Buenos Aires

of these articles is concerned with the capital of Argentina. For other meanings, see Buenos Aires (term clarifying).
Buenos Aires
map coat of arms
Lage der Stadt Buenos Aires Wappen der Autonomen Stadt Buenos Aires seit 1923
coat of arms of the autonomous city
Buenos Aires
flag
Flagge der Autonomen Stadt Buenos Aires
flag of the autonomous city
Buenos Aires
data
administrative seat Buenos Aires
surface 203 km ²
inhabitants of 2.746.761
(2005)
inhabitants
population centre Gran Buenos Aires
11.548.541 (2005)
population density 13,531 Einw./km ²
geographical situation
of coordinates: 34° 35 ' 59 " S, 58° 22 ' 55 " W
34° 35 ' 59 " S, 58° 22 ' 55 " W
height of 25 m and. NN
postal zip code range C1000-1499XXX
preselection 011
ISO 3166-2 - code AR-C
Website www.buenosaires.gov.ar
politics
mayor Jorge Telerman (represents the set off Aníbal Ibarra up to the next elections 2007)

Buenos Aires (earlier way of writing: Buenos Ayres; designated after the Schutzheiligen of the sailors Santa Maríadel Buen Aire; officially Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires/autonomous city Buenos Aires) is the capital and the commercial and industrielle center of Argentina.

Table of contents

geography

geographical location

Satellitenaufnahme (Buenos Aires lies on the right of down)

the city Buenos Aires is to a trichterförmigen delta of the rivers Río Paraná and Río Uruguay because of the Río de la Plata, into the Atlantic, at the east coast of the South American continent of on the average 25 metersover the sea level.

The water of the Río de la Plata in Buenos Aires is cloudy by the high entry of lehmigem mud. The district exhibits only small depths, generally under 20 meters, so that for example ships alsolarger depth in the region ausgebaggerte channels to use must.

The geographical coordinates of the city are 34° 36 ' southern latitude and 58° 23 ' western length. To the west of Buenos Aires extends the Pampa, the agriculturally most fruitful area of Argentina.

city arrangement

the quarters of Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires are arranged into 48 quarters:

Agronomía, Almagro, Balvanera, Barracas, Belgrano, Boedo, Caballito, Chacarita, Coghlan, Colegiales, Constitución, Flores, Floresta, La Boca, La Paternal, Liniers, Mataderos, Monte Castro, Montserrat, Nueva Pompeya, Núñez, Palermo, Parque Avellaneda, Parque Chacabuco, Parque Chas, Parque Patricios, Puerto Madero, Recoleta, Retiro, Saavedra, San Cristóbal, San Nicolás, San Telmo, Vélez Sársfield, verse all, mansion Crespo, mansion del Parque, Villa Devoto, mansion Lugano, mansion Luro, mansion Mitre, mansion Ortúzar, Mansion Pueyrredón, mansion material, mansion Riachuelo, mansion Santa Rita, mansion Soldati, mansion Urquiza.

Besides there are traditional quarter designations, which are more common, as the official designations:

  • Abasto (area around the former central market and today's shopping centre):Quarters: Almagro and partial Balvanera
  • Barrio Norte (populated area of the rich population): Quarters Recoleta and Palermo
  • Congreso (round around parliament building)
  • Microcentro (stock exchange and business centre): Quarters Retiro and San Nicolás
  • Once (area around in-town station Once): Quarter Balvanera
  • of tribunal (area overthe Law Courts): Quarter San Nicolás

in the course of the decentralization 16 centers de Gestión y Participación (CGP) were created, centers of the administration and participation), which are durchnummeriert from 1 to 14. The CGPs 2 and 14 is divided into the CGP2s (s=Süd) as well as 2n (n=Nord) and 14e (e=Ost) and 14o (o=West). In all CGPs one can pay its taxes and penalties, make civil procedures such as a marrying and birth certificate exhibitions, to etc.

climate

Klimadiagramm Buenos Aires
climatic diagram Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires is in the moderate climate zone. The average yearly temperature amounts to 17.5 degrees Celsius, the yearly amount of precipitation of 1,173 millimeters on the average.

