Bruno thaws

Bruno Julius Florian thaws (* 4. May 1880, king mountain, today Kaliningrad; † 24. December 1938, Istanbul) was a German architect and town planner. As a representative of new building it became particularly by thoseLarge housing estates in Berlin Britz (horse-shoe settlement) and Berlin Zehlendorf (uncle Toms hut) admits.

Table of contents

lives

king mountain

Bruno Julius Florian thaw became to 4. May 1880 as a second son of the buyer Julius thaws in the Prussian king mountain born. Four years later its younger brother max came thaws to the world, which became likewise later an architect. With17 years left it the High School, in order to study at the Königsberger construction industry school architecture. While the summer months worked he parallel as a bricklayer apprentice and became acquainted with at that time still rarely used technology of the iron concrete construction. It closed the study 1902 in onlythree instead of the usual six terms off and afterwards Bruno Möhring worked at the well-known art nouveau architect. Also this used frequently new, modern civil engineering. Beside its work thaws a Faible for Japanese woodcuts and contemporary painting developed.

Stuttgart

starting from 1904 spent it four academic years with Theodor Fischer in Stuttgart, the prominent architect of the South German school. Fischer promoted the young architect after forces and arranged for him 1906 with the renewal of the village church of Unterriexingen Ludwigsburg the first order, which many smaller further ones followed. Also in Stuttgart it painted beside the work and created a multiplicity of impressionistischer studies.

Berlin

1908 left itself thaws in Berlin down, where it at the technical universityCharlottenburg began to study history of art and town construction as recess study. It already opened 1909 together with Franz Hoffmann its own architect's office. It successfully participated in competitions concerning town construction and excited with numerous above ground construction drafts the attention of the technical literature. 1910 it becomes memberin the German work federation. 1911 it widemete itself the renovation of a smaller age-old building of churches in Nieden/Uckermark, which it painted and carefully transformed together with that Hamburg painter cap cup. This very day are all formative measures thaws there received.

Withits first project concerning town construction, the garden city falcon mountain it excited 1913 the mind. Its preference for expression-strong and color-glad facade designs stepped already at that time to light. Because of that strongly blue and yellow fronts the settlement as colony Tuschkasten one scoffed.

Der Glaspavillon von 1914
The glass pavilion of1914

for the German work federation exhibition in Cologne developed 1914 the glasshouse, the much-considered pavilion of the German glass industry, which it admits made. The building had a polygonal sketch, a metallic wing unit and a gläserne dome from rhombic glass elements.

As shortly thereafterthe First World War broke off, refused it the war service and transferred the construction supervision of a powder factory to Brandenburg, in order as indispensable to be classified. 1917 he wrote an anti-war communist manifesto and peace monuments, 1918 appeared its large picture cycle alpine architecture and the writings dissolutionthe cities and the city crown.

1919 it tried to expand the political circulations with the work advice for art since the range of the art and from the Bavarian soviet republic to the director/conductor of the Bavarian building industry was appointed. By striking down the soviet republicit could not begin the office however. With walter Gropius and Hans Scharoun he stepped the gläserne chain into a secret exchange of letters. There they demanded a dissolution of the past bases of architecture and a withdrawing of the architect as artist.The idealistic bases of new building were put.

Magdeburg

Skizze der Stadtkrone von 1919
sketch of the city crown of 1919
Käseglocke in Worpswede of 1922, builds 1926
“residential town Carl Legien”, builds 1929/30

1921 tried it in the organization from sceneries to Schillers Johanna of Orleans and changed in the same year as an advice of building of cities to Magdeburg. It thaws was convinced that the color has a too small value as design element in architecture and town construction and left despite violent resistance with the action colored Magdeburgthe baroque city hall and whole road courses over-paint multicolored. In the population it was however extremely popular. In the time in Magdeburg it wrote the book the new dwelling. Under its line iron-concrete-resounds “country and city” developed. Due toits various working received Magdeburg in this time the surname “city of the new building will”.

