Of Bremen Roland
that of Bremen Roland is a Roland statue, which is on the market place between of Bremen city hall and of Bremen cathedral. He was explained 2004 together with the city hall by the UNESCO to the world cultural heritage mankind and belonged to the landmarks of Bremen. Beside well-known Roland on the market place there were later still three further Roland statues in the city.
It has a size of 5,47 m and stands on a landing of 60 cm height. It stands with the back at a supporting column, which is crowned by a Ziborium. With Ziborium and landing Roland reaches a height of 10,21 M.
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first of Bremen Roland consisted of wood and should do at the night of 28. on the 29. May 1366 of Kriegern of the archbishop Albert II. umgestürzt and burned its. The city received a new, stone Roland, who was made after one 1822 in the city hall found invoice book by the stone-cutters Claws Zeelleyher and Jacob Olde for 170 of Bremen Marks to 1404. In falsified emperor documents those formulated citizen their right of Bremen to equip Roland with the emperor coat of arms. Thus that received sign the doppelköpfigen eagle and an inscription, Roland as Künder of imperial liberties for the city proved. The message:
- vryheit if DO IC ju openable/d' Karl vnd mēnich was vorst/more desser stede ghegheuen has/thanks god' is mī radt
- (to liberty do I you tell/the Karl and some prince for true/this place gave/thanked God, is my advice!)
The figure was manufactured from limestone, the column from Oberkirchener sandstone and was first multicolored. In 18. Century it grey painted, later preferred one the natural stone with economical Kolorierung. When Napoleon wanted to bring the statue in the Louvre, the of Bremen convinced him of its small artistic rank, then he remained at his location.
Roland was restored several times, again developed 1939 for safety reasons and ummauert in the war with a splitter guard. it received a lattice to 1983, like it until 1939 was present and a new head (the original is located in the Focke museum). In old of Bremen tradition these costs were transferred by a sponsor. With the last renovation in the year 1989 one discovered a cartridge with Nazi propaganda, which was deposited there 1938 inside the fixed image.
That exhibits two characteristics of Bremen Roland, the largest free standing plastics of the German Middle Ages, still: The distance of its knee points amounts to one of Bremen inch (approx. 55 cm) and the figure between its feet the Krüppel should be, which 1032 an area umkroch, which gave the countess Emma of Lesum then to the city as citizen pasture.
As is the case for few meters the removed city musi edges, it gives also for Roland a custom, which is called, who it the knee rubbed, returns to Bremen.
It is disputed whether the of Bremen have the oldest Roland fixed image, because in the year 1342 one is mentioned for Hamburg. Undisputed is however the fact that since 1404 Roland is awake as stone symbol for citizen pride and sense of liberty, become, over the independence of the Hanseatic city Bremen.
1848 became of Friedrich back ore later by F. M. Böhme clay/tone width unit poem Roland, the Ries' written at the city hall to Bremen in eight verses. This was supplemented in December 1863 around three further verses, which referred to the role of Bremen in the advance of the GermanDanish war, when Denmark wanted to include the German areas Schleswig and Holstein into the rule area of the crown. Completely contrary to the hansischen sister cities Hamburg and Luebeck opposed Bremen to 7. December 1863 strongly against this project. Moving RTS of verses express the Verachtung for the position of Hamburg and Luebeck.
Also the vernacular was concerned with the fixed image and reimte:
- Roland with dat kruse hair,
- wades he kickt so sunnerbar!
- Roland with the coat of arms skirt
- Steiht stief as like een in such a way stick.
- Roland with de pointed Knee:
- Segg times, deit dat nich the pain?
Several ships were designated in the course of history after that of Bremen Roland. So 1702 the warship Rulant of Bremen, the seaside resort steamer Roland of Bremen, a sail yacht and an inland waterway craft of the Dettmer shipping company. 1905 were created the Roland line, which served the transatlantic traffic with Frachtdampfern. She was taken over 1925 by north Germans the Lloyd.
one about 1.50 m large wooden reproduction of Bremen of Roland is in the Evangelical-Lutheran Zionskirche in New Yorker quarters the Brooklyn. It is part of a pulpit and was 1890 a gift of the city Bremen to former citizens, who found a new homeland in New York.
The Brazilian city Rolandia was created 1932 by German emigrants and kept to their names of Bremen after that Roland. Since 1957 the place possesses besides a original-faithful reproduction of Bremen of Roland.
The city Bremen gave to the 445-jährigen anniversary a reduced reproduction of its Roland, who stands today to the Avenida Amazon to the city Quito.
The Japanese Atsuo Nishi let establish 1970 in his recreational park in Obihiro on Hokkaido a original-faithful reproduction of Bremen of Roland. It is part of a larger German fairy tale city with different reproductions of German figures.
Since 2004 a miniature of Roland is in the Roland park in the proximity of the town hall of Belgern.
- harsh ore of black forests: The large Bremen encyclopedia. Edition Temmen, 2003, ISBN 3-86108-693-X
- Hermann property man: Roland and its brothers. Edition Temmen, 2004, ISBN 3-86108-1733
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coordinates: 53° 4 ' 33,58 " N, 8°48'32.47 " E