Bratislava

coat of arms map
Wappen von Bratislava Bratislava in der Slowakei
base data city Bratislava
Kraj (landscape federation): Bratislavský kraj
Okres (district):

Bratislava

surface: 367.58 km ²
inhabitants: 425.155 (31. December 2004)
Population density: 1162 inhabitants for each km ²
height: 140 m and. NN
postal zip code: 8XX XX
preselection: 0 2
geographical situation: 48° 10 ' n. Br,
17° 10 ' o. L.
Kfz characteristic: BA< /code>, BL
municipality code number: 582000
arrangement city: 5 districts with 17 quarters
address municipal office: Mestský úrad Bratislava
Primaciálne námestie 1
81499 Bratislava
Official Website: www.bratislava.sk
E-Mail address:
Politics
mayor: Andrej Ďurkovský

Bratislava [ˈbratjɪslava] (slowakisch to 1919 Prešporok/Prešporek, Czech to 1919 Prešpurk, German press castle, Hungarian Pozsony, Croatian Požun, Greek in the Middle Ages Istropolis, slowakisch colloquially -and. And. easily devaluing - shortened Blava) is the capital of the Slowakei and the Bratislavský kraj with approx. 425,000 inhabitants. Bratislava lies in a land triangle at the Danube, directly at the state borders to Austria and Hungary, as well asnearby the state border to Tschechien (zirka 60 km), and only zirka 60 km are distant from Vienna. </br>

again created Logo of Bratislava

in Bratislava are several universities and different other universities, theatres, museums and cultural facilities like for example thosePhilharmonic Concert Hall.

The today's slowakische name of the city was officially introduced only 1919. Up to then applied the slowakische form Prešporok derived from the German name press castle. Today ever more becomes generally accepted the official designation also in the German-speaking countries, although sometimesfurther of press castle one speaks.

Today the city is metropolis of a self-confident country and professes itself proudly to the old tradition of in three languagesness. In former times each press citizen German , Hungarian and Slowakisch spoke. It shows efforts, the tradition of the multilingualnessto take up, however with English in the place of the Hungarian one.

Not far of the city centre the viertürmige castle Bratislava stands.

Table of contents

history

view of the castle of the old part of town
Burg in Bratislava
castle in Bratislava
the coronation/culmination church - pc. March in cathedral
view the Michaelergasse along to the Michaelertor
house to the good Hirten in Podhradie with thatTo clock museum
old city hall at the main place
view an execution including
the development
of the ethnical composition,
more detailed

by the Hviezdoslavplatz on the national theatre palace Grassalkovich Slowaki national gallery Primatialpalast for , see history Bratislavas.

ways of their situationat the border to the German linguistic area was the city of 13. Century until approximately 1870 (beginnings of intensive Magyarisierung) a to a large extent German-language and itself direction Vienna orienting city. Thus lived here after (only causes reliable) the official census of 1850-1851 42238Inhabitant, of it 31509 (74.59%) Germans, 7586 (17.9%) Slowaken and 3154 (7.4%) Hungary. The many Jews spent themselves as Germans or as Hungary. Already of the national Magyarisierung affected census of 1890 resulted in 31404 German, 10.433Hungarian, and 8709 Slowakischsprachige with 52441 inhabitants altogether. 1945 fled nearly all Germans from the city evacuated from the German authorities (to details see Karpatendeut), many Hungary, in years 1946 - 1949 became many Hungary within frameworks of theHungarian slowakischen „population exchange “to Hungary resettled, turned around Slowaken came from Hungary into the city.