The warmest month is January with on the average 24.5 degrees Celsius, coldest July with 11,1 degrees of Celsisus. Even in the ArgentineWinters sink the temperatures only rarely under zero degree, snow gave it so far only in few exceptional cases.

Most precipitation falls in the month March with 142 millimeters on the average, few in June with on the average 61 the millimeters.

Ecological problems

of Puerto Madero, Buenos Aires

as megacity Buenos Aires with numerous ecological problems has to fight. There is smog in the city particularly because of the relatively windy climate hardly, yet the pollution impact of air reaches by thoseunsatisfactorily filtered industrie and exhaust gas in some outlying districts, for example in Lanús, often critical parameters, which lead to increased cancer of the lungs rates. To large extents carry for this many the penalty with (alone in the town centre of Buenos Aires of approximately 20,000 vehicles).

Inthat much confine, from high house fronts gesäumten roads are besides the admission of fresh air (for example of the sea) very small. Problematic it is likewise that possesses the city and that it surrounding population centre only relatively few green areas and the surrounding countryside by always furtherlikewise into the periphery drawing back building projects (for example Country club) one course-builds.

A further problem is the load of the Río de la Plata and its supplies in the city by waste water. The rivers Riachuelo flowing by the city and Río de la Reconquista are high-grade dirty and permit no biological life more, a Renaturierung at least the Riachuelo were planned into the 1990er years, the project take time however further. In the Río de la Plataeven one could until approximately 1980 still bathe (there was an edge of bathing in Quilmes), but today is no longer possible this because of the contamination of the water, after there were several deaths to the 1980er years. On the opposite sidethe Río de la Plata in Uruguay is however still problem-free possible this.

A large problem was since more jeher the Müllentsorgung. In former times the garbage was burned decentralized, often even in the heating systems of the houses, which however starting from the reachingbecause of the pollution impact was no longer easily possible for a certain size of the city. Today a majority of the garbage on one lands garbage depot lain, is begrünt and out-arranged partly park similar and Cinturón the Ecológico (ecological belt) circularly around the cityone calls. It is criticized at this project that the groundwater by the pollutants occurring in the garbage (e.g. Heavy metals) to be gotten dirty knows. Thus partially increased cancer rates in the adjacent populated areas are observed.

history

establishmentthe city (1536 - 1541)

the Konquistador Juan Díaz de Solís de la Plata , its expedition discovered 1516 the Río however by an Indian attack in the proximity of the today's Tigre to a bloody end was brought, with the Solísalso died.

Buenos Aires after its establishment 1536 Buenos

Aires became short to 2. February 1536 of Pedro de Mendoza with the name Puerto de Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Ayre based. The name became of Mendozas Kaplanselected, some Verehrer that four-gene de Bonaria (virgin of good air) of Cagliari, Sardinien was. The place of Mendozas town foundation is on the area of the today's quarter San Telmo.

Mendoza instructed about 1,600 men, on 16Ships accreted. Since they arrived only in the late summer, it was to be cultivated too late around grain. The local Querandí - Indians were hunters and collecting tanks and by the Spaniards were forced to procure meals for Mendozas troops. These reacted thereupon with repeatedAttacks. Mendozas settlers had to give up to 1541 the place.

In these expeditions took part the Straubinger Patriziersohn Ulrich Schmidl, which became the chronicler of the events and early historian of the city. It is considered sometimes as one the joint founder of the city.

second establishment of the city (1580 - 1776)

only 1580 the city by Juan de Garay with the name Ciudad de la Santísima Trinidad y Puerto Santa María de loosely Buenos Aires one again-based. Several town foundations became intermediate upthe area of today's Argentina carried out, which lay due to settling from Peru all in the northwest. The oldest constantly inhabited city in Argentina is therefore Santiago del Estero.

