the Bulgarian orthodox church (Българскаправославнацърква) is a autokephale church of the Christian Orthodoxie. In the year 927 the independence of the Bulgarian orthodox church was recognized as the oldest orthodox local church on the European mainland by the Ökumeni Patriarchat of Konstantinopel.
It covered in the year 2006 approx. 85% that scarcely 8 million inhabitant of Bulgaria, as well as about 1.5 - 2 million over the Balkans - peninsula, Europe and the remainder of the world distributed members. The church is led of the holy Synode, at whose point of the Patriarch of Sofia stands. Since 1971 Patriarch Maxim holds this office.
- Widin (bulg.: Видинскаепархия)
- Wraza (bulg.: Врачанскаепархия)
- Lowetsch (bulg.: Ловчанскаепархия)
- Weliko Tarnowo (bulg.: Търновскаепархия)
- Dorostol and Tscherwen (bulg.: Доростоло червенскаепархия) (seat in Russian)
- Warna and Preslaw (bulg.: Варненско преславскаепархия) (seat in Warna);
- Sliwen (bulg.: Сливенскаепархия);
- Stara Sagora (bulg.: Старозагорскаепархия);
- Plowdiw (bulg.: Пловдивскаепархия);
- Sofia (bulg.: Софийскаепархия);
- Newrokop (bulg.: Неврокопскаепархия);
- Polarize-polarizing whom (bulg.: Плевенскаепархия);
- Russian (bulg.: Русенскаепархия);
- Central and Western Europe (seat in Berlin) ;
- US America, Canada and Australia (seat in New York);
the “Bulgarian Orthoxe church “leads the beginning of its developing on the mission journeys of the Apostels Paulus into the Roman provinces Thrakien and Mösien around 50 n. Chr. back. Since this time the Christianisierung particularly began in the cities of the country, which was particularly promoted by the Byzantine Staatskirchentum. After the penetration of the turkstämmigen Bulgaren in 7. Century attained Bulgaria independence and it took approximately 200 years to the Christianity the Bulgarian Oberschicht had penetrated. Under Zar or Khan Boris I. became the Christianity again state religion. Boris understood it skillfully to use the differences between Rome and Byzanz and achieved an independent status for its church aligned at the orthodox rite. Pupils of the Slawenapostel Kyrill and Methodius, i.e. Naum and Kliment, inserted the slawische Liturgie into Bulgaria. 893 one introduces to a council of the Bulgarian church old-Bulgarian as Liturgiesprache. In the following centuries it comes again and again to differences with Byzanz. After the fall in the 11. and 12. Century is again recognized 1235 the Bulgarian Patriarchat by Byzanz. After the defeat (1393 fall the capital Weliko Tarnowo) against the Turks the Bulgarian church must take shelter again to Byzanz. Only the Bulgarian church with permission attains 1870 by the Sultan in Konstantinopel for a so-called “Bulgarian Exarchat “, their independence back. In the year 1953 the independent Bulgarian Patriarchat is officially restored.
see also: List of the Patriarchen of Bulgaria