Gross national income
the gross national income (ABC BNE, in former times gross national product; English largely national income - GNI, or in former times largely national product - GNP) is in the economical Gesamtrechnung a dimension for the income of the residents of one, specified in money National economy in the formal sector.
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it is the sum of the value from all inhabitants of a state within a certain period (one year) referred incomes from work (employee payment) and capital (enterprise and fortune income) - so far is it the national income -plus production and import duties abzgl. the subsidies (goods taxes minus goods subsidies) - so far it is the net national income - plus the writings-off.
One differentiates between inland and resident concept. The inland concept seizes the economic achievement in an economic sector under installation course thatA commuter and neglect of the Auspendler. Contrary to inland the concept gross domestic product is regarded with the resident concept not the area, in which the achievement was furnished, but the persons living in this area, to whom the incomes from the economic achievementsflow. That means that persons, who are added to another economic sector (abroad living residents) into the capacity rating flow, while in the economic sector working service provider, which is assigned to another economic sector (foreigners living inland), out-counted.
The evaluation takes place tooMarket prices, i.e., including the goods taxes (production and import duties) and less the goods subsidies.
The gross national income is computed, by coming in from the gross domestic product acquisition and fortune takes off, which flowed to the foreign country, and in response from residentsthe foreign country received incomes adds (example calculation for Germany 2004 in billion euro):
|Gross domestic product||2,215, 65|
|− incomes paid to the remaining world||+ 0.35||(balance)|
|+ from the remaining world received incomes|
|= gross national incomes||2,216, 00|
1999 became the designation „gross national product “(BSP)in the course of the introduction of the European system of economical Gesamtrechnungen and in adjustment to the international linguistic usage for purposes of the official statistics by the term „“replaces gross national incomes. If the gross national product was in former times the main dimension staff to the comparison of national economies, one uses today toothis purpose usually the gross domestic product (GROS DOMESTIC PRODUCT).
One takes the writings-off
from connection off with other sizes from the gross national income , arises the net national income (or net national product) to market prices. If one furthermore the goods taxes subtract and adds the goods subsidies, one receives that National income (net national income to factor costs).
|No.||State of|| BNE|
|1||the USA||12,150, 931|
|4||Great Britain||2,016, 393|
|6||People's Republic of China||1,676, 846|
|source: World Bank|
with direct comparisons in US Dollar is to be noted that some countries (in this list: China) their currencies onthe US Dollar couple and to be thus underestimated can.
- to gross domestic product
- economical Gesamtrechnung
- political economy
- welfare function
Web on the left of
- gross national incomes, available income and national income (values for Germany)
- important one of VGR connections of the StBA explains
- international one statistic land data CIA World Factbook