name

  • 805/7 (perhaps): Uratislaburgium/Wratisslaburgium, Pisonium (latin) (according to Aventinus 805/807 a prince of the Mährer built named Uratislaus (D. h. Vratislav)in the place of the destroyed Roman border fortress Pisonium the city Uratislaburgium) around 850, designated
  • after it: Istropolis (Greek, Matthias Corvinus originates from the Christianisierungszeit, later used by the king)
  • 9. Century: *Braslavь (reconstructed medieval slawische form afterthe slawischen prince Braslav; see to 907)
  • 1. Half 10. Century (?): *Božänjь (reconstructed medieval slawische form after the slawischen prince Božan; see 1001, 1107 etc.)
  • 907: Brezalauspurc (h) (the first surely proven name; into the salt citizen annals (AnnalesJuvavenses maximi); after older sources it is from Braslav derived (see above), after newer sources however from Predslav, the third son of Sventopluk (see after 1001); it is to be noted that „B “and „P “in Austrian and Bavarian local andSurnames were very often confounded, there the two letters in the Bairi the same sound designated), Braslavespurch (according to Aventinus after the Annales Juvavenses), Pressalauspruch
  • after 1001: Preslav (v) A Civitas (latin) (this name, before falsely as „Breslava Civitas “accepted, became only forwardsshort on again found coins found)
  • 1001, 1052, 1142, 1172, 1194: Poson (probably derived from the slawischen prince Božan (see above); also in 13. and 14. Century uses)
  • 1042: Brezesburg (or Prezesburg), Brecisburg
  • 1045: Bose castle
  • 1048: Brecesburg
  • 1052: Brezisburg, Brezzizburch,Mash castle, Bresburc, Preslawaspurch
  • 1098: Prespurch, Brespurg
  • 1107, 1109, 1146: Bosan
  • 1108: Preburch, Bosania, Prespurch, Bresburch, Bresburg, Prespuerch, Brespurg, Posonia, Possen (in a Czech text), Bossen (in a handwriting from Stockholm)
  • 1109: Presburch
  • 1143: Bosonium
  • 1147: Prespurch
  • 1151 and 1163/4: Posonium (Latin, origin like above Poson)
  • 1189: Bosonium, Brezburc, Bosonium quod Prespurc teutonice nuncupatur, Brisburc, Posonium
  • 1197: Posony (Hungarian form)
  • 12.Jh: Bassan (or Massan) (Arab text)
  • 1217: Posonia
  • later:
    • German: Pressburg/Presburg (16. Jh.), Presburh (1773), Press castle (1786), in 20. Century press castle, after the new orthography press castle
    • Greek: Istropolis (1465, mean „Danube city “)
    • latin: Posonium (see 1151)
    • Hungarian: Posony (1773 still used), Pozsony (1808)
    • Croatian: Požun
    • Slowakisch: Pressporek (1773)/ Prešporek, Presspurek/Prešpurek, Prešporok (later used; all these forms are derived from the German form), Požúň (derived from the Hungarian form)
    • Czech: Presspurk/Prešpurk, Presspurek/Prešpurek
    • French: To Pressbourg, late Presbourg, see z. B. the Rue de Presbourgin the center of of Paris
    • English: Press castle (h), Pressborough; see z. B. the press castle Street in the southwest large London
  • 1830er and 1840er passing and only of Ľudovít Štúr - trailers uses: Břetislav, later: Břetislava, after the introduction of the newLanguage standard in the year 1843 Braťislava (nad Dunajom); alternatively they used Tatranská Vratislava (see 805). The form Břetislav (A) became of Pavel Jozef Šafárik (in: Slovanské starožitnosti 1837) production, that in the form Brecisburg (1042) the slowakische form Bracislaw/Brecislaw saw and erroneously assumed that the city was created by the Czech king Břetislav; these name versions are sometimes still doubted, are however in the Slowakei and Tschechien already since decades the official explanation in all technical literature, in secondHalf 19. Century Bratislava no longer uses
  • 1918: temporarily Wilsonovo mesto (D. h. „Wilson city “, after the US president Wilson), after some sources was used however this name exclusively by Czechoslovakian putting ions in Italy at the beginning of of 1919 on military maps
  • 22. February to 6. March 1919:Bratislav (official name, in March linguistically corrected, since the ending - av is Czech, see. z. B. the city Břeclav)
  • since 6. March 1919: Bratislava (official name, in older opinions of the slawischen form *Braslavь derived, in other (rare) opinions the name was created by the US president Wilson, according to at present dominant opinion comes the name from Břetislav - see above 1830er…)

politics

Bratislava are seat of the slowakischen president, the parliament andthe government. Here also the messages have their seat carrier.

geography

Bratislava is located in three-landhits a corner with Hungary and Austria at the Danube. On the city Bratislavas catch already the Karpaten on (Malé Karpaty).