Buenos Aires hung since its early days strongly of thatCattle breeding in the Pampa surrounding the city and of the trade with Spain off. The Spanish administration 17. and 18. Century it required however that all goods, which were sent to Europe had to be brought first after Lima in Peru,in order to pay duty the goods. This far detour released however a rising displeasure with the dealers in Buenos Aires opposite Spain and in such a way developed smuggling very well. Karl III. from Spain this rising instability of its power recognizedand first and finally explained end of the 1700er loosened the commercial regulations years Buenos Aires as an open port.

capital of the viceroy realm Río de La Plata (1776 - 1810)

1776 finally became Buenos Aires the capital of the viceroy realmthe Río de la Plata, which from the viceroy realm Peru was separated. The population of the city rose among other things also by the import of slaves from Africa strongly, between 1778 and 1815 amounted to the portion of the black populationfor instance a third.

1806 and 1807 tried the British within a conflict with Spain twice to occupy Buenos Aires. During this time Viscount William Carr Beresford was a British commander of Buenos Aires. Occupations failed, however not to the Gegenwehrthe Spanish troops, but at the embittered resistance on the part of the population. By this success the nationalists in their ambitions were careful strengthened and prepared the independence of the country, by them always large concessions of the viceroy to local citizen combinations, soCabildos mentioned Abiertos attained.

independence fight and Rosas dictatorship (1810 - 1880)

historical site plan (around 1888)

to 25. May of 1810 driven out armed citizens of the city Buenos Aires the viceroy Baltazar Hidalgo de Cisneros y la Torre. To 9. July 1816 explained the congress provinces of the Río united by Tucumán formally the independence of the “de la Plata”. After the declaration of independence a controversy between the Unitariern, the one of Buenos Aires from led central state was inflamed wanted and to the Föderalisten,the one strong independence of the individual provinces pursued.

1829 took over the Föderalist Juan Manuel de Rosas as a governor the rule over Buenos Aires. In March 1835 he was selected again to the governor and general captain. Rosas left itself extraordinary force temporarytransferred and thereby the force of a dictator kept actual. It led the republic until 1852, as it in the battle of Monte Caseros by troops of Brazil, Uruguay and the Don Justo José de Urquiza was struck. With thatFall Rosas opened the city for immigrants from Europe.

1853 refused participating the city and the province Buenos Aires in the constitutional congress and separated from Argentina. 1859 stepped Buenos Aires that 1853 created Argentine federation (Federación Argentina).

capital of Argentina (1880 - 1976)

the president palace, the Casa Rosada on the Plaza de Mayo

1880 was separated the city Buenos Aires under Julio Argentino Roca from the identical province and at the same time to the capital of Argentinaexplained.1890 were Buenos Aires the largest and most important city in Latin America around the turn of the century amounted to the number of inhabitants almost one million.

1913 became under the Avenida de Mayo the first underground - distance opens. The underground of Buenos Aires remained thosefirst and only in Latin America up to the opening of the underground of Mexico city in the year 1969. For the century celebrations of the independence of Argentina in the city centre some diagonals were struck in the road system and the Avenida 9 de Julio. The plan was but originally substantially more ambitionierter, than it was finally accomplished.

congress building (parliament)

the 1919 gave it under the government of Hipólito Yrigoyen a worker rebellion, which was struck down by military force. The events went as the La Semana Trágica (the tragic week) intothe history of Buenos Aires and of Argentina. Into the 1930er years some large Avenidas were pulled by the city centre, so the Avenidas Santa Fe, Córdoba and Corrientes, which are today still main arteries of the traffic. Starting from the Second World Warthe increasing city had reached many former suburbs and had incorporated. The city accommodated a third of the Argentine population at this time, about.

military dictatorship (1976 - 1983)

the monument for the pleasures of the Falklandkrieges to the Plaza SanMartín

1976 came with the fall of president Isabel Martínez de Perón military into Argentina to power. During this time ten thousands of humans disappeared, in opposition to military placed themselves or sometimes also only into thatTurned out for suspicion against the military government to be.

With beginning of the first waves of arrests of the military dictatorship, which lasted from 1976 to 1983, the Casa Rosada , the mothers during the military dictatorship of the disappeared protests on the Plaza de Mayo before the president palace,Humans.

To the victims of the arbitrary arrests, tortures and murders belonged the German sociologies and Entwicklungshilferin Elizabeth cheese man, who carried out in the Slums of Buenos Aires social work.

