Federal police (Austria)

Ärmelabzeichen der Bundespolizei
sleeve badge of the federal police

the Republic of Austria furnished the awake body federal police in the year 2005 as an armed, partly university-formed and, civilian awake body organized after military sample (from the awake bodies Bundesgendarmerie, federal safety guard corps and Kriminalbeamtenkorps existing up to then). It is the security authorities (primarily federal police headquarters or a district administrative authority (district captain shank)) for performing the executive service added or subordinates. The awake body federal police is thus even no authority, but the Hilfsapparat of a security authority operational before all also in the field service and provides for of them publicly visible operational readiness level.

The personnel level of the federal police amounts to approx. 20,000 officials, who on approx. 1,000 agencies their service provide.

Table of contents

organization of the security authorities

executive service

for the security authorities provide as organs of the public security agency member of the following mechanisms the executive service:

  • Awake bodies federal police
  • municipality guards (city police)
  • lawyer service, so far their organs authorized to the practice of direct command and Zwangsgewalt are

central management for public security (section II of the BMI)

executive bodies of the security authorities

each security authority, like z. B. federal police headquarters, have in each case officials of the safety administration (e.g. so-called. Police lawyer) and the awake body federal police. Of executive bodies it is characteristic that it under the conditions, which the weapon customs law 1969 standardizes (z. B. Obstruction of escape attempts high-grade dangerous criminal), the weapon to use may do.

powers of the executive bodies

the organs of the public security agency are authorized to require information; to determine the identity of humans; To accomplish sign posts (also with force in dwellings); To enter and scan properties (so far this for the fulfilment of the first general assistance obligation is essential); To arrest persons; Persons, who were arrested to scan; To scan persons in the context from large meetings to; To guarantee things; Things in requirement to take (e.g. Motor vehicles from indifferent third to the pursuit of a dangerous volatile one). The most important bases for the police work are particularly in the state police law (SPG), the code of criminal procedure (StPO) and the penal code (StGB). Further are various powers in various administrative laws.

awake body federal police

history

establishment

of the awake bodies federal police became at the 1. July 2005 by the pool of federal safety guard corps the Kriminalbeamtenkorps and the Bundesgendarmerie by law resolution of the Austrian national council in the life called, whose tasks he took over from the three awake bodies specified and former. The new awake body can refer thus to the historical inheritance above all these three predecessor organizations, however also to that of the oldest, former awake body of Austria, the tariff guard, which already at the 1. May 2004 was dissolved and its officials to the majority on Bundesgendarmerie and federal safety guard corps was divided.

A mehrmonatige preparatory phase of the so-called “team04” went to the fusion ahead, which consisted to the majority from officials of the Bundesgendarmerie and to the smaller part of officials of the federal safety guard corps and the Kriminalbeamtenkorps.

This so-called “pool of police and Gendarmerie”, is a reform of the awake bodies and not the security authorities. Around these to reform a change of the Federal Constitution would be necessary instead of an singleeasy change. The only other large awake body of Austria except the federal police is the law guard, which is subordinated however to the Federal Ministry for law. Besides there are own small municipality awake bodies, so-called city police in various cities and municipalities. With the designation of the awake body on the name federal police those, in which anyway to the majority already existing, equating the term police with “university-formed population, is slowly reconstructed now armed officials of executive” also on level of the legislator. The original meaning of the word of the German word police (which from the Greek one is derived) means as much as “property order in the community” and in most cases defines themselves as activity as “protection from dangers and protection of administrative law property”. This is however, like it the legal rewritings to assume leaves, a task of the security authorities. It is however, like already mentioned, a trend reversal in the use of the term police, away from the authorities and the activity actually, for the rewriting of the awake body, which carries out the given tasks for the security authorities to recognize. It may be accepted that it will come medium-term also during the naming of the security authorities to changes, which will reconstruct this change of definition of the term police.

changes

in the context of uniting the awake bodies, the colleague shank formed and in the media the winged word “where police drauf stands, is Gendarmerie inside” under. Although this of most concerning as true is felt, this of the former gendarmes rather as positive quality criterion is noticed, where however the former safety guard and Kriminalbeamten regard this rather as characteristic of a threatening assimilation.

Thus in the first months after the pool attempts were undertaken to introduce a Austria far generally accepted service system what particularly leads in Vienna due to the task situation completely different to remaining Austria to problems. A final solution is dato was not found.

