of these articles treats the medium book, further meanings sees under book (term clarifying).

A book (Plural of books) is one with a connection and mostly also with Bucheinband (envelope, English Cover) provided collection of printed on,described, painted or also empty sheets from paper or other suitable materials.

Books in the read hall of the university library Graz

besides become individual works or large text paragraphs, which in itself are final, when book marks, in particular if them part of a volumeare. That is particularly with antique works, which consist of matching book collections, the case - examples for this are: The Bible and other normative religious writings, the Aeneis.

Electronically stored book texts become as digital books (English e-book) designates.
Another modern variant of the book is the hearing book.

Table of contents


major items: Book history

the oldest forerunners of the book were the papyrus roles of the Egyptians, from whom the oldest well-known copy is old over 5000 years (see also history to thatWriting).

The Greeks and Romans took over the papyrus roles; to it starting from that 1. Century were replaced gradually from the Codex. The Codex consisted of several layers Pergament, which were folded and tacked together in the center, already in principle just as howin the today's book.

Starting from that 14. Century was replaced the Pergament gradually by the cheaper and paper which can be produced many more simply. The first paper mill in Germany was those of the Ulman Stromer in Nuremberg in the year 1390. Of thatInvention of the printing (approx. 1450) by Johannes good mountain up to the year of 1500 printed books incunabulum or weighing jerk (from the time, as for which printing still in the cradle was appropriate) is called.

In Korea approximately 200 years before Johannes of good mountain became inventionin Europe the printing with mobile type characters made of metal develops, probably an advancement of Chinese printing machines already in the 11. Century with clay/tone type characters. Korea presents in October 2005 as host country on the Frankfurt book fair, those already at good mountain time thoseprinting art invented here spread (in Korea an appropriate was missing).

The fast spreading of the new technology in completely Europe and the constant improvement and advancement of the printing and the production of paper made the book the mass-produced goods, what a substantial conditionfor the reformation and for the age of the clearing-up became later. Knowledge became the common property/knowledge in the evening country.

Writing and picture were in the book of the Middle Ages a unit. Artists of the building house created those in the 20-century of books of high formative level,the range pressure diagram to add are. These artist books appear in small limited edition.

In the third millenium finally then also the digital book appears on on-line book market

the digital pressure permits economical editions starting from a copy: Book on that and

Kinds from books

differentiation after contents of

differentiation according to kind of manufacture

  • Kodizes: hand written books, of it are felt some as most beautiful books of mankind history (singularly: Kodex).
  • Bag book: Medieval special form. It can like a bag carried andto the belt to be fastened.
  • Paperback: Kleinformatiges book, usually PAPER-bake, to transport suitably.
  • Miniature book: Very small book.
  • PAPER-bake: With soft cover and usually with adhesive bond provide, in former times also thread connection.
  • Broschur: Book block with different kinds of the soft envelope,usually thread-attached.
  • Hardcover: Firm cover. Today in the German-speaking countries only rarely with thread attaching.
  • Collection of sheets: Individual, exchangeable sides in one or more files (here the colloquial use of collection of sheets is not meant, which does not represent a book).
  • Book on that and: Pressure on demand; Book manufactured in small baptizing situation between 20 and 150 copies, which can be reprinted again and again.
  • E-Book (electronic book): in different formats, electronically stored, partially only on screen readably, partially printable.
  • Hearing book: Here the texts of an already existing book are read out by the author or (more frequently) a storyteller, sometimes also of several storytellers in roles. In the meantime also radio plays under this designation are partly driven out. Hearing books become on music CDs/musiccassettes and/ computer sells and spreads audio files.
  • Facsimile: original-faithful reproduction of historical expenditures.
To Bible from the year 1866

see also

more recommendable lists „“books

small glossary to the prefix“Biblio”

of records & Skurriles

  • the smallest book of the world originates from thatLeipziger publishing house Faber & Faber. With 2,4 to 2,9 millimeters it is about so large (or better said: as small) as a match head. The 32 sides are printed on and in manual work leather-bound with Buchstabenbildern in the offset. To acquire one can it in Heinz Nixdorf computer museum in Paderborn.


  • good has quotations „also the worst bookSide: the latter. “ (John Osborne)
  • many the book making is no end, and much studying fatigues the body. (Salomo in Kohelet 12.12 quotes after the butcher Bible, edition 2000)
Wikiquote: Books - quotations

see also

superordinate ones:

production and selling:





Web on the left of

Wiktionary: Book - word origin, synonyms and translations
This article or section is still incomplete and exhibits the following gaps :

Books i.S.d. operational account system, bookmaker (Wettbüro)
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