Work on []

A pictorial old part of town with many important cultural mechanisms

possesses objects of interest the “new bridge” in Bratislava Bratislava. It is traditional a city coined/shaped by several peoples (Slowaken, Austrian, Hungary and other one).

other one bridges:

economics and traffic

economic structure

thoseCity has interestingly enough nearly the same structure of the industries as Vienna. Bratislava has among other things mechanical engineering and electric industry. The automobile industry is particularly additional by Volkswagen Slovakia AG with production of 225,442 vehicles in the year 2002 andrepresent from accessories. The region of Bratislava is with 119% of the present 25 European Union members, the secondaryrichest region (to Prague) of all regions of the former or future European Union entry countries (conditions 2002, see also conditions: 2000, euro act)

Traffic

beside it is Bratislava an international road and railway junction. From the main station (Bratislava - hlavná stanica) regularly courses drive to Prague, Budapest and Vienna. Also of the station Bratislava Petržalka gives it a direct connection to Vienna, here effected thoseBorder control already at the station. Further Bratislava has an international airport (M. five Danube bridges. R. Štefánik) and a river port. Up to the year 2015 „the Magistrale for Europe should be realized “, an important transeuropäisches project.This project plans a railway between Paris and Bratislava - high-speed distance.

Starting from June 2006 the Schnellkatamaran will connect „“three times daily the two capitals Vienna and Bratislava for twin town center liner by the Danube. In Vienna the Sweden place became as in and door place,Outlet Marienbrücke, selected. In Bratislava the monument-protected „propeller house serves “as station building. For the time being however only in the routistic main season from June to at the end of of Octobers, starting from 2007 from May to Octobers.

Serve the ÖPNV buses, Obusse and a network of streetcars.

quarters

the city are divided into altogether 17 quarters (German designation into parentheses, so far available), which are distributed again on 5 circles/districts (okresy).

Map with the districts and quarters Bratislavas
Quarters of Bratislava and their possible further partitioning
Okres quarter further partitioning
Bratislava I Staré Mesto (old part of town)
Bratislava II Ružinov (rose home) Nivy (Mühlau), Ostredky, Pošeň (Po), Prievoz (upper bank), Trávniky, Štrkovec (Stierau), Vlčie hrdlo (Wolfsdrüssel), Trnávka (Dornkappeln)
Vrakuňa (question village) Dolné hony, Ketelec, Lieskovec
Podunajské Biskupice (Bischdorf) -
Bratislava III Nové Mesto (new city) Ahoj (Rössler, Röszeler), Jurajov dvor (George yard), Koliba, Kramáre (shopkeeper [mountain]), Mierová kolónia, Pasienky/Kuchajda (cow pastures, Kuhhaide), Vinohrady
Rača (Ratzersdorf) Krasňany, Rača (Ratzersdorf), Východná
Vajnory (Weinern) -
Bratislava IV Karlova Ves (Karl village)Dlhé diely (being enough welfare), Kútiky, Mlynská dolina (Mühltal), Rovnice
Dúbravka (Kaltenbrunn, Kaltendörfl) Podvornice, Záluhy, Krčace
Lamač (Blumenau, Lamatsch) Podháj (Hay, Raagers Hauffen), Rázsochy
Devín (Theben) -
Devínska Nová Ves (Theben Neudorf) Devínske Jazero, Kostolné, Podhorské, Paulinské, Sídlisko Stred, Vápenka
Záhorská Bystrica (Bisternitz) -
Bratislava V Petržalka (Engerau) Dvory, Háje, Janíkov dvor (Antonienhof), Lúky, Ovsište (Habern), Kopčany (cement lake), Zrkadlový háj (Spiegelhagen), Starý háj (old person outer one)
Jarovce (Croatian year village) -
Rusovce (Karl castle) -
Čunovo (SA (r) ndorf) -

sons and daughters of the city

Web on the left of

Commons: Bratislava -Pictures, videos and/or audio files
Wiktionary: Press castle - word origin, synonyms and translations



Koordinaten: 48° 9 ' 17 " N, 17° 8 ' 44 " O

 

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