In March 2006 once more was changed the basic training. Instead of granting as before the taken policemen equal - although provisional - the official status the group of uses of E2c, in Hinkunft Exekutivbedienste first only as officials of contract with 24-monatigem contract are adjusted. These twenty-four months correspond the new basic training time, which so far only twenty-in months amounted to. This not even two-year training however only a few years one practiced; the basic training had taken 2 years also before. A conclusive instruction system from the basis training to the training of the leading officials takes time further.

appearance

to 31. December 2007 is permitted it to the official to carry both the old grey/black gendarmerie and the old green/black safety guard uniforms afterwards only more is carrying permitted to the new, blue uniform. Therefore it can come in the meantime by the combination to “mixtures”, which show up particularly by outward appearances. So it can be that commanders of police appear to a state capital in Gendarmerieuniform or in police cars with „BG “- characteristics of the former Bundesgendarmerie and the new label “POLICE a” official in Gendarmerieuniform drive.

Also after that 31. One will be able still to determine December 2007 whether it concerns with a police inspection a former Gendarmerieposten or an old police awake room: if the warn labels and/or. Boards at the inspections a grey framework have, concern it around former Gendarmerieposten, with a dark-green framework earlier safety awake rooms.


organization of the awake body federal police

it is added to the security authorities and/or. subordinates

  • range deputy the abbott II/1 and II/2 of the central management for public security (an unofficial federal police command ) Landespolizeikommanden
    • forms, briefly LPK (1 per Land of the Federal Republic)
      • Stadtpolizeikommanden, briefly SPK (1 per Statutarstadt and 14 in Vienna)
        • Bezirkspolizeikommanden, briefly BPK (1 per political district)
          • police inspections, briefly pi (more than 1000 in completely Austria)

career profile of a police officer

a police officer must be for each daily and nighttime ready and in the situation to fulfill the versatile tasks for the public conscientiously and in every detail. It is for the concerns and emergencies of assistance-looking for partners and aids. The task pallet reaches from assistance, driving research, danger warning, over search, determination and supervisory services up to information and advisory activities. Often within seconds a dangerous, sensitive situation must be met be seized, a decision and deliberated nevertheless, be acted impartially, politely and forestalling. Completely the official has to document the activities and resulting cases and over the result of the collections and incidents announcements to write and to pass at the courts and different authorities reports on and sketches. That can lead requiring collections to lengthy and perseverance likewise as to long office works.

Police officers are to have a well developed personality, a correct and maintained occurrence as well as a sense of responsibility. As further conditions selfinitiative is considered just like a good expression ability in word and writing, mental agility, logical thinking and psychological maximum stress. It is expected in addition by an official of police that he is sportily trained and persistent.

training

for the basic and advanced training was furnished within the range of the ministry of the Interior the safety academy (SIAK). For the direct training of the official of executive in the Lands of the Federal Republic 10 education centers of the safety executive (BZS) were established.

admission

photograph procedure Prospective customers for the admission into the police service must furnish the following basic conditions:

  • Austrian nationality
  • full capacity to act
  • charakterliche suitability, perfect Leumund (e.g. no previous convictions, Alkoholdelikte, case of hit and run etc.)
  • minimum age of 18 years and a maximum age of 30 years with the entrance into the executive service
  • minimum size of 168 cm with men, 163 cm with Mrs.
  • physical suitability - organically and functionally healthy, standard weight, perfect visual efficiency (in cases of doubt are eye-specializedmedical findings to teach), normal color sense, perfect hearing achievement, perfect (reorganized) dentures etc.
  • personal, technical and mental suitability for the fulfilment of the tasks successful distribution of the qualification test done basic military service
  • up to the intended photograph date is
  • connected with the intended use with male applicants
  • driving licence of the class B
  • body weight:

During the evaluation of the body weight dependent on body size and figure for the evaluation the Body measure index (BMI) is consulted, which within the range of 18 - 25 kilograms per square meter to lie must.

Each prospective customer, who fulfills the conditions for the admission into the police service, has to apply the possibility. The application is however valid only if it takes place within the respective official advertisement period. The application are to attach

the written entrance examination sits down together from

1. Part: - Security examination in accordance with § 55 FF state police law (SPG) - written qualification test (test row), consisting of:

  • an examination of the orthography (dictation)
  • a grammar test
  • an intelligence test
  • a personality questionnaire

2. Part: - personal photograph discussion (exploration) - medical examination - medical movement and co-ordination test (MBKT)


After evaluation of the written test, which takes place via the Federal Ministry for inside, the applicants are gereiht after your test result. In case of positive completing the organization of the applicants takes place for medical examination.