Redemokratisierung and economic upswing (1983 - 1998)

after thatmilitary the no more could not adhere lost mark vienna EN war to power and gave it in such a way again democratic elections. As a first president of this new era Raúl Alfonsín was selected. With reintroduction of the democracy in Argentina, 1:1 - connection of the Argentine pesoto the dollar and with the neoliberalen reforms during the presidency of Carlo Menem began the Argentine economy with a steep upswing, which manifested itself also by intensified building activity in the city Buenos Aires. Particularly in the quarter Retiro becamemany new multistoried buildings built.

To 17. March 1992 destroyed an autobomb the Israeli message in the quarter Retiro and killed 29 humans and hurt 242. After this assassination attempt followed to 18. July 1994 a further assassination attempt on a Jewish mechanism also96 dead ones. This assassination attempt on the AMIA social insurance specified of the Argentine Jews was not cleared up until today. Both assassination attempts left scars in the city and led to the fact that the Jewish mechanisms probably beside the government buildings at the strongest guarded buildingthe city are.

Argentina crisis and slow economic recovery (since 1998)

during the economic crisis between 1998 and 2003 was Buenos Aires the center of partly violent demonstrations, from those the largest to 19. and 20. December 2001 took place (thatCacerolazo so mentioned) and for the resignation of the president Fernando de la Rúa led. In addition the Piqueteros in such a way specified is active since 1999, which blocks the most important approach roads of the city until today ( at the beginning of of 2005) in irregular distances with road blocks.They became since 2003 an important power factor also on national level.

To 31. December 2004 occurred the heaviest accident in the city: With a major fire in the discotheque República del Cromañón came over 190 humans aroundLife. As consequence of this accident the mayor at that time of the city, Aníbal Ibarra, and accused of bad office guidance, was given time off since he was made responsible for the errors of fire protection controls. To 7. March 2006 decided the court Argentine house of representativesthe joggle of Ibarra and the transmission of the mayoralty on its past deputy Jorge Telerman.

inhabitant development

Obelisk in Buenos Aires

1833 amounted to the population of the city Buenos Aires scarcely 60,000, 1869 was it about 180,000 humans. 1890 were Buenos Aires the largest and most important city in Latin America with a population of approximately 661,000 inhabitants. Under the strong immigration wave from Europe the city counts already 1914 about 1.6 million inhabitant. 2001 amount to the number of inhabitants of the autonomous ones City Buenos Aires scarcely 2.8 million inhabitant.

The city and it surrounding suburbs have together 11.5 million inhabitant. Thus “Gran Buenos Aires “is the largest Metropolregion in Argentina and after São Paulo the second largest in completely South America. The population is predominantly Spanish and Italian origin, in addition, besides descendants of immigrants from many countries of Europe and the front Orients (Turcos exist - “Turks” mentioned). The portion of the descendants of non-Spanish immigrants is substantial in Buenos Airesmore highly than in remaining Argentina.

The population of Buenos Aires (Porteños respectable. Porteñas mentioned, if in Buenos Aires born) speaks today almost exclusively Spanish and the overwhelming majority of the inhabitants is Roman catholic. German immigrants speak among themselves in such a way specified Belgranodeutsch.

The following overview shows the numbers of inhabitants after the respective area conditions. Until 1943 it concerns usually around estimations, from 1947 to 2001 around census results and 2005 a computation. The numbers of inhabitants refer to the actual city withoutthe suburb belt. The population density is about three to four times more largely as in Berlin and even somewhat more highly than in the 23 urban districts Tokyos. To consider it participates that an increase in population in the only 203 square kilometers large city in the meantime almostis impossible. The population trend carries out itself today mainly in the suburbs, which lie in the province Buenos Aires.

