socialist concentration camps in Brandenburg. The penintentiary Brandenburg Görden was from 1933 to release by Soviet troopsto 27. April 1945 a notorious dungeon and execution place for numerous resistance fighters. At the time of the national socialism in the penintentiary over 10.000 humans were executed. 9.772 of it in the context of the euthanasia program. Bomb attacks 1944/1945 and the Bodenkämpfe in April 1945 arranged substantialDestruction on. Approximately 70 per cent of the industrial companies and 15 per cent of the residential buildings were destroyed.

The 1950er years was years of the new start. The building of the rolling mill in Kirchmöser starting from 1949 and the stealing and rolling mill Brandenburg starting from 1950 gave the citytheir heavy industry again. Stealing and large-scale industry became the symbol of the city. The number of inhabitants rose with the structure of the industry continuously. After the reunification the industry was denationalized, numerous enterprises was shut down. The structural changes led until today to high unemployment andsinking the number of inhabitants.

Christianity

beside several Evangelist

there

are religions [work on] a catholic church municipality and several free-church.

Judentum

for some years gives it in Brandenburg to the Havel again a JewishMunicipality.

inhabitant development

in the year 1989 reached the total population of the city Brandenburg with approximately 95,000 their historical highest level. In the meantime the number of inhabitants sank however again strongly. Since the turn in the GDR the city has by drift andDecline in the birthrate until 2005 of about 20,000 inhabitants lost. On the further dropping of the total population in the next 20 years is counted, current studies assumes Brandenburg to the Havel in the year 2020 still approx. 65.000 to 68,000 inhabitants havebecomes.

The following overview shows the numbers of inhabitants after the respective area conditions. Until 1833 it concerns usually around estimations, afterwards census results (¹) or official updating of the respective statistic offices and/or the city administration. The data refer starting from 1843on the “localpresent population”, starting from 1925 on the resident population and since 1966 on the “population at the place of the main dwelling”. 1843 ago the number of inhabitants was determined in non-uniform collection procedures.

Year inhabitant
1600 10,000
1648 3,000
1715 11,000
1818 12,800
1830 13.538
3. December 1861 ¹ 21,600
3. December 1864 ¹ 26,000
3. December 1867 ¹ 25,500
1. December 1871 ¹ 25,800
1. December 1875 ¹ 27,371
1. December 1880 ¹ 29,066
1. December 1885 ¹ 33,129
1. December 1890 ¹ 37.817
Year inhabitant
2. December 1895 ¹ 42,690
1. December 1900 ¹ 49,250
1. December 1905 ¹ 51,200
1. December 1910 ¹ 53,595
1. December 1916 ¹ 48,039
5. December 1917 ¹ 49,565
8. October 1919 ¹ 52,972
16. June 1925 ¹ 59,297
16. June 1933 ¹ 64,190
17. May 1939 ¹ 83,825
1. December 1945 ¹ 68,927
29. October 1946 ¹ 70,632
31. August 1950 ¹ 82,215
year inhabitant
31. December 1955 87,143
31. December 1960 86,722
31. December 1964 ¹ 89,697
1. January 1971 ¹ 93,983
31. December 1975 93,765
31. December 1981 ¹ 94,680
31. December 1985 94,862
31. December 1988 94,872
31. December 1990 89,889
31. December 1995 85,994
31. December 2000 77,516
31. May 2005 74.760

¹ census result

politics

town council

work on []

Mayors since 1809


partnerships between cities

culture and objects of interest

Museums

  • cathedral museum in the cathedral pin among other things with the documents of the Ersterwähnung of the cities Cölln and Berlin and sakraler art, like cups and liturgical garbs
  • industrial museum Brandenburg (former stealing and rolling mill Brandenburg SWB); the last steel plant in Western Europe, in to1993 steel in the siemens-martin process were manufactured.
Roland - Brandenburg to the Havel

buildings

  • cathedral pin the Brandenburg with the cathedral church pc. Peter and Paul, the cathedral examination with ehem. Knight academy and Domkurien or cathedral manor-houses, Petri chapel (cathedral island and thatformer Brandenburg)
  • pc. Katharinenkirche (outstanding example of the brick gothic from that 15. Century)
  • Dominikanerkloster and church pc. Pauli
  • Ev. City parish church pc. Gotthardt (oldest building of churches of the city)
  • Franziskanerkirche pc. Johannis
  • medieval city attachment with still four received gate towers
    • stone gate tower (new city)
    • Mill gate tower (new city)
    • Rathenower gate tower (old part of town)
    • Plauer gate tower (old part of town)
  • oldurban city hall (outstanding example of the brick gothic from that 15. Century)
  • so-called Ordonnanzhaus at the oldurban city hall (shoemaker route) (gothical building, oldest parts from the 14.Jh, oldest civil building of everyday of the central and new Mark Brandenburg)
  • Nicolaikirche
  • Peace control room (on the foundation the Bismarck control room 1974 more established, 32 meters high observation tower on the Marienberg)
  • the mansion in the Plauer road, sketched by Bruno Möhring for the manufacturer Ernst Paul Lehmann, is a special monument for art nouveau
work on []

Roland

the Roland of Brandenburg was set up 1474 on the market place of the new city and has a height of 5.35 meters. 1716 were converted the sandstone figure to the city hall, since she disturbed the Prussian garrison troops when drilling. There Roland duringthe Second World War into a property of the city lain outside paged out and buried, he was not by the destruction of the newurban city hall with bombardment 1945 was not affected and found to 1946 its current place beside the portal of the oldurban city hall.Apart from the stress the establishment breaking citizens of Roland applied for the urban self-sufficiency also as a sign of the economic Prosperität of the city. This Roland of 1474 had a probably wooden predecessor from the year 1402. A copy breaking citizens of Roland became 1905 for the Märki museum Berlin manufactured and before the entrance portal establish.


economics and infrastructure

traffic

Brandenburg to the Havel are concerned south of the federal motorway a2. The distance to the motorway amounts to about10 km. In the city the intersection of the federal highways is B 1 and B 102.

