Gross national income

the gross national income (ABC BNE, in former times gross national product; English largely national income - GNI, or in former times largely national product - GNP) is in the economical Gesamtrechnung a dimension for the income of the residents of one, specified in money National economy in the formal sector.

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gross national incomes, net national incomes and national income in the Federal Republic of Germany from 1970 to 2003. (Until 1991 only West Germany, data in billionsEuro)

it is the sum of the value from all inhabitants of a state within a certain period (one year) referred incomes from work (employee payment) and capital (enterprise and fortune income) - so far is it the national income -plus production and import duties abzgl. the subsidies (goods taxes minus goods subsidies) - so far it is the net national income - plus the writings-off.

One differentiates between inland and resident concept. The inland concept seizes the economic achievement in an economic sector under installation course thatA commuter and neglect of the Auspendler. Contrary to inland the concept gross domestic product is regarded with the resident concept not the area, in which the achievement was furnished, but the persons living in this area, to whom the incomes from the economic achievementsflow. That means that persons, who are added to another economic sector (abroad living residents) into the capacity rating flow, while in the economic sector working service provider, which is assigned to another economic sector (foreigners living inland), out-counted.

The evaluation takes place tooMarket prices, i.e., including the goods taxes (production and import duties) and less the goods subsidies.

The gross national income is computed, by coming in from the gross domestic product acquisition and fortune takes off, which flowed to the foreign country, and in response from residentsthe foreign country received incomes adds (example calculation for Germany 2004 in billion euro):

Gross domestic product 2,215, 65
− incomes paid to the remaining world + 0.35 (balance)
+ from the remaining world received incomes
= gross national incomes 2,216, 00

1999 became the designation „gross national product “(BSP)in the course of the introduction of the European system of economical Gesamtrechnungen and in adjustment to the international linguistic usage for purposes of the official statistics by the term „“replaces gross national incomes. If the gross national product was in former times the main dimension staff to the comparison of national economies, one uses today toothis purpose usually the gross domestic product (GROS DOMESTIC PRODUCT).

One takes the writings-off

from connection off with other sizes from the gross national income , arises the net national income (or net national product) to market prices. If one furthermore the goods taxes subtract and adds the goods subsidies, one receives that National income (net national income to factor costs).

International comparison

the 10 largest national economies 2004 (gross national income according to the Atlas method)
No. State of BNE
(billion US-$)
1 the USA 12,150, 931
2 Japan 4,749, 910
3 Germany 2,488, 974
4 Great Britain 2,016, 393
5 France 1,858, 731
6 People's Republic of China 1,676, 846
7 Italy 1,503, 562
8 Canada 905.629
9 Spain 875.817
10 Mexico 703.080
17 Switzerland 356.052
21 Austria 262.147
world 39,833, 561
source: World Bank

with direct comparisons in US Dollar is to be noted that some countries (in this list: China) their currencies onthe US Dollar couple and to be thus underestimated can.

See also

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