|this article is concerned with the mountain a breaking into into. For further meanings of the word, see a breaking into (term clarifying).|
that breaking into lies in Saxonia-Anhalt and is with 1141,1 m and. NN the highest mountain of Northern Germany and the resin. That high resin is proven as national park, large parts of breaking into is protected as protected area. That breaking into is a place of extreme weather conditions:
- Nebulas on 306 days in the year
- on 100 days in the year by ice covered
- on 85 days in the year prevail to temperatures under 0 °C
- in the winter step lowest temperatures of up to −28 °C on
- the yearly temperature means amount to 2.9 °C
- the highest measured wind velocity amounted to 263 km/h
table of contents
first mounting into breaking into are proven in the year 1572. The north houses physician Johannes Thal described for the first time in his book the Flora breaking into. Count Christian Ernst to Stolberg Wernigerode, to whose rule area that belonged to breaking into, let build 1736 on the summit the cloud little house in such a way specified and on the Heinrichshöhe a Unterkunftshaus designated after its son for the protection of the breaking into travelers. The first hotel on the breaking into crest was built directly 1800. An elevator measurement breaking into by the Prussian general staff resulted in 1850 also today the still valid height of 1141 M. To 23. July 1859 burned the breaking into house down. 1862 were inaugurated the new breaking into hotel. The Göttinger professor Albert Peter furnished the breaking into garden to 1890 on the mountain as the first German alpine garden . The surface of 4600 m ² was made available free of charge from the prince house Stolberg Wernigerode as an owner. The building of the first weather station on breaking into took place 1895.
The Schmalspur - railway line of the breaking into course became to 27. March 1899 opens. The breaking into station is today with 1125 m the highest narrow-gauge railway yard (1000 mm of track width) in Germany.
In the year 1935 the first television transmission of breaking into with a mobile transmitter succeeded. In the year after the first TV tower of the world on the mountain was built. 1937 were explained to that breaking into as well as worm mountain , figure eight man and field break mountain degree as the protected area Upper Harz.
the today's weather station took up 1939 their enterprise. With an air raid of the US Air Force the breaking into hotel became to 17. April 1945 by bombs destroys. From 1945 to April 1947 that was occupied breaking into by troops of the USA. Afterwards the delivery to the Soviet zone of occupation took place in the course of an exchange of territory (definitions of the Jalta conference ). The ruin of the breaking into hotel was blown up 1949. A patch of breaking into was from 1948 to 1959 again for tourists accessible, however with access pass. The assignment of access passes was handled generous. Starting from August 1961 that breaking into, which lay in the direct border area of the GDR to the Federal Republic of Germany, as the military restricted area is explained and was not thus accessible for the population any longer. The summit was strongly militarily removed. The safety device of the area was incumbent on the border soldiers of the 7. Border company Schierke, which was stationed in course strength on the summit. As accommodation the breaking into station served them.
That breaking into was used extensively for monitoring and espionage purposes. On the summit were two large and efficient hearing plants. A belonged the Soviet military secret service GRU and was thereby at the same time the westernmost Vorposten of Moscow, the other one was the head department III. Ministry for public security of the GDR subordinates. The objects carried cover names: „Jenissej “and „Urian “. With the German reunification starting from 1990 gradually the border protection systems as well as the military plants were diminished. The last Russian soldier left a breaking into to 30. March 1994. The breaking into crest was renaturiert at million-expenditure. It is above all a popular routistic goal for resin visitors.
legends and literature
that breaking into also block mountain is called and is from many legends umwoben.
Since the time of witch pursuits accused during the witch processes became participation in secret witch meetings and/or. the Hexensabbat z. B. in the Walpurgisnacht accused. That breaking into was called as such a meeting place and one of the witch dance places.
Heinrich Heine describes its migration in „the resin journey “impressively on breaking into with overnight accomodation in the breaking into hotel.
Perhaps to the many legends it contributed that its point lies about 300 days in the year in the fog. Thus are rare optical effects (halo) above all to observe and the so-called breaking into ghost, which in-hunts for the Wanderern frights. This phenomenon was described among other things by Goethe, who mounted twice a breaking into. Its first mounting the mountain took place in the winter and is considered as the first winter mounting breaking into at all.
at the foot breaking into lies in Saxonia-Anhalt the health resort Schierke. That breaking into is one of the most popular trip goals in Germany. On beautiful days one can look from the crest to the large island mountain in Thuringia. The rounded off crest breaking into is from age tree empty; it is bewachsen with dwarf bush heath. The actual dome-shaped mountain top consists of granite, below it was up to the year 1744 the breaking into pond.
today oscillates with the breaking into course again a narrow-gauge railway between who Niger desert and breaking into. The courses are regularly covered with steam engines. The area around breaking into is with Wanderern likes in particular. Already Goethe mounted a breaking into, therefore „the Goethe way has “from peat house its name. In addition, cyclists use the moving ways around their condition during the travel on breaking into to strengthen. On the summit are breaking into museum and breaking into garden (botanische plant) as well as restaurants and a hotel.