In the center 19. Century took place the connection of Brandenburg to the potsdam farm servant citizens railway, on that traffic to 7. August and/or. 15.September 1846 taken up is. The inauguration of the large Elbbrücke with Magdeburg took place however only two years later, to 19. August 1848. Since the station received south its location to the new city, this led to an expansion concerning town construction of Brandenburg towardThe south. Over the large garden route (at GDR times: Seriousness Thälmann road) was reached from the stone gate the station. Nearly parallel to it the building yard route (road of the friendship) led, which ended until 1891 as dead end to the Havel. There itself the city also to the westhad expanded, the building of a second Havelbrücke had become necessary, which spanned the air-lock channel and the Havel and on the oldurban side into the Luckenberger road flows. Thus 19 was since the end. Century traffic over the long one Bridge, which became increasing the needle eye, relieved. End of the 80's was then decided for the further evasion breaking citizens of the city centre the building of a new Havelbrücke in the continuation of the Zanderstrasse. It led to the petrol Sidow road and across these to the main station.

One year after the turn to 20. Century received Brandenburg connection to the Westhavelländi small course system. From the station Brandenburg Krakauer gate led a distance after Nauen Röthehof, another from Brandenburg old part of town to Roskow. Latter distance required a railway bridge over the Unterhavel outsidethe city at that time. This bridge was used also by the Brandenburgi city course, which was opened 1904 and whose station new city was directly beside the main station and today with it merged. The city course led from Treuenbrietzen across Belzig, Brandenburg, Rathenow after new city (Dosse). While the Kleinbahnen were diminished after 1945, latter distance today still is in enterprise.

A characteristic opposite other märkischen cities is the fact that there was a horse course in Brandenburg since 1897,the 1910 the electrical enterprise took up. Today's streetcar traffic in the city is operated with 20 motor coaches on three lines with an overall length by 17,65 km (meter pure).

residents enterprise

important industries are:

hotel

  • Sorat hotel - oldurban market 7
  • Axxon hotel - farm servant citizen highway 228
  • town center hotel - large garden route 2
  • hotel Ikarus - air-lock way 2
  • park hotel sea-yard -At the sea-yard 1
  • block of flats white swan - large coin road 17

cinemas/theatre

  • Conzerthaus Brandenburg - stone route 20
  • Movie Town - mass first race 3
  • Cultur Congress center - ditch route 12
  • Fontane club - knight route 3

education

professional schools:

High Schools

  • Märki High School “Friedrich Grasow”
  • of Saldern High School
  • Bertolt break High School

professional training one schools

  • upper stage center of “brothers Reichstein”
  • upper stage center “Alfred Flakowski”

primary schools

  • William shrubs school
  • Gördenschule
  • four seasons trains
  • primary school pieces of high
  • newurban primary school

personalities

honour citizens

  • 1872 - August Wredow (1804-1891), sculptors
  • 1881 - Otto Winterfeldt - city delegate 1862-1881, of it city delegate chiefs 1866-1868 and 1870-1881
  • 1893 - Hermann Domke - city delegate 1862-1893
  • 1894 - William Gericke - city delegate 1850-1853 and 1855-1899
  • 1903 - Louis Gumpert - city delegate 1859-1919 (60 years)
  • 1905 - Rudolf hammer (1830-1915), realm tag delegates 1881-1884, delegate of the Prussian federal state parliament 1889-1905, mayor 1897-1905
  • 1905 - Hermann Schlee - manufacturer, city delegate 1864 and 1873-1905, of it city delegate chief 1889-1905
  • 1921 - Carl Reichstein (1847-1931), manufacturer
  • 1922 - Otto Sidow(1870-1927), publishers of the “breaking citizens newspaper”, city delegates 1898-1927, of it city delegate chiefs 1919-24 and 1926-27, member that Weimar national assembly 1919 and the realm daily 1919-24, book author
  • 1933 - Otto Tschirch (1858-1941), city historians
  • 1965 - max of Herm (1899-1982), realm tag delegate 1932/33, mayor 1945 and 1957-1965
  • 1993 - Vicco of Bülow (Loriot) (* 1923), Satiriker and actors
  • 1995 - refuge Flakowski (1918-1999), buyer, founder of the SOS Kinderdorfes Brandenburg
  • 2004 - Birgit Fischer (*1962), eightfold Olympiasiegerin in the Kanurennsport

further (year of the award at present does not admit):

  • Barth, Friedrich William,Rector
  • Blell, Ernst - manufacturer
  • handle, Gustav - field citizen
  • Kreusler, Wolrad - physician
  • Lehmann, Ernst Paul - toy manufacturer
  • Schmidt, Gustav - town councillor
  • Schrobsdorf - office man

of sons and daughters of the city

personalities, those

with the city in connection Albrecht of the bar stand for 1996

Web on the left of

Commons

Commons: Brandenburg to the Havel - pictures, videos and/or audio files
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)