Population trend of Buenos Aires 1740 to 2010
year inhabitant
1744 11,000
1770 22,000
1800 40,000
1813 46,000
1825 55,000
1838 65,000
1857 99.000
1864 140,000
1869 180,329
1880 248,700
1884 295,000
1887 466,300
1895 661,205
1903 865,000
year inhabitant
1906 1.057.000
1914 1.582.884
1923 1.780.000
1928 2.079.000
1931 2.195.000
1938 2.345.200
1943 2.595.900
1947 2.981.043
1960 2.966.634
1970 2.972.453
1980 2.922.829
1991 2.965.403
2001 2.768.772
2005 2.746.761
Einwohnerzahl von Buenos Aires 1740 bis 2010

politics

partnerships between cities

Buenos Aires maintains with the following cities partnerships. In parentheses the year of the establishment. (This list is unfortunately not complete.)

culture and objects of interest

theatres

the Teatro Colón

the most well-known theatre of the city are the Teatro Colón, one of the most famous opera houses of the world. Beside this theatre existed however in Buenos Aires a large theatre and musical scene, altogether gives it after officialData of 173 theatres in the city. So one has the selection between approximately 100 different large and small theatre performances except in the high summer at each time.

in addition,

Tango Buenos Aires is world capital of the Tangos. Each yearin Buenos Aires a Tangofestival and the Tango world championship one holds. The most famous and most well-known Tango artists of the city arise to at the end of of February/at the beginning of March. More than 70 concerts at most diverse places of event find (in the large theatres, most important bars, in addition, open air meetings)instead of.

to

the numerous museums in Buenos Aires the Museo de Arte Español

Enrique Larreta belongs to museums the Museo de Arte Latinoamericano de Buenos Aires (MALBA). It possesses one.

The Museo de Arte Hispanoamericano IsaacFernández Blanco shows Iberoamerikani colonial art, among them among other things: Painting of the school of Cuzco, silver work from Peru and of the Río de la Plata, religious Bildwerke from Quito, furniture from Brazil, decorative arts of the republican period.

In the year 2001 the Museo becamede Arte Latinoamericano de Buenos Aires (MALBA) for the collection of the Argentine businessman Eduardo Costantini opens. More than 200 work of approximately 80 artists, under it key works of the art of Latin America from that 20. Century. Also special exhibitions and programs.

In oneconverted tobacco memory in the traditional quarter of San Telmo is the Museo de Arte Moderno. It shows a collection of contemporary art of Argentina and works outstanding international artist 20. Century.

Interesting also the Museo de Esculturas Luis Perlotti is, thatMuseum in the house of the Argentine sculptor Luis Perlotti. It accommodates a collection of nearly 1,000 works, which were given to the city Buenos Aires in the year 1976.

buildings

Kirche  im Centro Cultural des Stadtteils Recoleta
church in the center Cultural of the quarter Recoleta

since beginning of the 20. Century the townscape was strongly changed. The Plaza de Mayo within the eastern range from Buenos Aires was starting point of the original settlement and represented in form of a semi-circle the urban core. For the 1950er years are outside of thatCity business centres and other mechanisms increased.Theatres, hotels, restaurants as well as financial, business and government offices and some luxuriöse residential complexes lie concentrated north and west the Plaza area.

One of the centerlines runs of the Casa Rosada (seat of the president), to the Plazade Mayo to the national congress, further along the Avenida de Mayo (1.6 kilometers of length) and continues then as Avenida Rivadavia in western direction over further 40 kilometers. To the south is at the centerline the color-glad quarter ofLa Boca, in which many immigrants from Genova in Italy to originate and also from Italian immigrants one based. In addition, worker quarters and industrial areas are to be found here.

In the north of Buenos Aires are majorities of the urban parks,the two racing courses of the city as well as residential areas of the central and Oberschicht. The northern expansion of the wealthier quarters exceeded and expands the border of the capital district after Martínez, Olivos, San Isidro and Vicente López.

Further important objects of interest ofBuenos Aires are the cemetery of Recoleta, where among other things Evita Perón lies buried, the Obelisk on the Avenida 9 de Julio, one of the broadest roads of the world, the old dockland Puerto Madero with the restored storage halls, the oldQuarter San Telmo with its pictorial roads and the antique market, the former central market Abasto, where today a shopping centre is accommodated and the artist quarter admits La Boca, for its colourful house fronts is and as one of the places of birth of the Tangos applies.

sport

Das Stadion der Boca Juniors
the stadium of the Boca junior

particularly in the football and in the kinds of horse haven dominates the capital the sport enterprise of the country to a large extent.