The service relationship effected first on contract of employment basis and is limited on 24 months (duration of the basic training, as before 21 months); this so-called training relationship, that as preparation for the use on a job of the executive service is intended, can with training success lacking within one period by two weeks of the service giver be dissolved. After positive conclusion of the training an assumption takes place into the official relationship.

Within four weeks after beginning of the training, the Angelobung of the new officials of executive takes place. The Angelobungsformel, which in § 7 exp. 1 of the official public service employment law law is fixed, reads:

“I gelobe that I will fulfill the laws of the Republic of Austria to obey and all obligations connected with my office faithfully and conscientiously. ”

basic training

the basic training from four sections:

  • Base (12 months): Theoretical training

in the base becomes the training participants (Aspiranten) right-theoretical basic knowledge as well as employment-tactical and - technical basic skills mediate. Learning contents are so put on that following training parts can be tied mental and practically. The first training part makes possible to process the experiences in the following practical course and arrange executive acting.

  • Practical course (2 months): Practical training on the police inspection

the training in the practical course supplements contents of the base and is an at the same time special component of the basic training. Officials executives of the field service accompany the Aspiranten, make for them possible experiences in executives intervening and make them familiar upon the organization and the expirations of organization. The Aspiranten becomes acquainted with thereby the broad spectrum of the practical executive service.

  • Main part (7 months): Theoretical training in the education center

the main part sensitizes the Aspiranten for those right subjects, which are important for intervening the executive. The Aspiranten becomes acquainted with the intention of the legislator and laws and regulations after its meaning to seize. Beyond that employment-tactical become and - technical equipments mediate.

  • Practical course (3 months): Pupils know practical training on

the police inspection renewed collection

of practical field service experience already during the training to service mistakes z. B. with large meetings to be consulted.

  • Conclusion of the basic training

for the conclusion of the basic training is tested in a commissional service examination the knowledge of the officials of contract. The existence of this examination terminates the basic training. The finished trained policeman now transferred to official-hold back-eat and receives the use designation „to supervisor " (group of uses of E2b).

resuming training

depending upon personnel requirements exists the possibility for the further training:

Training as the service-prominent official (“loads “), group of uses of E2a

in this siebenmonatigen course both the future university-formed E2a-Beamten and the officials of executive civilian in the Kriminaldienst are trained. A special further training for the Kriminaldienst takes place only after the course at the respective agency.

After conclusion will those officials which to one in the Kriminaldienst transact agency were assigned, in civilian clothes and civilian service car provided service, are however certainly with service weapons and service managing (e.g. Handcuffs) equipped.

Dienstkokarde des Kriminaldienstes
Dienstkokarde of the Kriminaldienstes

of the Kriminaldienst is responsibly for the determination of Strafdelikten, thus judicially punishable facts, within the heavy criminality range, which can be arranged roughly into the following groups:

  • Crimes approximately life and limb (e.g. Murder)
  • of crimes against strange fortune (e.g. heavy theft, robbery, heavy fraud, defraudation)
  • of crimes against the morality (e.g. Rape)
  • Fälschungsdelikte (e.g. Thus organs during

the judicial prosecution (see below) as executive, which can be consulted from the public prosecutor's office or the examining magistrate to the operational determination , work falsification of documents, falsification of money ) Kriminalbeamten.

Concerning their ranks a standing official did not differ in principle from university-formed policemen, after the training holds one usually the rank of a group supervisor in the Kriminaldienst. Against partial also opinion spread by TV-series does not give it „commissioners “(commissioner = a rank of the German police) in Austria.


Training as the leading official (“officer “), group of uses of E1

  • ranges of application: e.g. City and/or. Commander of district police, commander of police force
  • of requirements: after at least 1-jähriger service with Matura and/or. B-Matura, or 3-jähriger service without Matura as a service-prominent civil servant. With beginning of course the applicant may not exceed an age of 42 years.
  • Course duration: 2 years

service enterprise

the service enterprise differ depending upon field of the agency. The majority of the agencies, which are called police inspections (pi), are entrusted with that safetypolice executive service. In addition belong among other things:

  • Touching and supervisory service
  • danger warning
  • practice of the first general assistance obligation, are called are at present endangered life, health, liberty or property by humans or are imminent such an endangerment, then the first general assistance obligation meets the security authorities. If reason exists for the acceptance of such an endangerment, are obligated the officials of executive to determine whether this also actually exists and has in the affirmative the danger to repel, whereby they can draw also rescue and fire-brigade to the assistance

In addition the Strafrechtsdelikte on the pi, which falls into the range of the small criminality, becomes (e.g. Theft, damage, bodily injury) works on. Further assistance of each kind etc. belongs to admission of traffic accidents to the tasks of a EB in a police inspection giving information.