Berlin

as advisory an architect of the non-profit citizens of Berlin Wohnungsbaugesellschaft GEHAG was it starting from 1924 again in Berlin, where it in co-operation with Martin Wagnerthe first large housing estates builds. Based on few system sketches and with strong facade designs the horse-shoe settlement in Britz , the cooperative settlement free Scholle in Tegel and the forest settlement uncle Toms hut in Zehlendorf develop. Also in white lake, high beautiful living and Treptowit participated in settlement building projects. Under its direction more than 12,000 subsidized low-rent housings developed. If the emphasis of its past work lay particularly in the artistic range, then the social aspect was the center of attention with the building of settlements. Also low social classes should the benefitmodern dwelling come. The subsidized low-rent housings offered many Annehmlichkeiten for conditions at that time: , areas, flowing water and connection clears comparatively large floor spaces to drains. Connected its experiences of the garden architecture it with big-city elements. The settlements thaws the 20's and 30'sYears were trailblazing for the time and model at that time for many different in completely Germany. Although the dwellings from today's perspective are small and do not exhibit each comfort, they are with their inhabitants also today still extremely like.

1930 becameit to the technical university Charlottenburg as a professor for housing and town construction destined, 1931 becomes it member of the Prussian academy of the arts and honour member of the American of institutes OF Architects (AIA). Also the international architect federation in Japan made it the honour member.

it received 1932 from the Muscovites city administration the offer to work there as an advisory architect. It could be given time off at the university and furnished there an office. In National Socialist Germany meanwhile the criticism grew on thaws work, why it1933 again to Germany returned.

emigration

in Germany was thaws no longer desired and in such a way fled it to 10. March 1933 before the national socialists into Switzerland and followed then an invitation to Japan. 1936 movedhe into Turkey and took over a Professur for architecture at the academy of the arts. In this time its last book architectonics /Mimarlik developed bilgisi on Turkish. To 24. December 1938 it died in the Turkish exile in Ankara.

Work on []

Works

1908 raking local power station in weather on switching of Karl seriousness east house. First, large order!

literature

  • Bettina tariff he stick: Bruno thaws. The inside space draftscitizens of Berlin the architect, DVA 1993, ISBN 3-421-03034-0
  • Olaf Gisbertz: Bruno thaws and Johannes Göderitz in Magdeburg. Architecture and town construction in the Weimar Republic. Gebr. - man publishing house Berlin 2000. ISBN 3-7861-2318-7
  • Winfried Nerdinger and Kristiana Hartmann, Matthias Schirren, Manfred Speidel: Bruno1880 thaw - 1938. Architecture between tradition and avant-garde, DVA 2001, ISBN 3-421-03284-X
  • briefly Junghanns: Bruno thaws 1880 - 1938. Architecture and social thought, DVA 2001, ISBN 3363006748
  • Norbert Huse (Hrsg.): Four citizens of Berlin settlements of the Weimar Republic,Argon publishing house, Berlin, 1987, ISBN 3-87024-109-8
  • Bruno thaws: Alpine architecture: A Utopia - a utopia, ISBN 3-7913-3156-6, Prestel publishing house, author: Matthias Schirren
  • 1917, Bruno thaws, Paul Scheerbart, Erich baron, Adolf Behne: The city crown, brothers man, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3786124043
  • 1918,Bruno thaws:Alpine architecture
  • 1920, Bruno thaws: The master of building of worlds. Architecture play for symphonische music.,
  • 1920, Bruno thaw: Dissolution of the cities
  • 1920-1922: Bruno thaws: Early light. 4 booklets, brothers man, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3786118620
  • 1923: Bruno thaws: The new dwelling.The Mrs. as Schöpferin, brothers man, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3786123624
  • 1937: Bruno thaws: The Japanese house and its life, brothers man, Berlin 1997, ISBN 3786118825
  • Bruno thaw: I love the Japanese culture. Small writings over Japan., given changeby Manfred Speidel, brothers man, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3786124604
  • Bruno thaws: A house, brothers man, Berlin 1995, ISBN 3786118949
  • Bruno thaws, Heinrich thaws: Bruno thaws. Nature and Fantasie. 1880 - 1938, given change of Manfred Speidel, Ernst & Sohn1995, ISBN 3433026416

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