In the football the two most successful Erstliga associations of Argentina reside in the city: Record master River PlateBuenos Aires and Boca junior, the ore rival of River. Derbys between both associations often end with excesses. Further important associations are Racing club Avellaneda and Independiente in the suburb Avellaneda as well as San Lorenzo de Almagro from the borough Almagro. Seein addition also:Football in Argentina.

Horse-runs is probable in the city the secondarymost popular kind of sport. The two most well-known courses (Hipódromos) are in the borough Palermo as well as in the suburb San Isidro.

Further popular kinds of sport in the city are Rugby and Hockey. In the likewise popular basketball the dominating crews come against it from the interior. The same applies to the current tennis professionals.

catering trade and culinary specialities

in Buenos Aires are over 3.500 restaurants the native like internationalKitchen offer. The guest become in the restaurant as different courts as the Antarctic king crab (Centolla) and the spicy paste bags (Empanadas) serves. Classical authors are however the tasty Pasta of the italo Argentine kitchen and the kreolische at the open wood fireroasted meat (Asado).

On the wine-lists of the restaurants numerous large wine cellars present a changing selection of their plants. The very different Cuvées, provenances, Rebsorten and classes take a broad taste scale off.

economics andInfrastructure

economics

Monumento San Martin
of multistoried buildings in the quarter Retiro

the city is as the most important sea port of Argentina the commercial centre of the country. The harbor facilities and ship basins extend over approximately eight kilometers along the Río de la Plata andaccommodate around Puerto Nuevo around the most important harbour installations.

Parallel to the modern traffic development (for example 14-spurige motorways) the upswing of the city ran to the most important industrial centre of the country. The predominant part of the industrial plants of the country was built in Buenos Aires, since 1930 increasingly also in the suburbs of the spacious catchment area. In the Metropolregion are scarcely half of all Argentine industrial companies, over 26.000 alone in the federal district and at least the double number in the suburbs.

Main locations of the industry are the urban districts inSoutheast, particularly Avellaneda and Lanus. There also the large natural gas pipelines from Patagonien end. On the financial district around the crossing of the avenues Bartolomé Mitre and San Martín concentrate the head offices of international and national banks as well as effects and grainstock exchange. Along the Florida and Santa Fe avenues are the largest retail businesses and fashion shops to be found.

In the southern part to the city meat packing lies and other food-processing industries, oil refineries and chemical industries. Construction of vehicles industry and different light industries, like pressure enterprises and textile mills, are inThe west and the north of the capital settled. Due to the environmental pollution the city administration is endeavored to shift factories from the city center to the periphery where some industrie and trade area developed. The employees and worker of the evacuated industry pulled due toways to work are enough for that now for their employers after.

In the city center of Buenos Aires gave it 1927 only five multistoried buildings, today however the road courses in the center by multistoried buildings are drawn. That about three square kilometers comprehensive town centre lies somewhat north the Plazade Mayo, the old center of Buenos Aires. Here a central Geschäftsbezirk with all characteristics of the center of a metropolitan city developed: Office and bank multistoried buildings, insurance, publishing trade, elevated service range, modern shopping arcades, nightclub districts, traffic chaos, few green areas and drift of the resident population.

traffic

entrance to the underground (Subte) in the station Retiro

long-distance traffic

Buenos Aires had two passenger airports. The international airport with the name Aeropuerto Internacional Ministro Pistarini de Ezeiza is to that because of the edgeSuburb Ezeiza (about 30 to 40 kilometers outside of the city centre) and is often only called “Ezeiza”. The second airport with the name Aeroparque Jorge Newbery is directly because of the bank of the Río de la Plata of about five kilometers of the financial district inCenter of the city removes. This airport is called briefly Aeroparque and served only national ones and flights after Montevideo in Uruguay.

Buenos Aires has a large port, which is suitable for large container and tankers also. Around this thatEntrance will make regularly a channel possible in the Río de la Plata ausgebaggert. The moreover one there is a driving port with several times daily connections in direct proximity of the economic and financial center after Colonia and Montevideo in Uruguay.