According to the service the executive service differs substantially from a normal office activity. The police service requires from the officials both on the day and during the night - in regular and irregular Zeitfolge - for the population to be there. Weekends or holidays form thereby no exception. Each official is besides over arrangement or if special circumstances require it, obligates, beyond the prescribed monthly number of hours service to perform (overtime, journal service).

Officials of the respective national transport department are general with tasks of the monitoring and guiding traffic, guiding, emphasis controls (grid squares) and large meetings (and departure regulations) entrusts.

With the sea and river police stand the monitoring of the motorboat and navigation, Fischer controls and assistance for the larger Gewässeren Austria in the center.

The officials von Diensthundeeinheiten are responsible for the strip service with craze poison, explosive and track search dogs, which particularly come with large meetings and during the search from vehicles and buildings to the employment. They perform service on own service dog inspections.

All official acts with higher endangerment degree are incumbent on the official von Einsatzeinheiten (short EE) and do not special-in-corrode so far this not into the scope of responsibility of the employment command (EKO) COBRA fall.

Characteristically of the service in the federal police also the service is to day and nighttimes and at weekends and holidays beside uniform and armament, which are performed particularly from the divided officials.


the office title of official of executive (EB) carries use designations for each policeman. Additionally it carries still another use designation. Since after the last training novella the policemen no more who can be trained are not accepted in the group of uses of E2c, the use designation Aspirant is dzt. practically not existence. One can recognize the use designations with the university-formed policemen on the basis the Distinktionen. They can be divided in three groups:

Divided officials

  • supervisor
  • district supervisor (after 6 service years. In addition after positive official medical investigation the commitment takes place into the definite service relationship)
  • group supervisor /E2b (starting from reaching the salary bracket 12)

service-prominent officials

Leading officials

female officials lead, so far linguistically possible, the use designations in female form (e.g. Revierinspektorin or Oberleutnantin, but it are not usual that the designation main woman is used, even if this is actually permitted to paragraph 3 Federal Constitutional Court according to the article 7!)

uniforms, weapons and equipment

uniforms

badges and Distinktionen

of the awake bodies federal police leads as badge on a golden bordered, dark-blue sign eastreach Bundeswappen in silver execution. On the sign, over that Bundeswappen, is the signature POLICE held in gold. Also on the Distinktionen a strongly stylized form of the federal coat of arms is led within an oak leaves ring. The basic colour of the Distinktionen forms a strong red. By a rising number of combined stars, strips and undergrounds in the colors silver, platinum and gold are represented the use designations. To notice it is that both Bundeswappen do not correspond to the regulations determined by constitutional law on the sleeve badge, but in still much larger way the representations of the federal coat of arms on the official Polizeilogo as well as on the Distinktionen regarding its appearance.

clothing

in the regular service is carried the executive service uniform (European Union). This consists of:

for festive causes the created, but of E1-Beamten preferably also in the regular service carried representation uniform (RU), consists of

  • Halbschuhe
  • black socks, Strumpfhose, socks
  • uniform trousers
  • trousers belt
  • Kurzarmleibchen as Unterhemd
  • uniform shirt, - blouse (long arm)
  • Schulterklappendistinktionen on shirt
  • tie
  • uniform skirt
  • Kragendistinktionen on uniform skirt
  • plate cap blue

with work services (e.g. Set up from Tretgittern) usually a pair of overalls one carries.


A separate uniform is carried by the separating and employment units of the federal police. This consists black

  • socks
  • Kurzarmleibchen of
  • employment boot as Unterhemd
  • pair of overalls, flame retarding, blue
  • Schulterklappendistinktionen on pair of overalls and jacket
  • employment jacket (weather-related)
  • Barret

the Barretfarbe changes depending upon unit affiliation:

  • EE WEGA: dark red
  • service dog leaders: lightgreen
  • employment units of the Landespolizeikommanden: black
  • reserve companies: blue
legal protection

the uniforms and the uniform parts of policemen are posed under legal protection. It is not permitted, except for szenische purposes (e.g. To carry photographs) at a public place such a uniform or uniform parts (badge, Distinktionen udgl.). Who contrary-acted knows a punishment of up to € 360. - or spare imprisonment up to 2 weeks receive.

