Broadway (theatre)

this article describes the theatre quarter Broadway; for other meanings see Broadway (term clarifying).
Plakate am Broadway
Posters at Broadway

under Broadway in New York one understands the theatre quarter to Time the Square between the 41ten and 53ten road and between the Sixth and Ninth Avenue. In this quarter there is about 40 large theatres and approximately 1500 to off Broadway and off off Broadway performances per year in smaller theatres.

history

the first theatre, which from the previous theatre quarter at the Herald Square to Time the Square moved, was the Empire theatre. Charles Frohman let the building build 1893 with approximately 1000 seats. It was appropriate directly opposite that for 1883 opened opera house the metropolitan Opera, at dessem old location between the 39ten and 40ten road, corner Broadway.

With Frohman a recent time began in various regard. Not only that he had six, in London five in the year 1915 in New York and over 200 theatres in the entire USA, it changed also the kind of the theatre business. Together with further businessmen it created 1896 the Theatrical Syndicate. While actors arranged their routes before by the USA after own conceptions, can organize since then theatre managers, producers and actors their plans and dates in advance surely. With it Frohman and the other owners of theatre could occupy a piece after own conceptions with actors, and so developed the system, which was designated later with the film than star system.

Lyceum, das älteste im Betrieb befindliche Theater am Broadway.
Lyceum, oldest theatres at Broadway, in the enterprise.

Broadway experienced a multiplicity of theatre reestablishments between the years 1910 and 1930. The oldest, continuously taped theatre from this time is to 2. November 1903 opened Lyceum. It originally meant: New Lyceum Theatre [1], since the previous Lyceum theatre was torn off from the year 1885 on the 45ten road, corner Broadway, because of the new building. Also the first theatre, which had electrical light in the entire building, was inserted by Thomas Alva Edison.

The Great depression into the 1930er years and the arising Tonfilm led to a heavy crisis of Broadway and required a re-orientation of the theatre.

In the context of the new Deal there was in the time of 1935-1939 a financial assistance over 46 million dollar for the financing of more than 1000 productions.

Many actors tried to change from the theatre to the film. Z were successful. B.: Groucho Marx, Charlton Heston, Robert Redford, Orson Welles, Katharine Hepburn, Burt Lancaster, James Dean, Marlon Brando, genes Hackman and Grace Kelly.

The creation of the Tony Awards 1947 clarified the desire of the theatres at Broadway to improve the quality of their pieces. In the 40's there were first beginnings with new off Broadway theatres in Greenwich many situation to address a new public.

In the 50's off Broadway formed theatres also at Broadway as reaction to the commercialization of the theatre. Many pieces, which did not create it on the large stages, were specified to more favorable off Broadway - theatres. Usually these have between 100 and 500 seats. Starting from 1985 developed a further kind of theatres, the off off Broadway theatres, which scatter New York town center over completely a modern experimental theatre make. The off off Broadway theatres have usually under 100 seats.

To the 1980er years there was a theatre dying at Broadway, but by measures concerning town construction, saving measures and the obligation of large names the crisis is today overcome.

In the year 1988 the New York Landmarks Preservation Commission decided to lend to most historical theatre buildings the status historic sites.

Large Broadway successes were among other things:

Web on the left of


coordinates: 40° 45 ' 21 " N, 73° 59 ' 11 " W

 

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