Course Buenos Aires- Tucumán in the station of S. M. de Tucumán

in the year 1857 got Buenos Aires connection to the railway. The Fernverbindungen of the railway came into the 1990er years because of maroder distances and missing investors nearly to succumbing. Today becomeagain some cities of the province Buenos Aires (among other things the bathing resorts Mar del Plata and Villa associate as well as the port Bahía Blanca), in addition, far more distant cities such as Posadas, Santa pink one de Toay, Córdoba, Rosario and San Miguel de Tucumán started.

Since the passenger traffic with the railway in Argentina plays a subordinated role due to the speed small compared with the cross-country penalties and the comfort lacking meanwhile, Buenos Aires has a very large bus station,in the quarter the Retiro is settled. Around the high Christian holidays, like Easter or Christmas hundredthousands leave the city, most with the touring bus.

suburban traffic

underground station Malabia
inside of an underground railroad car of the line Subte A

the roadsin the city are as far as possible put on after the chessboard sample. For those the century celebration of independence 1916 was originally planned it, this road system by a system of diagonals to be supplemented as in La Plata. The only realized work is the Avenida9 de Julio - no diagonal however the broadest road of the world -, as well as diagonally the Norte and diagonally Sur the two to the Plaza de Mayo begin.

Buenos Aires has a motorway system leading away radially from the city.The motorways begin at the ring motorway general Paz. There is a motorway, which in-leads into the center of the city. This cuts through - on Betonstelzen built - the complete city from west to east and binds among other things thatinternational airport Ezeiza to the center on.

Buenos Aires possesses several stations. The three most important are in the quarter Retiro. Besides there are however still important stations in the quarters to Constitución and Balvanera. With all these stations actsit itself with priority around local train yards.

At the 1. December 1913 was opened the first distance section of the underground in Buenos Aires. It is thereby the oldest underground of Latin America and the three tenth underground of the world. It operates today on a network of fiveLines with a length of 42.7 kilometers.

After the electrical streetcar already once between that 22. April 1897 and that 31. December 1964 in the city in the enterprise was, became it to 27. August 1987 as Premetro again imported. At presenta network is driven on of 22.4 kilometers.Trolley buses operated 4 between that. June 1948 and that 30. April 1966 in Buenos Aires.

The public local passenger traffic is mastered mainly with the same-trieven penalties, which apart from substantial pollutant and noise emission to regular back-upleads. Therefore the city decided to remove the underground fully.

For the individual, public suburban traffic about 38,600 taxis are available . This corresponds to a relationship of a taxi per 71 inhabitants of the capital. (To the comparison: New York town center has also8.168.388 inhabitants only about 12,000 taxis. This corresponds to a relationship of a taxi per 681 inhabitants.)

education

the legal faculty of the UBA

to the Plaza de Mayo in the city centre concentrated once the educational facilities. In the meantime are theyto find also in the north of the city. In the year 1821 the opened national university of Buenos Aires was accommodated partial close of the river bank on a new Campus. Some faculties are however in the city centre, so the legal, the medical, engineerand the restaurant faculty. The university possesses however in the meantime also further branches in the suburbs of the city, for example in Martínez (Departamento San Isidro).

The national library is to be found in the new boroughs in the northern range of the city, wherealso has the 1964 created private university of Belgrano its seat.

After the fall Juan Domingo Peróns in the year 1955 became Jorge Luis Borges director of the national library; Borges going blind had so far progressed at this time that the physicians him vintagesand disks forbade. In a poem he spoke of “God shining irony” to give him at the same time eight hundred thousand books and the darkness. When Perón came 1973 power, Borges laid down its office for director.

Further educational facilities in Buenos Aires enclosethe national university of the beautiful arts (1904 open), the national music conservatoire (1924 open), which catholic university of Argentina (1958 open) and the national technological university (1959 open).

sons and daughters of the city

major item: If well-known Bonarenser in

Buenos Aires would list a multiplicity of well-known personalities was born, so among other things Jorge Luis Borges (writer), Benito Quinquela Martín (painter), Bernardino Rivadavia (first Argentine president) and Gabriela Sabatini (Tennisspielerin).

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