service weapons and service-manage

Dienstpistole der Bundespolizei
Dienstpistole of the federal police
Dienstwaffe Pfefferspray
service weapon pepper spray

as service weapons and service-manage, be to a EB the following providing on a conventional police inspection service at the disposal:

  • Called including Holster pepper spray, including
  • Holster handcuffs, including
  • bag multi-function tool “Leatherman
  • general-purpose belt in the rural
  • range policemen partly carry
  • pistol

GLOCK 17, including Holster reserve magazine, in the radio car the 9mm-Version of the StG77 STEYR August (army universal rifle), MP 88. In particular for special-purpose forces stands beyond that the storm rifle 77 (StG77) with short run, (further variations of the Steyr August), the precision rifle SSG 69 (also Subsonic or with NAK house armament) as well as the garnet pistol MZP 1 of Heckler & cook for the order. Further are tear gas throw bodies, deflection shells with lightning and bang effects as well as Tonfa - batons depending upon employment circumstances in use.





equipment

of soil vehicles
Österreichischer Polizeibus
Austrian police bus
Wasserwerfer
water thrower

of strip vehicles of different manufacturers and types are at the police in use. The old white strip vehicles are replaced gradually by the again arranged with silver lacquer finish and blue and red applications. The first loads of these new vehicles cover the types:


In Vienna several water throwers are to the police for order-police causes at the disposal. These were activated only recently and white still the white external color up.

Beyond that a Steyr Daimler Puch wheel tank, type “Pandur “is to the employment unit Kranich on the Viennese airport vienna Schwecht at the disposal.

aircraft

during the flight police, which does not belong to the awake body federal police, however ministerially, is at present helicopter of the marks Bell and Eurocopter is subordinate to the same department in the use. In the course of the yearly 2006 a purchase decision for new multi-purpose helicopters is to fall. The helicopter fleet is made smaller altogether clearly. A goal is the intensified possibility for night operations, support in case of of natural catastrophes as well as at all an adjustment to the international police and/or. technical standards. Further is planned, the costs for maintenance to lower enterprise and logistics by the standardization of the types and maintenance-friendlier devices as well as to improve the security of the flying operation by the employment of modern technology. Besides the new helicopters are to be quieter around approximately a third.

technical devices

radio engineering

in February 2006 were placed technology basis in Vienna the first digital radios on TETRA - in service, which the old analog devices are to replace. These ensure a high hearing security and in the final development very good Sprachqualtität. Final goal is a bad radio for completely Austria for all blue light organizations.

Safety engineering

other Gerätschaften and equipment
  • equipment suit-case (tool, flashlight, UV lamp, handcuffs, foot chains etc.)
  • form suit-case
  • check chains (devices with points for discharging tire air over-driving motor vehicles)
  • notion spoon


protection equipment
Der "Einsatzstock" genannte Tonfa der Bundespolizei
the “employment stick” Tonfa mentioned of the federal police

depending upon need are employment sticks (Tonfa), shields, protective helmets, shields from bullet-proof glass and high-speed binder („handcuffs “from plastics for large meetings) in use.

other

in the ministry of the Interior is the employment command (EKO) COBRA installed, which does not belong to the awake body federal police, however ministerially the same department is subordinate.

legal position

at policemen by the penal code special standards are imposed. They are the only occupational group for those the legislator particularly “behavior rules” put on. Additionally the policeman is subjected to a Disziplinarrecht, after which he can be sued, with service obligation injuries still separately. The deterrence as a policeman punishable actions to commit is thus theoretically as high as in nearly no other occupation. It is criticized however by some side that this has practically hardly effects on the behavior of policemen, since the corps spirit functions within executive and law and possible complaint leaders would be practically always over-accumulated up with counter suits. On the other hand policemen or the police often racistic or other despicable motives for official acts are accused. Sometimes policemen are accused and subordinated acquitted a police-friendly law and pulled the independence of the courts in doubts.

The criminal law actually protects the policeman and the office by several paragraphs of the StGB against attacks with a special punishing threat. Who thus e.g. a policeman violently attacks or it from an official act prevents, makes themselves additionally punishable, without prejudice to any other crimes. On the part of the police it is often deplored that such attacks on policemen of authors, society and media are often dismissed as “Bagatelldelikte”.

Web on the left of

official sides:

] (in alphabetical order):

criticism:

  • www.zara.or.at anti- Rassismus report 2005 of the organization ZARA - section police
 

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