Many moving ways lead into the neighbouring places Schierke, brown situation and pc. Andreas mountain. From breaking into 100 km long resin he witch stairs direction the east toward Thale as well as direction the west across peat house and Altenau toward Osterode lead. As special original is considered break into Benno made of who Niger desert, which mounts the mountain since 1989 daily at least once and thus in the Guinness book of the records one registered.
two well-known run meetings lead on breaking into: the Ilse citizen breaking into run (at the beginning of of September, 26 km, delivered of it 12 km upward gradient, for the 20's) and the breaking into Marathon with start and a goal south who Niger desert (42.2 km). Both runs attribute from the valley to breaking into and again. The läuferisch most fastidious part are in each case the last four kilometers before the breaking into summit, on which at both matches a separate mountain valuation takes place. In this section a concrete stone path is to be overcome with constantly about 20% upward gradient and the runners is above the forest border often exposed to a sharp, icy wind. From scarcely in each case thousand participants it regularly only about fifty create that to go through this passage without going tracing.
the 30's one already recognized buildings and mechanisms that that is breaking an excellent location into for UKW and television stations. Thus one built 1936 and 1937 the old TV tower on its summit between. The tower has today a height of 53 m and possesses a prospect platform attainable with the elevator. In former times it was with the antenna dismantled in the meantime 95 m highly.
It should be used starting from 1939 for the spreading by television programs in the Central German area, but came it because of the outbreak 2. World war no longer for this. Instead it was converted into a radar station. In contrast to modern TV towers it has a square cross section and looks rather like a multistoried building. The arrangement of the disks in the vitreous prospect platform reminds of the restaurant in the citizen of Berlin radio tower.
Also to GDR - times was that breaking into - despite its situation in the border restricted area - location of television and broadcasting stations. Since the old TV tower did not meet the increasing radio requirements any longer, 1973 new 123 m a high transmitting tower were established. This tower is a steel tube tower standing on four legs, in which also cable pits and entrance possibilities are, which carries three radio relay link platforms scarcely above its four-foot construction.
It is not accessible in contrast to the old TV tower for the public. In the first half of the 90's the transmitting antenna on the old TV tower on breaking into was diminished and the entire transmit mode the new tower was transferred. Instead on the old TV tower a radome was put on, in which a radar facility of the German air traffic control was to be. Owner of the transmitting plants on breaking into is the German Telekom.
the exposed geographical location makes the location in particular attractive for the radiant emittance of UKW - for sound broadcasting. The broadcast of the GDR could be taken up over breaking into in far parts of the Federal Republic; the eastern half of Lower Saxony with the regions Hanover and Braunschweig, Nord- and east Hessen, northern peripheral areas Bayerns and the eastern North Rhine-Westphalia into the Ausläufer of the Ruhr district was covered. In East Germany and takes the transmitter covered the entire Land of the Federal Republic off Saxonia-Anhalt, Thuringia as well as in Saxonia the region Leipzig. Over 89.0 MHz, up to the turn the information program radio GDR 1 was radiated; after a transition period (radio current as follow-up program of GDR 1 with identical transmission area) it was operated by various private stations, from which the legendary „radio breaking into reached “outstanding admittingness. Today here 89,0 RTL, used and because of the spacious transmission area actually, do not send other frequencies if also legally does not represent one of the few multi-land private stations. Further UKW frequencies are 94.6 MHz (in former times the culture and education program GDR 2 with regional program, today MDR resounds to 1 Saxonia-Anhalt), 97.4 MHz (in former times voice of the GDR, now Germany radio culture), 101.4 MHz (in former times youth radio DT64, now radio SAW) and the range-strongest frequency of Germany, 91.5 MHz (in former times citizen of Berlin broadcast, now MDR Jump. As the today's program allocation shows, the transmitter lies today in Saxonia-Anhalt and thus in the transmission area mdr and/or. in the Lizenzierungsgebiet of the institute for medium Saxonia-Anhalt, whereby the strange thing results that for Saxonia-Anhalt licensed and conceived broadcast programs supply a majority of other Lands of the Federal Republic with; with Germany radio culture is ineffective this strange thing because of the country wide conception of the program, with 89.0 RTL the extended transmission area is conceptionally considered, although it concerns legally, i.e. in accordance with the transmission license, a Saxonia anhaltisches program; with Jump the strange thing is concerning Thuringian and Saxonian cover areas ineffectively, there it for Saxonia-Anhalt, Saxonia and Thuringia is together conceived.
The transmitter was also an important TV-transmitter. Before the reunification large parts of the Federal Republic could take up the television of the GDR over breaking into, although because of the use of another modulation procedure than PAL without the acquisition of a multi-standard receiver only in black-and-white. Because the third program mdr over breaking into in accordance with its national affiliation radiates the Saxonia anhaltische regional program, became for Thuringian and Saxonian supply areas, which referred their television receipt of breaking into at GDR times, establishes new TV-transmitters with small cover areas for the respective regional programs. Accordingly also with UKW sound broadcasting one proceeded.
At the beginning of of 2007 takes up that a breaking also the DVB-T into - transmit mode.
of breaking into will transfer the following Radiosender:
|of 89,0 RTL||89.0 MHz||60 KW||89.0_RTL|
|Jump||91.5 MHz||100 KW||MDR_JUMP|
|MDR1 radio Saxonia-Anhalt||94.6 MHz||60 KW||MDR_S-AN|
|DLR culture||97.4 MHz||100 KW||DKULTUR_|
|radio SAW||101.4 MHz||100 KW||__S_A_W_|
|MDR Figaro||107.8 MHz||10 KW||MDR_FIGA|
since 1895 gives it on breaking a Wetterstation into. That breaking into is meteorologically very interesting by extreme weather situations and surprising Wetterwechsel.
that breaking into - view of the break mountain
breaking into course in the winter
the complex of the German weather service
breaking into crest in the winter
Web on the left of
Commons: Break into - pictures, videos and/or audio files
coordinates: 51° 48 ' 05 " N, 10° 36 ' 53 " O