Buckinghamshire

County Buckinghamshire
Bild:EnglandBuckinghamshire.png
geography
status:Ceremonies and administrative county
region:South East England
surface:1,874 km ²
administrative seat:Aylesbury
ISO 3166-2:GB-BKM
Demografie
population:
- Entire (2002)
- density:

688.536
367/km ²
districts
Bild:Buckinghamshire_Ceremonial_Numbered.png
  1. South Buckinghamshire
  2. Chiltern
  3. Wycombe
  4. Aylesbury Vale
  5. Milton Keynes (Unitary)

Buckinghamshire (ABC. Bucks) is one after the university town Buckingham designated county in the middle Südengland. Principal place is been appropriate for Aylesbury, about 60 km northwest from London.

Buckinghamshire is in four Districts partitions: Aylesbury Vale, Chiltern, South Bucks and Wycombe. In former times also Milton Keynes belonged to the county, since 1997 is this city as well as the Borough OF Milton Keynes an independent urban area (Unitary Authority).

Those traditional county bordered on Oxfordshire, Northamptonshire, Bedfordshire, heart-Ford-almost, Berkshire and Greater London. In the course of the local reform of 1974 Slough and Eton came to Berkshire.

Buckinghamshire is coined/shaped by agriculture; an industrial keypoint lies with thatFurniture production and pharmaceutical articles.

Table of contents

history

the name Buckinghamshire comes from the anglo-saxon one and means “the district (scire) of Bucca's home “. Bucca's home refers to Buckingham in the north of the county, which is designated after the name of an anglo-saxon land gentleman. The county becomes since that 12. Century Buckinghamshire mentioned, before it was it a part of theKingdom of Mercia (585-919).

Some the settlements in Buckinghamshire originate from the time far before the fishing rod Saxonia. Aylesbury about exists already at least since 1500 v. Chr. Some places carry as far as today its name originating from the British language (Penn, ) Or have whom Dover from a mixture of the British names developed with the anglo-saxon language (Brill, Chetwode, Great Brickhill). Everywhere are certifications of before-Roman cultures.

The Roman influence in Buckinghamshire makes itself above allthe Roman roads noticeably, which cross the county.Watling Street and Akeman Street run from east to west by Buckinghamshire and were important commercial routes, which London connected with other parts of the Roman realm in Britannien. The Icknield Way along thatChiltern Hills was used of the Romans as line of defense; probably it concerns the development of a far older road.

The fishing rod Saxonia are that groups of peoples, which had probably the largest influence on Buckinghamshire. They gave the county and many thattherein lying places not only their names; the today's expansion decreases/goes back likewise to a large extent to the anglo-saxon time. One of the large battles, which is mentioned in the anglo-saxon chronicle, was struck between Cedric of Wessex and the Britisher in Chearsley.Three of the holy ones of this time are born in Quarrendon. In the late phase of the anglo-saxon time a royal palace in Brill was established. The large prosperity of the county was worth a mention in the Domesday Book.

The house Plantagenet used the wealththe country also out.William of the conquerers annektierte most basic rule for itself and its family. The half brother of William, Odo of Bayeux, became the largest land owner. Many old hunting grounds became property of the king. To the old traditions ofBuckinghamshire belongs the breed of swans for the king, this shows up in the coat of arms of the county (see below).

To further Anektierungen in favor of the crown it in connection with the dissolution of the monasteries (1536), than nearly a third of the county personalProperty of king Heinrich VIII. became. Heinrich VIII. it was also, the Aylesbury instead of Buckingham to the capital of the county made, in order to improve and so its daughter Anne to marry be able its relations with Thomas Boleyn.

In English civil war (1642-1649)Buckinghamshire was predominantly parliamentary adjusted. The hero of the Parlemtentsanhänger, John Hampden, originated from Buckinghamshire and helped in the battle of 1642 to defend Aylesbury. Some places in the west of the county (e.g. Brill and Boarstall) were because oftheir same distance to the parliamentary Aylesbury and the royalistischen Oxford in a continuous conflict. Many places disappeared due to this conflict of the map, were however again developed.

The Industrielle revolution and the building of the railway changed the landscape in different partsthe county.Wolverton in the north (today some of Milton Keynes) became the national center of the building of railroad cars; Furniture and paper industry settled in the south. In the center of the county Spitzenklöppelei developed - enterprises, those fast grew and work forthe women and children of poor families offered. Buckingham has to today good railway connections to London, Birmingham and Manchester; the production of furniture is still one of the Hauptindustrien in the south of the county.

In the early Viktoriani age a heavy grassierte Cholera - epidemic disease; the agriculture suffered from substantial harvest losses. At this time many inhabitants left Buckinghamshire and established themselves in the surrounding cities. Land properties use the chance to acquire the left country favorably. Thus the Rothschilds won,one of the most influential families of the country, substantial meaning in Buckinghamshire.

In 20. Century came into the north and the south of the county to an urbanisation, in whose consequence plan cities developed such as Milton Keynes and Slough; both are since 1997 Unitary Authorities.

Bild:Wappen_Buckinghamshire.jpg

the coat of arms of Buckinghamshire

the coat of arms of Buckinghamshire shows a white swan in chains. This decreases/goes back to the anglo-saxon time, in which swans in Buckinghamshire for the king were bred. The swan lies in chains, overto show the fact that it the king associated actual an old law that today still to the wild swans in the united kingdom applies. The coat of arms became first times of Humphrey Stafford, Duke of Buckingham in the battle of Azincourtgeführt.

Overthe swan is gold a volume, in whose center the Whiteleaf cross is shown. Over the sign is a beech, those the forest of Chiltern, once nearly would help the county covered, represented. On the right sidea deer is, on the left a swan.

Latin inscription reads: Vestigia Nulla Retrorsum (no traces lead back).

larger ones of places in Buckinghamshire

no more to the county do not belong due to several local reforms:

objects of interest

  • Ascott
  • Ashridge Estate
  • Bletchley park
  • Boarstall Tower
  • Bradenham many situation
  • of Buckingham ChantryTo Chapel
  • Buckinghamshire Railway Centre in Quainton
  • Chequers Court
  • Claydon House
  • Cliveden
  • Dorneywood
  • Eton college
  • Halton resound
  • hardwave House
  • Hughenden Manor
  • King's Head Inn, Aylesbury
  • Long Crendon Courthouse
  • Mentmore Towers
  • pit clay/tone Windmill
  • Princes Risborough Manor House
  • Stowe park
  • Waddesdon Manor
  • westWycombe caves
  • west Wycombe park
  • west Wycombe many situation
  • of Whiteleaf CROSS
  • Winslow resound
  • to Wycombe abbey

famous personalities

Web on the left of


 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)