Bulgarian April rebellion 1876

in the year 1393 all Bulgarian areas were conquered by the Osmani realm, this occupation persisted up to „Turk release “ 1878 . Affected by the development by national states and national identities in Western Europe the desire for „national release developed “also in Bulgaria.

In November 1875 Giurgiu at the Danube the there Bulgarian revolution committee met , in order to make an important decision in the Romanian city: a rebellion for the final release of Bulgaria from the Turkish rule. In the winter 1875/76 on the preparation one worked. At the beginning of of April met in Oborište at the south slope of the Balkans a meeting, that entered as a first Bulgarian national assembly Bulgarian history. The 64 delegated decided, to 26. To loose-slam shut April. The population was correct enthusiastically too.

To 2. May broke out then finally the rebellion. Government building in Koprivštica and Panagjurište, which became Konak, in which Turkish military had entrenchd itself, stormed. The fire of the rebellion spread to Klisma, Bracigovo, Batak and Peruštica. At some places single rebellions broke out, suddenly unmethodically and leaderless. Of 29. April up to 7. Drjanovo 200 an insurgent desperate fight against the supremacy of the Turkish army led May in the Erzengel Michael monastery in the valley of the river. To 28. May mounted Botev with 205 members of its četa in Giurgiu the Austrian ship „Radetzki “and forced on the following day the captain to set on the other bank with Kozloduj. At the 1. June found Botev by the hand of a Turkish sniper death and its četa was reamed. A place after the other one fell into the hands of the Turkish army. The April rebellion ended with a disaster and cost between 30.000 and 60.000 humans the life.

But the brutality with that was struck down the rebellion, led to a proclamation in Europe. In the French national assembly Victor Hugo gave a speech against the cruelty of the Turkish government. In Italy Bulgaria was made by Garibaldi the topic by demonstrations. In Russia raised among other things Tolstoj, Dostojewski and Turgenew their voice. In April 1877 Zar Alexander II. explained. the Osmani realm the war with the goal of releasing „the Bulgaren and other Balkans peoples “. 1878 attained national independence in consequence of the Russian-Turkish war Bulgaria.

 

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